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					     Cardno
     Connect
       the global magazine of Cardno’s international development assistance business




•   Peace in Northern Uganda    • Doing Business in Kyrgyz Republic   • Solomon Island Housing



      edition 1       quarter four 2008
in this issue                                                                                                          Charles Tapp
                                                                                                                       Cardno Acil,
                                                                                                                                                             Andy Dijkerman
                                                                                                                                                             Emerging Markets
                                                                                                                       International                         Group, Division
                                                                                                                       Division Manager                      Manager



4-9                                                             Updates from FESP
                                                                                                    We are pleased to introduce Cardno Connect, the magazine
                                                                                                    produced for and by advisers, staff and associates of the
                                                                Fiji Education Sector Program
                                                                                                    world-wide Cardno International Development Business (IDA)
                                                                (FESP) reports on developments
                                                                                                    including Cardno Acil, EMG and Cardno Agrisystems.
                                                                in early childhood education,
                                                                engaging women in non-              Cardno Connect has been developed to contribute to the culture
                                                                traditional trades and supports     of combined International Development Assistance leadership
                                                                a drug awareness campaign in        that our businesses represent.
                                                                Fiji.
                                                                                                    We are very pleased to introduce the inaugural edition of what
                                                                                                    promises to be a publication which enlightens and adds to the
                                                                                                    issues we all face in the development industry. It is also read
13                                                              EMG hosts Seminar                   widely across the Cardno engineering divisions of the company,
                                                                                                    by our clients and other development colleagues.

                                                                EMG and Cardno Acil present         The focus of Cardno Connect is the work we are undertaking
                                                                joint infrastructure capabilities   in over 70 developing nations from Zambia to Armenia. The
                                                                at USAID.                           magazine highlights our exceptional reach, which comes from
                                                                                                    being based locally, focussed globally and providing services
                                                                                                    through our combined skills, experiences and networks.
                                                                                                    The greater integration of the work of our development assistance
                                                                                                    companies is made easier by the strong complementarity of
                                                                                                    our cultures. This is encompassed by the tag lines of EMG and
16-17                                                           Peace and Development               Cardno Acil. EMG highlights “business expertise for sustainable
                                                                on NUREP                            development” and Cardno Acil has used “effective development
                                                                                                    is our business” to great effect both internally and externally.
                                                                Report from the Cardno              Sustainablility and development effectiveness is what Cardno’s
                                                                Agrisystems’ NUREP project          development assistance business is all about; it defines who
                                                                operating in the complex and        we are and how we operate. The promise inherent in this is to
                                                                fluid environment of Northern        continue to make a positive difference to people’s lives.
                                                                Uganda.
                                                                                                    Charles and Andy


Front Cover: EMG’s HIPS Project targets HIV and AIDS,
tuberculosis and malaria prevention in businesses for
employees, their dependents and the surrounding community.
See article pg. 24


                                                                                                            Contributors to this edition: Barbara Addy, Elis Anisah,
      Organisation                       Activity Management                                                Reint J Bakema, Mary Beggs, Ayman Bekdash, Chris
                       Effectiveness                                                                        Brown, Dr. Jan Edwards, Jeanne Ellis, Greg Ryan-
                                                                                                            Gadsden, Fiona Hurst, Bruce Jackson, Dick Kell, Robert
                       Achieving Objectives

                      Demonstrating Results

                     Facilitating Sustainability



      Systems and Processes         Monitoring and Evaluation
                                                                                                            Kennedy, Jane Kesno, Sherry Khan, Ruci Kididromo, Trudy
                                                                                                            Loban, Joe Lowther, Olga Moreva, Elizabeth Morgan,
                                                                                                            Shane Mulligan, Syalomi Natalia, Dr. Glen Palmer, Jill
 Effective development is our business                                                                      Rayner, Zoe Stephens, Beau Tydd and Ed Vowles.

Cardno Connect is produced quarterly for consultants and friends of                                         Editorial team:
Cardno’s International Development Assistance Division. Please send                                         Anna Viola, Cardno Acil
contributions and inquiries to the editors: cardnoconnect@cardno.com                                        Vandana Chinnakotala, EMG

CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 2
                         Andrew Buckley
                         Cardno, Managing
                         Director




Message from the Managing Director
Welcome to the first edition of Cardno Connect, Cardno’s dedicated
international development assistance (IDA) magazine, formerly known
as Bush Telegraph.
Cardno’s work and presence in the development assistance arena
has increased significantly in the last 18 months and we wanted your
magazine to reflect this growth. Our new look magazine will achieve
this, while still keeping all the aspects of Bush Telegraph that made it
a popular magazine with our staff, contractors, clients and partners.
As always the contributions from our staff and partners working in the
field will continue to be the feature of Cardno Connect and I encourage
you to continue to share your experiences.
Cardno currently has more than 1,000 people working in development
assistance teams across five continents. Through Cardno Acil, Emerging
Markets Group (EMG) and Cardno Agrisystems, Cardno is helping to
plan, design, manage and deliver sustainable social, economic and
physical infrastructure for communities across the world.
Helping improve both infrastructure and people’s livelihoods is a
focus for Cardno. Over the last 12 months Cardno has been sharing
the experiences and skills of the EMG team with our clients and
partners. With EMG’s contribution the wider Cardno group now has
additional capabilities and this is benefiting our clients, communities
and our business. I look forward to continuing to share with you how
Cardno can further expand to service the needs of our clients and the
communities in which we work.
Another recent key focus of Cardno has been our renewed vision,
mission and values. We have updated our vision and mission
statements and core values to better reflect who we are and where
we are going. I encourage you to visit the Cardno website www.
cardno.com to read more about our vision, mission and values.
On revision of our corporate values Cardno has added the value of
sustainability to represent our growing awareness and commitment
to the principles of sustainability. Many parts of Cardno are already
living this value. Our teams are designing or implementing programs
and projects to help address economic, social and environmental
issues, and I believe the development assistance teams have been
leading the way in this area. Further demonstrating our commitment
to this value, Cardno’s head office in Brisbane, Australia recently
moved to an environmentally sustainable building. This building is
Queensland’s first 6 Green Star rated building.
Finally, I’d like to take this opportunity to acknowledge and thank our
people. Your passion and enthusiasm is making a real difference to
the communities we work in and helping to shape the future.
Andrew Buckley




                                                                           CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 3
USAID Kenya Business Development Services Program
(Kenya BDS): Lessons Learned
By David Knopp, Chief of Party, Kenya BDS

PROJECT OVERVIEW                                                        LESSONS LEARNED AND RECOMMENDATIONS
The Kenya Business Development Services Program (Kenya                  Following implementation of Kenya BDS, a few key themes
BDS) was a six year, $6M program funded by the United                   have arisen from implementing a dynamic value-chain
States Agency for International Development (USAID). It                 Program:
was one of the first USAID-funded programs to apply a value              MAINTAIN AN OVERALL VALUE CHAIN FOCUS
chain-based approach to market development. EMG was
the lead implementer, in partnership with Deloitte, ACDI/               Traditional MSE projects would direct all support to the
VOCA, and Fit Resources. The approach was based upon                    targeted beneficiary – the MSE or smallholder farmer. It
the causal model that by addressing specific constraints in              is important to realize that interventions may be required
the value chain, program facilitation activities would lead             at all levels of the chain in order to remove bottlenecks
to increased competitiveness in target sectors, resulting               or inefficiencies. Unless there is an end market demand
in sustained access to business services, increased MSE                 or unless the lead firms are competitive there will be no
incomes, and overall value chain growth.                                “market pull.”

APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY                                                FLEXIBILITY IN PROGRAM DESIGN AND DYNAMIC
                                                                        MANAGEMENT OF VALUE CHAIN IS CRITICAL
Kenya BDS first selected a value chain of high growth
potential for rural micro- and small enterprises (MSEs). The            Markets are dynamic and therefore require structures and
Program then conducted value chain analyses to provide a                processes within a project to be market responsive. No
description of the sector, map out commercial relationships             longer are donors developing 5 year programs with 5 year
among market actors and channels, and break down costs                  pre-determined activity work-plans. The ability to read and
of production to identify inefficiencies and opportunities               respond to opportunities and constraints in the market is
for intervention. Through participatory mechanisms                      critical. A centralized pool of funding as well as dynamic
such as focus group discussions, field questionnaires,                   management is important.
and stakeholder vetting forums, Kenya BDS worked with                   IDENTIFYING INCENTIVES (RELATIONSHIPS, LEARNING,
industry actors to identify and validate critical bottlenecks           BENEFITS) IS NECESSARY FOR UNDERSTANDING
and constraints within the value chain, and developed an                MARKET BEHAVIOR
upgrading strategy for increased industry competitiveness.
                                                                        When designing for sustainability, it is critical that you
Once key constraints and opportunities were prioritized,                identify the incentives among market actors. Only then
Kenya BDS designed interventions which were tendered                    may you understand how and why decisions are made,
through the Market Intervention Fund – a centralized funding            which directly shapes the nature of your intervention.
pool designed to respond to market constraints. Rather than             A good question to ask oneself is, through my activities,
publish each intervention tender in a newspaper, Kenya                  am I creating incentives for innovation? Am I stimulating
BDS maintained a rolling “pre-registration” process with                competition or collaboration within the chain? Or, do my
local facilitators, who automatically received each tender              interventions create disincentives for change by introducing
via e-mail. To maintain transparency, tenders were also                 market distortions or artificial subsidies?
posted on the website.

                                       Dynamic Value Chain Facilitation

                        1. Select Target Industry

                        2. Conduct Value Chain Analysis

                        3. Identify and Prioritize Constraints
                                                                       Sector upgrading strategy developed.

                        4. Design Interventions

                        5. Tender among Local Facilitators             Design of initial and follow-on interventions in
                           through Intervention Fund                   support of sector upgrading strategy.


                        6. Implement and Monitor                        Uptake of activity or behaviour among
                                                                       Uptake of activity or behavior among private
                                                                        sector sector actors. competitiveness
                                                                       private actors. Greater sectorGreater sector
                                                  7. Scale-up / Exit   competitiveness realised.
                                                                        realized.


CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 4
     Small-scale farmer Peter Kariuki displays a grade 1              A woman reads a “Save Five Eat Five” poster in Suba
      Fuerte variety avocado. During one project year,               District. With co-funding from local financial institutions,
    approximately 1 million pieces of grade 1 avocadoes              Kenya BDS promoted savings mobilization among fisher-
    were sold — a 653% increase from the previous year.                        folk through a sensitization campaign.




