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Design Build: PNG bought together Australian and Papua New Guinean architecture students in the Papua New Guinean village of Labu-Tale, Morobe
Province. They contributed to masterplanning the new village, and together with the Labu-tale community they designed and constructed an aid post, a
community training hall, a public laundry, ventilated pit toilets, safe drinking water collection facilities and a new main road.

Rural development is a critical issue in Papua New Guinea. Across the world we have seen the disastrous effects of mass migration to city squatter
settlements. Basic services are needed in rural areas if Papua New Guinea’s largely rural population distribution is to be sustainable. The facilities built
through this project will help to create a safe, healthy village away from flooding caused by rising sea levels and storms which affect the current village.

Design Build : PNG is a partner project of the Village Development Trust, the Huon District Administration, the PNG University of Technology, Curtin
Volunteers! at Curtin University of Technology in Perth, and the UNESCO Observatory on Multi-disciplinary Research in the Arts, based at the University of
Melbourne. The design and construction project, as practical research, develops a model of interdisciplinary and intercultural education that reaches
beyond the university to interact with a variety of organizations and contribute to the lives of people in need.

We are most grateful to our sponsors for making this project possible: The Buchan Group, PNG Sustainable Development Program, The Australian High
Commission, PNG University of Technology, Curtin University of Technology, The Royal Australian Institute of Architects, the Student Organised Network for
Architecture, Silver Thomas Hanley Architects, Bluescope Steel, 6 Degrees Architects, Armstrong Parkin Architects, Strategic Scan and Denton Corker
Marshall, Goodman Fielder International, Trukai, Lae Biscuit Company, Mainland Holdings, International Food Corporation.

BACKGROUND                           3    OPENING CEREMONY                     18

PROJECT PREPARATION                  4    FINISHED BUILDING                    18

WELCOME SINGSING                     6    Materials and construction methods
                                          PROJECT MANAGEMENT                   21
Masterplanning                       8    THE FUTURE                           21
Sanitation                           9
Aid Post                             10   CONCLUSION                           22

COMMUNITY MEETING                    11   PROJECT TEAM                         23

DETAIL DESIGN AND BUILDING SET-OUT   11   SPONSORS                             23

CONSTRUCTION                         12   PARTNER ORGANISATIONS                24

TRAINING ROOM                        17   EXPLANATION OF ACRONYMS              25


Labu-Tale is a village of approximately 200 households on the Morobe coast east of Lae, Papua New Guinea. In the last 20 years the shoreline has shifted
dramatically. The village now sits on a narrow strip of beach between the ocean and a river; land for the next two kilometres inland is swampy.

High tides and monsoons regularly flood the village and the villagers are forced to camp inland until they subside. People must walk several hours each day
to the land behind the swamp where they can grow food and collect clean drinking water. Carrying their produce and water back to the village is strenuous.
Labu-Tale is strung out over around 6 kilometres due to the narrow land strip; this means some children walk an hour and a half to school each day
(attendance is low and there are only four grades), and the community is disjointed, sometimes causing tensions. The people dislike the rubbish and
pollution from Lae that washes onto their beach. The salty air corrodes many things that they have saved money to buy. Land near the village is not suitable
for the concentrated waste of pit toilets so the villagers use the sea as their bathroom, causing hygiene issues as fish are also caught in this area.

The people of Labu-Tale are in the process of relocating their village 2.5km inland. This will protect them from rising sea levels and natural disasters, and
address many of the issues above.

This project grew out of the project leaders’ experiences at Global Studio, a multi-disciplinary, participatory design studio aiming to improve the lives of the
‘bottom 20%’. Global Studio and Design Build : PNG put into practice recommendations of United Nations Task Force 11 of the Millennium Development
  - Work with, and learn from, community members
  - Develop participatory design and planning skills that involves community members (particularly young people and elders) in decision making.
  - Work with and learn from successful and respected local organizations. This will allow us to build on an established relationship of communication and
    trust with the community. It has allowed us to identify a project that is needed and wanted.
  - Create international networks of professionals, educators and students
  - Develop educational paradigms and stimulate on-going research and action

Specifically, Design Build : PNG aimed to aid the professional and personal development of architecture students from Australia and Papua New Guinea
through intercultural learning, opportunities for teamwork and leadership, greater understanding of construction, sustainability and local materials, and the
challenges of working with a real client and budget.

