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Cambodia

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Cambodia Powered By Docstoc
					Southeast Asia
           Landmine
Tribunal   Problems
Cambodia remains one of the poorest, least developed countries in the world.

Following the 2003 general election, it took
over three months for the three parties
winning seats to agree to form a tripartite
coalition government. Two months later, at
the end of the year, they had still not
reached agreement on how this was to be
done.
       Official Name State of Cambodia
       Capital City Phnom Penh
       Languages Khmer (official), French
       Official Currency Riel
       Life Expectancy:49 years for men,
       51 years for women


            View Full-Size Map of Cambodia
Location:
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand,
Vietnam, and Laos



Size:
Area comparable to size of Oklahoma


 Climate:
 tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November);
 dry season (December to April); little seasonal
 temperature variation
Culture:

Ethnicity: Khmer (approx.
90%); Chinese (approx. 5%);
Vietnamese (approx. 5%); small
minorities of hill tribes, Burmese,
and Thai
Religions: Buddhism (95%);
Islam; animism; atheism
Languages: Khmer (95%);
some French, Vietnamese,
Chinese, and English

Government:
Type: Cambodia is a Constitutional Monarchy. The government is headed
by democratically elected Prime Minister; a National Assembly is composed
of 120 representatives. The voting age is 18. The reigning monarch is King
Norodom Sihanouk, but his duties are mainly ceremonial. The current
Prime Minister is Hun Sen.                     Population (2002 Estimate):
                                             12,775,324
                                             Capital: Phnom Penh
                                                     The picture shows
                                                     demining near
                                                     peoples' homes in
                                                     Cambodia




Between the Khmer Rouge and the war, four to
six million mines were left in the ground. At
least 50 children and adults are killed or injured
each month as a result of stepping on mines.
The mine clearance effort will not be
completed until 2010 at the earliest, and even
then only if Cambodia receives sufficient help
from outside sources.
       AKA 'Brother Number One’

       Birth name: Saloth Sar.

 Communist leader of the Khmer Rouge

        Click link below to Access
            Pol Pot Killer File
http://www.moreorless.au.com/killers/pot.htm
Khmer Rouge soldiers, aided by North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops, began a large-scale
insurgency against government forces in 1970, quickly gaining control over more than two
thirds of the country. The strength of the Khmer Rouge rose dramatically from around 3,000 in
1970 to more than 30,000 in 1973, enabling most of the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong
troops to withdraw. In 1975 the movement, led by Pol Pot , overthrew the Cambodian
government, establishing “Democratic Kampuchea.” The new government carried out a radical
program of evacuating cities, closing schools and factories, and herding the population into
collective farms.

1975: Khmer Rouge march into Phnom Penh on April 17. Cambodia is sealed off from the world.
                                                        The KR forced people
                                                        to evacuate the cities.




Strict adherence to the principle of self-reliance constituted the
central goal of the Khmer Rouge regime. Meaning that they wanted
to use communist principles and keep Cambodia from being
westernized.

The new government carried out a radical program of evacuating cities,
closing schools and factories, and herding the population into collective
farms. Intellectuals and skilled workers were assassinated, and a total
of perhaps as many as 1.5 million died, inclusive of starvation and
forced marches. Many others were sent to
In 1975, Tuol Svay Prey High School was taken
over by Pol Pot's security forces and turned into a
prison known as Security Prison 21 (S-21). It
soon became the largest such center of detention
and torture in the country. Over 17,000 people
                                       Enter          Enter
held at S-21 were later taken to the extermination
camp at Choeung Ek to be executed; detainees
who died during torture were buried in mass
graves on the prison grounds. S-21 has been
turned into the Tuol Sleng Museum, which serves
as a testament to the crimes of the Khmer Rouge.
Like the Nazis, the Khmer Rouge were systematic in keeping records of their victims. Each
prisoner who passed through S-21 was photographed, sometimes both before and after being
tortured. The walls of the S-21 prison now display photographs of men, women and children
who were tortured while at S-21 prison. Virtually all the people pictured were later killed. You
can tell what year a person was taken by the number board that appears on the prisoner's
chest. Several foreigners from Australia, France and the USA were held before being
murdered. Their documents are on display.


                                                            The main court yard of the S-21
                                                            prison
As the Khmer Rouge 'revolution' reached ever greater heights of insanity, it began
devouring its own children. Generations of torturers and executioners who worked
here killed their predecessors and were in turn killed by those who took their
places. During the first part of 1977, S-21 claimed an average of a hundred victims
per day.




                                             These next two picture
                                             show the cells that the
                                             prisoners occupied
                                             during their stay at the
                                             S-21 prison. Not
                                             exactly five stars.




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Rules for the Prisoners of S-21
            Between 1975 and 1978, about 17,000 men, women, children and infants
           (including nine Westerners), detained and tortured at S-21 prison (Now Tuol
           Sleng Museum), were transported to the extermination camp of Choeung Ek
           to be executed. They were bludgeoned to death to avoid wasting precious
           bullets.




Torture room with the many devices and weapons used to inflict pain on the prisoners.
Warning: The next page
contains pictures of the victims
who were tortured and
murdered inside S-21. If you do
not wish to see these pictures,
Do not enter!




Go Back               Enter
Go Back
Not to be confused with Landmine Fields which
still threaten Cambodians today, the "Killing
Fields" is the name given to all those places
where mass executions were carried out by Pol
Pot's organization the "Khmer Rouge", whether
in trenches or the infamous Tuol Sleng prison.
All imaginable methods of torture and killing
were used.




                                    View pictures
Mass Graves
Over 20 years ago the Khmer Rouge reigned terror throughout Cambodia.
They exterminated a large part of their population and to this day the
leaders have not been punished.


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Setting up a tribunal, which is a international trial, would hold former
Khmer Rouge Leaders accountable for their actions.




Efforts are still being made to this day to approve for a tribunal, but so
far nothing has been formally approved.




Having a tribunal in Cambodia would affect everyone in the country.
Survivors of the genocide will know for the first time that their suffering
has been acknowledged and taken seriously by the world. Younger
Cambodians will gain a better understanding of their country’s turbulent
history.

				
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