PROGRAM RESULTS                                                       3.50 while Hass-variety increased from Kshs 1.00 to
                                                                      Kshs 4.50 during the lifetime of implementation.
Over the six-years of the project, many successes were
achieved, leading to increased competitiveness of selected       •    In the passion fruit sector, Kenya BDS spearheaded the
industries.                                                           introduction of passion fruit production in Central and
                                                                      Eastern Kenya. Stemming from an initial public-private
•    In the avocado sector, 6 leading exporters had
                                                                      partnership with the Kenya Agricultural Research
     formalized and undertaken sourcing arrangements
                                                                      Institute (KARI) to promote the high-value crop, the
     from smallholder farmers via supply contracts, with
                                                                      program has successfully introduced passion fruit
     a total outreach of 129,998 trees. To link farmers
                                                                      production to over 2,215 farmers with a total outreach
     with high-end markets, 3 rural-based brokerage firms
                                                                      of 272,712 vines whom are now linked with 4 exporters
     were developed with an active client base exceeding
                                                                      on full commercial terms. Combined monthly grade 1
     21,000 farmers. A total of 4 industrial-scale avocado oil
                                                                      production now averages 70 MTs sold between Kshs
     processors emerged in response to increased supply,
                                                                      60 – 70 per Kg. Future production is supported by
     with a combined intake of 80 MTs per day. Previously
                                                                      over 297 smallholder passion fruit nurseries which are
     the sector had no available market for grade 2 fruit.
                                                                      developed and operational.
     An innovative smallholder loan product was developed
     with Equity Bank, providing farmers for the first time       •    In the mango sector, Kenya BDS organized 3,037
     access to agrochemicals on credit backed upon the                smallholder farmers in Central, Eastern and Coast
     strength of their supply contract. In the first year              Province into 5 production clusters with a total outreach
     of the program alone, 3,795 farmers accessed the                 of 107,443 trees. Year 5 sales of grade 1 alone reached
     facility, resulting in 23,916 trees sprayed with over            Kshs 6,961,256 and Kshs 9,219,168 of grade 2 through
     95% repayment. To increase yields and productivity               a rural based market linkage firm.
     a total of 42 accredited agrochemical sprayers and 60
                                                                 •    In the Lake Victoria fish sector, 642 Omena women
     grafting and pruning service providers were developed,
                                                                      processors were organized into 21 groups spread
     resulting in the rehabilitation of 34,000 avocado and
                                                                      throughout 17 beaches, and linked with a lead exporter
     23,000 mango trees respectively. From the enhanced
                                                                      through supply contracts. 300 MTs have been sold
     market linkages and increased quality, the average
                                                                      valued at Kshs 13.5 million.
     Fuerte-variety price increased from Kshs .50 to Kshs



                                                                                              CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 5
Ministry of Education Supports Drug
Awareness in Fiji
By Greg Ryan-Gadsden, Program Manager, Fiji Education Sector Program

The Fiji Education Sector Program is an Australian Government funded, AusAID initiative aimed at assisting the Ministry of Education
(MoE) to delivery quality education services to children especially in disadvantaged and remote communities in Fiji. This article
highlights one of the MoE’s initiatives that is linked to the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking. It is the result
of a report by the Director for the National Substance Abuse Advisory Council (NSAAC).
The Ministry of Education has pledged to protect school students            The Australian government funded FESP initiative has been able
from the use and abuse of drugs in Fiji. The setting up of initiatives      to assist the MoE and NSAAC in a number of ways. In 2007,
through the National Substance Abuse Advisory Council (NSAAC)               FESP facilitated a work attachment for the Director of NSAAC to
is the result of analysis conducted by the Ministry of Education in         Western Australia. As part of this process, officers are matched
late 2003 to determine the extent of Drug and Substance Abuse               with counterparts relevant to their need. The aim is for them to
in 159 Secondary Schools in Fiji.                                           develop new knowledge and skills in their focus area through
Director NSAAC, Mr Misaele Driubalavu said the research revealed            being coached and mentored by their overseas counterpart.
extensive substance abuse by teenage students throughout                    Each officer develops a work skills plan, signs a contract with
Fiji, 69% of those surveyed had tried kava, 51% alcohol, 43%                their line manager and commits to implementing new knowledge
tobacco and 13% marijuana. Moreover approximately one fifth of               and skills upon return. Misaele was aligned to the Director of the
experimenters were classified as high risk (having experienced the           School Drug Education and Road Awareness Unit (SDERA). His
substance three times or more) for all four major drugs, except             work attachment focused on:
marijuana-more than one third (36%) of teens who had tried                  • Current strategies in harm reduction and education relating
marijuana were now high risk.                                                    to drugs
                                                                            • New knowledge in systems of drug education and how this
Following the report, the Ministry of Education expressed its
                                                                                 is integrated in the school
determination to educate the school students of Fiji on the
                                                                            • New knowledge learnt from research conducted and policies
associated risks with drugs and substance use. NSAAC has been
                                                                                 adopted in schools
instrumental in addressing this need through an initial series of
                                                                            • Increased skill in organisation effectiveness, review planning
workshops throughout Fiji. The workshops are aimed at:
                                                                                 through identification of areas of need and organisational
• Creating awareness amongst the key stakeholders on
      substance abuse and the dangers and risks associated with                  frameworks
      drugs                                                                 Upon return, the NSAAC Director facilitated a national policy
• Promoting healthy, safe and drug free schools and                         on Drugs and Substance Abuse in Schools for Fiji. This required
      communities                                                           extensive consultation. It is a first for Fiji and has resulted in
• Creating good partnership to curb the growing problem of                  a common understanding and application of procedures for
      substance abuse                                                       prevention and intervention relating to alcohol, tobacco, drugs
• Identifying strategies teachers/parents can use to discourage             and substance related issues.
      children from drugs
                                                                            According to Misaele, “The work attachment experience and
From 2005 to 2007, NSAAC conducted 52 workshops and visited
                                                                            exposure gave me the drive, the motivation and the confidence
633 primary schools and 150 secondary schools. In addition,
                                                                            to see beyond my local horizon. The Policy Writing Training
they developed community outreach programs and collaborative
                                                                            empowered me in fulfilling some critical aspects of the work
initiatives with other non-governmental organisations such as the
                                                                            we need to do here in NSAAC. For the first time, a policy on
Red Cross.
                                                                            drugs and substance abuse has been approved for use in all Fiji
      CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 6
                                                                                                 previous page left: Fiji student youth leaders
                                                                                                 workshop.
                                                                                                 Providing role models in schools.
                                                                                                 previous page right: Suva-Nausori Principals,
                                                                                                 Head Teachers & Counsellors Workshop, at
                                                                                                 FTA Hall, Knolly Street, Suva

                                                                                                 on this page: Class 8 Students of Nuku
                                                                                                 Catholic School, Serua presenting their
                                                                                                 views on Preventative Factors for Drugs &
                                                                                                 HIV AIDS




Schools. This is significant in terms of providing a safety net       As a result of NSAAC’s work:
for students from drugs and simultaneously a guide for school        • Nearly all Principals and Head Teachers in Fiji have attended
leaders in providing and maintaining a school environment that            Drug awareness workshops
                                                                     • All schools have received drug information materials
is safe and free from drug abuse.”                                   • Schools now conduct their own drug awareness programs
FESP has further assisted NSAAC through the provision of multi-      • Schools and associated stakeholders have a clear
                                                                          understanding of procedures and application of strategies
media resources for their outreach programs and access to the             for prevention and intervention
internet and Govnet services. The latter has enabled NSAAC           • The MoE has an HIV and AIDS Coordinator and linked
to use the internet to engage in online research and enhanced             awareness programs
communication with the Ministry of Education and its officers.        • The number and nature of drugs and substance abuse cases
From Misaele’s perspective, “provision of internet services to            in schools are being researched, analysed and strategies
the office has made the preparation and writing of evidence                implemented to reduce future risks for students in schools.
based reports, proposals and policies faster and easier.”            According to NSAAC, the Australian Government (AusAID)
                                                                     assistance provided through FESP has helped to empower them
Through being linked to Govnet services, NSAAC has been able
                                                                     to deliver vital and much needed services to the people of Fiji.
to put their policy and facility for resources online. This has
enhanced access for school based personnel throughout the            This is particularly related to NSAAC’s capability to fulfil its role
country. The policy is now online, on CD and will be incorporated    in conducting and disseminating research information, conducting
into a series of Leadership and Management workshops for all         awareness programmes for community and school leaders and in
Principals, Head Teachers and aspirant leaders in Fiji.              the training of young people as Peer Educators in STIs, HIV and
                                                                     Drugs.
As part of its support to the MoE, FESP has assisted the MoE
to develop a Schools Information Management System (SIMS).           Misaele is proud of the achievements of NSAAC and its associated
This system now incorporates statistical information on drug         stakeholders. “Since 2007, NSAAC has been able to reach over
and alcohol issues in schools. Reports generated from SIMS in        10,000 students and youth and over 1,000 community leaders
recent years have assisted NSAAC in profiling the prevalence          in five provinces of Fiji where drugs and substance abuse is of
and nature of Drugs and Substance Abuse in both Primary and          concern. To date, 81.1 % of Primary School Leaders and 93.9%
Secondary Schools. This has been useful in developing strategy,      of Secondary School Leaders have been reached through our
reporting to government and targeting resources in areas of          awareness workshops on drugs, substance abuse and HIV and
need.                                                                AIDS. These activities have had and continue to impact far reaching
                                                                     consequences on the lives of students, teachers and the general
The Fiji Ministry of Health notes alcohol, drug abuse and sexually
                                                                     community. A number of secondary schools are running their own
transmitted infections (STIs) as closely related. The significance
                                                                     awareness programmes and consequently there is evidence of
of this link combined with the statistics provided through SIMS
                                                                     declining drug abuse cases and an increase in students’ morale
has prompted NSAAC to consider HIV and AIDS in its Drug
                                                                     and academic performance.”
Awareness programme. FESP has been able to support this
initiative through the provision of funds for a locally employed     NSAAC has been effectively engaging in raising public awareness
HIV and AIDS Co-ordinator.                                           about Drugs and HIV AIDS during World AIDS Day, International
                                                                     Volunteer Day and National Sports Events. It looks forward to its
                                                                     forthcoming participation in the International Day Against Drug
                                                                     Abuse and Illicit Trafficking.
                                                                                               CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 7
                                                                  Early Child



                                                           By Ruci Kididromo and Dr. Glen Palmer
                                                           (Funded by Fiji Education Sector Program and the Pacific
                                                           Regional Initiative for the Delivery of basic Education
                                                           [PRIDE])
                                                           Our vision is that the children of Fiji develop into healthy,
                                                           happy and responsible individuals, with reference for God.
                                                           We want them to have a strong sense of identity, appreciate
                                                           their own as well as others’ cultures, have respect for
                                                           the environment, and become life-long learners who will
                                                           contribute to the peace and prosperity of our nation, Fiji.
                                                           This statement appears in the three main languages of Fiji
                                                           (Fijian, Hindi and English) at the beginning of the recently-
                                                           published draft of Na Noda Mataniciva: Kindergarten
                                                           Curriculum Guidelines for the Fiji Islands. It recognises
                                                           the cultural and linguistic diversity of Fiji, and captures
                                                           the essence of the holistic and integrated curriculum that
Women’s participation in                                   follows.

non-traditional trades                                     The development of the first-ever kindergarten curriculum
                                                           guidelines has been a major milestone for early childhood
News clipping from the Fiji Sun – 20/08/08                 education in Fiji. Years of advocacy by a small number of
                                                           dedicated women is finally paying off. A significant turning
Above: “The technical and vocational support provided      point came in 2000 with the publication of Learning Together,
by the Fiji Education Sector Program (FESP) has also       the report of the Fiji Islands Education Commission. The
                                                           report has been a beacon for educational change in Fiji.
supported increasing women’s participation in non-
                                                           Amongst the many issues and recommendations emerging
traditional trades. These young women attended an          from the report were several relating to early childhood
automotive course run at Labasa Axrya, a secondary         education. Subsequent national and Ministry of Education
school with a vocational centre supported by FESP. The     strategic plans have incorporated goals related to these
young woman on the left has already secured a job as       recommendations.
a junior mechanic at a local automotive centre and will
                                                           Various AusAID projects have supported the Ministry
commence working when she has completed her Stage          in responding to these recommendations. In 2003 a
II automotive examinations through the Fiji Institute of   project to upgrade the teaching programs in Primary and
Technology in September.”                                  Early Childhood Education at Lautoka Teachers’ College
                                                           commenced. Since 2005, 25 teachers have graduated with a
                                                           one-year Advanced Certificate in Early Childhood Education.
                                                           The Australian government funded Fiji Education Sector
CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 8
hood Education in Fiji



