Pedestrian Element by fdh56iuoui

VIEWS: 21 PAGES: 12

									                          Pedestrian Elem ent
Vision                                            Step 3 is a critical step. Bicycling &
                                                  Walking in North Carolina, A Long-Range
Transportation plans no longer focus solely on    Transportation Plan conceives the following
roadway solutions. In the quest for improved      vision for the future:
quality of life, we now strive for livable
communities.      A common theme of any                 “All citizens of North Carolina and
livable community is its pedestrian and                 visitors to the state will be able to
bicycle friendliness.                                   walk and bicycle safely and
                                                        conveniently to their desired
The value of walking and bicycling is                   destinations, with reasonable access
becoming more apparent as its popularity                to all roadways.”
increases.     Non-motorized travel has the
potential to result in:

•= Personal benefits
-   Cardiovascular fitness
-   Cost savings
•= Societal benefits
-   Reduced vehicle miles of travel
-   Improved public health through a cleaner
    environment and healthier citizens
-   Improved mobility for those without
    access to private automobiles or those
    too young or too old to drive
•= Environmental benefits
-   Reduced air and noise pollution
-   Less space allocated for automobile
    parking

There are three general steps to an improved
pedestrian and bicycle environment:

1. Integration of land use and transportation
   that create            communities and
   neighborhoods designed for walking and
   cycling;
2. Pedestrian-friendly and bicycle-friendly
   development standards, policies and
   guidelines; and
3. Proactive attitude toward change.



Cary Comprehensive Transportation Plan – Final Report                                 Page 3 - 1
Pedestrian Element                                                                    Chapter 3
Another way to visualize Cary as a pedestrian-     Comprehensive        Transportation   Plan,
friendly community is to apply the “Popsicle       specifically the Thoroughfare Element, to
Test”. When every school-aged child living in      ensure that appropriate consideration be
Cary can safely walk from their neighborhood       given to pedestrian improvements when
to go get a popsicle, then Cary will be a          thoroughfare improvements are designed,
pedestrian-friendly community                      funded and constructed.        Another key
                                                   objective is to minimize conflicts between
The fulfillment of this vision requires a “can-    thoroughfare recommendations and good
do” attitude. The Town of Cary can build on        pedestrian circulation.
its current success and ensure that as it grows,
pedestrian and bicyclist issues will be given      Existing Deficiencies
appropriate consideration.
                                                   The Four E's of walkability communities,
Goals                                              adapted from material presented by Steven
                                                   Goodridge on his website, consist of four
1. The Pedestrian Element addresses many of        factors that affect the safety and walkability
   the      overall             Comprehensive      of a community. These are education,
   Transportation Plan goals listed in             encouragement,          engineering,     and
   Chapter 2, including a safe, convenient,        enforcement.
   and efficient multi-modal transportation
   system,                                         Encouragement
2. safe and convenient facilities and service      While many people enjoy a quiet walk alone
   for people who choose not to use an             to clear their head, the majority of
   automobile,                                     pedestrians prefer to be joined by others on
3. environmental improvements,                     the sidewalk system to avoid that lonely
4. and to improve transportation linkages to       feeling that you’re the only one who
   other parts of the Triangle.                    understands the benefits of walking.
                                                   Programs to encourage and promote the
Citizen involvement sessions revealed strong       benefits of walking will contribute to the
interest for attractive, pedestrian and bicycle    success of the recommendations in the
friendly corridors. In response to the desire      Pedestrian Element.
for safe convenient travel ways that make all
points in Cary accessible to motorists,            Education
pedestrians, and cyclists the Comprehensive        The safety of pedestrians, bicyclists and
Transportation Plan encourages a higher            motorists requires that all transportation
degree of connectivity for roadways,               users know their responsibilities when
sidewalks, and bikeways.                           sharing the road, and understand the risks of
                                                   death or injury that their behavior may
Issues                                             cause.

