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PICASSO _ BRAQUE

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					Picasso and Braque
Analytical Cubism
     1908 - 1912
To analyze means to break down
 something into its component
            parts.
               Purpose
• to suggest new ways of understanding
  how we see the world—through the mind
  rather than the eye: conceptual rather
  than perceptual
• to question accepted reality
• to explore the world according to
  consciousness
       Analytical Cubism:
        Characteristics
• developed a new way of depicting space
  which involved multiple and mixed
  perspectives
• gave equal importance to the figure and
  ground because there was no such thing
  as “one fixed point of view in nature”
• was trying to represent the flux of reality
Analytical Cubism: Description
• Objects fractured into visual fragments were
  rearranged so that the viewer would not have
  to walk through space in allotted time in order
  to view them in sequence.
• Visual segments of the front, back, top, bottom,
  and sides of an object jump out and assault the
  viewer‟s eye simultaneously.
         Subject Matter
• landscapes
• women with musical instruments
• studio still lifes
Pablo Picasso photographed in his studio at 11 Boulevard de Clichy, 1911.
                               Pablo Picasso. Self-portrait
                               with Palette (1906). Oil on
Pablo Picasso. Self-portrait   canvas.
(1907). Oil on canvas.
Pablo Picasso.
Head of a Woman
(1907). Oil on canvas.
Pablo Picasso.
Nude with Raised Arms
(summer-autumn 1907)
Oil on canvas.
Pablo Picasso.
Nude with Drapery (1907).
Oil on canvas.
                                      Example of bas-relief



Pablo Picasso. Friendship   Example of bas-relief—shallow relief sculpture
(winter 1907-08). Oil on       Henri Matisse. Back I (1909).
canvas.                        Bronze.
Relief Illusion: Sculptural Painting

 • Cubist paintings brought things closer to
   the viewer by creating a „manual space.‟
 • Cubist paintings represented layers of
   carved or etched surfaces on which the
   prominent aspects of objects, their peaks
   or saliences, jutted forward and jostled
   with each other.
                                       Example of a bas-relief




Pablo Picasso. Three Figures under a
Tree (autumn 1907). Oil on canvas.
Michelangelo. Slaves (1509).
Marble.
                               Pablo Picasso. Three Women
                               (autumn1907- late 1908).
                               Oil on canvas.
                                         Paul Cézanne. Madame
                                         Cézanne in a Yellow
                                         Chair (1888-90). Oil on
                                         canvas.

Pablo Picasso. Woman with a Fan (late spring 1908). Oil on canvas.
                           Vesalius. 7th plate of the
                           muscles from the 2nd book of
Pablo Picasso. The Dryad   De Humani Corporis Fabrica
(1908). Oil on canvas.     (1543).
Georges Braque

   1882 - 1963
Photograph of Georges
Braque in his studio
(early 1912).
Georges Braque. The Landscape of L’Estaque (1906). Oil on canvas.
Georges Braque. Terrace of
Hotel Mistral (autumn 1907).
Oil on canvas.
Georges Braque. Viaduct at L’Estaque (autumn
1907). Oil on canvas.
Georges Braque.
Viaduct at L’Estaque
(early 1908). Oil on
canvas.
Georges Braque. Large Nude
(spring 1908). Oil on canvas.
Georges Braque.
Viaduct at L’Estaque
(summer 1908).
Oil on canvas.
Pablo Picasso. Landscape
(August 1908). Watercolor
and gouache.
Houses at L‟Estaque
photographed by Daniel-
Henri Kahhnweiler, 1909.

 Georges Braque.
 Houses at L’Estaque
 (August 1908).
 Oil on canvas.
 William James‟ “folding
 visiting card” experiment
 (James, 1890, vol.1, p.225.


Georges Braque. House at
L’Estaque (August 1908).
Oil on canvas.
William James‟ “folding
visiting card” experiment
(James, 1890, vol. 1, p.225).