 Program has been the most comprehensive initiative, and           The results of these efforts so far have been remarkable and
 has included an emphasis on early childhood education.            inspirational, due largely to the commitment and dedication
                                                                   of the trainers. They have taken the message ‘Early
 In 2005-6, a language programme was piloted in 30
                                                                   childhood is everyone’s responsibility’ to their communities,
 kindergartens and schools in the Central Division. The
                                                                   drawing in not only kindergarten and class 1 teachers, but
 programme, called Smart Start, was based on the very
                                                                   school heads, management committees and stakeholders
 successful First Steps programme from Western Australia.
                                                                   from across the community. We heard only last week of
 Phase 1 of the program was aimed at kindergarten and
                                                                   trainers travelling by boat, horseback and foot to conduct
 class 1 teachers, with a particular focus on developing
                                                                   workshops. As one trainer commented “horses are also our
 children’s listening and speaking skills. A second phase of
                                                                   resources.“
 the project was aimed at parents, helping them understand,
 and be able to support, their children’s early language and       The term kindergarten ‘make-over’ was also floated at
 literacy development. Teachers were trained through a             workshops in 2007, in recognition of the poor state of
 train-the-trainer approach, and kits of story books and other     many kindergarten buildings. Trainers have also taken this
 resources distributed among teachers. While the program           message to their communities and with them, developed
 seems to have been quite effective, its continuity depends        action plans. New buildings are going up, old buildings
 on the commitment of trainers. Several years later, the           are being extended and renovated, all because, as one
 program is still being used by many teachers in the Namosi        trainer commented “the community now understands
 area, and has been extended by those trainers to other            the importance of little ones.” A trainer from a village in
 teachers in the district.                                         the interior talked of changing attitudes that have led to
                                                                   these make-overs “At Nadarivatu education is at the back,
 More recently Fiji has embarked on a massive project to
                                                                   but on the day of the workshop there were so many male
 develop and implement a new national curriculum from
                                                                   participants. The kindergarten flag is now flying really
 kindergarten to form 7. With this, an opportunity emerged
                                                                   high in Nadarivatu. In fact, the men have since taken over
 to develop guidelines for kindergarten. A second draft of the
                                                                   running the Management Committee!” he said.
 “Na Noda Mataniciva” Kindergarten Guidelines (“to nurture
 something treasured”) which has recently been printed, is         The kindergarten curriculum and child-centred approaches
 the result of extensive writing workshops and trialing by         are also impacting on teachers in the school. Class 1 trainers
 many teachers and other early childhood professionals             have been inspired by it, and in the Yasawas the class 1
 across Fiji. A train-the-trainer approach has again been          trainer has even been showing the class 5/6 teacher how
 used, with trainers being a mixture of kindergarten and           she can use these approaches to teach her slow readers.
 class 1 teachers. This year the curriculum is being trialled in
                                                                   This curriculum belongs to the teachers of Fiji. They have
 the Western Division, before being rolled out across Fiji in
                                                                   developed it, they own it and are proud of it. There are
 2009. By then, a training manual will have been developed
                                                                   songs and “meke” (dance) now about Na Noda Mataniciva!
 and support materials for teachers will be underway. These
                                                                   Thanks to the support of the Australian Government funded
 will include resources for raising awareness of early learning
                                                                   Fiji Education Sector Program, a grass-roots movement has
 and development among families and communities. In a
                                                                   taken off. Our vision for the children of Fiji is becoming a
 country where very little attention has been paid in the past
                                                                   reality.
 to early learning and kindergarten, this focus is essential.
                                                                                             CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 9
                                                 Cardno Acil welcomes
                                                 Parliamentary Secretary for
                                                 International
                                                 Development
                                                 Assistance
                                                Left from left: Charles Tapp, International
                                                Division Manager Cardno Acil and Bob
                                                McMullen at Cardno Acil Hawthorn
                                                office reception. Right: Mr. McMullen
                                                addresses all staff




We were fortunate to welcome Parliamentary
Secretary for International Development
                                                                     Development for All
Assistance, the Hon. Bob McMullan MP and his                         AusAID has launched Development for All - Towards a disability-
Policy Adviser and Press Secretary, Ms. Sabina                       inclusive Australian aid program 2009-2014.
Curatolo to Cardno Acil in Hawthorn this July.
                                                                     Mr. Bob McMullen Parliamentary Secretary for International
Mr. McMullen’s visit provided a unique opportunity                   Development Assistance proudly launched the strategy in
for the International Division’s management                          November 2008. This strategy aims to improve the quality of life
to engage in a meaningful two way discussion                         for people with disabilities, strengthen prevention, and promote
with a senior member of the Government, with                         leadership on disability and development. An estimated 10%
the main topic of conversation being our aid                         of the global population, around 650 million people, live with a
effectiveness work. Talk also revolved around                        disability; about 80% live in developing countries.
agriculture, disabilities and the increasing role of                 Cardno Acil participated in the preparation of the strategy, and
resource companies as aid donors/implementers                        made a submission to AusAID on some of the opportunities and
in many countries. Mr. McMullen then kindly                          challenges of integrating disability into development programs.
gave a presentation to all staff on his perspective                  In making our submission, we were able to highlight a number
on Australia’s Aid Program and the direction                         of our programs already working toward disability-inclusive
aid needs to take followed by an open forum                          development, these include:
discussion with all staff. He encouraged us to                       •     The Learning Assistance Program in Islamic Schools (LAPIS)
undertake a seminar on our lessons learned that                            in Indonesia is partnering with the South Sulawesi disability
he would like to attend later in the year.                                 service to improve physical access to a school and to raise
                                                                           awareness about disability in this school and four others.
His message on the aid program was that the next                           LAPIS has linked the South Sulawesi disability service
12 months will be about determining the detail of                          with a Queensland Education Special Needs Unit which is
its future growth, including how it is delivered.                          providing professional materials and advice.
We discussed with him our capacity to respond
                                                                     •     The Indonesia Basic Education Program, where we are
to the changing aid landscape and deliver more                             constructing 2,000 schools, supports universal access to
complex sector programs and partnerships with                              education. Consequently, all 1,000 schools built thus far are
host governments. He made clear that he expects                            accessible to people with disabilities.
contractors to bring more intellectual capital and
                                                                     International Day of People with Disability is on 3 December.
he encouraged us to become more engaged in
                                                                     People with disabilities have right to access services and to
the policy debate over the future directions of the                  participate and share in the benefits of development. We
program. Group discussion followed the insightful                    encourage you to review the new strategy and consider how you
presentation he gave to all staff.                                   can support disability-inclusive development.
                                                                     Strategy is available at:

                                                                     www.ausaid.gov.au/keyaid/disability.cfm

CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 10
Kyrgyz Republic Ranked Third in the Highest
Reformer Category in “Doing Business”
By Mary Beggs and Sherry Khan with technical assistance from Olga Moreva, Emerging Markets Group

During the recent Washington DC launch of “Doing Business        practical terms, this means that the system for companies
2009,” Ms. Henrietta Fore, Director of U.S. Foreign Assistance   to obtain permits has improved. They need to visit 10
and Administrator of USAID, acknowledged USAID’s Central         fewer agencies, significantly reducing wait-time to obtain a
Asian Republics (CAR) Business Environment Improvement           permit. This was even more noteworthy given that the main
(BEI) project’s technical assistance to the Government of        resistance to the reform process initially came from the
the Kyrgyz Republic in implementing regulatory reforms.          construction permitting authorities. EMG played a critical
The country, which was ranked 99th in the overall “Ease          role in bringing about reform in this area by deploying two
of Doing Business” in Doing Business 2008 advanced to            short term experts who diagnosed primary obstacles and
68th place (of 181 countries) in Doing Business 2009, which      provided the Government and business community with
secured them place as the third highest reformer.                gains made by previous years’ top reformers as examples
                                                                 of how improvements could be made.
In early 2008 with support from the CAR-BEI project of which
EMG is a key subcontractor to Pragma Corporation, the            The end result for the Kyrgyz Republic moving up from 99
Kyrgyz Government developed an Action Plan to improve KR         to 68 in the Doing Business rankings meant they came in
Doing Business rankings. As there were about three months        third among the Top Ten Reformers. Notwithstanding the
left before the official close of 2009 ranking assessments,       successes achieved, the Kyrgyz Republic Government and
the program was named 100 Days of Reforms.                       BEI continue to actively work on Doing Business-related
                                                                 reform to further address more-complex issues related to
Due to the short time-frame, the Government decided
                                                                 these processes.
to focus initial activity on five of the ten Doing Business
indicators: Starting a Business, Dealing with Construction       Moreover, Olga will become the key Doing Business liaison
Permits, Getting Credit, Protecting Investors, and Trading       for the CAR-BEI Project, tasked with replicating the 100 Day
Across Borders. The BEI Project facilitated improvement of       Reform effort in Tajikistan and Kazakhstan, the two other
the first four indicators.                                        countries in which the CAR BEI project operates.
EMG’s Olga Moreva, Resident Technical Advisor, worked            For additional information please visit:
tirelessly with her BEI colleagues to help the Government        www.emergingmarketsgroup.com
achieve the reforms. First, while the KR President strongly
supported the initiatives, it was necessary for Olga and her
teammates to obtain buy-in from a wider audience. They did
this through a wide scale media campaign. Then, they helped
to establish working groups with the Cabinet of Ministers,
business associations, and independent experts. These
working groups facilitated development of action plans
and monitored implementation. Working group activities
were supported by a series of round tables for Parliament
members, journalists, business, and government.
According to World Bank the outcome of this intensive
work by the KR Government has been tremendous as
positive changes in legislation, affecting each of the five
indicators, were successfully approved. In particular, the
Kyrgyz Republic made the highest jump in the Dealing with
                                                                                                      Above: Flag of Kyrgyz Republic
Construction Permits indicator by moving forward over 100
ranking places in the past year, from 170th to 58th place. In




                                                                                          CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 11
                                                         The TARP Contribution Analysis 2008:
                                                         What has been the real impact?
                                                         •        Trade related strategy development and implementation
                                                         •        Stakeholder engagement and trade negotiations
                                                         •        Increased confidence and broader perspectives.

                                                         If effective aid is delivered by orienting activities to achieve   forums. TARP has also informed the trade negotiations of
By Zoe Stephens, TARP Project Coordinator, Cardno Acil




                                                         their desired results, then a number of TARP activities            Cambodia, Laos and Thailand. For instance, in Laos the
                                                         have demonstrated effectiveness. The TARP Contribution             TARP Round Three research on the insurance and tourism
                                                         Analysis initiated by TARP Project Manager Mr. Mike Gray           industries has been used, as cited by one interviewee “to
                                                         at the 5th PCC meeting in Vientiane, Laos set out to measure       analyse, provide ideas and prepare the ‘initial offer on
                                                         TARP’s contribution to trade policy results and individual         services’ to the WTO”.
                                                         capacity development. The analysis was conducted over an           Improvements in individual capacity development include
                                                         eight-day visit to the region through a series of stakeholder      improved confidence, provision of practical skills and
                                                         interviews by the TARP M&E Specialist, Ms. Kobi Maglen.            broader perspectives with which to analyse trade policy.
                                                         The analysis produced encouraging results consistent with          A number of other trade-related technical and training
                                                         the purpose of the activity. Key findings from the analysis         assistance programs were referred to during the interviews;
                                                         demonstrate TARP has contributed to developing the                 however, TARP was widely acknowledged to have filled the
                                                         capacity in high quality trade policy analysis.                    gap in tailored, on-the-job learning-by-doing training. It has
                                                                                                                            offered participants practical research methodologies and
                                                         In relation to trade policy results, we see contributions to
                                                                                                                            policy techniques that are being applied in their day-to-day
                                                         strategy development and implementation, stakeholder
                                                                                                                            jobs.
                                                         engagement and trade negotiations.
                                                                                                                            The results of this analysis are outlined in the Project’s
                                                         In Vietnam, TARP research was cited in three cases as
                                                                                                                            Completion Report. For further information please
                                                         contributing to the drafting of government circulars, by
                                                                                                                            contact TARP Project Manager, Mr. Mike Gray:
                                                         which policies are implemented. For example;
                                                                                                                            mike.gray@cardno.com

                                                         “TARP helped in drafting the Decree. The TARP report
                                                         was very successful. It provided lots of data and
                                                         information about the development of the distribution
                                                         sector in other countries. Both the report and the
                                                         people involved were very successful” Mr. Do Truong
                                                         Giang, Expert adviser to the Deputy Director of the Domestic
                                                         Market Department of the Ministry of Industry and Trade.
                                                                                                                               TARP Website
                                                                                                                               For further information please visit:
                                                         In Thailand TARP Round Four research on ASEAN Plus Six                www.tarponline.net
                                                         has enabled a Thai perspective to be offered at international


