PANCASILA EDUCATION FOUNDATION 1.1 BACKGROUND Fact of life for our nation and state of Indonesia can not dilepaspisahkan from past history. So it is with the formation of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia, including the Pancasila as the basis for his country. The history of the past with the present and the future is an ongoing time series and continuous. In the course of history as a Basic Philosophy Pnacasila existence of the Republic of Indonesia has experienced various kinds of interpretation and political manipulation in accordance with the interests of the ruling and upheld by a strong power that hide behind the legitimacy of the state ideology Pancasila. Even once again debated the truth and accuracy as the Basis and Philosophy of the Republic of Indonesia. For the Indonesian people do not have the slightest doubt about the truth and accuracy of Pancasila as the basic view of life and the state. In appreciation and Implementing Guidelines Pancasila can trace our history in the past and try to see the tasks that we waistband to the future, which both makes us aware of the need to appreciate and practice the Five Principles. The history behind have been passed by various trials against Pancasila, but history shows clearly that he rooted earth Pancasila Indonesia always able to overcome the national trials in the past. From history, we get very valuable lesson that so far we have not Pancasila biological and yet we are supposed to resume practicing. Appreciation is an inner process that before internalized require introduction and understanding of what it will be lived. Furthermore, after a soak in the liver, then pengamalannya akna feel like something out of esadaran itself, will be felt as something that becomes part and at the same purpose in life. Meanwhile, the observation of the tasks of history that we waistband to the future filled with all possibilities, it also makes us aware of the need for appreciation and Pancasila. 1.2 DEFINITIONS Etymologically the term comes from Sanskrit Pancasila. In Sanskrit Pancasila has a meaning, namely: Panca means five Syila means stone joints, the base / base Syiila means the rules of good behavior Pancasila is the philosophical foundation of the Republic of Indonesia which was formally endorsed by PPKI on August 18, 1945 and stated in the Preamble of the 1945 Constitution, promulgated in the Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia. No. II. 7 dated February 15, 1946 together with the Body 1945. View of life of a nation is a matter of choice, the decision problem of a nation about the common life which is considered good. Pancasila as the nation's view of life, means that the values contained in Pancasila was used as a guide and handle adlam set of human attitudes and behavior of Indonesia in relation to God, society and the universe. Pancasila as the state, this means that the values contained in Pancasila was used as the basis and guideline regulates the life of the state as governed by the 1945 Constitution. 1.3 METHOD OF WRITING Pengmpulan method is a way of collecting data of a material to be used as a paper / report for the data collected can provide confirmation on paper. In preparing this paper the authors use literature study method that is by collecting, analyzing certain evidence to obtain facts and conclusions are strong. Where the collection of data obtained from various sources as material to be used as a paper. CHAPTER II ISSUES The proclamation of Indonesian independence on August 17, 1945 is a source of law for the formation, birth, and the existence of the Republic of Indonesia as an independent and sovereign state. Formation, birth, and the existence of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia is not a final destination of Indonesian struggle, but a means to achieve national goals and national objectives are coveted. Changes in the 1945 Constitution only made to the torso and explanation, no guarantee because it has a fixed position and rub off on their own, along with the development and modernization changes will bring about very influential in the life of nation and state. Realizing that ketidakrukunan that occurred in Indonesia is disturbing national unity, as in the Dutch colonial period and the failed Communist uprising in 1965. To overcome the possibility of national disintegration caused ketidakrukunan a very pluralistic society, all this can only be solved by the 1945 Constitution and Pancasila as one of the juridical law. None of the life of integrative and disintegrative factors that can bring the nation on the strength or otherwise of destruction. Pancasila as contained in paragraph IV of the 1945 Constitution in the course of the life of Indonesian people, especially the history of Indonesian political life and state administration, has experienced the perception and interpretation in accordance with the will and interests of the ruling during his reign lasted. Even once again debated the truth and accuracy as the basis and philosophy of the Republic of Indonesia to the Indonesian nation was