The Pedestrian Element is a key chapter of the     Engineering
Comprehensive Transportation Plan. Good            The design of a community's streets,
coordination is necessary between pedestrian       sidewalks, buildings, parking lots, and
elements and other elements of the                 public spaces determines what transportation

Cary Comprehensive Transportation Plan – Final Report                                 Page 3 - 2
Pedestrian Element                                                                    Chapter 3
facilities are available, how safe they are, and       where the connectivity requirement is
how people will choose to use them. Land-use           waived, a six-foot pedestrian trail must be
decisions also determine what destinations are         provided to link cul-de-sacs within a
within walking distance.                               residential development. The idea behind
                                                       connectivity is that it fosters improved
Enforcement                                            movement by pedestrians/cyclists and autos
How we drive, bike, and walk on our streets            between adjacent developments without
affects public safety and shapes popular ideas         burdening the major street system.
of acceptable behavior. Improving safety
requires     that    we     communicate         our    The Unified Development Ordinance (UDO)
expectations of others and hold each other             contains connectivity requirements for new
accountable. Traffic laws are designed to              subdivision approval, but the updated UDO
make our streets safer and to guarantee access         seeks to put more emphasis on provisions
to all road users. Most traffic accidents are          for a highly connected sidewalk and
caused when someone breaks the law and                 bikeway network as an alternative to vehicle
behaves unsafely by speeding, running red              transportation.
lights or stop signs, failing to yield, tailgating,
failing to reduce speed, driving while                 The Cary Land Use Plan provides strong
impaired, or simply not paying attention.              guidance for the development of Cary’s
Pedestrians can also cause accidents by                roads, sidewalks, and bikeways. The plan
crossing against a signal or stepping into the         describes where various types of future land
roadway where vehicles cannot stop in time.            uses are to be located and also provides
Effective enforcement of traffic laws improves         guidance as to the appearance of the future
compliance and safety.                                 development.
                                                       Pedestrian facilities provide important
Cary uses various ordinances and policies to           opportunities for short trips, thereby
pave new sidewalks and bikeways. There are             reducing dependency on auto travel and
three Town ordinances that promote bicycle             assisting in lessening roadway congestion.
and     pedestrian-friendly    communities:            Sidewalks are key elements in a diversified
Connectivity        Ordinance,      Unified            transportation system that provides real
Development Ordinance and Land Use Plan.               travel choices and does not solely rely on the
                                                       use of the automobile for all travel. In Cary,
The Connectivity Ordinance requires that               there are sidewalks along many major
developers provide more than one roadway               corridors to serve pedestrian transportation
connection to a new development.          The          and recreational needs.
current required connectivity index1 is 1.2,
which under certain situations can be waived

by the Director of Development Services if it
is determined that it is unreasonable to be
required to provide such connections. In cases

1
  Connectivity Index is calculated as “the number of
street links divided by the number of nodes
(intersections and cul-de-sacs)

Cary Comprehensive Transportation Plan – Final Report                                     Page 3 - 3
Pedestrian Element                                                                        Chapter 3
                                                                      The Municipal Code of Ordinances outlines
Pedestrian Accident History                                           various requirements for sidewalks along
Town of Cary Police Department records for
                                                                      different classes of roadways in the Town in
                          Total Pedestrian Accidents                  accordance with the Standard Specifications
                 8
                                                                      and Details Manual.
                 7
                 6
                                                                      In Cary, sidewalks are required to be
     Accidents
     Number of