The project also aimed to improve access to health services and community training in rural Papua New Guinea in order to retain sustainable rural
communities and to slow the migration of people to informal settlements in the cities. A training room is integral to the design and can be used to run a
variety of classes and meetings.


Kate Ferguson and Rosemary Korawali spent eighteen months preparing for the project. While working together in Lae in November 2006 they developed a
partnership with the Village Development Trust non-government organization in Lae, undertook site visits to potential villages in Morobe, consulted with the
villagers of Labu-tale to determine their needs and develop a formal agreement, and consulted with the Huon District Administration and Department of
Architecture at the PNG University of Technology. During 2007 they sought institutional support and funding for the construction costs, and ran an
application procedure for students in Australia and PNG. They undertook research into successful and unsuccessful rural development approaches, and
collected technical information from the Timber Training College near Lae, the Appropriate Technology and Community Development Centre at Unitech and
the Appropriate Technology Centre in Goroka.

agreement signing with the Labu-tale CBO    village meeting                           Timber Training College, Lae   Appropriate Technology Centre, Goroka


Australian and PNG students arrived and spent three days in Lae for in-country orientation, lecture series, basic Tok Pisin training and to accustom
themselves to hardware shops in Lae. The lecture series and topics covered are below.

Kora Korawali                      PNG University of Technology                   Culture and architecture in PNG
                                                                                   - Overview of PNG geography and cultures
                                                                                   - Traditional building designs and materials
                                                                                   - PNG art
Rosemary Korawali and Kate         Design Build : PNG project leaders             Appropriate Technology Centre visit
Ferguson                                                                           - Appropriate materials and technology in remote PNG
                                                                                   - Tropical climates
Harvey Kitoria                     Adventist Development and Relief Agency        HIV/AIDS in PNG
                                                                                   - Statistics PNG and Huon Gulf
                                                                                   - Process of sickness and caring for HIV positive people
                                                                                   - Design of appropriate facilities to encourage people to be tested for HIV
Community Health Workers           Huon District Administration                   Roles and responsibilities of Community Health Workers
                                                                                   - Common health problems in villages and process of treating people
                                                                                   - Relationship of CHW with village
                                                                                   - Success/failure of government design models
                                                                                   - Suggestions for better designs
Ruddie Artango and Delilah Kelly   Community Development Officers                 Community development processes
                                                                                   - Participatory planning and design
                                                                                   - Participatory Rural Appraisal and Planning (PRAP) model

Scholley Masueng and Marilyn        Adventist Development and Relief Agency         Sanitation projects in remote villages
Gairo                                                                                - Processes in the community
                                                                                     - Design of pit toilets
Ali Bou                             PNG University of Technology                    Health Centre design
                                                                                     - National standards for design
                                                                                     - The way health care is run by the government and any problems

The lecture series was an effective way to communicate a lot of information and introduce students to a variety of issues they would face on site. Plenty of
time was allowed for questions and discussion after each session, allowing students to engage in discussion and debate, with PNG students often having
valuable experiences or local knowledge to share. The presenters were invited to stay for a full day encouraging public dialogue between people of different
areas of expertise.

It was particularly useful to spend time talking to the Community Health Workers to hear their experiences. It became apparent that aid posts are serving
much larger populations than they are designed for. Through discussion it was possible to diagram the functions that could overlap in one space and the
core rooms for an aid post. It was interesting to note that the presenters had differing opinions about the layout of an aid post and the specific ways in which
rooms would be used, which led to importance being placed on flexibility in the design so that CHWs are able to set up an Aid Post in a variety of ways
depending on their preference and the specific health problems in a village.


The students were welcomed to Labu-tale with a singsing and speeches by village leaders.


Community Development Officers Ruddie Artango and Delilah Kelly ran a three day program with the Labu-tale villagers. During the course of the program it
became apparent that issues of drinking water were a limiting factor in the village moving from the beach to the new inland village site. The villagers were
worried that once a large number of people were living at the new site, the current water collection point for the village (downstream) would be polluted.
However, after listing all the positives and negatives of moving the village, a vote was cast and 100% of people voted in favour of moving. In the following
weeks the Sanitation and Masterplanning teams focused on water as a key issue – establishing a buffer zone to the river, designing pit toilets and laundry
facilities to protect the cleanliness of water downstream.