almost on the brink of schism despite previously been agreed with the national consensus on 22 June 1945 and August 18, 1945. There is also a time when efforts to change the Pancasila was with the uprisings of weapons, the solution takes many years and asked a lot of sacrifices of the people. In addition to various other factors, the prolonged revolt was clearly deprive the nation of Indonesia to build toward the realization of creating the desired community. Implementation of Pancasila straight road, also got the obstacles in the presence of distortion maketh Pancasila Pancasila as a shield to smuggle ideology and other ideologies that would conflict with the values of Pancasila. This period was marked among others by giving meaning to Pancasila as "Nasakom", viewing of understanding "Indonesian Socialism" as applied Marxism in Indonesia and many other distortions that are more fundamental. The period of this distortion increases kesimpangsiurannya Pancasila as their political power, class or group in society at that time giving a narrow meaning to the Five Principles for profit and its own interests. For the Indonesian people, questioning the Pancasila as the state return as well as needle winder means rewind history, which means to bring our nation back to the beginning laid the foundations of an independent Indonesia. Questioning the back of Pancasila as the Constitution of the means to confront the return of national agreements and treaties menciderakan Indonesia noble nation that has uphold our solemn since August 18, 1945, is that since the inception of the Preamble and the Body of the 1945 Constitution, which supports the Pancasila. CHAPTER III DISCUSSION 3.1 BASIS OF EDUCATION PANCASILA 1. Historical Basis Every nation has the ideology and outlook on life is different from one another, taken from the values that grow, live and thrive in the life of the nation concerned. So it is with an ideology Pancasila and Indonesian peoples worldview excavated from the tradition and culture that grow, live and thrive in the life of the Indonesian nation itself seja birth and developed into a great nation as experienced by the two great kingdoms of the past and Keprabuan Kedatuan Sriwijaya Majapahit. After the proceeds in long-range historical journey through the stages pematangannya by the founders of the state at the time would establish an independent state of Indonesia has successfully designed a basic state which was based on the values that have grown up, live and thrive in community life and the Indonesian people who later formulated and systematized in the basic design called Pancasila state. The name was first given by one of the initiators of Ir. Sukarno in a speech on 1 June 1945 in the trial Investigation Agency Efforts Preparation of Indonesian Independence (BPUPKI) on the advice and guidance of a linguist friend. Thus it is clear to us that historically the life of Indonesian people not to dilepaspisahkan from and to the values of Pancasila and has given birth to such a high confidence of the Indonesian people to the truth and accuracy of Pancasila as the nation's view of life and the foundation of the Republic of Indonesia, since officially passed into foundation of the Republic of Indonesia on August 18, 1945 by the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence until today and God willing, in perpetuity. 2. Cultural Platform View of life of a nation is something that can not be dilepaspisahkan of life of the nation concerned. Nations that do not have a view of life is a nation that has no identity (identity) and personality, so it will easily be swayed in living their lives, especially at times when facing various challenges and good influences that come from outside as well as emerging from within , especially in this era of globalization today. Pancasila as the Indonesian way of life is the nation's identity and personality which is the crystallization of the values that live and thrive in a culture of Indonesian society itself by having the nature of openness so that it can adapt itself with and against the times in addition to the internal dynamics in the process of selectively adaptation is done. Thus, the future generation to enrich the values of Pancasila in accordance with the level of development and challenges of the times that it faces, especially in science and technology excellence without losing its identity. 3. Juridical Basis Paragraph IV of the 1945 Constitution is a constitutional juridical basis, among others, in it there is the formulation and composition of the precepts of Pancasila as the state is legitimate, true and authentic as follows: 1. Belief in God Almighty 2. A just and civilized humanity 3. Unity of Indonesia 4. Populist led olrh wisdom in deliberation representation 5. Social justice for all Indonesian people Torso 1945 was a juridical basis for the constitutional basis of the state contained in the Preamble of the 1945 Constitution and further elaborated in detail in chapters and verses contained in the Body of the 1945 Constitution. 