                                                         CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 12
  Cardno IDA at USAID
   By Ayman Bekdash, EMG


  Emerging Markets Group (EMG) hosted a seminar on               Following the presentations, questions were taken from the
  October 30, 2008 at the U.S. Agency for International          audience on initiatives ranging from economic analyses to
  Development (USAID) headquarters located at the Ronald         incorporating costing strategies to improve the efficiency of
  Reagan Building. EMG was joined by Cardno Acil.                infrastructure projects.
  Innovative infrastructure strategies can mitigate even the     John Sitton, EMG’s Technical Director of Infrastructure,
  most challenging of environments. The seminar helped           noted that the company has worked with the Millennium
  to present the Cardno IDA approach, which focuses on           Challenge Corporation (MCC) to perform economic and
  sustainability and whole of life asset management.             financial analyses of projects. The MCC approach is to send
                                                                 a due diligence team to the country in advance of MCC
  Ed Vowles, (Strategic Advisor, Physical Infrastructure)
                                                                 Compacts. This team evaluates, selects and prioritizes
  and Craig Buck, (EMG, Senior Advisor) discussed new
                                                                 projects proposed by the country. EMG has provided such
  approaches and methodologies to holistically implement
                                                                 an economic and financial assessment team in Mozambique
  infrastructure projects in post-conflict countries. Teresa
                                                                 and Tanzania to help move the Compact process forward.
  Mastrangelo, EMG Director of the Business Development
  and Marketing Unit, moderated the discussion.                  All of these factors are taken into account to ensure the
                                                                 local community maximizes its benefits from the project.
  A noted infrastructure expert, Ed Vowles, serves as
                                                                 “Affordability is key. In many countries the poor are already
  Strategic Advisor to Cardno Acil’s physical infrastructure
                                                                 paying more than the utility tariff for service. Financial
  work. He has worked in 23 countries implementing donor
                                                                 sustainability is a major challenge in the water sector which
  (including AusAID and the Asian Development Bank) funded
                                                                 we must solve to increase the poor’s access,” added John
  projects.
                                                                 Sitton. EMG works with relevant stakeholders to ensure
  Craig Buck is an expert in USAID programming in post-          that services are cost-effective and sustainable.
  conflict countries. He has served six times as USAID Mission
                                                                 EMG’s President, Andy Dijkerman, and Managing Directors,
  Director, including Afghanistan, Kosovo and Montenegro,
                                                                 Katrena Henderson of Public Sector Services and Ken
  Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Central Asian Republics, Peru,
                                                                 Smarzik of Economic Growth, also participated at the
  and Uganda.
                                                                 seminar.
  The seminar highlighted EMG and Cardno Acil’s
                                                                 As part of the Cardno group, EMG has expanded our
  comprehensive Sustainable Services Management Plan,
                                                                 capabilities, which enhance the implementation of cross-
  which minimizes costs across the project life cycle by
                                                                 donor learning strategies to deliver timely, cost-effective
  recognizing that infrastructure is an asset from planning to
                                                                 infrastructure programs.
  operation.

“We have fostered many public-private partnerships
[PPPs] in the developing world. We do this to remove risk                 Above L-R: Teresa Mastrangelo, Ed Vowles, and Michael
and improve performance of our infrastructure projects.”                  Renshaw look on as Craig Buck describes the Sustainable
                                                                          Services Management Plan.
Mr. Michael Renshaw, Cardno USA’s Managing Director
                                                                                          CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 13
 Law and Justice Sector at work in PNG
                                                              Village courts: gender and human rights
By Elizabeth Morgan, Village Courts Development Practitioner; with Jane Kesno, Lead Adviser, Cross Cutting Issues Team
  Cardno Acil is the contract manager for the Law and Justice Sector Program (LJSP) in Papua New Guinea, the partnership
  between the Governments of Papua New Guinea and Australia (through AusAID). LJSP has been playing a crucial role in
  building the capacity of the village court system in the PNG law and justice sector since the early 2000s. This article tells the
  story of the historic and innovative village courts’ conference held in New Ireland Province in PNG in July 2008.

  In July 2008 over 80 people gathered from around Papua                  justice sector agencies) and local communities in the
  New Guinea in Kavieng, New Ireland Province, for a historic             event to reflect the community nature of the village
  and inaugural week-long conference related to gender,                   courts system
  family violence, HIV and AIDS and human rights in the              • Using custom and traditions to illustrate the context of
  PNG village court system. The conference title: Enhancing               gender and human rights in PNG
  Village Courts’ Response to Gender, Human Rights, HIV and          • A commitment to engage the media in gaining national
  AIDS, Family and Sexual Violence. New Ireland Province                  media attention to village courts and gender and human
  is a small province in PNG close to the equator with a                  rights issues
  population of around 300,000 people. It is also one of the         • Fostering local economic opportunities in the host
  safest provinces.                                                       province
                                                                     • A commitment to engage participants in follow up
  Participants were from all of the 20 Provincial Administrations
                                                                          action after the conference.
  responsible for supporting village courts; Police, Correctional
  Services, Community Based Corrections, Magisterial                 Village courts have a network that operates in rural and
  Services; Department of Justice and Attorney General;              urban areas of Papua New Guinea and dispense justice
  non-government agencies in New Ireland Province, Morobe            according to traditional values and customs of the people.
  Province, and East New Britain Province; and finally the            There are now nearly 1400 village courts in Papua New
  PNG Law and Justice Sector Program and Law and Justice             Guinea with 14,000 officials across the country. They are
  Secretariat.                                                       the system of justice closest to the community. Village
                                                                     courts are based on the age old practice of restorative
  The conference organisation took 6 months of intensive             justice in PNG society; using custom and mediation to
  planning and involved a partnership between the Law and            settle differences, deal with disputes and minor crimes and
  Justice Sector Program Cross Cutting Issues Team, the              ultimately restoring peace and harmony in communities.
  Village Courts Secretariat located in the Department of            Whilst these courts use informal processes they are subject
  Justice and Attorney General, the New Ireland Provincial           to the Village Courts Act 1989 and Regulations – hence
  Administration, and agencies and communities in New                they are part of the formal justice system in PNG. They are
  Ireland Province.                                                  also the system of justice which most people in Papua New
  The conference aimed to educate and support officers                Guinea know about, talk about and use most often.
  and professionals, and sector agencies, working closely            Like all countries around the world PNG is a changing society.
  with village courts, about the importance of gender and            And like all countries around the world PNG is questioning
  human rights in village courts and to find ways of improving        many customs and beliefs around the role and place of
  attention to gender and human rights in their day to day           women in society; the use of violence in relationships, to
  operations. The Director of the Village Courts Secretariat is      solve problems, or which emerges as a society changes,
  playing a leadership role in this long term goal.                  and; discrimination particularly against people who are
  The conference was based on a number of principles:                different or who live with HIV and AIDS. Village courts are
  • A commitment to adult learning and lived experience              required to address all of these issues but often with little
      as important learning principles including hearing the         training or education about how to do that.
      experiences of women and people living with HIV and            The Law and Justice Sector Gender Strategy emphasises the
      AIDS                                                           importance of a human rights based response to addressing
  • The engagement of local agencies (especially law and             gender inequality, HIV and AIDS and reducing family and
                                                                     sexual violence in Papua New Guinea. This is achieved
  CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 14
through the PNG Government’s White Paper on Law and                 local Red Cross Centre where the conference was
Justice in Papua New Guinea and through applying the                held
principles laid down in the HIV and AIDS Management and
                                                               •    The involvement of approximately 20 local businesses
Prevention Act 2003 (the HAMP Act). The White Paper also
                                                                    in supporting the conference
directs agencies, and particularly village courts, to review
legislation and instigate necessary reforms to respond to      •    The involvement of the National Broadcasting
our changing society.                                               Corporation and EM–TV (the only PNG television
                                                                    station) for the entire conference and national television
The conference included:
                                                                    and radio coverage of the conference and associated
•   Papers on a range of issues including on law reform,            events every day. This included the production and
    customary practices, human rights, the incidence                televising of a 30-minute documentary on village courts
    and prevalence of HIV and AIDS and the role of                  made by EM–TV post the conference.
    village courts, gender and village courts, increasing
                                                               The conference evaluation was extremely positive.
    women’s leadership in village courts, the role of data
                                                               Attendance was very high for all participants. This was
    in addressing cross cutting issues
                                                               helped by the good location, the safety of the province, the
•   Workshop sessions on family violence, addressing law       sense of significance of the topic, the conference approach,
    reform, developing strategic partnerships, strategies      and the fact that the conference was held in one of the
    for building the role of women in village courts,          small provinces with no major distractions for many players,
    engaging men in addressing violence, using multimedia      including the media, which can often happen in larger
    to educate people on HIV and AIDS and human rights,        cities. The cost was comparable with a conference held in
    and developing practical strategies for implementing       a larger but more expensive conference venue in one of the
    lessons from the conference                                major cities. The decision to use a smaller and less well
                                                               known province as the conference location was not without
•   A community excursion to a local community where
                                                               some risks but overall proved to be an important factor in
    local leaders and the whole community (around
                                                               the success of the event. It had the added advantage of
    500 people) presented their views to conference
                                                               achieving a high level of community engagement and
    participants, performed a very rare cultural ceremony
                                                               national media coverage.
    related to marriage, and invited participants to visit a
    local and internationally renowned eco tourism venture     Three months after the conference we are gearing up for a
    started by one of the women leaders                        schedule of follow up activities in 2009 and the distribution
                                                               of the conference report. The conference report can be
•   The use of traditional dances and ceremonies in the
                                                               accessed by emailing Jane Kesno, Lead Adviser, Cross
    opening and closing ceremonies and in the community
                                                               Cutting Issues Team, LSP in PNG at:
    event to honour traditions and foster discussion of
    custom and traditions and how and why these are            jane.kesno@ljsp.acil.com.pg
    important in PNG society.
Other wonderful aspects of the conference were:                Photos from opposite page L-R:
•   A presentation by a women living with HIV and AIDS         1. Ceremonial dance at Laraibina village – dance signifies an important
    who moved all of the participants deeply as she told       event for the village.
    her story of living in her community as a HIV and AIDS     2. Minister for Justice Dr. Alan Marat with Deputy Governor of NIP,
    positive women and how this impacted on her, her           and Tom Gilis, Law and Justice Sector Secretariat at the closing
                                                               ceremony.
    parents, her children, and her community
                                                               3. Exhausted staff from the LJSP Cross Cutting Issues Team towards
•   The involvement of detainees from the local                the end of the conference.
    Correctional Services rehabilitation program in            4. Cathy Hiob (centre in hat) addresses participants at the Eel Farm in
    building the structures at the conference venue for        Laraibina village. Cathy Hiob is the first PNG woman trained by TAA
    meals, registration, and an arts and craft stall; doing    (now Qantas) and travelled the world for 20 years before deciding to
                                                               return to her village. She is gutsy, funny, intelligent, well travelled and
    all of the cooking during the event (healthy and tasty
                                                               well read and very committed to her country and to conservation.
    food); running the arts and craft stall on 4 days of the
                                                               5. Correctional Services detainees and Red Cross volunteers serving
    conference; and then cleaning up the venue post the        lunch.
    conference – this was done in partnership with the
                                                                                             CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 15
                                                              New Lives through Peace and Development
                                                              NUREP is key investment programme for Northern Uganda
                                                              After twenty years of brutal fighting, peace in Northern         first sizeable GoU investment programmes for Northern
By Reint J Bakema, Programme Manager NUREP, Kampala, Uganda