                 5
                 4
                 3                                                    constructed within a street right-of-way.
                 2
                 1                                                    The Manual requires that sidewalks be
                 0
                     0-10 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 50-60 60-70 70-80   installed at the time of a roadway widening
                                      Age Group                       or new roadway construction unless
                                                                      otherwise approved by the Town Council.
   Figure 3.1 - Total Pedestrian Accidents
                                                                      The Manual also gives specific conditions
1998 show that there were 19 traffic accidents                        under which sidewalks are to be installed as
that involved pedestrians (shown in Figures                           well as cases where sidewalks are not
3.1 and 3.2). Safety of pedestrians is the                            required. Sidewalk guidelines outlined by
cornerstone of this element of the                                    the Manual are as follows:
Comprehensive Transportation Plan since
people are less inclined to walk if they feel                         1. Sidewalk Both Sides of Street –
unsafe. The Town has adopted policies and                                Thoroughfares, all collector streets, non-
standards to enhance safety and assure                                   residential cul-de-sacs.
sidewalk designs that minimize potential                              2. Sidewalk One Side of Street -
conflicts between pedestrians and vehicles.                              Residential and non-residential local
                        Pedestrian Accidents                             streets not included in #1 above.
                                                Pain-No
                                                Apparent
                                 Fatal
            Major Injuries        5%
                                                 Injuries
                                                   26%
                                                                      3. Conditional – On loop and residential
                21%
                                                                         cul-de-sac streets: No sidewalk is
                                                                         required unless either street is within a
                                 Minor Broken
                                 Bones/Other
                                                                         one-half mile linear traverse of a
                                    Injuries
                                      48%
                                                                         greenway, park, shopping area, or the
                                                                         street is within one and one-half (1-1/2)
                                                                         mile linear traverse of a school, in which
  Figure 3.2 - Pedestrian Accident Severity
                                                                         case sidewalk on one side will be
Pedestrian Policies and Standards                                        required.
Town of Cary policies related to sidewalks are
contained within several official Town                                In addition to direction on where sidewalks
documents including the Municipal Code of                             are required to be located, the Standard
Ordinances and the Engineering Division                               Specifications and Details Manual also
Standard Specifications and Details Manual.                           gives guidelines for the layout and
Some of the policies contained in the                                 installation of sidewalks.            Design
aforementioned documents are also shown on                            requirements outlined in the Manual specify
the official Town of Cary web page.                                   that the standard sidewalk width is five feet
                                                                      with an adjacent planting strip of five feet
                                                                      (shown in Figure 3.3). In cases where

Cary Comprehensive Transportation Plan – Final Report                                                    Page 3 - 4
Pedestrian Element                                                                                       Chapter 3
either one or both of the above requirements       numerous points of conflict between
cannot be met, approval by the Town                pedestrians, bicycles and automobiles.
Engineer is required.
                                                   Taking safety of pedestrians at signalized
Conformance with the federal Americans with        intersections into     consideration,     the
Disabilities Act of 1991 is also required when     Standard Specifications and Design Manual
sidewalks are installed. At a minimum,             requires that signal timing and phasing
wheelchair ramp (curb ramp) installation is        include pedestrian phases to allow for safe
required where sidewalks and greenways             pedestrian crossing. Pedestrian signal heads
intersect any sections of curb and gutter.         and push buttons should be installed. It is
                                                   also standard Town policy to install auditory
                                                   (noise making) crossing devices where
                                                   appropriate.

                                                   Intersection designs should be considerate of
                                                   pedestrian needs. Turn lanes should be
                                                   judiciously installed, since they lengthen the
                                                   roadway distance a pedestrian must travel.
                                                   At wider intersections, refuge islands should
                                                   be installed between opposing lanes of
   Side walk      Planting
                                                   traffic.
                    Strip          Roadway
                                                   Future Deficiencies
    5 ft            5 ft

   Figure 3.3 - Typical Sidewalk Section            An extensive network of sidewalks already
    Showing 5ft Planting Strip and 5 ft            exists with plans in place to extend and
                 Sidewalk                          improve the network using a variety of
                                                   funding mechanisms, which include:
                                                   •= Developer-funded,
The Cary Master Plan of Greenways is               •= Town Annual Capital Improvement
another tool that can be utilized to specify           Budget (CIB) funds,
locations of asphalt paths and sidewalks
                                                   •= Cary general obligation bonds,
throughout the Town. In the Master Plan,
                                                   •= State funds,
asphalt paths are required to be minimum of
12 feet from the back of the curb of an            •= Direct homeowner assessments.
adjacent roadway. The Master Plan also
outlines the limitation of asphalt paths as only   Along thoroughfares, sidewalks are built as
being permitted where there are a limited          roadways are widened. However, since
number of access points and intersections          many roadways are improved in segments,
along a roadway. From experience, asphalt          sidewalks are also built in segments. While
paths do not function safely where there are       this practice may form bottlenecks for
excessive number of driveways and                  traffic, it presents a serious safety concern
intersections along a roadway as it introduces     for pedestrians who must either turn around,
                                                   cross the roadway or walk in the roadway to
                                                   complete their trip. These gaps in the

