May | June 2011
Feature title: The impact of climate change on the supply of aquafeed ingredients
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The International magazine for the aquaculture feed industry
vehicles (biodiesel and bioethanol), is a very with the first-
promising alternative generation bio-
A series of factors must be taken into
account when selecting microalgae as a
from conven- Aqua News
Feed Management source of biofuel precursors, such as: high
productivity, temperature tolerance, toler-
al crops, and bio-
full list of sessions open for abstract and where delegates can discuss
ance to pH, high performance in fermenta- mass production
submission. Abstract submission will with Commission representatives
ble carbohydrates for ethanol production and processing
continue to be available after the about future research plans.
Impact of rising feed ingredient or in fatty acids transformable to biodiesel,
We also need to establish the most
improved so that
deadline of mid-April 2011, although Finally, other European networks,
the session moderators will already projects and initiatives will present International exhibition
prices on aquafeeds and have started to select the best oral their activities at AE2011. 16 - 19 August 2011 • Trondheim • Norway
suitable type of cultivation system to be the price of the
and poster presentations at that time,
used (open, closed or mixed), and the most product can be
so you are strongly advised to submit The conference centre Meet the future!
aquaculture production: favourable operating conditions (batch,
semi-continuous, continuous, number of
reduced by an
order of magni-
on time. AE2011 will take place at the
Rodos Palace Luxury Convention
Follow the latest development of aquaculture research, technology, feed,
fish health, education, financing, environmental protection etc.
phases, etc.). tude at least.
Other events Visitors from more than 50 nations will be present.
The impact of climate change on the supply
Resort, located just 12km from
Tables 2 and 3 below show some exam- AlgaEnergy
AE2011, as all Aquaculture Europe Rhodes Diagora international International conferences and seminars in connection with Aqua Nor will
ples of cyanobacteria as potential sources is currently
events, is a platform for exchange of airport. Rhodes can be reached focus on research and challenges of the aquaculture industry.
of aquafeed ingredients of fermentable carbohydrates for ethanol
production and the lipid content of some
engaged in the
ideas and communications on the directly from many European
development of aquaculture. and international airports, or
Exhibitor, visitor or conference participant?
For more information: www.nor-fishing.no
microalgae for biodiesel production. its first plant, a
The AE2011 International Trade through Athens, and is only a short positive contribution to the success from the Mediterranean aquacul-
The expectations raised by microalgae Te c h n o l o g i c a l AQuA NOr – the Frei ture sector supporting for the
Event will showcase new products boat trip from the main aquacul- of AE2011. Our local agent, most important international venue Aquaculture
as Siriwardena second-generation bio-
by Krishen J Rana, Sunil a source of and Mohammad R HasanPlatform for
also lined industry.
and services offered to the aquacul- ture production sites in Turkey. The Travel hasaquacultureup other accom- Europe 2011 and providing much
fuels have led to the creation of a large Experimentation
ture sector. island is well known for the warmth modation for all budgets, as well as needed input for its success. EAS,
number of companies, some of which have with Microalgae
The third article in a series, taken from a new aquaculture book made significant investment. Our company ( P T E M ) ,
The EAS Student Group will also of its welcome, its magnificent natural tours to local sights and to fish farms FGM and HCMR are extremely
be organising another of its very suc- beauty and climate, its monuments on the island. grateful to them.
AlgaEnergy is convinced that in the near located at the
cessful student forums and a field trip and historical sites as well as for its
future microalgae will be able to provide International
around the conference. gastronomy.