                                                              Uganda is about to break out. The peace process has been as     Uganda, and as such its operations are closely monitored
                                                              complex and dragging as the conflicts that caused so much        by the local population and governments, and the national
                                                              suffering. Rebellions against the Museveni Government           political establishment.
                                                              were compounded by local cattle rustling, banditry and
                                                                                                                              In 2006 Cardno Agrisystems won the management contract
                                                              spill-over effects of insurgencies in neighbouring ‘Great
                                                                                                                              for NUREP. It put 4 international experts in the field, set
                                                              Lakes’ countries. At its peak in 2004, close to two million
                                                                                                                              up a Programme Management Unit (PMU) consisting of one
                                                              people were herded together in Internally Displaced
                                                                                                                              coordination office in Kampala and two regional offices in
                                                              Persons (IDP) camps, and the economy in the North
                                                                                                                              Moroto and Gulu, and recruited 26 local staff. The PMU
                                                              came to a virtual standstill. Humanitarian organisations,
                                                                                                                              operates under the supervision of the Office of the Prime
                                                              increasingly operating in a coordinated manner in clusters,
                                                                                                                              Minister, which is the overall coordinating body for the
                                                              poured in 100s of millions of dollars per year to keep the
                                                                                                                              implementation of the Peace Recovery and Development
                                                              IDPs alive. When the United Nations (UN) Undersecretary
                                                                                                                              Plan for Northern Uganda, of which NUREP is part.
                                                              for Humanitarian Affairs, Jan Egeland, visited Northern
                                                              Uganda in November 2003, he called the situation “the           How to put away € 20 million in three years in such a complex
                                                              biggest forgotten, neglected humanitarian emergency in          and fluid environment, and with so little infrastructure,
                                                              the world today”.                                               government presence and capacity in the operating area?
                                                                                                                              The NUREP solution has been to spend 50% of the funds
                                                              With some signs of possible peace emerging, in 2004 the         through international and local Civil Society Organisations
                                                              European Commission (EC) designed a € 20 million ‘Linking       (CSO). In 2007, NUREP launched three calls for proposals,
                                                              Relief to Rehabilitation and Development’ (LRRD) programme      and committed € 10.4 million in grants to over 30 CSOs,
                                                              under the 9th EDF (2003-2008). NUREP is meant to be a           mainly for peace building, demining education, livelihoods
                                                              broad and flexible intervention to put the North back on a       recovery and social infrastructure, with the aim of supporting
                                                              development path. After 20 years of destruction and neglect,    the return of IDPs to their homes. In order to link these
                                                              the rehabilitation needs are enormous. The Government of        actions to the local governments, all CSOs signed MoUs
                                                              Uganda (GoU )estimates that between € 500 million and €         with the districts in which they operate. The MoUs require
                                                              1 billion is needed in the first 3 years to rebuild 30% of the   them to fit their actions in the District Development Plans,
                                                              basic social infrastructure. While NUREP’s € 20 million is      and to report quarterly to the districts about their progress.
                                                              very small as compared to the needs, it is one of the very                               The regional PMUs facilitate the
                                                                                                                                                       districts in monitoring the activities
                                                                                                                                                       of the CSOs, and assist the CSOs
                                                                                                                                                       to operate according to the EDF
                                                                                                                                                       guidelines and procedures.
                                                                                                                                                       Alongside the grants, NUREP spends
                                                                                                                                                       close to € 6 million in works, supplies
                                                                                                                                                       and service contracts, which are
                                                                                                                                                       financed through Programme
                                                                                                                                                       Estimates. A large chunk of these
                                                                                                                                                       funds go into rehabilitation and
                                                                                                                                                       improving functionality of social
                                                                                                                                                       infrastructure, like schools, clinics
                                                                                                                                                       and local government offices, and
                                                                                                                                                       into equipping local governments
                                                                                                                                                       with the tools and knowledge to
                                                                                                                                                       re-establish their administrative
                                                                                                                                                       roles and responsibilities.
                                                                                                                                                       As with the grants, the tenders and
                                                              CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 16
execution of all the 30+ contracts under the PEs are subject
to the stringent EDF rules and procedures. In practice this      Opposite page: Man rebuilding his house. (OxfamGB/James Akena)
meant that after the inception period, it took about a year to   Above: Kids in school bench paid by NUREP (Photo by Reint J Bakema)
launch and evaluate the tenders and sign the implementation      Below: Man with grenade - project demining activities. (Oxfam GB/
contracts. This, sometimes frustrating, period is behind us      James Akena)
and NUREP is now in full swing in the field. Obviously, this
creates new challenges in terms of monitoring progress in
over 60 sites, and keeping local and national governments
informed (and happy) about NUREP’s deliverables. For
NUREP’s PMU cash flow management is crucial to ensure
that none of the micro projects run out of money, while
next year and in 2010 the thought of closing all the ongoing
contracts would give lesser mortals sleepless nights.
But not the NUREP team. NUREP’s staff is of excellent
quality both technically, and in terms of understanding
and applying the EC rules and procedures. The team has
managed to keep this complex programme on track and
after a long lead time is finally delivering on its promises.
Although NUREP’s contribution to peace and stability
in Northern Uganda is relatively small, its presence and
success is a crucial psychological and practical boost for
the people of Northern Uganda to rebuild their lives and
future.




                                                                                       CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 17
                                                                                       CardnoConnect ssue
                                                                                                        ssu
                                                                                       Card oConnec issue         ag
                                                                                                                 page 17
Europe and China Work Together to Improve
Regulatory Development and the Provision of
E-Government
By Chris Brown, Team Leader, EMG

The EU-China Information Society Project is a major project    EMG’s responsibilities include:
of cooperation between the EU (European Union) and China
                                                               •   Formulating laws and regulations directly and
aimed at establishing a strategic and enduring information
                                                                   indirectly related to enabling E-Government
system (IS) collaboration, and focusing on two key elements
— IS-related regulatory development and the provision of e     •   Promoting dialogue on the development of the
government services.                                               comprehensive telecommunications law and a draft
                                                                   E-Government law
Emerging Markets Group (EMG) is helping the Chinese
Government enact and implement essential laws,                 •   Accelerating the development of communications
regulations and non-legislative measures for the successful        infrastructure to support E-Government and other
deployment of E-Government services in order to improve            information society applications
the legal and regulatory environment and to achieve optimal    •   Conducting an online survey to gather feedback from
sharing of best practices between Europe and China with            government regulators, business and academics
the objective of fostering E-Government service capacity           on effectiveness of regulatory and non-regulatory
building.                                                          development and capacity building activities
To further this aim, increasing the number of workshops,       •   Sharing of best practices between Europe and
seminars and internships will bring China’s lead regulators        China with an aim to foster E-Government service
of relevant laws and regulations into extensive contact with       capacity building
European counterparts. This will allow for a demonstration
of key policy makers’ knowledge and skill around service       •   Increase awareness and demonstrate knowledge
provision and regulatory best practices, improving                 and skills acquired by key national and local
institutional capacity for regulatory and E-Government             E-Government policy makers and administrators
service development and strengthen high level information          with regards to best practices of service provision
society dialogue between Europe and China.                         and related regulations program

To strengthen this dialogue, a key consideration is            •   Improve institutional capacity for regulatory and
facilitating the exchange and transfer of experience,              E-Government service development
know-how and best practices, in fields such as data             •   Strengthen high level information society dialogue
protection research, E-Contract law research, E-Commerce           between Europe and China
benchmarking, telecommunications law research, online
                                                               •   Contribute to mutual study and transfer of
copyright research work, government information research,
                                                                   experience, know-how and best practices.
information security regulation research, and personal data
protection frameworks in the EU and China.                     For additional information, please visit:
                                                               www.eu-china-infso.org




CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 18
Papua New Guinea Office Update
                                            Left: The Cardno Acil Physical Infrastructure (PI) office held a ceremony to
                                            acknowledge the long careers of two staff members. Pauline Haro (left) celebrated
                                            10 years and Mary Obara (right) celebrated 16 years with Cardno.
                                            Left below: Entire Cardno PI office staff.




Transport Sector Support Program (TSSP), PNG

MEDIA RELEASE
In a media release dated August 15, 2008 from the Office of the
Governor, New Ireland Provincial Government, The Governor,                Above: Ms. Iva Kola is our new Manager, PNG
Sir Julius Chan expressed satisfaction on the progress of the             Social Infrastructure Services, who commenced in
Boluminsky highway sealing from the Namatanai section.                    September, 2008. Iva comes to Cardno Acil with
                                                                          exceptional experience in the law and justice sector,
   “Work has been progressing well and is a commanding blessing           an understanding of GoPNG systems and a track
   on the travelling public who are witnessing and enjoying the           record in establishing and maintaining successful
   sweet taste of service delivery.” Sir Julius Chan                      relationships with a wide range of stakeholders. She
                                                                          will serve as the most senior PNG representative of
                                                                          our broad portfolio of social development initiatives
Sir Julius commended the Department of Works and the                      and will also assume responsibility for consolidating
Consultant, Cardno, for their supervisory role and the contact,           our associated in-country operations.
Dekenai for the progress of the sealing work.
                                                                          Below: Ms. Bae Dihm receiving her “Certificate
Speaking after commuting along the section of the highway                 of Recognition” from Charles Tapp for 14 years of
under sealing, the Governor urged for further improvements from           service with Cardno Acil.
the Bopire and Pinatgin section which remains unsealed.
The highway sealing has drastically reduced the travelling time
between Kavieng and Namatanai and savings on the wear and
tear on vehicles.



From Dick Kell, Project Director Cardno Acil, and Bruce Jackson,
Team Leader (TSSP)
Congratulations to Bill Tovot. Bill’s excellent project management
and site supervision played a major part in achieving this good
outcome. This media release aired on radio and elsewhere in
Papua New Guinea media reflects appreciation for Cardno efforts
in the Province.
                                                                                           CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 19
Strengthening Ukraine’s Rule of Law
By Joe Lowther, Technical Director, Business Environment Reform, EMG
The Ukraine Commercial Law project, funded by USAID,            the CLC is helping to streamline enforcement of judgments
successfully developed the Commercial Law Center, which         by providing technical assistance to amend the Law on
is now the leading Ukrainian NGO in the field of commercial      Enforcement of Judicial Decisions and training for the State
law development and education.                                  Enforcement Service bailiffs. The CLC is also working under
                                                                the grant to reform the system for notaries.
Emerging Markets Group (EMG) supported the Center to
work closely with the Government of Ukraine, the judiciary,     EMG contributed to drafting new laws that meet
attorneys, the business community and others. It is well-       international standards to enable private sector growth.
known for its technical capabilities in drafting legislation,   Ukraine has good commercial laws on the books but many
training legal professionals, and public outreach.              are not being properly and consistently applied by courts,
                                                                government agencies, lawyers, or businesses. The project
The CLC is highly valued because as an independent, private
                                                                conducted an outstanding training program for judges,
organization it has been able to bridge the divide between
                                                                lawyers and businesses, as well as a tailored and extensive
governmental committees and ministries. Its counterparts
                                                                public education program.
rely not only on the CLC’s legislative drafting skill, but
also on its complementary ability to act as an unbiased         The project provided a variety of assistance to improve court
expert at Parliamentary hearings to present its assessment      administration in Ukraine’s economic courts. In addition to
of legislative proposals. No other private, impartial,          training judges on how to apply laws and procedures, the
indigenous organization exists in Ukraine that can provide      project helped to develop a Registry of Judicial Decisions
such services.                                                  and a Case Management System to provide, among other
                                                                things, automated case assignment.
The CLC now has a grant under the Millennium Challenge
Corporation Threshold Country Program. Under this grant,        The CLC Legal Club was founded as a result of the project.


CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 20
                                                  Above: Some of the lessons learned from the Ukraine Commercial Law project:
                                                  •    Implementation of laws requires a holistic approach
                                                  •    Increase the use of assessments and diagnostics to guide legal and regulatory reforms




The CLC Club brought together leading lawyers, judges,                •    $2.5 billion debt secured by mortgages
academics, CLC experts, and law students to discuss
                                                                      •    Growth in credit has averaged about 40 percent since
important commercial law issues. The Club is quite
                                                                           2001
popular and has discussed issues like state registries, void
transactions, factoring, business entities’ rights, and court         •    Legal rights of lenders improved to a score of 8 out
administration.                                                            of 10, which is better than the OECD average score of
                                                                           6.4
The CLC published numerous documents that are used
by judges, lawyers, and businesses. The CLC Newsletter                •    Domestic credit to the private sector/GDP increased to
is published quarterly and contains information about                      60% in 2007 from 25% in 2004
commercial legislation. The Ukrainian Commercial Law                  •    Number of days to start a business has been reduced
Journal contains articles written by CLC staff and other                   from 40 to 27.
experts on topical commercial law issues.
                                                                      In the longer term, CLC plans to become a sustainable
As a result of the project’s assistance, the public has               organization and, among other things, consider charging
access to judicial decisions. 58,556 decisions of the High            for legal training and informational materials and/or other
Economic Court are available and fully context searchable             products and services to secure a stable stream of revenues.
on the HECU website. More impressive are the quantity                 CLC is also positioned to receive grants from other donors
of commercial court cases that are available through the              – international and Ukrainian.
Unified Registry: of 2,032,131 total cases, 900,475 are from
the economic courts.                                                  For additional information and to view, search or download
                                                                      all CLC publications, please visit our interactive CLC website:
EMG helped Ukraine achieve several important outcomes:                www.commerciallaw.com.ua.


                                                                                                   CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 21
GENDER INDO
 Gender policy in Islamic sector
 in Indonesia
   Dr. Jan Edwards, LAPIS International Gender Adviser and Elis Anisah, LAPIS Program Officer
    The Islamic education sector in Indonesia provides               and conducted research on gender issues in education. She
    education to Indonesia’s poorest citizens, predominantly in      described how the department has advised the parliament
    rural settings. The Learning Assistance Program for Islamic      to allocate a special budget for gender mainstreaming
    Schools (LAPIS) provides support to grassroots Islamic           in education. The Ministry of National Education is
    organizations and support agencies to improve the quality of     presently waiting for the Ministerial Regulation on gender
    Islamic schools in Indonesia. Local organizations can apply      mainstreaming as a policy to reinforce the implementation
    for funding from LAPIS to develop an innovative activity to      of gender equity in the education sector.
    address an issue at the local level. To date, LAPIS has funded
                                                                     Ibu Mujati, Assistant of Deputy for Politics and Law from
    seventy Innovation Activities that have addressed topics
                                                                     the Ministry of Women’s’ Empowerment summarised the
    such as HIV and AIDs and reproductive health in an Islamic
                                                                     key issues at a national level. The challenges in the national
    context; inclusion for students with disabilities; improving
                                                                     level for gender mainstreaming are political commitment,
    equality of student outcomes in Islamic schools; and gender
                                                                     policy framework, structure and mechanism, and data and
    training and Women’s Study Centre strengthening in Aceh.
                                                                     tools of analysis. One of the main issues is that there is
    The Gender Working Group of the Ministry of Religious            only a superficial understanding of gender at many levels in
    Affairs (MORA) approached LAPIS for support to conduct           government and in government departments. As well, there
    gender research across the sector. As a result, LAPIS            is a lack of resource allocation to women‘s issues because
    have funded the Research Centre for Studies in Islam             the issues affecting women are generally perceived as
    and Communities (PPIM) at the Islamic State University           unimportant. A lack of accurate sex-disaggregated data
    in Jakarta to work with the Ministry of Religious Affairs        in many government departments makes analysis of data
    to conduct research that will identify and describe gender       difficult.
    inequality within the Islamic sector. An outcome of the
                                                                     The research is an important step for the Ministry of
    research will be the development of a Position Paper that
                                                                     Religious Affairs and will provide accurate data and
    will guide future policy development across the Department
                                                                     information about gaps in gender equality as well as
    particularly in the Islamic education sector in Indonesia.
                                                                     identifying strategies to advance gender equity across the
    A workshop was held at PPIM in Jakarta 29-30 August              sector. Religion and culture are often the most significant
    2008 to discuss the focus of the research and to develop         barriers to implementing gender mainstreaming. As cited by
    the research tools and instruments. A number of speakers         all the presenters, existence of gender mainstreaming policy
    provided input to the workshop including Prof Musdah             in MORA will support all development sectors in Indonesia
    Mulia from the Ministry of Religious Affairs. Musdah             to realize gender equity.
    Mulia is known in Indonesia and internationally as a strong
    advocate for women’s rights. Musdah Mulia was honored
    in March 2008 as a Woman of Courage by the US State
    Department. As a former head of gender working group in
    the Ministry of Religious Affairs, she provided workshop
    participants with a summary of the key gender issues
    within the Islamic sector.
    Sita Aripurnami from the Women’s Research Institute
    described the feminist research approaches that have
    guided her research work in Indonesia while Dr Trisnawati
    from the Department of Health, Gender Working Group
    described the department’s efforts in developing the
    gender mainstreaming policies and the strategies used
    to advance women’s rights within the organization and
    for their client group. Through some reformulation health
    programs that targeted both genders, there is evidence of              Above: Left to right back row: Elis (LAPIS PO), Ida (researcher), Ema
    improved empowerment and participation by women. Ida                   (Dept of Religious Affairs), Jan Edwards (LAPIS Gender Adviser), dr
    Kosasih from the Ministry of National Education explained              Trisnawati (Dept of Health), Cicik member of LAPIS Advisory Board/
    on how the Ministry established a gender working group                 RAHIMA, Rini (researcher). Front row: Ida Kosasih (Dept of National
                                                                           Education), Mujiati (Ministry of Women Empowerment), Etty (PPIM)


    CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 22
 LAPIS Outbound LAPIS
ONESIA Training:
 Adventure Unlimited!                                                                        Lake Lido, 14-16 August




  By Robert Kennedy, LAPIS General Manager and the LAPIS Team


  Thursday 14th at the LAPIS office. Everyone is looking            bridge, getting hit by paint bullets and getting pushed into
  surprisingly sporty wearing T-shirts, sneakers and hiking        the lake. Everyone entered wholeheartedly into the spirit
  shoes. Suitcases and backpacks have been neatly packed           of the fun.
  and are ready to go. New caps and scarfs have been
                                                                   The outbound training was thoroughly enjoyed and
  specially purchased for this event. There is a general air of
                                                                   appreciated by one and all. Sari, LAPIS Admin Manager
  anticipation as the conversation focuses on fear of heights
                                                                   said, “the training was fantastic. It pushed us to our limits
  and skywalking, who will be in what team and paintball war
                                                                   and helped us identify our strengths and weaknesses.
  strategic plans.
                                                                   But most of all, it brought us all together as a team. We
  Yes, this was what everyone has been looking forward             developed interpersonal relationships, trust and confidence
  to: A three day outbound training at beautiful Lake Lido in      amongst us. “
  Sukabumi (about one and half hours drive from Jakarta). The
                                                                   Yuyum (Program Officer) commented, “We had a good time.
  team was even more buoyant with the presence of Damian,
                                                                   It was great to see everyone working together as a team,
  from Cardno ACIL’s Melbourne office. Enthusiastically the
                                                                                                  holding each other mutually
  team boarded the bus and hit
                                                                                                  accountable, motivating each
  the road to Sukabumi.               “It brought us all together as a team. We developed other to fight our fears and do
  On the first day, an internal        an interpersonal relationship, trust and confidence our best. I will definitely be
  LAPIS workshop was held.            amongst us.” Sari, LAPIS Admin Manager                      there next time!”
  The team learned more
                                                                                                  Deasy (national accountant)
  about Equal Employment
                                                                   who admits to a fear of heights said, “It teaches you a lot
  Opportunity, Gender issues, Child abuse, and Finance.
                                                                   about people and about yourself as well. I learned to never
  LAPIS’s outbound training proved not only to be fun but also
                                                                   give up even if the battle looks lost. Just keep trying.”
  a learning experience.
                                                                   Iping (desktop publisher) said, “It gives you a chance to
  Then the fun and adventures began! The team competed in
                                                                   learn more about your fellow colleagues that you would
  various activities ranging from paintball to rafting, activities
                                                                   ever have learned if you were in an office environment. This
  which were aimed to develop team buiding, trust, strategic
                                                                   subsequently will strengthen the bond between us.”
  thinking, responsibility and leadership. The activities were
  competitive and challenging but at the same time offered         It is clear that despite Sari’s twisted ankle and everyone’s
  many hilarious moments such as falling from the skywalking       sore muscles, the bonding developed during the outbound
                                                                   training is an investment in LAPIS teamwork.
                                                                                            CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 23
‘HIPS’ Project targets Health in Uganda
Developing a Sustainable Model to Support Businesses in the Fight Against AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria


By Jeanne Ellis, Manager, Healthcare, EMG


Emerging Markets Group’s (EMG)            Increasing Companies’ Demand for           with the Ministry of Health (MOH) to
public-private partnership model          Services: Through the use of EMG’s         help company clinics meet relevant
successfully identifies cost-effective     cost calculator tool, aggressive           accreditation standards, with health
mechanisms for businesses to              promotion of business participation        insurance companies to improve HIV
participate in the prevention and         through high profile events, informative    and AIDS coverage, and with non-
treatment of employees, their             workshops with business leaders and        governmental actors such as employer
dependents, and the surrounding           persuasive media messages from the         associations, treatment centers, and
community.                                business community raise the profile        training organizations to transfer
                                          of workplace programs, spark interest      skills.
In Africa, the toll of HIV and AIDS,
                                          within the business community, and
malaria, and tuberculosis (TB) is                                                    Transferring Knowledge to Private
                                          raise expectations of the corporate
tremendously high on working                                                         Sector Providers: EMG works with
                                          social role to influence a positive
individuals and their families, and                                                  local experts to design and facilitate
                                          sense of peer pressure in the corporate
the consequences are severe if                                                       training programs that increase the
                                          environment.
those affected are the sole source                                                   capacity of private clinicians to provide
of income for the family. Prevention      Menu of Services: Each company has         anti-retroviral (ARV) therapy for HIV
and treatment programs in the             unique capabilities and limitations in     and AIDS, as well as treatment for TB
workplace mitigate this negative          terms of their ability to participate in   and malaria; therefore increasing the
impact by promoting safe behaviors        HIV/AIDS, TB, and malaria programs.        overall quality of care.
and facilitating healthier and longer     A key strategy of the EMG model is to
                                                                                     Vigorous Intermediary Role: EMG
lives through treatment and care          tailor its approach by offering a menu
                                                                                     understands that businesses, donors
of affected individuals. EMG has          of services. This allows business
                                                                                     and public sector institutions may not
developed a model to effectively          partners to select interventions that
                                                                                     “speak the same language” and may
mobilize the private sector to tap into   are feasible and affordable for the
                                                                                     have very different motivations and
new resources, alleviate stresses on      company.
                                                                                     management styles. EMG can operate
public health facilities and engage       Expanding Services to the Community:       within all of these spheres and helps
business in long term commitments         EMG fosters the expansion of               partners understand each other and
for improved health outcomes. Under       business-provided health services          find the common basis required for a
this model, EMG serves as a catalyst      from the basic workplace program           sustainable partnership.
for public-private partnerships by        model to one that includes surrounding
leveraging companies’ investments                                                    A good example of our model for
                                          community members. Once companies
in cash or kind, linking them to donor                                               helping businesses improve provision
                                          have begun the process of expanding
funded initiatives and providing                                                     of health services to their employees,
                                          employee services, EMG effectively
technical support and skills transfer                                                their dependents and surrounding
                                          introduces the concept of providing
to in-country partners.                                                              community members, is EMG’s current
                                          services to the larger community
                                                                                     project in Uganda. The USAID funded
EMG provides businesses the tools         at marginal extra cost. This model
                                                                                     Health Initiatives for the Private Sector
they need to expand prevention and        results in greater health impact and
                                                                                     (HIPS) project works in collaboration
treatment services not only to their      contributes to a sustainable solution
                                                                                     with companies to design and
employees and dependents, but             for providing services outside of the
                                                                                     implement comprehensive and cost
also to the surrounding community         overburdened and under-resourced
                                                                                     effective health service programs for
members. The ability to be flexible        public sector.
                                                                                     HIV and AIDS, TB, malaria, reproductive
and to accommodate business needs         Supporting Multiple Actors: Effectively    health and family planning.
is a defining principle in the EMG         engaging the private sector inevitably
public-private partnership model.                                                    For additional information, please visit:
                                          requires the participation of multiple
Program activities are based around                                                  www.emg-hips.com
                                          entities. For example, EMG works
the following core elements:
CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 24
Above: Rural Health Huts Provide Crucial Care, USAID
Photographer: Solene Edouard-Binkl, CCF




Above: Unite to Fight HIV/AIDS campaign
Photographer: EMG




“HIPS is about creating win-win situations. By
extending quality health services, companies
will be able to profit from a healthier and thus
more productive workforce and employees, their
families and surrounding communities will have
access to high-quality health services.” Barbara
Addy, HIPS Project Chief of Party




 Right: Uganda HIPS poster presentation at the international
 AIDS Conference, August 2008, Mexico City.