Cary Comprehensive Transportation Plan – Final Report                                  Page 3 - 5
Pedestrian Element                                                                     Chapter 3
sidewalk system must be closed before Cary        Recommendation #1: Establish Short
can rightly be considered a pedestrian-friendly   Term Priorities
community.                                        In response to a request for input, the
                                                  Citizen Advisory Committee and several
Future deficiencies in the sidewalk network       members of the public who attended
will include numerous gaps where the              meetings or submitted e-mails offered the
sidewalk ends and pedestrians are stranded,       following suggested actions for the Town of
with many choosing to walk in the roadway.        Cary to initiate in the next one to two years
Recent practice in Cary has been to complete      to improve conditions for pedestrians:
the missing section of sidewalk at the time       •= Build sidewalks on both sides of North
that the adjacent property is developed, often        Harrison Avenue, from the “Sam’s”
building it in conjunction with a widening of         shopping center and SAS campus all the
the roadway as well.            These future          way south to Chatham Street in Town
deficiencies should be minimized through              Center.
systematic sidewalk gap closure construction      •= Build sidewalks on both sides of
projects initiated by the Town of Cary.               Maynard Road, from Chapel Hill Road
                                                      to Reedy Creek Road.
Recommendations                                   •= Build sidewalks on both sides of
                                                      Kildaire Farm Road, from Cary Parkway
The goal of the Pedestrian Element is to plan a       to Academy Street.
system of sidewalks and pathways to provide
                                                  •= Build sidewalks on both sides of Cary
adequate facilities for people to walk to             Parkway, from Holly Springs Road to
desired destinations within Cary.           To
                                                      High House Road.
accomplish this goal, sidewalks will be
                                                  •= Complete the sidewalks along Jenks-
provided along both sides of all thoroughfares
                                                      Carpenter Road, from High House Road
and collector streets in Cary
                                                      to White Oak Park.
The result is a planned network of greenways,
                                                  Recommendation #2: Form
sidewalks, and pathways that will serve every
                                                  Pedestrian and Bicycle Advisory
planned and existing activity center in Cary.
                                                  Committee
Recommendations are listed below and
                                                  An advisory committee should be formed to
described in the remainder of the Pedestrian
                                                  help Town officials evaluate on-going
Element:
                                                  pedestrian improvements. With the recent
                                                  reorganization of Town          staff, the
1.   Establish Short Term Priorities.
                                                  Transportation Planning section should have
2.   Form pedestrian and bicycle advisory
                                                  primary liaison responsibility.         The
     committee.
                                                  committee could be a subcommittee of the
3.   Build sidewalks.
                                                  Planning Board and have responsibility for
4.   Provide a planting strip.
                                                  bicycle issues as well.
5.   Initiate “Pathways to Progress” program.
6.   Encourage pedestrian-oriented activity
                                                  Activities for the committee should include:
     centers.
                                                  •= Ranking and recommending projects to
                                                     the Cary Town Council for funding

