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Alberta Loading Dock Area Safety

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Alberta Loading Dock Area Safety Powered By Docstoc
					Loading Dock Safety

     The Incident that
       COULD BE
        Prevented


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Industrial Revolution
       Factory managers reasoned that
        workers were hurt because —
                   Number is Up
 Carelessness                                               People Error


                  ACCIDENT
                                                            Cost of doing
 Act of God
                                                              Business
                PEOPLE PROBLEM
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     Human Factors Model
  SAFETY          Human Factors
MANAGEMENT           Model                                RESULT
  ERROR            • Tasks
                   • Tools/Tech
                   • Environment
  SAFETY           • Organization
 PROGRAM           • Person                               MISHAP
  DEFECT


 COMMAND                                                 OPERATING
   ERROR                                                   ERROR

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• “We have Clear Written Rules”
• Operator Training
   – Requirements
   – Government Mandatory Guidelines
• Operator Restraints all mobile, power-propelled truck
  used to carry, push, pull, lift, stack, or tier materials.
  Powered industrial trucks are also commonly known as
  forklifts, pallet trucks, rider trucks, fork trucks, or lift
  trucks.


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Which Of These Does the New Standard Require
         Operators To Be Trained On?




             Try all of the above listed
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       Hazards of Forklift Operation
           At our Nisku Facility
Vehicle Operations                Work Environment
  • Load capacity                       • Floors/Surfaces
  • Lift Height                         • Pedestrians
  • Load stability                      • Obstacles
  • Visibility                          • Blind spots
  • Steering                            • Narrow aisles
  • Speed                               • Intersections
  • Turning                             • Docks & trailers
  • Refueling
  • Maintenance
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         The Old Way - The New Way
  “Turning technique no longer specified”
•“While negotiating turns,
speed shall be reduced to
a safe level, by means of                  •“While negotiating
turning the hand steering                  turns, speed must be
wheel in a smooth,                         reduced to a safe level.”
sweeping motion. Except
when maneuvering at a
very low speed, the hand
steering wheel shall be
turned at a moderate,
even rate.”
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            Worker Related Topics
• “Must receive” :
  – Operating instructions, warnings, and precautions
    for the types of truck the operator will be
    authorized to operate
     • General instructions for forklifts
     • General safety items
     • Listed in the operator’s manual




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    Refresher Training Is Required
                when!
• When the operator is assigned to drive a
  different type of truck:

                   Are there
                   differences?
                   Are they
                   significant?


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   Always know the Load Capacity
• Check name plate
• Don’t exceed maximum:
   – Load capacity
   – Load center
   – Lift height
• Changing the load
  center changes the load
  capacity



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       Load Centering & Positioning
• Place heaviest load against back of forks

• Ensure loads are neatly stacked, stable, evenly
  distributed and secure

• Place forks under the load as far as possible

• Adjust forks to widest possible setting

• Tilt forks back for added stability



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    Lower the load see the path
• Visibility
  (including
  restrictions
  due to
  loading)




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    Use the machine but with the
            proper tools
• Other items requiring training:
  – other attachments
     • carton grabbers
     • barrel grabbers
     • barrel grabbers which rotate




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  Stability of Powered Industrial
                Trucks
                Every company operator must know


• (1) Definitions to help explain
  the principle of stability
• (2) General principles of
  stability
• (3) Basic principles - the
  “physics” of stability;
  momentum, inertia, gravity
• (4) The Stability Triangle

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    Know the Center of Gravity
• Ramps and other sloped
  surfaces
• Dock boards
• Bridge plates




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               Ramps and Inclines
• If empty:
   – Drive in reverse
     up the incline
   – Drive forward
     down the incline
• If loaded:
   – Drive forward up
     the incline
   – Drive in reverse
     down the incline


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   Where is everybody slow and
      know before you go!
              Always Look and be aware
• Pedestrian traffic in areas where vehicle will
  be operated




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    Driving on Problem Surfaces
• Be aware of: oil spots, wet spots, loose object or
  holes

• Avoid if possible: ice, mud, gravel, sand and soft dirt

• Make sure area can support the weight of the truck
  and the load




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       Loading Docks & Trailers
• Be aware of the edges of loading docks
• Set brakes on trucks/trailers and
  chock wheels
• Inspect interiors
• Ensure that dock plate & interior surfaces can
  support weight
• Watch clearance


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  Loading Docks its where load stops
      and Incident don’t occur!
• “Other unique or potentially hazardous
  environmental conditions…”

                                                            All loads backing up should
                                                            have spotters to assist them




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           If a Tip Over Occurs
• Don’t jump

• Stay in your seat

• Grip wheel securely

• Brace yourself with your feet

• Go with the truck

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posted:5/9/2011
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Description: workers safety