The community consultation process was very valuable to the project, but would probably have been more successful if done at least six months before the
students arrived at site. The project scope had already been set at an Aid Post, but after the consultation the students felt that it was equally important to
address the water supply and sanitation issues in order to help make the wider relocation project successful. They felt both under pressure to achieve a
larger scope than they were prepared for and under-equipped to deal with this in terms of skills and knowledge. They also found the first two days frustrating
because they were keen to get started, but weren’t able to be involved due to the nature of the sessions and the language barrier.

The last day of the community consultation process involved focus groups: men, women, girls and boys. Each of the three project groups – Masterplanning,
Sanitation and Aid post (which broke down further into men and women, so that sensitive health issues could be discussed more freely) – rotated through
these focus groups, asking questions and inviting discussion about their design area. This was extremely useful, and the students gained a lot of information
as well as establishing a working relationship with the locals which valued their input in the design process.


                                                                  The Masterplanning group mapped the site including
                                                                  the (reasonably) exact positions of the two rivers.
                                                                  Graduated buffer zones were established: 30m of thick
                                                                  native vegetation to protect the river banks and native
                                                                  corridor, 10m of smaller shade trees and 10m of garden
                                                                  before the building zone. The 20m shade tree / garden
                                                                  strip also creates a pleasant, useable space and acts as
                                                                  a buffer between the tall rainforest trees and the
                                                                  buildings. This followed concern by villagers about the
                                                                  danger of falling trees and wildlife such as snakes and

                                                                  The smaller river to the north of the site in intended as
                                                                  the drinking water river with defined collection points
                                                                  with safe steps (rather than slippery clay) and platforms
                                                                  to allow easy collection. It is understood that these may
                                                                  need major repair after the rainy season, but is thought
                                                                  to be worth the effort for the safety and ease of
                                                                  collection. The other larger river was left as a place
                                                                  where people could swim. Soap and laundry should be
                                                                  kept out of the 50m buffer zone.

                                                                  Through the community consultation the villagers were
                                                                  keen to have a main road established through the centre
                                                                  of the village. The area already cleared by the
                                                                  community, which is the entrance to the village from the
                                                                  beach, is designed to be public with the school, aid post,
                                                                  church and Community Based Organisation office
                                                                  located here. Residential areas follow a hamlet concept
                                                                  where a small group of houses share some facilities
                                                                  (such as toilets and showers) and open space.

The Sanitation team moved very quickly from discussion between themselves into building a variety of small prototype projects with the villagers. Two types
of pit toilet were built, with the villagers providing valuable input about local bush materials. A water collection jetty was built with steps leading to it. The
camp compost bin, rubbish pit and shower area were also developed as demonstration projects that families may wish to build for themselves in the new
village. A communal laundry was designed in consultation with village women, with a pump from the river and planted swales to treat the greywater.

Pit toilet model

Drinking water collection point                   compost heap             shower block                                      laundry

One of the major benefits of the Sanitation team’s work was that the small size of the individual projects allowed the villagers working on them to gain a full
understanding of the project (because they were involved in the design and all stages of construction, unlike the aid post where it was necessary to split
people into teams working on different areas of the building). It appears that this process has been empowering as they are now able to lead other teams in
future projects, and make improvements to the design. The fact that this group started building very quickly was also helpful in that it engaged the
community very early in the project, while there was a lot of community momentum behind the project and the other teams needed time to do design work.
The Aid Post team spent five days developing two designs for presentation to the community. The common ideas for both were:
 - a linear building orientated to allow good cross-ventilation and minimize the amount of direct sun on the walls
 - large eaves to shelter the walls from the rain
 - the creation of a public gathering space facing the main road
 - the creation of a private courtyard and circulation spine at the rear of the building facing the river buffer zone
 - a blend of modern and traditional materials and techniques, in a way which values both as having an important cultural and technical role to play in
   contemporary building in remote PNG. The combination aims to increase durability and allow maintenance to be easily carried out using village tools
   and skills.
The differences were in the maternity room and training room – whether they should be part of the structure of the building or separate from it, connected by


A community meeting after the first week of design provided valuable feedback for all three design groups. The village was again broken into groups of men,
women and young people to rotate through the design groups. The Sanitation team toured each of their little projects, explaining the reasons for each, and
asking for feedback. The Masterplanning team walked the cleared site, explained the layered buffer zone and discussing suggested placement for public

The Aid Post team presented their two designs and the villagers were asked to comment on what aspects of both schemes they liked and didn’t like, and
why this was the case, rather than choosing one design over the other. This allowed the students to understand reasoning which could influence other
aspects of the design and allow flexibility to alter the design, rather than creating expectations in the community that the building would look exactly like the
model. Separate structures were preferred in order to give privacy and separate access to the maternity, and to avoid the risk of fire in the sago-covered
training room spreading to the aid post.