Cary Comprehensive Transportation Plan – Final Report                                Page 3 - 6
Pedestrian Element                                                                   Chapter 3
•= Encouraging programs that seek to                people using the sidewalk once it opens.
   increase bicycle use and walking                 For sidewalks built prior to the roadway
•= Encouraging increased enforcement of all         widening, it is prudent to build the sidewalks
   traffic laws including those that enhance        in their ultimate location to avoid ripping it
   the safety of pedestrians and bicyclists         up later when the roadway is widened. This
•= Organizing volunteer efforts                     requires additional right-of-way that may
•= Receiving and reviewing public input             not exist until the future when the roadway
•= Becoming educated on pedestrian and              is widened. Discretion on the part of the
   bicycle issues in order to serve as a liaison    Town Engineer should be exercised.
   between technical staff and the general
   public                                           The Town of Cary should construct
                                                    sidewalks to close gaps, or sections without
                                                    sidewalk, left by spot development or spot
                                                    roadway widening projects.          Missing
                                                    sections of sidewalk end up stranding
                                                    pedestrians, with many choosing to walk in
                                                    the roadway. Recent practice in Cary has
                                                    been to complete the missing section of
                                                    sidewalk at the time that the adjacent
                                                    property is developed, often building it in
                                                    conjunction with a widening of the roadway
                                                    as well.
          Incomplete Sidewalk along a Cary
                       Street
         Photo: David Farme r, Advisory Committee   It is recommended that the practice in Cary
                                                    be amended to accelerate construction of the
The committee would be divided into smaller         missing sections of sidewalk (close the gaps)
subcommittees to tackle specific individual         when the missing section represents 10
issues.                                             percent or less of the existing mileage of
                                                    available sidewalk. The 10 percent solution
Recommendation #3: Build Sidewalks                  would complete a 500-foot long missing
The Town of Cary should continue efforts to         section of sidewalk if the project would
minimize the backlog of unbuilt sidewalks           result in a one-mile long sidewalk when
along major and minor thoroughfares.                completed; that is, the sum of existing
                                                    sidewalk on both sides of the gap exceeds
Maintain a backlog of not more than two years       one mile in length. This guideline can be
of sidewalk construction projects. Exceptions       superceded by the Town Engineer in special
can be made for sidewalks that will be built as     conditions; such as an ADA request,
part of a future roadway widening                   proximity to school, greenway, and/or a
improvement if that improvement is scheduled        park.
within the ensuing three years. For roadway
widenings scheduled later than three years,         In February 1999, Cary voters approved a
however, consideration should be given to           major transportation improvement package
building the sidewalks sooner, given certain        to accelerate roadway, intersection, and
existing conditions such as likelihood of           sidewalk improvements.     Sidewalks are


Cary Comprehensive Transportation Plan – Final Report                                  Page 3 - 7
Pedestrian Element                                                                     Chapter 3
included in each roadway project plus an           any negative impacts on properties adjoining
additional $1.2 million (out of $63.6 million      the pathway.
for the total transportation package). At $25 a
linear foot, sidewalks are somewhat                The      Citizen    Advisory      Committee
expensive. However, if you compare that with       contributed considerable insight and support
over $200 per foot for a two-lane roadway or       for better pathway connections in Cary.
with the societal costs of medical expense due     Walkways and bicycle paths within and
to an inactive lifestyle, it is not a high cost.   between established developments as well as
                                                   new developments can greatly improve the
Recommendation         #4:     Provide     a       quality-of-life for everyone in Cary.
Planting Strip                                     Imagine two cul-de-sac neighborhoods,
The five-foot planting strip design standard       back-to-back, where people walk between
should be continued, except where on-street        bushes to visit a friend in the adjacent
parking is permitted.                              neighborhood. Why not pave an eight to
The Advisory Committee agreed that while a         ten-foot wide asphalt path connecting the
wider separation between pedestrians and the       two neighborhoods from one cul-de-sac to
roadway is desirable, particularly on higher       another? Cars would be precluded by
speed roadways (45 mph and above), the             installing metal or wooden posts at both
current five-foot wide grass buffer represents     ends where the pathway adjoins the cul-de-
a reasonable balance given the cost and impact     sac. Perhaps even a basketball hoop instead
of additional right-of-way acquisition and is      of the post, as long as people can walk and
enough to safely separate pedestrians from         bicycle from the cul-de-sac to the pathway.
traffic lanes. For roadways where on-street
parking is permitted, such as in the Town          The pathway concept is also encouraged in
Center Area and other activity centers, the        locations where residents of a neighborhood
five-foot wide planting strip requirement          can walk or bike to an adjacent activity
should be relaxed as per the Cary Design           center, shopping area, park, greenway, or
Guidelines Manual.        Since parked cars        school. Priorities should be set based on the
provide a sufficient buffer between                level of support received in the benefited
pedestrians and moving traffic, the planting       neighborhoods. However funding for these
strip area is better used for street trees and     improvements, particularly in the early years
additional pavement to serve pedestrian travel.    of the program, should be provided by the
                                                   Town of Cary and/or through available
                                                   “Transportation Enhancement” type (State
Recommendation #5: Initiate Pathways
                                                   or federal) grants.
to Progress Program
The Town of Cary should proactively initiate
                                                   Recommendation #6: Pedestrian
a “Pathways to Progress” program to seek
                                                   Oriented Activity Centers
support in Cary’s neighborhoods for building
pedestrian and bicycle pathways that will          A well planned roadway and pedestrian
connect them with adjacent neighborhoods,          circulation system for each activity center is
activity centers, shopping areas, parks,           recommended, using the “edge road” and
greenways, and schools. Appropriate program        on-street parking concepts.
elements should be included that will mitigate