us with these forms of clean energy so Airport of More inforMation:
he uncertainly concerning Supply will be also influenced by climate The droughts of 2006 in Ukraine and the The Research Directorate General With its 785 rooms, the Rodos EAS Premium Sponsor, Intervet
necessary for the sustainable economic Madrid-Barajas. AE2011
the availability of tradi- change indirectly through its impacts on Russian Federation continued into 2007. of the European Commission Palace resort provides excellent, Schering Plough Animal Health,
development of our societies. Not only is This is intended Mario Stael
tional fishmeal and fish economic growth, income distribution and Turkey also experienced drought in will also firstname.lastname@example.org See of the EU exceptionally stylish accommodation AE2011 Gold Sponsor, Biomar and
Doris Woo / Esther
constant research and development the to be a model Email: Mario.Stael@Scarlet.be
Organiser: The Nor-Fishing Foundation
oil and rising prices have agricultural demand (Schmidhuber and 2007, which reduced yields in rain-fed FORUMS, where latest European with top-class conference and exhi- AE2011 Silver Sponsor Alltech head 73 56 86 40, Fax +47 73 56 86 41, email@example.com
Klostergata 90, NO-7030 Trondheim, Tel +47 Website: www.easonline.org
basis for a continuous innovation process platform of its
required major industrial aquafeed Tubiello, 2007). production areas. research initiatives will be presented bition facilities that will make a very a number of corporate sponsors
manufactures to identify and evaluate During the past few years, unpredictable In the Americas, a late heavy freeze over Wenger_Ad_2010_210x147mm 5/24/10 9:37 AM Page 1
alternate protein and oil sources.
onal AquAFeed | May-June 2011 weather resulted in a critical shortfall of several consecutive days destroyed large May-June 2011 | InternatIonal AquAFeed | 25
Considerable progress has been made major grain and oilseed ingredients used for tracts of hard red winter wheat and in the
in recent years on substitution of fish on–farm aquafeeds as well as for complete United States of America reduced yields Protein Technology
protein and oil with proteins and oils commercial diets. IAF11.03.indd 25 over large areas, while in Canada, a hot and 04/05/2011 09:07 innovations 2011
of plant origin. Unfavourable weather reduced crop dry summer growing season resulted in
yield and production in some countries lower yields for wheat, barley and rapeseed. innovation is our enduring legacy.
Grain crop yields, as with other arable in 2006. The crop yields in the Russian In South America, a late freeze followed
crops, when negatively affected by variable Federation and Ukraine were markedly by a drought in Argentina reduced corn
Since 1935, we've been help-
and adverse weather conditions, increase lower due to drought. Australia encoun- and barley yields (see Box 2). Droughts
ing customers solve problems
uncertainty about grain supplies and prices. tered two years (2006 and 2007) of severe in northwest Africa and Australia in 2007
and capitalize on opportuni-
drought and South Africa also also affected major growing areas. The ties faced by their businesses.
experienced drought. accumulative result of bad weather in 2007
Climate change, which is being Consequently, the reduced resulted in the second consecutive drop Seventy-five years ago, a key
world production and supply of in global average yields for grains and answer was a molasses mixer.
driven by global warming caused grains and oilseeds contributed oilseeds, causing a further decline in the Today, the solutions tend to
to a further decline in the global global stocks–to–use ratio and creating be more technologically com-
mainly by carbon emissions from stock–to–use ratio for aggregate uncertainty among importers about the plex – but our founding
pledge remains unchanged.
industrialised countries, will grains and oilseeds, and also to future availability of supplies. This placed an
rising prices. In September 2006, upward pressure on prices of plant proteins
continue to influence temperature maize prices began a significant and oils used as aquafeed ingredients.
At Wenger, we innovate to
solve customer challenges.
and precipitation patterns around rise to a new high.
Adverse weather patterns La Niña weather And then we do it again.
the world. continued into 2007 negatively In 2009, a La Niña weather event
affecting yields and global grain affected crop production in the Southern
supplies on most continents Hemisphere, bringing rains to the main
Therefore, the reliability of grain sup- and in a great number of key countries arable areas of Australia, serious drought 28 & 29 September 2011, Amsterdam (The Netherlands)
plies for aquafeeds in the future will be supplying global markets with aquafeed to Argentine wheat production areas, Inventing the new original since 1935. Trends & Developments for Food, Feed, Petfood Industries
influenced by short–term weather patterns ingredients such as rapeseed, soybean reducing production by 48 percent, and
and long–term predicted global warming and grains. sufficient rain for cereal crops in South Health & Texture Innovations | Sustainability & Bio-Refinery Challenges |
directly through its impact on crop yields, Northern Europe encountered a dry Africa. This weather event, which was SABETHA, KANSAS USA 785-284-2133 INFO@WENGER.COM WWW.WENGER.COM
crop pests and diseases and soil fertility spring and floods during harvesting time, characterised by low surface-water tem- USA BELGIUM TAIWAN New protein technology innovations with successful implementations for
BRASIL CHINA TURKEY
and condition. while southeast Europe suffered a drought. peratures in the Equatorial Pacific, was protein foods, ingredients and processing technologies.
