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Caring Theory Jean Watson Presenters • Darcy Morgan, RN, MN • Alexis Prairie RN, MaEd • Carol Wilson RN, MBA/TM The Masterettes Agenda • Evolution and Model Type • Metaparadigm Concept • Nursing Process • Concept Relationship • Assumptions • Current Activities/MIA Evolution Philosophical Model • Theory of Human Caring – Emerging Discipline – Nursing Academia • Ten Carative Factors – Humanistic-Altruistic – Faith-Hope – Sensitivity Carative Continued – Helping-Trusting – Positive and Negative Feelings – Creative Problem Solving – Teaching-Learning – Support Environment – Self Gratification – Thought-Provoking Experience Metaparadigm • Person – Recipient of care • Environment – All surroundings • Health – Optimum functioning • Nursing – Comfort measures Nursing Process Nursing Process is embodied within the clinical carative process (CCP) This expanded perspective is modern yet tied to the past and emulates the future. Concept Relationships • Caring Relationships and caring environment • Persons and their belief system • Health and perspective • Nursing and commitment to care Assumptions • A caring relationship and a caring environment preserve human dignity, wholeness and integrity. • Caring promotes self-growth, self- knowledge, self-control and self-healing possibilities. Current Activities • The development of a knowledge base in Watson’s caring theory has been limited by the abstractness of the concept. • Patient outcomes in caring transaction need further study. The Model in Action • Mr.Smith is scheduled for an above the knee amputation of his right leg because the last amputation did not heal properly. The nurse, Jose knows him quite well after caring for him in previous hospitalizations. (sustaining a helping-trusting caring relationship with Mr Smith. CCP#4) Summary • Evolution and Model Type • Metaparadigm Concept • Nursing Process • Concept Relationship • Assumptions • Current Activities/MIA A Note From Jean Watson “Thanks for your question and interest. My main comments are acknowledging that if nursing does not attend to its caring knowledge and practices, it may not exist in the future as a profession…..” Jean Watson, PhD, RN, AHN-bc, FAAN Sent 10/5/06 @ 11pm Questions References Cara, C. (2003) Continuing Education: A Pragmatic View of Jean Watson's Caring Theory. International Journal for Human Caring. 7(3):51-61. Fawcett, J. (2002). The Nurse Theorists: 21st century updates- Jean Watson. Nursing Science Quarterly, 15(3), 214-219. Tommey, A. (2002). Nursing Theorists and their work (5th ed.) Mosby Watson, J. (2006) personal communication Watson, J. A Private Psalm. Retrieved 10/4/2006 from http://www2.uchsc.edu/caring Watson, J. Theory of Human Caring. Retrieved 10/4/2006 from http://www2.uchsc.edu/caring/definition