Cary Comprehensive Transportation Plan – Final Report                                 Page 3 - 8
Pedestrian Element                                                                    Chapter 3
Activity Centers are discussed extensively in       building sidewalks in a neighborhood is
the Cary Growth Management (Land Use)               about $1,000 per household.
Plan. There are numerous future activity
centers located on the Growth Management            This compares with the $200 per lineal foot
Plan map, with accompanying text                    to build a two-lane roadway, an increase of
encouraging they be developed to favor the          nearly 10 times the cost of building a
pedestrian over the automobile. However,            sidewalk.
there is concern that future activity centers are
mapped where two existing roadways                  Conclusion
intersect.    What occurs is commercial
development in two or more corners of the           Walking is the most basic form of
intersection that have no relationship with         transportation. Every trip we make, even by
each other and are certainly not oriented to        car, begins and ends as a pedestrian. For
pedestrians.                                        mass transit to be effective, patrons must be
                                                    able to walk between transit stops and
A new vision for future activity centers in         destinations of interest. Walking can be a
Cary embraces the location at an existing           pleasant way to exercise, relax, and socially
intersection, however, the “through” traffic        interact with others in the community.
would be carried around the activity center         According to Cary resident Steven
(via an “edge road”) rather than through it. To     Goodridge, “the safety and convenience of
attract support from business owners (they          pedestrian travel is an important factor in
prefer a front door view of the traffic), good      our quality of life.”
access is needed between the “edge road” and
the heart of the activity center. Within activity   The Town of Cary is committed to creating
centers, on-street parking is encouraged, as a      a more pedestrian-friendly environment by
buffer between pedestrians on sidewalks and         building pedestrian enhancements wherever
moving traffic.       On-street parking is an       possible.         Even     with    continual
effective measure of supporting street front        improvements being made for pedestrians as
retail businesses, particularly if travel speeds    roadways are improved, new developments
are maintained at or below 35 mph.                  are completed, and stand alone projects are
Consideration should be given to roadway            completed there is still a distinct need to
cross-sections that provide for angled on-street    have a plan for the system as a whole.
parking. Consideration should also be given
to well designed “pocket parking” lots that         The Pedestrian Element focuses on
would serve more than one business;                 integrating the pedestrian into the
attractively designed to avoid a “sea of            transportation system. The plan identifies
parking” appearance.                                details that should be considered when
                                                    approving new developments and also when
Cost of Implementation                              designing new roadways. One example of
                                                    pedestrian planning in new roadway
A typical cost to build sidewalks, excluding        construction is the provision for planting a
right-of-way, is $25 per lineal foot for a five-    5-feet wide landscape strip. This area
foot wide concrete sidewalk. For a typical          allows for positive separation between
single-family homeowner in Cary, the cost of        pedestrians and adjacent vehicles, increasing
                                                    pedestrian safety and comfort and thus

Cary Comprehensive Transportation Plan – Final Report                                  Page 3 - 9
Pedestrian Element                                                                     Chapter 3
increasing the attractiveness to walk rather      The primary goal of the Pedestrian Element
than drive.                                       is that pedestrians are a key part of planning
                                                  a transportation system. Planning for
                                                  pedestrians helps foster other modes of
                                                  transportation such as bicycle, bus and rail
                                                  transit as once a person gets off of a train or
                                                  bus they are then a pedestrian or cyclist and
                                                  should be accommodated.              The full
                                                  development and implementation of the
                                                  Pedestrian Element is a first step in planning
                                                  improvements to Cary’s transportation
                                                  system.