4. Philosophical Basis The values contained in the formulation of the precepts of Pancasila is the philosophical and the objective is the philosophy of the Indonesian nation has been growing, alive and thriving long before the founding of the Republic of Indonesia. Therefore, as a logical consequence of a moral obligation to the people of Indonesia can make it happen in everyday life both social life and the life of nation and state. As a basic philosophy of the state, the Pancasila should be sunber for any actions of state officials and animates any legislation in force in Indonesia. 3.2 POSITION AND FUNCTION PANCASILA 1. Pancasila as the views Life Nation Human beings created by God Almighty in the struggle to achieve a more perfect ehidupan always require the noble values that dijunjungnya as a way of life. Noble values is a good benchmark relating to matters that are fundamental and enduring in human life like the ideals who want to achieve in human life. The process of formulating the philosophy of life and institutionalized people poured into the nation's view of life called the ideology of the nation (national) and the subsequent view of life and institutionalized people poured into the country way of life known as the state ideology. Worldview transformation of society into the philosophy of life of the nation and eventually became the basis of the views state also occurs in the Pancasila philosophy of life. Pancasila before formulated a basic state and state ideology, its values have been found on the Indonesian people in customs, cultures and religions as a way of life of Indonesian society. With a clear view of life and the people of Indonesia will maniliki grip and the guidelines how to recognize and solve various problems of political, social, cultural, eonomi, legal, defense and other issues in the motion that the more advanced society. Pancasila as the nation's view of life is sutau crystallization of the values that people living in Indonesia, the world view is upheld by its citizens because Pancasila philosophy of life rooted in culture and outlook of life. Thus the outlook for Indonesia Pancasila that Unity should be a unifying principle that nations should not be deadly diversity. 2. Pancasila as the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia Pancasila in this position often referred to as the Basic Philosophy or Philosophy of the State (Philosofische Grondslag) from the state, nation or ideology (Staatsidee). In this sense Pancasila is a basic values and norms to regulate state government or in other words Pancasila is a basis to regulate the country. Pancasila is the source of all sources of law, principles of Pancasila is a source of state law that is constitutionally regulate Negar Republic of Indonesia and all the elements of people, territory and state governments. The position of Pancasila as the state can be specified as follows: a. Pancasila as the state is the source of all sources of Indonesian law. b. Covers atmosphere mysticism of the 1945 Constitution. c. Realize the ideals of the legal basis of state law (both the basic law written or otherwise). d. Megharuskan contain norms that the Constitution contains content that requires the government and other state officials. e. Sumer is the spirit of the 1945 Constitution, for the conductor of the state, the executive government. As has already been determined by the formation of the state that the primary objective is formulated Pancasila as the state of Indonesia. Therefore, the fundamental function of Pancasila as the basis Negar Republic of Indonesia. This is in accordance with the juridical basis as stated in the Preamble of the 1945 Constitution, the Legislative Act No.. XX/MPRS/1966. 3. Ideology Pancasila as the Indonesian Nation As a nation and the state ideology Pancasila Indonesia, then in essence not only a result peranungan or thought a person or group of people as other ideologies in the world, Namu Pancasila values removed from the customs, cultural values and religious values contained in view of the Indonesian community living before forming the state in other words the elements that are material (material) Pancasila appointed none other than his own view of life of Indonesian society, so that this nation is a materialist movement (original material) Pancasila. 3.3 PANCASILA AS MENTAL, PERSONALITY, LIFE AND VIEWS OF STATE Every nation that wanted to stand firm and clear about which direction the goal to be achieved are in need of outlook on life. With a view of life is something people will look at the problems faced by determining the direction and the way how people solve the problems earlier. Without a view of life is something people will find it continues to vacillate in the face of huge problems that would arise, both the problems within the community itself and the problems of humanity in their dealings with the community of nations in this world. With a view of life is definitely something people will have a handle and guidelines on how he solve political problems, economic, arising in motion a more advanced society. Guided by the