the soul by nyut545e2


									of   the soul
                                           Strengthening        The Council of Europe’s
                                      democracy, human          cultural and heritage
                                       rights and the rule      policies receive regular
                                            of law implies      encouragement from
                                                promoting       Europe’s political leaders,
                                            a relationship      as exemplified by the Action
                                              with culture.     Plan adopted at the 3rd

                                                                Summit of Heads of State
                                   With its close links to      and Government, in 2005.
                                     the values on which        These policies concern
                                    Europe was founded,         activities intended to:
                                          culture plays a       3 manage diversity in a
                                         part in forging a         democratic way and support
        is at the heart               Europe of solidarity
                                   and shared standards.
                                                                   creative expression;
                                                                3 ensure that living heritage
                                                                   is passed on;

of the                                     This vital role of
                                                culture has
                                       expanded steadily
                                                                3 facilitate co-operation
                                                                   between European

      of the Council of Europe
                                                                   countries and help to
                                       with a recognition          integrate member states
                                      of its importance in         into the practice of
                                     fostering processes           European democracy;
                                             of democracy.      3 contribute to sustainable
                                                                   local development and
                                        Different forms of         the development of
                                      cultural expression,         creative industries and
                                            traditional and        the information society.
                                      contemporary, help        It is ultimately through
                                 interpret social realities     intercultural dialogue
                                     that are increasingly      and action that
                                 marked by globalisation,       responses can be found
                                        interdependence         to increasingly complex
                                              and diversity.    international issues.
             S TA K E S                    EXEMPLARY ACTIONS

                                           Giving prominence to our heritage

 United in                                 States have agreed to conventions to

                                           protect cultural and natural heritage.
                                           These conventions provide a common framework of action
             Striving for a diverse        for policy makers responsible for safeguarding and enhancing
             and integrated                heritage. The Council of Europe sets standards and monitors
             European society              their application. Examples: Architectural Heritage (Granada, 1985);
                                           Archaeological Heritage (Valletta, 1992); Landscape (Florence,
                                           2000); Cultural Heritage (Faro, 2005).
             Identity draws upon
             many sources of our           European Heritage Days
             history and heritage;         are an event run jointly with the European Union to
             it constantly shifts and      provide an opportunity for the public to celebrate the
             grows richer through          shared heritage of states, regions and cities.
             contact with others
             and the intermixing           The HEREIN* Network
             of different cultures.        is a tool for specialists, policy makers and the general public,
                                           providing information about policies and practical approaches
             Europe’s common               in the heritage sectors of Council of Europe member states.**
             heritage brings
             together ideas and            Europeans have access to expert
             people who interact           studies and exchange forums.
             and create a sense of         The “Shared Heritage Forum” explores heritage
             multiple belonging.           interpretation methods in multicultural societies.

                                        	 *	HEREIN	=	European	Heritage	Network
                    S TA K E S                      EXEMPLARY ACTIONS

                                                    Pursuing cultural diversity
                                                    and biodiversity policies
                    Striving for a pluralistic

                    and democratic Europe
                                                    Conventions and numerous declarations bear
                                                    witness to the Council of Europe’s commitments.
                    As well as presenting a         The Bern Convention (1979) advocates the conservation

       as a force
                    true political challenge,       of European wildlife and natural habitats.
                    diversity is a driving          The Council of Europe Declaration on Cultural Diversity

                    force for change                (2000) and the support offered at European level to the
                    in society.                     UNESCO* Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity (2001)
                    Culture in all its forms        and to the Convention on the Protection and Promotion

                    plays a major role              of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2005) are evidence
                    in achieving democracy          of commitment to natural and cultural diversity.
                    in societies increasingly
                    marked by diversity.            Innovative activities are initiated to create new
                                                    models for the democratic management of diversity.
                    The Council of Europe           The Council of Europe is involved at local level
                    draws up new policies           through a project addressing intercultural governance.
                    to foster the democratic
                    management of cultural          The “Compendium”
                    diversity, including            is an information and monitoring system offering an interactive tool.
                    how this relates to the         This system provides a database of policies and good practice.
                    creative economy and            It allows for comparative studies on diversity, systematic
                    cultural industries,            monitoring of cultural policies in 40 countries, communication via
                    and of biodiversity.            the Web, and a network for exchanges of practical experience.**

                                                 	 *	UNESCO:	United	Nations	Educational,	Scientific	and	Cultural	Organization
               S TA K E S                    EXEMPLARY ACTIONS

Working                                      Promoting openness to others

                                             Wide consultation will result in a white paper


               Striving for a Europe         summing up the Organisation’s position
               without dividing lines        on intercultural dialogue.
                                             This document, to be published in 2007, presents the Council
                                             of Europe’s conceptual work and proposals

 and           In a world where
               cultural, ethnic and
               religious conflicts
                                             for action in this key area.