    Pablo Picasso.
    Cottage and Trees
    (August 1908).
    Oil on canvas.
   Paul Cézanne. The
   Bibémus Quarry (ca.
   1895). Oil on canvas.


Georges Braque. Trees at
L’Estaque (August 1908).
Oil on canvas.
                                Paul Cézanne. Mont Sainte-
                                Victoire as Seen from the
                                Bibémus Quarry (1895). Oil
                                on canvas.
Georges Braque. Landscape
(autumn 1908). Oil on canvas.
Georges Braque. Harbor
(autumn-winter 1908-09).
Oil on canvas.
Georges Braque.
Landscape with Houses
(winter 1908-09).
Oil on canvas.
Pablo Picasso. Still Life with Hat (Cézanne’s Hat),
winter 1908-09. Oil on canvas.
Pablo Picasso.
Bread and Fruit Dish
on a Table (winter
1908-09). Oil on canvas.
Pablo Picasso.
Carnival at the Bistro
(winter 1908-09).
Watercolor and
pencil.
Pablo Picasso. Carnival at     Pablo Picasso. Bread and Fruit
the Bistro (winter 1908-09).   Dish on a Table (winter 1908-
Gouache.                       09). Oil on canvas.
Georges Braque
Guitar and Fruit Dish
(winter-spring 1909).
Oil on canvas.
Pablo Picasso. Bather
(winter-spring 1909).
Oil on canvas.
Pablo Picasso.
Woman with a
Mandolin (spring 1909).
Oil on canvas.
Pablo Picasso. Landscape with Bridge (spring 1909).
Oil on canvas.
Pablo Picasso.
Woman with a Fan
(spring 1909).
Oil on canvas.
Georges Braque.
Harbor in Normandy
(May-June 1909).
Oil on canvas.
The pictorial relief effect
tries to render the instability
of the cliff-hugging castle
that appears about to
tumble down the side of the
hill.


 Georges Braque. Chateau
 at La Roche-Guyon
 (summer 1909). Oil on
 canvas.
Postcard sent by
Picasso and
Fernande from
Barcelona, May
1909.

                   Pablo Picasso. Factory at Horta de Ebro
                   (summer 1909). Oil on canvas.
Photo taken by
Picasso of Horta
de Ebro, 1909

                   Pablo Picasso. Houses on the Hill, Horta de Ebro
                   (summer 1909). Oil on canvas.
Photo of Horta taken by
Picasso.




                          Pablo Picasso. Mill at Horta (summer
                          1909). Watercolor.
Photo of Horta taken by
Picasso


Pablo Picasso. Reservoir at
Horta (summer 1909). Oil
on canvas.
Pablo Picasso. Woman with a
Vase of Flowers (spring 1909).   Fernande Olivier
Oil on canvas.
  Fernande Olivier


Pablo Picasso.
Bust of a Woman
(summer 1909).
Oil on canvas.
       Fernande Olivier

Pablo Picasso. Seated Woman
(summer 1909). Oil on canvas.
 Fernande Olivier

Pablo Picasso. Nude in an
Armchair (summer 1909).
Oil on canvas.
Pablo Picasso.
Head of a Woman
(Fernande Olivier),
Autumn 1909. Bronze.
Paintings of Fernande in Picassso‟s studio at Horta,
photographed by the artist.
Cubist painters rearranged
a realistic picture into a
flux resembling the pieces
of a jigsaw puzzle.
      Pablo Picasso.
      Still Life with
      Liqueur Bottle
      (summer 1909).
      Oil on canvas.
Pablo Picasso.
Le Bock (Pitcher of Beer),
autumn 1909.
Oil on canvas.
Pablo Picasso.
Fan, Salt Box, and Melon
(autumn 1909).
Oil on canvas.
Georges Braque. Violin and Palette
(autumn 1909). Oil on canvas.
Georges Braque. Still Life with
Mandola and Metronome (autumn
1909). Oil on canvas.
By chopping space and
time into little chips,
cubism exaggerates the
ruffled appearances of
reality‟s surface as wind
does on the water, forcing
us to think about what is
beyond, behind, and within
the surface of the pool.



