Test 8 - European Renaissance and Reformation

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					Test 8 - European Renaissance and Reformation

Indicate whether the statement is true or false. Use ‘A’ for True and ‘B’ for False.

   1. Johannes Gutenberg is traditionally given credit for inventing oil painting.

   2. John Wycliffe was an English Lutheran who was tried for heresy and condemned to death.

   3. The Jesuits concentrated on education as a means of combating the Protestant Reformation.

   4. During the 1500s, financial corruption, abuse of power, and immorality weakened people’s respect for priests,
      monks, and even popes.

   5. Martin Luther protested against the practice of selling indulgences by the Catholic Church.

   6. Jan Hus was a priest and an early church reformer who preached against the worldliness of the Catholic Church.
      He was later tried for heresy (going against Church teachings) and burned at the stake.

   7. Art from the Middle Ages contains more realistic scenes than Italian Renaissance art does.

   8. Henry VIII of England created a new church during the protestant reformation called the Anglican Church.

   9. Renaissance ideas spread through trade, artists who fled political unrest in Italy, and the explosion of printed

  10. The Index of Forbidden Books listed books that the Church warned people against reading.

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

  11. Which of the following is famous for creating the statues of David and Pietà, and the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel?
      a. Ignatius of Loyola                           c. Michelangelo Buonarroti
      b. Baldassare Castiglione                       d. William Shakespeare
  12. To represent three-dimensional objects on flat paper, Renaissance artists studied
      a. astronomy.
      b. the work of Lorenzo de Medici.
      c. humanism.
      d. perspective.
  13. Humanism was inspired by interest in
      a. Greek and Roman culture.                       c. Buddhist philosophy.
      b. Catholic doctrines.                            d. scientific writings.
14. Increasing numbers of people learned to read after the mid-1400s because
    a. most people had ample leisure time.
    b. most people had ample disposable income.
    c. printed materials became more available.
    d. illumination made works of literature extremely beautiful.
15. Which of the following occurred as a result of Martin Luther’s stand against indulgences?
    a. Germany rejected Lutheranism and remained Roman Catholic.
    b. Lutheranism spread first to England and Scotland, then to France and Italy.
    c. Henry VIII started a new religion in England called Anabaptism.
    d. The Protestant Reformation began.
16. Which of the following advanced the idea that “the end justifies the means”?
    a. Christine de Pisan                          c. Niccolò Machiavelli
    b. Baldassare Castiglione                      d. Donato Bramante
17. Johannes Gutenberg’s invention has been described as revolutionary because
    a. with easier access to books, more people learned to read and more books were printed.
    b. with oil paints, Renaissance artists could paint much more detail than they could with
    c. coupled with a large pool of unemployed workers, it led to early industrialization in parts
        of Central Europe.
    d. until guilds were created, craftspeople were unable to control the goods they produced.
18. Which author wrote the book Utopia about a fictional place where its’ ihabitants attempt to live by Christian
    a. Machiavelli                                c. Michelangelo
    b. da Vinci                                   d. More
19. Which of the following artists painted the Mona Lisa?
    a. Leonardo da Vinci                           c. Raphael
    b. Michelangelo                                d. Donatello
20. To some degree the European Renaissance was a rebirth or rediscovery of which ancient civilizations?
    a. Persian and Greek                        c. Roman and Greek
    b. Mesopotamian and Roman                   d. Indian and Chinese
21. Which book became most widely printed shortly after the arrival of the moveable type printing press to Europe?
    a. The da Vinci Code                        c. The Torah
    b. The Bible                                d. The Koran
22. Which of the following terms best describes a person who supports the arts?
    a. Noble                                       c. Vernacular
    b. Secular                                     d. Patron
23. The Ninety-five Theses were written in Latin because
    a. Luther intended them for a mass audience.
    b. they were intended for church leaders.
    c. Luther could not write in any other language.
    d. Latin was the vernacular.
24. According to the map titled, “The Spread of Protestantism” which country was Anglican?
    a. Sweden                                      c. France
    b. England                                     d. the Holy Roman Empire
25. Which famous Renaissance artist sculpted David and also painted the Sistine Chapel?
    a. Michelangelo                              c. Raphael
    b. Leonardo da Vinci                         d. None of the above