philosophy of life was also something the nation will build itself. In this view of life embodied the basic concepts of life aspired to by any nation, embodied the deepest thoughts and ideas about a nation which is considered good form of life. In the end, view of life a nation is a crystallization of the values held by the nation itself, which is believed to be the truth and create the nation's determination to make it happen. That's why dalammelaksanakan development for example, we can not simply imitate or emulate a model by other nations, without adjusting the view of life and the need for self-integrity of our nation. A pattern of development which might be good and satisfying for any nation, not necessarily good or satisfactory for other nations. That's why a nation's view of life is a very fundamental problem for the robustness and sustainability of a nation. Pancasila is the soul of the entire people of Indonesia, the Indonesian people's personality, outlook on life the Indonesian nation, and the foundation of our state. In addition, it is for us Pancasila as well as a purpose in life of Indonesia. Pancasila for us is the view of life, consciousness and moral ideals that include psychological and character that has been entrenched in the culture of the Indonesian nation. Is a culture that teaches that human life will mencaai happiness if it can be developed harmony and balance, both in human life as a personal, human relationships with society, the human relationship with nature, in man's relationship with his Lord, and in pursuit of progress and happiness outwardly spiritual. Republic of Indonesia in achieving its independence beyond and take various roads with different styles. The Indonesian nation was born after a very long struggle beyond, by providing all the sacrifices and hold all kinds of suffering. The Indonesian nation was born in the manner by which this road alone and that is hasila between the historical process in the past, the challenge of the struggle and ideals of life in the future, which as a whole to form its own personality, which together with the birth of the Nation, the personality is determined as a basic view of life and the Pancasila state. Therefore, the Pancasila was not born suddenly in 1945, but has been through a long process, ripened by the history of the struggle of our own people, by looking at the experiences of other nations, with great ideas inspired by the world, while still rooted in personality and ideas our own great nation. Because Pancasila has become a way of life rooted in the personality of the nation, then he was accepted as the state constitution that govern life. This is evident in history that even though stated in a slightly different formulation, but in three of the Constitution that we have ever had in the 1945 Constitution, Preamble to the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia States and the Preamble to the Provisional Constitution RI (1950) Pancasila was still listed in it . Thus, the Pancasila Indonesia we dig from the earth itself is: 1) The basis of our country, the Republic of Indonesia, which is the source of all sources of law in our country. 2) the Indonesian people's view of life that can unite us, and provide guidance in achieving prosperity and happiness and unseen in our society's diverse nature. 3) Soul and personality of Indonesia, because Pancasila provide a distinctive style to the Indonesian people, and can not be separated from the Indonesian nation, aserta is a characteristic that distinguishes the Indonesian people from other nations. 4) The objective to be achieved by Indonesia, namely a fair and prosperous nmasyarakat equitable based on Pancasila and spiritual material in the container NKRI an independent, sovereign, united, and berkedaulatan folk life of the nation in an atmosphere that is safe, peaceful, orderly and dynamic in the association of the free world, friendly, orderly and peaceful. 5) Agreement noble people of Indonesia, which was approved by the Indonesian people's representatives before and after the proclamation of independence that we cherish, not just because he recovered from the content of the personality and ideals of the Indonesian nation that buried centuries ago, but because Pancasila have been able to prove the truth after tested by the history of national struggle. Therefore what is important is how we understand, appreciate and practice the Five Principles in all facets of life. Without this, it will only Pancasila is a series of beautiful words that depicted in the 1945 Constitution, which is a formulation of frozen and dead, and has no meaning for the life of our nation. 