Georges Braque. Mandola
(winter 1909-10). Oil on
canvas.
Georges Braque. Violin and
Pitcher (winter 1909-10).
Oil on canvas.
Photo of Le Sacré-Coeur.




        Pablo Picasso.
        Le Sacré Coeur
        (winter 1910-10).
        Oil on canvas.
Photo of Le
Sacré-Coeur.


   George Braque.
   Le Sacré-Coeur
   (winter 1909).
   Oil on canvas.
Projections on a plane of
views of the sixteen
fundamental octahedrons
Pablo Picasso. Woman
with a Mandolin (spring
1910). Oil on canvas.
    Camille Corot. Gypsy
    Girl with Mandolin
    (1874). Oil on canvas.

Pablo Picasso. Girl with a
Mandolin (Fanny Tellier),
spring 1910. Oil on canvas.
Georges Braque. Violin
and Candlestick (spring
1910). Oil on canvas.
Georges Braque. Female Figure
(autumn 1910). Oil on canvas.
 Wilhelm Uhde (photo).


Pablo Picasso. Portrait of
Wilhelm Uhde
(spring-autumn 1910).
Oil on canvas.
                               Ambroise Vollard
                               (photo).


Pablo Picasso. Portrait of
                                 Paul Cézanne.
Ambroise Vollard (spring-
                                 Portrait of
Autumn 1910). Oil on canvas.
                                 Ambroise Vollard (1899).
Influences
         The Fourth Dimension

 One dimensional

                         Two dimensional




Fourth dimensional   Three dimensional
               The X-ray

•   First whole body x-ray of a living
    person
•   Skeleton, heart, liver, rings, necklace,
    bracelet, hatpin, buttonboots with
    nailed on heels, and a whalebone corset
    are all visible.




     William Morton. X-ray photo
                  The Grid
• evoked ideas of the visible
  layers of the body
• means of holding the
  composition together




                                Grid used as an aid to
                                anatomical drawings
Mapping the World
Mapping the World
The Pop-up book
 Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler
 (photo).

Pablo Picasso. Portrait of
Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler
(autumn-winter 1910). Oil
on canvas.
  Projections on a plane of
  sixteen fundamental
  octahedrons


Pablo Picasso. Buffalo Bill
(spring 1911). Oil on canvas.
 Projections on a plane of
 views of the sixteen
 fundamental octahedrons

Georges Braque. Girl with a
Cross (spring 1911). Oil on
canvas.
    Cracking the Code

Catching the Ethereal: The World
 Slipping Away from the Images
Pablo Picasso. The Accordionist
(summer 1911). Oil on canvas.
A Clue to Picasso’s Cubist Abstractions




A drawing in which a light,
realistic sketch of a seated man   The figure from which he started
underlies the dark, cubistic
outline.
Pablo Picasso. The Accordionist
(summer 1911). Oil on canvas.
Pablo Picasso. The Poet
(August 1911). Oil on canvas.
     Eva Gouel (Marcelle
     Humbert), photo.

Pablo Picasso. “Ma Jolie”
(Woman with a Zither or
Guitar), winter 1911-12.
 Oil on canvas.
Pablo Picasso. “Ma Jolie”
(Woman with a Zither or
Guitar), winter 1911-12.
 Oil on canvas.
Nothing is agreed upon about
this painting. Is it a Portuguese
sailor on a boat or an Italian
singer performing at a bar?




Georges Braque. Le Portugais
(The Emigrant), autumn 1911-
Early 1912). Oil on canvas.
Georges Braque. Still Life
with a Violin (late 1911).
Oil on canvas.
Georges Braque. Homage to J.S. Bach (summer
1911). Oil on canvas.
Pablo Picasso. Still Life on a Piano (summer 1911).
Oil on canvas.

				
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