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American Life in the Roaring Twenties - PowerPoint

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					American Life in the
 Roaring Twenties
American Pageant
  Chapter 31
Immigration and Imports
             In the 1920s, America
              shunned diplomacy with
              other nations, denounced
              communism and
              socialism, and clanged
              shut the door of
              immigration with tariffs
              (taxes on imports).
              Specifically, the Fordney-
              McCumber Tariff
              witnessed the American
              government seal off
              American markets from
              foreign goods.
The Red Scare
       After the 1917
        Bolshevik
        Revolution in
        Russia, Americans
        had a fear of
        Communism.
        Laborers were
        lumped together
        with communists.
          The Red Scare
 Attorney General A.
  Mitchell Palmer
  conducted the
  Palmer Raids which
  rounded up
  thousands of
  “communists”. Some
  249 communists
  were sent back to
  Russia on the
  “Soviet Ark”. Labor
  Unions were also
  lumped together
  with communism.
The Red Scare
       The trial of Sacco
        and Vanzetti was
        conducted in the
        height of the Red
        Scare and
        resulted in their
        being executed
        on questionable
        evidence.
         The Red Scare
As a result of the
 aforementioned,
 the ACLU or
 American Civil
 Liberties Union
 was formed by
 Felix Frankfurter
The Rebirth of the KKK
           Radical hate
            group originally
            founded by
            Nathan Bedford
            Forest after the
            Civil War (1861-
            1865)
   The Rebirth of the KKK
 Anti
   Foreign
   Catholic
   Black
   Jewish
   Pacifist
   Communist
   Internationist
   Anti-Evolutionalist
   Bootlegger
   Gambling
   Adultery
   Birth Control
The Rebirth of the KKK
           Pro
             Anglo-Saxon
             ”Native”
             Protestant
   The Rebirth of the KKK
 Officials of the Klan
    Grand Goblins
    King Kleagles
    Kreatures
 “Impressive
  Displays” were
    Conclaves,
     Flagwaving Parades
 Weapon of choice
  was
    Cross Burning
Stemming the Foreign
       Flood
          A. After the World
             War, South Eastern
             European
             immigration rose
             600%
          B. “100% Americans”
             Did not like this
          C. The first political
             party against
             immigration was
             the Know Nothing
             Party
     Stemming the Foreign
            Flood
D. Emergency Quota Act of
   1921 limited the number
   of immigrants who could
   be admitted from any
   country to 3% of the
   number of persons from
   that country living in the
   United States in 1910
E. Johnson Reid Act, or
   Immigration Act of
   1924, changed the 1921
   act to 1890 census and
   changed the limit from
   3% to 2%.
Stemming the Foreign
       Food
          F. The Immigration
            Act of 1929
            further changed
            the law because it
            limited the total
            immigration to
            152,574.
    Stemming the Foreign
           Flood
G. In 1965, the
  national-origins
  system was
  abolished by
  Congress.
H. The Emergency
  Quota Act of 1921,
  Johnson Reid Act of
  1924, and the
  Immigration Act of
  1929 were known as
  the National Origins
  system.
Stemming the Foreign
       Flood
          I. The system favored
             Western European
             over Eastern
             European. Japanese
             Immigration was
             completely shut off
             while the law
             allowed unlimited
             immigration from
             Canada and Central
             America.
    “Cultural Pluralism” or
       “Multicultralism”
 Cultural Pluralism or
  Multiculturalism was
  the idea of
  preserving ones own
  culture in America.
 Five early
  proponents
    Horace Kallen
    Randolph Bourne
    John Dewey
    Jane Addams
    Louis Brandeis
Prohibition
       Also known as the Noble
        Experiment (The _
        Amendment)
       Prohibition outlawed the
        distilling and sale of liquor.
       Popular in the South/
        West, not so popular in
        the East
       Wet= Drinking, Dry= Not
        Drinking
       Prohibition did not work
        because people wanted to
        drink (no kidding!)
       Men and women drank
        bathtub gin at
        Speakeasies
        Crime in the 1920s
 Gangsters like Al
  Capone ran
  bootlegging and
  other illicit activities
  like…
 By the 1930s
  organized crime was
  a huge business
  even in labor unions
  and government
  contracts.
 Monkey Business in Tennessee
    (Scopes Monkey Trial)




