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DO SUBSTANCES INHIBITING TUMOR GROWTH EXERT A RETARDING INFLUENCE

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DO SUBSTANCES INHIBITING TUMOR GROWTH EXERT A RETARDING INFLUENCE Powered By Docstoc
					Published November 1, 1914




                               DO S U B S T A N C E S I N H I B I T I N G T U M O R G R O W T H
                                 E X E R T A R E T A R D I N G I N F L U E N C E ON T H E
                                        R E G E N E R A T I O N OF T H E S K I N ? *

                                                 BY W I L L I A M E. L E I G H T O N , M.D.
                             (From the Department of Pathology of the Barnard Free Skin and Cancer
                                                      Hospital, St. Louis.)

                                In a series of studies carried out in this laboratory t the effect
                             of various substances on tumor growth has been determined. Sev-




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                             eral substances, especially colloidal copper, hirudin, nucleoprotein,
                             and casein were found to be active.
                                In order to contribute to the understanding of the mechanism of
                             these substances, it was considered of interest to study their influ-
                             ence on other processes besides tumor growth, and at Dr. Loeb's
                             suggestion I studied the effect of these substances on wound healing
                             in the mouse.
                                The problem that I undertook was to determine if possible whether
                             any change, macroscopic or microscopic, could be produced through
                             the intravenous injection of these substances in a wound in the
                             process of healing.
                                The technique adopted consisted in excising iI~ each experiment a
                             small piece of skin from the back of each of eight mice, care being
                             taken to make excisions of about the same size. At first the
                             wounds were protected by a colloidin dressing, but later this was
                             omitted as the wounds seemed to heal better without this covering;
                             and when the mice were kept in separate boxes no noticeable infec-
                             tion followed and the wound healed normally.
                                On the third day after the wound was made, four of the mice
                             were injected through the vein of the tail with the substance to be
                             tested, and injections were repeated on four successive days. The
                             mice were killed on the eighth day and the wound with the sur-
                             rounding skin was excised for microscopic study.
                               * Received for publication, July 16, 1914.
                               1 Fleisher, M. S., and Loeb, L., lour. E~per. Med., 1914, xx, 503.
                                                                   542
Published November 1, 1914




                                                     William E. Leighton.                      543

                                The four control mice were either not injected at all or were
                             injected intravenously with normal salt solution or distilled water.
                             They were also killed on the eighth day and the wound with its
                             surrounding skin was excised for microscopic study.
                                When a mouse died or was killed by the injection at an earlier
                             date, the wound was excised and at the same time a control animal
                             was killed and its wound excised for study.
                                Altogether twelve experiments were carried out with the four
                             substances active in the case of mouse tumors. The wounds which
                             were excised on the eighth day showed no difference macroscop-
                             ically. Microscopically it was found that the regeneration of the
                             epithelium, as well as of the connective tissue and blood vessels, was




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                             approximately the same in control mice, and in the mice injected
                             with the various substances. W e may therefore conclude that none
                             of the substances mentioned has a noticeable influence on wound
                             healing.
                                                        CONCLUSIONS.

                               l~epeated injections of colloidal copper, hirudin, nucleoprotein,
                             and casein, which have a definite retarding influence on tumor
                             growth, given to mice during the process of wound healing do not
                             produce any noticeable influence on the course of regeneration.

				
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