Designs were developed further following community feedback, construction documentation was drawn up and a quantity survey was completed to allow
ordering of materials. The footings for the Aid Post and Training room were set out.

01.01.08 – 02.02.08 | CONSTRUCTION | NEW VILLAGE SITE

The site                                    Building setout                       collecting sand for concrete

digging footings                stirrups being fitted         sub-floor framing             truss fabrication

willing helpers                      mixing concrete               sago roofing

sago blind weaving for wall panels   discussion in the work shed   extra posts chain-sawed   sub-floor ready to pour

stud wall fabricatioin           cladding on maternity room                              trusses on aid post finished

stud walls on the waiting room   laying floorboards           flyscreen and sago blind             timber cladding

roofing on the maternity room         the daily work list                connection of roof structures struts to support the eaves

fitting and beading the sago blinds   fitting the clerestory flyscreen             the beginning of the ramp

the waiting room bench                           making furniture                      sago roofing                plumbing fittings

the new village main road with drainage swales            decorative and medicinal plantings around the aid post


The Training Room was left uncompleted due to a breakdown of the sawmill close to the finishing date. Once the sawmill is up and running the locals have
the skills to mill and lay the floorboards.

The finishing of the training room, along with a couple of other outstanding items of work - the sanding and varnishing of the plywood ceiling lining and
privacy screens on some windows – have been left for the villagers to complete. The villagers who worked on those jobs will be the leaders in this. A
weekend field trip for students from the Department of Architecture at The PNG University of Technology will allow them to see the building, investigate the
construction methods (with explanation from the Unitech students who were part of the project), and contribute to finishing any small tasks. This makes it
possible for the lessons of the project to be appreciated by a large number of PNG students who were not able to take part in the whole project due to family
and work commitments.


guests at the opening ceremony        cutting the ribbon


the waiting room                     walkway to maternity room            veranda behind treatment rooms

treatment room 1   wall treatments                   privacy screen on maternity room        maternity room

- The ramp directs people from the majority of the village via the main road, and allows easy access for people unable to climb stairs
- The ramp and training room shape a public gathering space that can be used by the villagers in a variety of ways.
- The waiting room faces the public space, but is semi-private, creating a comfortable sheltered space for patients with benches wide enough to lie down.
- The office has a window onto the waiting area and public space so patients can be easily seen and called through by the Community Health Worker.
- There is a sliding window from the office to the first treatment room so high priority patients can be directly observed by the CHW.
- The verandah to the south of the aid post allows access to rooms. It is wide enough for family members to wait or sleep when taking part in caring for the
   patient. It faces a private courtyard which is filled with local plants and provides outlook for the treatment rooms as well as privacy for the maternity room.
- There are sinks in all rooms for flexibility of use.
- The maternity room has a private shower which can be used by other patients if the maternity room is not in use.

                                                                                          MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION METHODS
                                                                                          - Hardwood timber has been milled on site using a portable sawmill.
                                                                                            It will be resistant to termites and borers, making it more durable
                                                                                            than traditional bush pole construction.
                                                                                          - Metal roofing on the Aid Post allows rainwater to be collected.
                                                                                          - A balance between modern/Western and traditional materials is
                                                                                            achieved through the use of sago roofing on the walkways and
                                                                                            training room. This values local construction expertise, is easily
                                                                                            replaceable and is a cost-effective way to shelter the extra floor
                                                                                          - Sago blinds allow the walls to breath, as well as showcasing the
                                                                                            beauty of traditional crafts
                                                                                          - The use of slatted milled timber below bench/window height allows
                                                                                            ventilation but is strong enough to withstand accidental kicking or
                                                                                            furniture pushed against it.

