The Use and Abuse of Drugs !! EDFD 6053 By: Lonna Gae Gault Sum I 2003 What are drugs? • Drugs can be defined as chemicals other than food intended to affect the structure or function of the body. The Drug Tradition • Naturally occurring drugs have been used throughout history for religious, medical and personal reasons. • Although drug use dropped after 1900, it surged again in the 1960’s • Some drugs are enjoying a revival in certain populations, especially in younger generations Use, Abuse, and Dependence • People of all incomes, educational levels, and ethnic backgrounds use drugs • Risk factors for drug use include being male, being young, having frequent exposure to drugs, and having a risk-taking personality Use, Abuse, and Dependence (cont.) • Reasons for using drugs include the lure of the illicit, curiosity, rebellion, peer pressure, and the desire to alter one’s mood • To escape boredom, anxiety, depression, or other psychological problems Some Stats Of Drug and Alcohol Use !!! Drug and Alcohol Abuse • 66% of all teenagers will use drugs before they graduate from High School • 40% use something other than alcohol and marijuana • Teenagers can become addicted in less than 6 months • Pregnancies begin when one or both are under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol Policy on Drugs and Alcohol Use • The parents have the right to know if their child is using drugs and/or alcohol • The lockers and personal searchers can be done if there are reasonable grounds to suspect violations • What the penalties are for using, possessing or distributing etc.. Disciplinary Action is Used too… Serves as a deterrent for all students and the individuals involved Use the incident as a means for breaking through denial behaviors and getting help for the student To separate the student on drug/alcohol from the other students What is Drug Abuse? • Drug abuse is maladaptive pattern of drug use that persists despite adverse social, psychological, or medical consequences Drug Dependence This type of dependence involves taking a drug compulsively; which includes neglecting constructive activities because of it and continuing to use it despite experience adverse effects resulting its use. Tolerance and a withdrawal syndrome are often present How Drugs Affect the Body • The effects of a drug depends on: 1. drug factors 2. user factors 3. social factors Drug Factors This might include: Pharmacological properties Dose-response function Time –action function Cumulative effects Method of use User Factors • This might include: • A person’s physical and psychological characteristics • Such as: 1. Body mass 2. General health 3. Other drugs being taken Why don’t the Staff members act in an EFFECTIVE WAY??? Feelings…….. • Don’t know…..just suspect substance abuse • Afraid they won’t be supported by administration • Fear of reprisal • Called and parents have denied Treatment • The first step is assessment • Assessment will confirm the problem and the stage of the dependency Next… • Inpatient – observation and detoxification • Therapy to help recognize and accept the illness And then…… Medical treatment if needed Development of a rehab plan School’s Role…. Help identify facilities and services Assist in the treatment as it affects activities at SCHOOL Focus groups of students with similar problems • The psychological set and social setting are sometimes more important in determining effects than the drug itself Types of Psychoactive Drugs Amphetamines make people feel more alert, Less fatigued or bored Abuse with amphetamines Can cause delusions Or even provoke violence Psychoactive Drugs cont… Inhalants are present in a variety of harmless products Inhalants use can lead to loss of consciousness Lead to heart failure Suffocation DEATH ! COCAINE • Cocaine produces an intense euphoria • Cocaine is usually sniffed, snorted or intravenously injected • Crack is a less expensive, ready to smoke version of cocaine Drug Use: Decades Ahead Honest and unbiased about drugs may help cut down on the abuse. Research has found scare tactics and exaggerations are ineffective !! How to Cope? There are self-help groups and peer counseling are helpful forms of treatment for some drug abusers. Counseling for friends and relatives of drug abusers is also often available CONTROL? The Government has made many attempts to control the drug problem, focus on production, importation, and the distribution. Persuasive anti-drug educational programs are necessary, especially important is helping students develop strategies for resisting peer pressure Personal Insight? What is your attitude toward drug dependency? Do you view it more as a moral violation, criminal act, or illness? Where do you think your ideas come from? Conclusion….. •What to say………. • UMMMM……….. • Don’t use DRUGS !!!!!