Cary Comprehensive Transportation Plan – Final Report                                Page 3 - 10
Pedestrian Element                                                                    Chapter 3
                                      References
Website created by Cary resident Steven Goodridge:
http://sggoodri.home.mindspring.com/sidewalks/sidewalks.htm

The design of a community's streets, sidewalks, buildings, parking lots, and public spaces
determines what transportation facilities are available, how safe they are, and how people
will choose to use them. Land-use decisions also determine what destinations are within
walking distance. Links to the following websites are given on Steven Goodridge’s site.

An Illustrated Guide to Good and Bad Walkway Designs in Cary - Pictures!
Effects of Buffers and Street Layout on Walkability - does this look like your
neighborhood?
Public Policies and Development Practices that Discourage Walking - how we got where
we are today
Traffic Calming Homepage - building slower, safer streets in Portland, Oregon
Roundabouts reduce fatalities by >95%, injuries by 50%, and accidents by 37%; boost
throughput 30%; great for peds too!
Walkable Communities, Inc. - provides consulting services for improving neighborhood
walkability
Effects of Site Design on Pedestrian Travel in Mixed-Use, Medium-Density
Environments is a study done at the University of Washington that challenges conventional
wisdom that suburbs do not need better pedestrian facilities because few people walk; it finds
that inadequate pedestrian facilities are a major factor in limiting real potential for pedestrian
activity compared to areas with better facilities. (Adobe Acrobat .PDF file)
Pedestrian Facilities Guidebook: Incorporating Pedestrians into Washington's
Transportation System is the State of Washington's guide to pedestrian-friendly street and
site design. (Adobe Acrobat .PDF file)
Cary Comprehensive Transportation Advisory Committee, which is currently looking at
pedestrian issues, will be constructing an information page on transportation concerns at
http://www.townofcary.org/traffic/trafficplan.htm (currently under construction)
Town of Cary Land Use Plan advocates anti-sprawl, neighborhood-centric North Carolina
Pedestrian Laws - Pedestrian rights and responsibilities according to NC statutes
North Carolina Motor Vehicle Laws Affecting Pedestrians - Do you know your
responsibilities as a driver?
Effects of Vehicle Speed on Pedestrian Fatality Rates - increasing speed by 10 mph
increases odds of fatality up to 900%
Mean Streets, an alarming report on pedestrian safety in the USA
Perils for Pedestrians details pedestrian safety issues.
Pedestrian Safety Roadshow - pedestrian safety program developed by the US DOT
The Transportation Action Network discusses neighborhood livability and transportation
issues



Cary Comprehensive Transportation Plan – Final Report                                     Page 3 - 11
Pedestrian Element                                                                         Chapter 3
Architect James Howard Kunstler writes about the effects of sprawl development on
livability, community, and sense of place in Home from Nowhere, excerpts of which are
published at http://www3.theatlantic.com/issues/96sep/kunstler/kunstler.htm
  Cary Police -Traffic Safety Team - Focus on drunk driving, seat-belt use, and crashes
related to speeding
Cary Crime Statistics including Traffic Stops and Citations (Adobe Acrobat File)
Police Powerless against Dangerous Driving in Parking Lots - Little or no enforcement on
commercial property
North Carolina Motor Vehicle Laws and Rules of the Road at the Cramerton Police
Department Web Site
NYC Traffic Violation Crackdown Produces Big Drop in Pedestrian and Cyclist Deaths
- 32% fewer peds killed in 1998
Pedestrian-Safety Sting Operation in Washington State

Other Links
The Town of Cary Web site is at http://www.townofcary.org/
The Cary Citizens for Balanced Growth Web site is at http://www.carycbg.org/




Cary Comprehensive Transportation Plan – Final Report                            Page 3 - 12
Pedestrian Element                                                                Chapter 3

								
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