                                                                                          - The buildings are orientated to avoid direct sun on the walls.
                                                                                          - Large eaves and verandas keep sun and rain off the walls
                                                                                          - The narrow building forms are orientated to allow breezes to flow
                                                                                             directly through them, with windows on both sides
                                                                                          - A pop-up roof with high level windows allows hot air to escape and
                                                                                             provides extra light into the interior of the aid post


Early in the project we established the role of site manager. Two people took on this role each week, and were responsible for establishing and adapting the
construction program, coordinating student and village workers on site (including ensuring people were in roles where they were learning rather than solely
providing labour), procurement of materials and tools, liaising with village leaders etc. This was a really successful aspect of the project. The role was
physically and emotionally exhausting, but those students who took it on (about half the group) gained a lot of experience and management skills. The
sharing of responsibility also allowed the student group to feel ownership of the project, and took pressure off the project leaders.

Design Build : PNG achieved a huge amount in a short time but it is also important to reflect on how and why problems arose, and what could make future
projects more successful. The scope of this project became larger than we were comfortable with, resulting in the students and some community members
working from sunrise until sunset on site, and later into the night in meetings and design work. A number of reasons led to this situation.
 - The design for the aid post was ambitious – far bigger than the standard aid post!
 - The initial agreement (November 2006) with the Labu-tale Community Based Organisation stated that the village would already be relocated by the time
    the project started. We now realize that it was an unrealistic for the CBO to commit to this. A change of site, a particularly rainy wet season and a lot of
    community work done on the school resulted in delays to the relocation project. By November 2007 a large amount of forest had been cleared, showing
    a commitment to the project, however very few people were living at the new village site. Help with the wider relocation project became a priority for the
    students, thus the sanitation and masterplanning work took on importance, and took away some resources from the aid post work.
 - The students overestimated the amount of village people’s time that would be available for the project. Community leaders organized the villagers into
    four teams that would assist the project on rotation – three days of work and 9 days off. Students based their design, planning and resourcing on this
    and were frustrated and disappointed when few villagers turned up. They felt that they and the small group of villagers who were working full-time on site
    were being taken advantage of. The situation may have been a result of difficulties in communication before the project – many villagers did not appear
    to be aware that they were expected to help with the work and that their village leaders had signed an agreement. The project leaders and students were
    not aware that some things promised by the village leaders were unrealistic until well into the project. In future projects it would be helpful to talk to each
    family, explain the importance of their involvement and negotiate a realistic amount of time they would have available for the project.


Labu-tale has set up an Aid Post committee in accordance with the Ministry of Health Minimum Standards for District Health Services in Papua New Guinea
including two village leaders, a women’s representative, a church representative, the Village Development Committee and a youth representative. The usual
function of this committee is to plan for improvements of the aid post facility, organise community to carry out preventative and minor maintenance, and to
liase with the community, village leaders and appropriate authorities in the event of law and order problems or land disputes. Additionally they will be
responsible for organising the building of a house for the Community Health Worker, and managing any other task that need to be carried out before the aid
post can be staffed.


Design Build : PNG achieved many things, not only buildings and facilities, but a learning experience for all involved. The students and community members
have learnt and experienced much that can enrich their lives and careers. The experience of the project also adds to its sustainability. The process has been
close to people’s hearts. I am confident the local people have the skills and motivation to maintain this building that we all have worked so hard for.


Project Leaders:
Kate Ferguson          Curtin University of Technology
Rosemary Korawali      PNG University of Technology

Researcher and transport chief:
Johan Granberg        PNG University of Technology

Labu-tale Community Based Organisation:
Mondo Sega
Yansom Asai
Matthew Simon
Jack Epolasie

Ciaran Acton           University of Western Australia                           Luke Pendergast         University of Queensland
Jermaine Chau          University of Sydney                                      Fabian Prideaux         University of Canberra
Robyn Creagh           Curtin University of Technology                           Mark Robertson          Curtin University of Technology
Lachlan Delaney        University of Sydney                                      Julia Robinson          University of Western Australia
Melina Hobday          University of Queensland                                  Martin Round            University of South Australia
Matthew Hughes         University of Queensland                                  Jordan Tegabwasa        PNG University of Technology
Margret Hurrelbrink    Curtin University of Technology                           Vesna Trobec            University of Sydney
Henry Lape             PNG University of Technology                              Sheena Warinara         PNG University of Technology
Julie Lawrence         University of Queensland                                  Cherry Williamson       University of Newcastle
Kukame McKenzie        University of Western Australia                           Rahmat Wima             PNG University of Technology
Snyder Mollomb         PNG University of Technology                              Brendan Worsley         University of Technology, Sydney
Sian Murray            University of Melbourne                                   Louie Lester Yao        University of Canberra
Reginald Ope           PNG University of Technology

Thank you to the following individuals for their assistance:
Kora Korawali, Marie Korawali, Jonika Paulsen, Ian Fairnie, Ken Costigan, Roger Paulsen, Martin Fowler, Lindy Joubert, Josh Morrin, Ashlyn Hendricks.
And thank you to everyone who has shown support and enthusiasm for this project.