 Christian Fundamentalists believed in a literal
  interpretation of the bible and was against teaching
  evolution (Darwinism). In Tennessee, teacher John T.
  Scopes went to trial for teaching evolution. His lawyer
  was Clarence Darrow and the prosecution was led by W.
  J. Bryan. Scopes was found guilty and fined. He was
  later released. This trial illustrated the fear of change.
The Mass Consumer
     Economy
          Both the recent war
           and the tax policies
           of Andrew Mellon,
           the Secretary of the
           Treasury for
           Presidents Collidge
           and Hoover led to
           massive economic
           growth.
     The Mass Consumer
          Economy
 Powered by cheap
  energy, factories
  turned goods for
  consumption spurred
  by the new arm of
  American commerce
  advertising. Henry
  Ford mass produced
  cars. Bruce Barton’s
  book, The Man
  Nobody Knows
  states “J.C. good
  salesperson”
The Mass Consumer
     Economy
         People consumed
          goods by buying
          on credit. When a
          recession hit, “all
          bad all day”. Lack
          of credit
          availablility stalls
          the economy.
The Golden Age of Sports
  Baseball and Boxing
  Automobile Powers from
    the 1920s to 1970s
 The Big Three
  automakers in the
  United States were:
   Chevrolet
   Ford
   Chrysler
 Revolution led by
  Henry Ford and his
  “Fordisms”
  (assembly line
  techniques), who
  produced the “Model
  T” cars.
Secondary Industries
          Secondary to car
           production were:
            Rubber
            Glass
            Fabrics
            Highway
             construction
            Service Station
            Garages
            Oil
   Humans Develop Wings
 First flight was by Orville
  and Wilbur Wright at
  Kitty Hawk
 Planes were used during
  World War I
 The first solo flight was
  by Charles Cindenberg in
  his plan Spirit of St.
  Louis. The first female to
  fly was Emila Airhart.
 Airships like the
  Hindenberg were also
  developed.
The Radio
      The radio of the
       1920s knitted the
       nation together. On
       the radio, jazz music
       was played, sports
       were broadcast and
       politicians spun their
       stories. The most
       famous politician on
       the radio was FDR.
             Hollywood
         “The Star System”
 First movies
    The Great Train Robbery
    Birth of a Nation
 WWI aided the movie
  industry because…
 Credit for the film
  industry goes to Thomas
  Edison
 The first “talkie” was The
  Jazz Singer
 Movie houses were called
  Nickelodeons
Important Women of the
        1920s
           Alice Paul
             National Women’s
              Party
               Suffrage for
                women
           Margaret Sanger
             Women’s rights
              champion
             Flappers




Women of the 1920s were called
 “flappers”
Sigmund Freud advocated …
“Smooching” turned into … and …
Entertainment of the
       1920s
          Jazz was the
           music of the era
           and the
           “Charleston” was
           the dance.
  The Harlem Renaissance
 In New York, a
  Harlem Renaissance
  occurred in the black
  community led by
  Marcus Garvey who
  formed the United
  Negro Improvement
  ?. He formed the
  Black Star Line to
  return blacks to
  Africa. The “new
  negro” was …
“Cultural Liberation”
            H.L. Mencken
               American Mercury
            F. Scott Fitzgerald
               Side of Paradise
               The Great Gatsby
            Theodore Dreiser
               An American Tragedy
            Ernest Hemingway
               The Sun Also Rises
               A Fairwell to Arms
      “Cultural Liberation”
 Sinclair Lewis
    Main Street
    Babbitt
 William Faulkner
    The Sound and the
     Fury
    As I Lay Dying
    Absalom, Absalom!
 Ezra Pound
    “Make It New”
 T.S. Eliot
    “The Waste Land”
“Cultural Liberation”
            Eugene O’Neill
              Strange Interlude
            Frank Lloyd Wright
              The Empire State
               Building
            Three “Lost
             Generation” writers
             were
              Claude McKay
              Langston Hughes
              Zora Neale
       The Bull Market
Buyers bought
 “on the margin”,
 which means they
 borrowed money
 to buy stock.

				
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