444 InternatIonal AquAFeed May-June 2011
| InternatIonal AquAFeed | May-June 2011
44 || InternatIonal AquAFeed || May-June 2011 May-June 2011 | InternatIonal AquAFeed | 5
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At the regional level, assuming carbon
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"It is now widely agricultural output in industrialised nations
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to increase" Countries such as Brazil and Argentina in
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expected to continue well into March and developed to predict the degree of impact India, Malaysia, Indonesia and Australia are
April 2009. of such climate change on agricultural major producers and global suppliers of key
The predictably of rainfall can also affect output. protein and oils used in aquafeeds.
supplies of grains. In Australia, in 2009, inter- All models use varying assumptions (for These predicted changes, which show
mittent rain during the growing season and a comprehensive review see Cline, 2007). intra–regional variation, show production GranulexTM
heavy rains during harvesting time reduced The key assumption is that carbon con- gains for high latitude countries and pro-
crop yields and available supplies of wheat. centrations in the atmosphere will increase duction losses for lower latitude countries, High capacity
It is now widely acknowledged that as a result of greenhouse gas emissions mainly developing nations. hammer mill.
global weather patterns are unstable and from the current (2007) 365ppm to above To mitigate against such probable losses,
that the frequencies of adverse climatic a threshold of around 585ppm, reach- countries can limit their losses due to
conditions are likely to increase. Climate ing 735ppm by 2080. This would foster climate change by switching to agricultural Powerful 400 kW motor for high
change, which is being driven by global increased production through increased imports rather than growing the products capacity grinding.
warming caused mainly by carbon emissions photosynthetic activity, a phenomenon imported (Cline, 2007).
from industrialised countries, will continue referred to as carbon fertilisation and hence Largest screen area of any 400 kW
to influence temperature and precipitation increased yields (Cline, 2007). Coming in hammer mill reduces wear of
patterns around the world. This, in turn, will This positive effect, however, is reduced the next screens and hammers.
place severe upward pressure on water and reversed when the atmospheric tem- issue of The
supplies in water-stressed regions of the perature rises above 12–14 deg C. By International Screens and hammers designed for
world and may result in shifts in geo– combining information on carbon fertilisa- Aquafeed replacement by a single person in
physical growing areas for the major protein tion with information on changes in average magazine less than 30 minutes.
crops and oil-plant crops yields of which are annual temperatures and precipitations, (May/June
used in aquafeed production. Cline (2007) predicted the potential impact issue) will be Smooth running sliding doors on
The effects of changing weather patterns of these changes on national agricultural an excerpt of both sides for fast and easy
are complex and several models have been output. chapter two maintenance.
from Impact of rising feed ingredient
prices on aquafeeds and aquaculture Closed machine housing
production. preventing dust settlements and
The full publication can be found at: easy to clean, plain surfaces.
In Australia, in 2009, intermittent rain http://www.fao.org/
during the growing season and heavy docrep/012/i1143e/i1143e00.htm
rains during harvesting time reduced More information:
crop yields and available supplies of Krishen J. Rana & Sunil Siriwardena
Institute of Aquaculture University of Stirling,
wheat. Stirling, United Kingdom
Mohammad R. Hasan
Aquaculture Management and Conservation
Service, Fisheries and Aquaculture
Management Division, FAO Fisheries and
Aquaculture Department Rome, Italy
Food and Agriculture Organization of the
United Nations (FAO)
Innovations for a better world.
46 | InternatIonal AquAFeed | May-June 2011
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