3.4 GUIDELINES appreciation and Pancasila Pancasila which has been accepted and established as the state as set forth in the Preamble of the 1945 Constitution, is the soul of the entire people of Indonesia and is a personality and way of life of our nation, who have been able to overcome the trials and test history, so that we believe will deeply efficacy and its miracle. In order to preserve the efficacy and magic Pancasila should be attempted in a real and constant appreciation and practice of the values contained in it by every Indonesian citizen, every state officials, as well as every state and community agencies, both at central and local levels. And more than that, we believe that the Five Principles that can give strength to the Indonesian people live and guide us all in the pursuit of inner and outer life is better in the society a just and prosperous Indonesia. Five Principles To that end we should resume practicing in real life everyday whether in personal life, society and state. Pancasila puts human beings in dignity and nobleness dignity as creatures of God Almighty. Guidelines to appreciate and practice the Five Principles should be humane, that is a guideline which was probably carried out by ordinary people. In order to diamalkan humanely Pancasila, the guidelines also harusa pengamalannya depart from human nature, especially of the meaning and status of humans with other humans. "Guidelines for Implementing appreciation and Pancasila" called "Ekaprasetia Pancakarsa". Ekaprasetia Pancakarsa derived from Sanskrit. Literally "eka" means a single / single, "Prasetia" means a promise / commitment, "penta" means five and "intention" means the will is strong. Thus "Ekaprasetia Pancakarsa" means the sole determination to carry out the will of the fifth five precepts of Pancasila. It is said that a single determination because it is very strong determination and unshakable again. Ekaprasetia Pancakarsa give real clues and obvious form of the practice of the five precepts of Pancasila as follows: A. Precepts Belief in God Almighty 1) Belief and piety to God Almighty according to the religion and beliefs according to their respective base a just and civilized humanity. 2) Respect respect and cooperation between religious believers and adherents of different beliefs, so terbina harmonious life. 3) To respect freedom of worship according to religion and belief. 4) Not to impose a religion and belief kepad others. B. Sila just and civilized humanity 1) Recognizing the equality, rights and obligations between fellow human beings. 2) Mutual love our fellow human beings. 3) Develop a tolerant attitude. 4) No abusive toward others. 5) Uphold human values. 6) Joy of humanitarian activities. 7) Dare to defend truth and justice. 8) The Indonesian nation feels itself as part of the whole human race, because it developed a respectful respect and cooperate with other nations. C. Sila Unity of Indonesia 1) Placing of unity, unity, interests and safety of the nation above personal or group interests. 2) Willing to sacrifice for the sake of nation and state. 3) Love homeland and nation. 4) Proud as a nation of Indonesia and her homeland of Indonesia. 5) Promote interaction for the sake of national unity that had national unity. D. Sila Populist led by wisdom in consultative / representative 1) Giving priority to the interests of the state and society. 2) Not to impose the will to others. 3) Prioritize deliberation in making decisions for the common good. 4) Musayawarah to reach consensus permeated by the spirit of kinship. 5) With good will and sense of responsibility to accept and implement the consensus decision. 6) the Council do with common sense and in accordance with a noble conscience. 7) The decisions made must be morally accountable to God Almighty, upholding human dignity and the values of truth and justice. E. Sila Social justice for all Indonesian People 1) Develop a noble deeds yan reflect the attitude and atmosphere and mutual cooperation. 2) Be fair. 3) Maintaining a balance between rights and obligations. 4) Menghormatsi the rights of others. 5) Like to give help to others. 6) Avoiding extortion attitude towards others .. 7) No acts that harm the public interest. 8) Like to work hard. 9) Respect other people's work. 10) Along with trying to realize the advancement of equitable and socially just. CHAPTER IV CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS 4.1 CONCLUSION Deeply aware that Pancasila is the world view of the State of the Nation and the Republic of Indonesia and felt that Pancasila is the source kejiwaaan society and the Republic of Indonesia, the Indonesian people make of Pancasila as the main struggle in the life of society and state. Therefore pengamalannya should start from every Indonesian citizen, every State which is widely organizers will develop into the Pancasila by every institution of state and social institutions, both at central and regional levels. Thus, Pancasila as the nation and the world view of the Republic of Indonesia will have real meaning for people of Indonesia in relation to the life of society and state. For that we need a genuine effort and continuous and integrated for the sake of appreciation and implementation of Pancasila. Thus humans and ensure the preservation of the Indonesian nation and the survival of the Republic of Indonesia Negar an independent, united and berkedaulatan people based on Pancasila, and passionate community to build an advanced, prosperous, just and prosperous.