Principle Sponsor: The Buchan Group
PNG Sustainable Development Program
The Australian High Commission
Vice Chancellor and Research Office, PNG University of Technology
Vice Chancellor and Executive Dean Humanities, Curtin University of Technology
National Office and WA Chapter, The Royal Australian Institute of Architects
The Student Organised Network for Architecture
Silver Thomas Hanley Architects
Bluescope Steel
6 Degrees Architects
Armstrong Parkin Architects
Strategic Scan
Denton Corker Marshall
The Lae Yacht Club
Goodman Fielder International
Lae Biscuit Company
Mainland Holdings
International Food Corporation


UNESCO has achieved countless projects and works for the benefit of humanity. The effectiveness of the arts are now being recognised as mechanisms for
overcoming disaffection, exclusion, marginalisation and poverty. The UNESCO Observatory’s focus crosses over the areas of architecture; the physical,
natural, social and health sciences; well-being, culture, heritage, arts practice, education in the arts, community arts practice, research methodology,
philosophy, ethics and program evaluation across pure, strategic, applied and action research. The numerous partnerships and associations with experts,
NGO’s, institutions, governments etc. over all fields of endeavour are not, in the majority, being researched, published, analysed or disseminated, thus
disappearing into the ether. The Observatory will crystallise, through research, the success and sustainability of arts programs across a multi-disciplinary
field. This will have flow-on effects through UNESCO Member States to overcome enormous spending by governments on health, social services and in the
long-term return a good investment to communities.

The school of Architecture is part of the Department of Architecture and Building at Unitech in Lae, Morobe Province. It is the only school of architecture in
Papua New Guinea and is accredited by the Commonwealth Association of Architects. The Department is affiliated with the Australian schools of architecture
through the Australasian Architecture Schools Association. Design Build : PNG will be run in association with PNG Unitech.

SONA is a national network of architecture students in Australia. It has a representative at each of the 16 universities that teach architecture and has
approximately 2000 paying members. It is a committee of the Royal Australian Institute of Architects, and is represented in the Australasian Architecture
Schools Association. SONA has relationships with other organizations within Australian and overseas.

The VDT is an indigenous non government organisation working in Papua New Guinea and throughout the South Pacific since 1990. It has become
recognised as a leader in the fields of eco-forestry and conservation. Their work includes courses and workshops, professional field support services,
education aids, and model projects. The VDT works with communities to create “model projects that emphasize an integrated approach to the issues of
conservation awareness, environmental protection, and the practical sustainable development of village resources”. The ideas for these projects come from
the villagers, as something that they think their community needs or could benefit from.


The Huon District Health Administration is a government body responsible for planning and implementing strategies relating to health services in the Huon
District, which includes Labu-Tale.


Curtin Volunteers! is a non-for-profit student run organisation at Curtin University of Technology. They give Curtin students, staff and the general community
opportunities to interact through a range of programs and projects.


MDG - Millennium Development Goals (United Nations)
The world’s targets for reducing poverty, with associated Task Forces addressing a variety of issues

RAIA - The Royal Australian Institute of Architects
The national professional body for architects in Australia. It supports SONA, Global Studio and pps:r

AASA - Australasian Architecture Schools Association
A body overseeing schools of architecture in Australia and PNG

SONA - Student Organized Network for Architecture
A national network of architecture students in Australia. It has a representative at each of the 16 universities that teach architecture and approximately 2000
paying members. It is a committee of the Royal Australian Institute of Architects and has relationships with other organizations in Australian and overseas.

VDT - Village Development Trust, and eco-forestry and development NGO based in Lae, Morobe Province.

CBO - Community Based Organization. Labu-Tale CBO consists of:
Chairman: Mr Mondo Sega, Deputy Chairman: Mr Yansom Asai, Treasurer: Mr Matthew Simon, Secretary: Mr Jack Epoalasie