                                             Projects promote intercultural
               are a constant                dialogue in urban environments.
               threat to peace               This extends to diversity policies and practices pursued in
               and development,              partnership with some of Europe’s major cities.
               the Council of
               Europe promotes               Priority is given to co-operation with key partners.
               an intercultural              Together with UNESCO, ALF,* ALECSO** and NGOs, the
               approach. Its action          Council of Europe carries out a range of practical activities.
               is based on Europe’s
               founding values,              Analysis, reflection and discussion
               favouring dialogue based      accompany Council of Europe cultural programmes.
               on equality, mutual           The database on policies and good practice on intercultural
               recognition and               dialogue is a source of information for policy makers and the
               non-discrimination.           public. Forums for specialists take place on a regular basis.

                                          	 *	ALF:	Anna	Lindh	Euro-Mediterranean	Foundation	for	the	Dialogue	between	Cultures
                                          	 **	ALECSO:	Arab	League	Educational,	Cultural	and	Scientific	Organization
                  S TA K E S                  EXEMPLARY ACTIONS

         access                               Promoting better cultural governance
  to              Striving for a Europe
                  of participation
                                              International conventions underpin
                                              the rights of citizens to participate.
                  and creativity              The Faro Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural

       for all
                                              Heritage for Society offers a commitment to public participation
                                              in the identification and protection of heritage.
                  The Universal
                  Declaration of              Cultural initiatives take place on a European scale.
                  Human Rights                The Council of Europe cultural routes, exhibitions and events
                  encompasses cultural        invite the general public to become involved. Eurimages provides
                  rights, which invites       support for the co-production and distribution of European films.
                  participation in cultural
                  life in all societies.      Targeted studies provide policy
                  Such participation          makers with insights and new ideas.
                  fosters the exercise        Studies and publications relating to issues of access to culture,
                  of active citizenship       cultural provision and citizenship, in addition to the data
                  and promotes                collected on cultural participation in the various countries
                  social cohesion.            of Europe, help to optimise access to culture for all citizens.
                   S TA K E S                 EXEMPLARY ACTIONS

                                              Offering assistance,
                                              evaluation and co-operation

 Building          Striving for
                                              Long-term assistance is given to countries.
                                              This is geared to their need to modernise cultural governance.

   on              and democratic
                   development in Europe
                                              In addition, national and sectoral evaluations of cultural policies
                                              support practical reform projects and legislative reform.

                                              Multilateral co-operation programmes are created.

  to consolidate
                   Democratisation            These enable lasting links to be established between
                   and sustainable            European countries (Regional Programmes for Cultural

                   development are            and Natural Heritage in South-East Europe).
                   inextricably linked with   Programmes involve the training of specialists, administrative
                   cultural                   staff, heritage managers and policy makers, and set
                   development and            up networks of cultural development agencies.
                   cultural policy,
                   which affects all          Reference handbooks are published and distributed.
                   sectors of society.        As well as raising awareness among policy makers
                                              and the public at large, these set down heritage
                   The Council of Europe      protection guidelines and technical standards.
                   has pursued
                   balanced policies          A project on sustainable development through
                   integrating all the        culture has been started in the countries of
                   countries of central       the Southern Caucasus, among others.
                   and eastern                The countries concerned are Armenia, Azerbaijan and
                   Europe, often using        Georgia, as well as Ukraine and Moldova (Kyiv Initiative).
                   cultural co-operation      This is a long-term, multifaceted project relating
                   as a starting point.       to culture and cultural and natural heritage.
                  S TA K E S                EXEMPLARY ACTIONS

                  The diversity of film     Encouraging a rich audiovisual space
                  and audiovisual
                  projects is a vital       Audiovisual conventions
                  means of reflecting       The European Convention on Cinematographic Co-Production
                  a democratic Europe       (1992) and the European Convention for the Protection of

                                            the Audiovisual Heritage (2001) are reference texts that
                  Supporting creativity     guide member states in promoting co-productions and in
                  helps us to better        preserving Europe’s extensive heritage in moving images.

                  understand our
                  heritage and pass         Eurimages
                  on a rich European        is the European Support Fund for the Co-Production and
                  cultural legacy to        Distribution of Creative Cinematographic and Audiovisual
                  future generations.       Works, founded in 1988 as a partial agreement. It now has
                                            34 participating countries and has contributed to over 1 100
                  The Council of Europe     co-productions that tell the many stories of Europe.
                  assists the audiovisual
                  sector with standards     European Audiovisual Observatory
                  and guidelines, offers    Set up by the Council of Europe in 1992 as a partial agreement,
                  financial support         it fosters greater openness in the audiovisual sector in
                  to film production,       Europe and caters for the information needs of audiovisual
                  and provides key          professionals. The European Audiovisual Observatory
                  information about the     has 37 members – 36 European states and the European
                  audiovisual industry.     Community, represented by the European Commission.
               Give priority to culture to foster dialogue,

               cohesion and citizenship. Refocus culture

               on its key function for the protection of human

               rights. These are the permanent challenges

at the
      hear t
               of the member states of the Council of

               Europe. This was the commitment that the

societ y
               Organisation and its steering committees for

  of our       culture and cultural heritage made in 1997 when

               u n a n i m o u s l y a p p r o v i n g t h e C o u n c i l o f E u r o p e ’s

               contribution to the world report on culture and

               development entitled “In from the Margins”.
        D I r E C T O r AT E O F C U LT U r E
A N D C U LT U r A L A N D N AT U r A L H E r I TA G E
              Council of Europe
          F-67075 Strasbourg Cedex


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