Southeast Asia Landmine Tribunal Problems Cambodia remains one of the poorest, least developed countries in the world. Following the 2003 general election, it took over three months for the three parties winning seats to agree to form a tripartite coalition government. Two months later, at the end of the year, they had still not reached agreement on how this was to be done. Official Name State of Cambodia Capital City Phnom Penh Languages Khmer (official), French Official Currency Riel Life Expectancy:49 years for men, 51 years for women View Full-Size Map of Cambodia Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos Size: Area comparable to size of Oklahoma Climate: tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation Culture: Ethnicity: Khmer (approx. 90%); Chinese (approx. 5%); Vietnamese (approx. 5%); small minorities of hill tribes, Burmese, and Thai Religions: Buddhism (95%); Islam; animism; atheism Languages: Khmer (95%); some French, Vietnamese, Chinese, and English Government: Type: Cambodia is a Constitutional Monarchy. The government is headed by democratically elected Prime Minister; a National Assembly is composed of 120 representatives. The voting age is 18. The reigning monarch is King Norodom Sihanouk, but his duties are mainly ceremonial. The current Prime Minister is Hun Sen. Population (2002 Estimate): 12,775,324 Capital: Phnom Penh The picture shows demining near peoples' homes in Cambodia Between the Khmer Rouge and the war, four to six million mines were left in the ground. At least 50 children and adults are killed or injured each month as a result of stepping on mines. The mine clearance effort will not be completed until 2010 at the earliest, and even then only if Cambodia receives sufficient help from outside sources. AKA 'Brother Number One’ Birth name: Saloth Sar. Communist leader of the Khmer Rouge Click link below to Access Pol Pot Killer File http://www.moreorless.au.com/killers/pot.htm Khmer Rouge soldiers, aided by North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops, began a large-scale insurgency against government forces in 1970, quickly gaining control over more than two thirds of the country. The strength of the Khmer Rouge rose dramatically from around 3,000 in 1970 to more than 30,000 in 1973, enabling most of the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops to withdraw. In 1975 the movement, led by Pol Pot , overthrew the Cambodian government, establishing “Democratic Kampuchea.” The new government carried out a radical program of evacuating cities, closing schools and factories, and herding the population into collective farms. 1975: Khmer Rouge march into Phnom Penh on April 17. Cambodia is sealed off from the world. The KR forced people to evacuate the cities. Strict adherence to the principle of self-reliance constituted the central goal of the Khmer Rouge regime. Meaning that they wanted to use communist principles and keep Cambodia from being westernized. The new government carried out a radical program of evacuating cities, closing schools and factories, and herding the population into collective farms. Intellectuals and skilled workers were assassinated, and a total of perhaps as many as 1.5 million died, inclusive of starvation and forced marches. Many others were sent to In 1975, Tuol Svay Prey High School was taken over by Pol Pot's security forces and turned into a prison known as Security Prison 21 (S-21). It soon became the largest such center of detention and torture in the country. Over 17,000 people Enter Enter held at S-21 were later taken to the extermination camp at Choeung Ek to be executed; detainees who died during torture were buried in mass graves on the prison grounds. S-21 has been turned into the Tuol Sleng Museum, which serves as a testament to the crimes of the Khmer Rouge. Like the Nazis, the Khmer Rouge were systematic in keeping records of their victims. Each prisoner who passed through S-21 was photographed, sometimes both before and after being tortured. The walls of the S-21 prison now display photographs of men, women and children who were tortured while at S-21 prison. Virtually all the people pictured were later killed. You can tell what year a person was taken by the number board that appears on the prisoner's chest. Several foreigners from Australia, France and the USA were held before being murdered. Their documents are on display. The main court yard of the S-21 prison As the Khmer Rouge 'revolution' reached ever greater heights of insanity, it began devouring its own children. Generations of torturers and executioners who worked here killed their predecessors and were in turn killed by those who took their places. During the first part of 1977, S-21 claimed an average of a hundred victims per day. These next two picture show the cells that the prisoners occupied during their stay at the S-21 prison. Not exactly five stars. continue Rules for the Prisoners of S-21 Between 1975 and 1978, about 17,000 men, women, children and infants (including nine Westerners), detained and tortured at S-21 prison (Now Tuol Sleng Museum), were transported to the extermination camp of Choeung Ek to be executed. They were bludgeoned to death to avoid wasting precious bullets. Torture room with the many devices and weapons used to inflict pain on the prisoners. Warning: The next page contains pictures of the victims who were tortured and murdered inside S-21. If you do not wish to see these pictures, Do not enter! Go Back Enter Go Back Not to be confused with Landmine Fields which still threaten Cambodians today, the "Killing Fields" is the name given to all those places where mass executions were carried out by Pol Pot's organization the "Khmer Rouge", whether in trenches or the infamous Tuol Sleng prison. All imaginable methods of torture and killing were used. View pictures Mass Graves Over 20 years ago the Khmer Rouge reigned terror throughout Cambodia. They exterminated a large part of their population and to this day the leaders have not been punished. continue Setting up a tribunal, which is a international trial, would hold former Khmer Rouge Leaders accountable for their actions. Efforts are still being made to this day to approve for a tribunal, but so far nothing has been formally approved. Having a tribunal in Cambodia would affect everyone in the country. Survivors of the genocide will know for the first time that their suffering has been acknowledged and taken seriously by the world. Younger Cambodians will gain a better understanding of their country’s turbulent history.