                                                               CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 25
Tsunami Recovery Continues in the Maldives
By Ed Vowles, Strategic Advisor, Engineering Infrastructure

Cardno Acil is continuing with its efforts relating to the provision
of Housing and Community Facilities for the many families
displaced from their homes by the 2004 tsunami which swept over
many of the Maldives Islands. The country wide reconstruction
process is being substantially supported by the various arms
of the Red Cross and this effort has to be commended, with
Cardno Acil implementing three major contracts under funding
from International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent
Societies (IFRC), French Red Cross (Post Tsunami Reconstruction,
Housing and Communities facilities Project, Laamu Gan Island),
and American Red Cross (Wastewater Collection and Disposal,
GA.Villingili, GA. Dhaandhoo and GDH. Gadhdhoo).
Whilst concerns may be raised that work is still ongoing and the
displaced persons have still not been resettled more than three
years after the event, the Government went through a very detailed
planning process to determine what reconstruction efforts were
required, and where displaced persons would be resettled, and
subsequently very detailed land use plans were prepared. It was
also necessary to get the funding in place and ensure that the
funds pledged was sufficient to meet the costs of each approved
project, so that all the amenities required for the new communities
can be put in place. It took more than 12 months to complete these
tasks.
It also has to be emphasized that the logistics of undertaking
travel and getting building materials to a project site in the
Maldives is extremely difficult. It has also been difficult to get
International Contractors to build for the construction works.
All materials (even sand and aggregates for concrete have to
be imported, and the weather makes ocean travel to the islands
extremely hazardous at times, and several barges complete with
all construction supplies have sunk. However despite the slow
starts with all of the projects, considerable progress is now being
observed, and our project teams have been very busy keeping up
to date with the design and supervision requirements. They have
had to live and work under difficult conditions, and should be very
proud of their achievements. It should also be mentioned we have
achieved excellent support from our counterparts at the Housing
Infrastructure Reconstruction Unit, and the funding agencies.
Housing and Communities Facilities, Dhuvaafaru Island (IFRC) –
Construction started on site around April 2006, and has involved
600 houses, 1 secondary school, 1 primary school, 2 pre-schools,
community building and Island Administration Office, Power Station
building, electrical power supply line and generators installation,
and Sports Ground. Other consultants/donors are undertaking
the Harbour construction, sewerage facilities, and construction
of Mosques. It is hoped that the Island can be resettled by the
end of 2008. Congratulations to the Project Team ( Peter Dunks,
Jack Williams, Christian Forsyth, Alan Lobb, Peter Jordan, Saman
                                                                       From top:
Dissanayake, Nilaksan Kandasamy, and the ECL design team, who
                                                                       1. Lammu Gan Secondary School Under construction
have all made a strong contribution at various times during the        2. Administration Building – Roof Construction
Project.                                                               3. Housing Progress - South
                                                                       4. Community Centre Under Construction
      CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 26
  Electronic Counting of Ballot Papers in PNG
  By Beau Tydd, Strategic Information and Communications Technology Development Specialist, ESP2

  The Papua New Guinea Electoral Commission, with the                      preferences. When all the information has been entered,
  assistance of the Electoral Support Program (ESP2) has                   the database is capable of producing reports to verify the
  been trialing a new system for electronic counting of ballot             manual count of all ballot papers and also the distribution of
  papers. The system was developed to make the counting                    preferences during the candidate elimination process.
  of ballot papers more transparent to candidate -appointed
                                                                           This new electronic counting system has so far, been
  scrutineers and the general public. In the longer term,
                                                                           trialed in three court ordered recounts and one by-election.
  the aim of electronic counting is to reduce the number of
                                                                           The system has evolved and improved with each trial,
  electoral petitions and as a result, the cost of counting
                                                                           each time modified to become more robust and easier to
  ballot papers for the Electoral Commission resulting from
                                                                           use. Procedures have been produced and distributed to
  court ordered recounts and by-elections.
                                                                           all parties, including scrutineers, to provide them with all
  PNG is one of the few countries in the world to have                     available information as to the process of counting ballot
  developed a system for the electronic counting of ballots.               papers that is used at that particular count.
  The electronic counting system developed for Papua New
                                                                           The trials so far have been conducted on a small scale of
  Guinea consists of two processes. The first is to ensure
                                                                           up to 20,000 ballot papers. In improvements being made at
  each and every ballot paper is displayed via a document
                                                                           each trial, it is anticipated that the system will eventually
  camera to a projector screen. This process allows all
                                                                           be capable of reaching a potential count of up to 70,000
  parties present at the counting venue to view each ballot
                                                                           ballot papers per day utilizing a 24 hour/day count. Funding
  paper without visual hindrances and has made the counting
                                                                           available through the program to establish up to ten counting
  of ballot papers more transparent. Previously, counting
                                                                           stations at each recount or by-election site will assist the
  officials would count the ballot papers without the ability of
                                                                           Electoral Commission to meet this target, particularly at the
  candidate-appointed scrutineers and others present at the
                                                                           larger electoral sites.
  count to view each ballot paper counted. Mistrust between
  scrutineers and the electoral official in charge of the count             Through the program, the Electoral Commission has agreed
  was a common outcome.                                                    to proceed with two more trials before a decision is made
                                                                           on the further development of the system. Before the trial
  The second part of the process is to enter data from the
                                                                           concludes, it is anticipated that the system will be tested
  ballot paper into a database. The information recorded
                                                                           on an electorate with over 400,000 ballots.
  is the ballot paper number and the first, second and third



The Orders of Papua New Guinea 2008
Independence Day Anniversary Honours List                                                        CMG Awarded
Joseph Mark HILARA, for public service in various
capacities including his current senior position in                                              to Electoral
the PNG Electoral Commission.

Joap VOIVOI for public service in the PNG Electoral
                                                                                                 Commissioner
Commission as an election field officer and later
as Provincial Election Manager.                              Congratulations to Mr. Andrew Trawen (pictured above), PNG Electoral
                                                             Commissioner, who was awarded the Queen’s Birthday CMG Award
Simon SINAI for services to the PNG Electoral
                                                             (Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of St. Michael and St.
Commission.
                                                             George Award) an honor given by the Queen of England for outstanding
                                                             achievement. The Electoral Support Program (ESP2) is managed by
                                                             Cardno Acil.
”I thank you and Cardno Acil especially your Managing Director, Andrew Buckley for your congratulatory letter on my Queen’s Birthday CMG
Award. It is pleasing to note Cardno is a partner in PNG’s development and with ESP2 very strong and positive in it’s relationship with PNGEC
I am very privileged to work with you.
I was reading Andrew’s letter when a journalist from PNG’s National Broadcasting Corporation (NBC) came in to talk to me on LLG elections,
he read the letter and decided to write a story to air on Cardno’s congratulatory letter to me on my award. It came on air for NBC’s news at
noon today.” Andrew Trawen, Electoral Commissioner, Papua New Guinea


                                                                                                      CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 27
Western Makira Province
Chiefs lead by example
Saturday, 02 August 2008 – reprinted from Solomonstarnews.com
A unique partnership between chiefs, resource owners, the
Government, development partners and private contractors will help
improve transport in two provinces.
Chiefs and resource owners from several communities on Makira
and the Western recently signed agreements with the Ministry of
Infrastructure Development.
These were for the rehabilitation of roads, bridges and wharves
proposed under the Solomon Islands Roads Improvement Project               By Shane Mulligan, Team Leader, Government Housing
(SIRIP) and the Solomon Islands Emergency Assistance Project               Management Project - Phase 2
(SIEAP).



                                                                          Training and Capacity
The chiefs and resource owners unanimously agree to contribute
resources such as land, gravel, aggregate, sand and timber for the
construction.
Officers for the ministry and provincial representatives met
with chiefs and resources at locations including Kirakira, Gizo,           The Solomon Islands Government Housing Management Project
Lambulambu, Ughele, Simbo, Koriovuku, and Kokengolo.
                                                                           Phase 2 (SIGHMPP2) is a $5M, 3 year strengthening project funded
SIRIP and SIEAP are Asian Development Bank (ADB) coordinated               under the AusAID Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon
projects with funding from NZAID, the European Commission,                 Islands (RAMSI) Machinery of Government Program.
AusAID, ADB and the Government.
                                                                           The SIGHMPP2 is often called simply the “Housing Project” locally.
The projects are being executed by ministry. It has engaged the
                                                                           The project commenced in July 2006 and is collocated with the
engineering firms Cardno Acil from Australia and LBS Engineering
                                                                           Government Housing Division within the Ministry of Lands, Housing
form Honiara to lead the implementation. Permanent Secretary John
Tarsquoaru said that open and transparent two-way information              & Surveys in the capital of Honiara. There are three long term
exchange is essential to create ownership and support for the project      advisers – the Team Leader, the Property Management Specialist,
among stakeholders. It will also help identify and avoid negative          and the Tenancy Management Specialist together with a number
social and environmental effects.                                          of short term adviser inputs including a Maintenance Planning
Communities will provide the required resources without request
                                                                           Adviser, Property Adviser and Records Management Adviser.
for payment of royalties or compensation. This is on the condition         Housing is very important to Solomon Islands public servants as,
that the Government will require contractors to provide reasonable         apart from it being a home for their families, it also forms a major
in-kind contributions and undertaken all activities in accordance          component of their remuneration. Housing is important to the
with an agreed Environmental Management Plan. The chiefs from
                                                                           Solomon Islands Government as well because there is a direct link
both provinces said that cash payments were the greatest cause of
                                                                           between suitable housing being available for the posting of public
community dissatisfaction and conflict.
                                                                           servants, and the delivery of government services throughout
Chief Jacob Erikalo, of Lambulambu in Vele la Vela, said “We really        Solomon Islands, particularly in the remote provincial areas.
appreciate this idea of exchange. Barter is part of our custom and         Unfortunately, there are significant problems with the government
there are many small things that contractors could do to improve our
                                                                           housing portfolio and housing was one of the first issues to be
lives”. Speaking on behalf of the affected chiefs and communities
on Kirakira, Chief Ham Ramone said “All our people will benefit from
                                                                           identified by the Prime Minister of the day as needing attention
the roads and bridges. It will be much easier for us to sell our copra     following the arrival of RAMSI in 2003 after years of civil unrest.
and cocoa and to access health and education services. We are              The majority of government houses had fallen into a state of
grateful for the contributions of donors and our communities will          serious disrepair on account of little maintenance being carried
also contribute where possible.” Chief Guso Rolo from Koriovuku            out since Independence in 1978. In addition, hundreds of houses
reflected the thoughts of all chiefs when he said that “We are happy        have been sold off over the years in an un-coordinated fashion,
that the Government will make sure that the contractors will hire          and not replaced.
as many of our own people as possible. We understand that some
special skilled workers will have to come from overseas or other           There has been little proper tenancy management or property
provinces, but our skilled people must be given first priority.” He said    management, and no information was available as to how many
that he and his committee will establish a register of skilled people      houses existed, where they were throughout the country, or
in the village for the information of the contractor.                      condition assessments. The eventual result was a portfolio of
He also said “We will welcome the contractors and their workers            housing which did little to support the delivery of government
into our community but they too must make sure that they respect           services, is inadequate in terms of numbers and location, and
our custom laws, our women, our children and our environment.”             mostly in a poor to very poor state of repair.


    CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 28
Above: Participants listen attentively and follow training and presentations using    Above: Housing Project Maintenance Planning Adviser, Lloyd Gina, stands in the ruins
comprehensive conference kits and briefing papers/DVDs at the Government Housing       of what was a row of houses on a quiet beachfront street in Gizo, capital of Western
Workshop held in Honiara during the first week of September 2008                       Province days after a 8.5 magnitude earthquake and a 3 metre tsunami struck last
                                                                                      year. Since the disaster, the Housing Project has been assisting agencies with access
                                                                                      to advice on asbestos removal, land tenure issues associated with establishing new
                                                                                      sites on higher ground, and the preparation of business cases and costings to secure
                                                                                      Government and donor funding for replacement housing.




Development in the Solomon Islands
Solomon Islanders also have to cope with a very aggressive termite                   The training program was particularly focused on a new
problem, severe weather conditions, challenging construction and                     property management tool entitled the Solomon Islands Housing
maintenance logistics in a country comprised of nearly a thousand                    Maintenance Framework. As mentioned earlier, the lack of any
islands spread from near Bougainville in the west to Vanuatu in                      sort of maintenance has been a major contributing factor in the
the east. All of these issues impact detrimentally on the portfolio.                 current poor condition of the portfolio. Serious problems are also
Cyclones and strong seismic activity wreak havoc from time to                        experienced as a result of insect attack, and from the severe
time, and result in loss of life and the destruction and/or serious                  local climate. The new maintenance framework covers the whole
damage to an already diminished portfolio.                                           gambit of maintenance planning and management, and will be a
                                                                                     valuable addition to the Government Housing Division’s suite of
The Housing Project has teamed up very well with a specially
                                                                                     property management tools. Numerous other topics were covered
formed new group of local staff called the Government Housing
                                                                                     in the week-long workshop, including detailed briefings on the
Division which was drawn from various government ministries. The
                                                                                     status and progressive implementation of various new policies,
advisers and counterparts have meshed very well both personally
                                                                                     guidelines and procedures.
and professionally, and are tackling the myriad of housing reforms
with enthusiasm. The team has achieved solid successes in halting                    An unexpected legacy of the workshop has been the emergence of
the slide in the portfolio, and is now turning things around to the                  an informal network of officers around the country who have now
extent that benefits are noticeable and tangible. This is being                       realized that that they are not alone with their problems, and in
done through a specific focus by the Housing Project on policy                        fact that their problems are exactly the same as those facing their
development, strengthening regulatory and policy frameworks,                         colleagues in other provinces. Many participants “knew” their
improved tenancy management and property management, and in                          colleagues from years of written and electronic communication,
targeted training and capacity development for local counterpart                     but had not previously met each other. Being thrown into relatively
staff.                                                                               close quarters with their peers for a week during the workshop
                                                                                     has resulted in problem and/or solution sharing to the mutual
In a recent example, the Housing Project team assisted counterparts
                                                                                     benefit of all. The Government Housing Division, supported by
to develop and deliver a week-long Government Housing Workshop
                                                                                     Housing Project advisers, are currently undertaking a round of
during which training and presentations were made to about 50
                                                                                     visits to all provincial centres to assist with the development and
participants from throughout the country. The logistics of the
                                                                                     roll-out of local maintenance models, and to bed down existing or
workshop were challenging as Solomon Islands is geographically
                                                                                     streamlined new tenancy management and property management
very widely spread and most of the targeted workshop participants
                                                                                     procedures.
are based in Provincial Government locations, with the balance in
Central Government Ministries in Honiara in Guadalcanal Province.                    The workshop represented a large financial commitment out
It is rare in the Solomon Islands that a large group of senior works                 of the Solomon Islands Government training budget, but was
and infrastructure officers, and chief administration officers are                     strongly supported by both the executive and political arms of
assembled all in the one place at the same time. Full advantage                      government. At the conclusion of the final session on the last
was taken of the opportunity.                                                        day, Certificates of Completion were awarded to all participants
                                                                                     by the Hon. Martin Magga, the Minister for Lands, Housing and
                                                                                     Surveys.


                                                                                                                    CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 29
                                                                                            ANTARA Objectives:
                                                                                            1.   To improve provincial and district
                                                                                                 government
                                                                                            2.   improve incomes for women and
                                                                                                 men
                                                                                            3.   to improve access to and quality of
                                                                                                 basic services for women and men.

                                                                                            ANTARA three-fold Agenda:
                                                                                            1.   Promoting   synergies  between
                                                                                                 Government of Australia (GOA)
                                                                                                 Acitivities
                                                                                            2.   Pioneering initiatives to test ‘what
                                                                                                 works’ in the region
                                                                                            3.   Strategically investing in other
                                                                                                 existing or emerging Government of
                                                                                                 Indonesia (GoI) or donor programs.

                                                                                            ANTARA integrated M & E principles:
Above: Map of areas where the ANTARA project works in NTT                                   1.   Gender Equality
                                                                                            2.   HIV mainstreaming
                                                                                            3.   Environmental Sustainability.




Improving provincial and district governance
By Syalomi Natalia, Communications Officer, Australia Nusa Tenggara Assistance for Regional Autonomy (ANTARA)

A participatory public expenditure analysis with a                has three objectives, namely to improve provincial and
subsequent capacity building component is found significant        district government, improve incomes for women and men
by the Government of Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) as an              and to improve access to and quality of basic services for
accommodating vehicle to drive change in the governance           women and men.
system of NTT. The Public Expenditure Analysis and Capacity
                                                                  In pursuit of its objectives, ANTARA has a three-fold agenda
Enhancement (PEACH) has been initiated with participation
                                                                  which aims at promoting synergies between Government of
by district and provincial government and the full involvement
                                                                  Australia (GoA) Activities, pioneering initiatives to test ‘what
of local academic researchers. ANTARA is fully supporting
                                                                  works’ in the region and strategically investing in other
the government to conduct this public expenditure analysis
                                                                  existing or emerging Government of Indonesia (GoI) or donor
at seven districts as well as at provincial level. The analysis
                                                                  programs.
will be used as an essential document to support the
development of Long Term Planning and Budgeting (RPJMD)           ANTARA is applying a results-based Monitoring and
of the province for 2008- 2013.                                   Evaluation system focusing on outcome achievement. There
                                                                  are also three guiding principles integrated into all the
At community level, ANTARA is preparing to strengthen civil
                                                                  activities, being Gender Equality, HIV mainstreaming and
society’s structure by empowering civil society to actively
                                                                  Environmental Sustainability. Gender and HIV mainstreaming
participate in governance. In addition, ANTARA is aligning
                                                                  training is preparing to equip all ANTARA implementing
with Program National Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (PNPM
                                                                  partners, government and communities with information on
program) to address food security system in Timor Tengah
                                                                  how gender equality and HIV may affect their life and work.
Utara (TTU), which has provided promising opportunities to
improve food security in NTT in alignment with Government         Since early 2005 up to now ANTARA has been demonstrating
of Indonesia’s priorities and system.                             a flexible and responsive mechanism to improve governance
                                                                  and reduce poverty in NTT and will continue for a further five
ANTARA Program is aiming to reduce poverty in Nusa
                                                                  years in both NTT and NTB provinces. To date as many as 30
Tenggara through sustainable and equitable socio-economic
                                                                  ANTARA activities are running across NTT to reduce poverty
development and improved governance systems. ANTARA
                                                                  in this eastern province of Indonesia.




CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 30
Launch of Public Expenditure Analysis and
Capacity enHancement (PEACH)
By Syalomi Natalia, Communications Officer, Australia Nusa Tenggara Assistance for Regional Autonomy (ANTARA)
                                                                                           Left: The launch of the PEACH was attended
                                                                                           by a number of very important persons
                                                                                           (VIPs) from various levels including: Head
                                                                                           of Eastern Indonesia Forum (KTI) working
                                                                                           group Dr. Marwah Daud Ibrahim, Executive
                                                                                           Director of SOfEI BAKTI Petrarca Karetji,
                                                                                           Deputy Minister of Development Performance
                                                                                           Evaluation Dr. Bambang Widianto, Head of
                                                                                           Local Development Planning of Ministry of
                                                                                           Home Affairs Drs. Eka Atmaja Baskara Hadi
                                                                                           MURP, the Deputy of Law and Regulation of
                                                                                           LKPBJP Drs. HS Ruslan SE,MS and as many as
                                                                                           twelve head of Provincial Planning Agencies
                                                                                           (BAPPEDA) from Sulawesi, Maluku, Papua,
                                                                                           and Nusa Tenggara Timur.


Governor Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT), Frans Lebu Raya              “The unique and interesting lessons learned from the
Launched Public Expenditure Analysis and Capacity                analysis of Public Expenditure Analysis (PEA) in NTT is, first
enHancement (PEACH) on Tuesday, 9 September 2008                 of all, the application of ”gender aspect’ in the analysis, this
in Kupang. The Analysis is compiled in cooperation with          is considered as an essential end to ensure that planning and
Governments of NTT and Australia through AusAID ANTARA           budgeting strategies in public services has accommodated
(Australia Nusa Tenggara Assistance for Regional Autonomy)       the diverse needs of women and men; take an example
and The World Bank. The analysis is part of Provincial and       that the health needs of pregnant and lactating mothers
District government’s efforts to improve capacity of planning    will be dissimilar to the opposite gender; consequently the
and budgeting management which aiming at providing better        planning for intervention should address the specific need
service delivery to communities.                                 of the groups. This also indicates the importance of gender-
                                                                 disaggregated data in the planning,” said Richard Manning,
Throughout the event, the Australian Ambassador for
                                                                 ANTARA Program Director.
Indonesia, Bill Farmer, handed a Report of PEACH NTT to the
Governor, Frans Lebu Raya. The analysis is jointly conducted     Richard also stated, “Moreover, the result of the analysis has
by Provincial and District government in order to develop and    represented the diverse characteristics of NTT’s geography;
strengthen the ownership at both levels.                         mountainous, coastal, and urban area; for that reason,
                                                                 though this analysis only covers six districts and one city, still
“I would like to thank Government of Australia through
                                                                 the analysis can be replicated or applied to other districts of
ANTARA and The World Bank for their support to accomplish
                                                                 NTT. In addition, PEA NTT can be used as a model for Public
this analysis. The result of the findings can assist us to plan
                                                                 Expenditure Analysis in West Nusa Tenggara (NTB).”
our budget and allocate the resources in order to provide
better delivery of services to the needy,” said Governor.        ANTARA will keep working with the Government of NTT to
                                                                 improve the capacity of government officers in designing
 “Essentially, the problem of budgeting in NTT is as a
                                                                 their public expenditure planning by identifying the gap of
result of incoherent and illogical planning and budgeting
                                                                 human resource capacity, particularly those at the provincial
which consequently lead us to unclear indicators for input
                                                                 and district level.
and process to measure the output as well as outcome of
services delivery performance in NTT,” added Governor.
Starting in November 2007, the analysis conducted in seven
districts and one city (East and West Sumba, TTS, TTU, East
Flores, Manggarai and Kupang city). The process of analysis
and reporting has involved all the elements of provincial and
district officers, local universities, local Non Governmental
Organization (NGOs) and The World Bank.
This analysis is expected to be synergized with the new
Paradigm of NTT through ANGGUR MERAH approach
(Spending for People Welfare). In particular, this analysis
will be used as a fundamental for Development Planning and
figure of public services in NTT for the coming years.                                       CardnoConnect I issue 1 I page 31
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