Global Vs. Local Strategy

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					                                                                                                                                                                                                           October 1, 2004




Benchmark Data Content Standards: Element Global Fields (Lead Responsibility: NatureServe)
Subject Area ANIMAL        PLANT     Fields:      Biotics 4 Table Name   Biotics 4 Column Name Biotics 4 Display BCD Field Name           Data Entry Comments       Definition (brief)                                      Biotics 4
             Element       Element   1st or                                                    Name                                                                                                                         Optionali
             record        record    2nd tier                                                                                                                                                                               ty
             subset        subset
Record Key       1             1       1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL         element_global_id         Global Element ID new in Biotics       Automatically generated Unique identifier for the ELEMENT GLOBAL                  Not Null
                                                                                                                                          in Biotics 4.              record in the Biotics database system; used as the
                                                                                                                                                                     primary key.
Classification      2        None      1st tier   HIGHER_TAXON           higher_taxon_common_n Common Name              new in Biotics                               Common name that is used for the organism by           Null
                 3 and 5               2nd tier                          ame                                                                                         NatureServe Central Botany or Zoology, as
                                                                                                                                                                     appropriate, at the specified level of the taxonomic
                                                                                                                                                                     hierarchy (i.e., kingdom, phylum, class, order,
                                                                                                                                                                     family, or genus).
Classification     1         None      1st tier   HIGHER_TAXON           higher_taxon_unit_cd      Higher Taxonomy      new in Biotics                               Code for the organism at the specified level of the    Null
                                                                                                   Code                                                              taxonomic hierarchy (i.e., kingdom, phylum, class,
                                                                                                                                                                     order, family, or genus). Codes are used for
                                                                                                                                                                     sorting, for quick assessment of hierarchical
                                                                                                                                                                     placement, and for shorthand communication.
Classification     1           1       1st tier   HIGHER_CLASS_UNIT      higher_class_unit_name Name                    new in Biotics    Needs to include all level Name that is used for the organism at the specified    Not Null
                                                                                                                                          of the taxonomic           level of the taxonomic hierarchy (i.e., kingdom,
                                                                                                                                          hierarchy; placement       phylum, class, order, family, or genus).
                                                                                                                                          uncertain [incertae setis]
                                                                                                                                          is a valid entry.
Classification    None         1       1st tier   HIGHER_TAXON           genus_author              Author               AUTHOR                                       The authority or authorities responsible for having    Null
                                                                                                                                                                     given the genus its name.
Identifiers /      1           1       1st tier   SCIENTIFIC_NAME        d_classification_level_id, Classification Level new in Biotics                              For species, level in the taxonomic hierarchy          Not Null
Concept                                                                  classification_level_nam                                                                    indicated by the scientific name.
                                                                         e

Identifiers /      1           1       1st tier   SCIENTIFIC_NAME        d_name_category_id,       Global Name Type new in Biotics                                  Indicates the type of Element described by the          Not Null
Concept                                                                  name_category_desc                                                                         scientific name (e.g., vertebrate animal, vascular
                                                                                                                                                                    plant, fungus, etc.).
Identifiers /      1           1       1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL         concept_reference_id      Concept Reference new in Biotics                                 Citation for the reference that describes the           Not Null
Concept                                                                                            Citation                                                         circumscription of the Element.
Identifiers /      1           1       1st tier   SCIENTIFIC_NAME        scientific_name           Name Used in      new in Biotics                                 Name applied to this Element in the concept             Not Null
Concept                                                                                            Concept Reference                                                reference.

Identifiers /      1           1       1st tier   SCIENTIFIC_NAME        scientific_name           Global Scientific    GNAME                                       Scientific name of the Element at the global level.     Not Null
Concept                                                                                            Name
Identifiers /      1           1       1st tier   SCIENTIFIC_NAME_REF    reference_id              Scientific Name      NAME_REFEREN                                Primary Name Reference Citation                         Null
Concept                                                                                            Reference            CE
Identifiers /      1           1       1st tier   SCIENTIFIC_NAME        author_name               Author               AUTHOR             If relevant (not all     Author of the Global Scientific Name for species        Null
Concept                                                                                                                                   scientific names have     and infraspecies Elements. For animals, the year
                                                                                                                                          authors).                 that the Element was described in the literature
                                                                                                                                                                    should also be included in this field. For plants, null
                                                                                                                                                                    for nominate trinomials.
Identifiers /      1           1       1st tier   TAXON_GLOBAL           d_hybrid_id,              Hybrid               new in Biotics                              Indicates whether the Element is a hybrid.              Null
Concept                                                                  hybrid_desc
Identifiers /      1           1       1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL         d_classification_status_i Classification       new in Biotics                              Indicates the status of the Element in relation to      Not Null
Concept                                                                  d,                        Status                                                           the standard classification: (Standard,
                                                                         classification_status_des                                                                  Nonstandard, or Provisional)
                                                                         c




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Subject Area ANIMAL        PLANT     Fields:      Biotics 4 Table Name   Biotics 4 Column Name Biotics 4 Display BCD Field Name       Data Entry Comments      Definition (brief)                                  Biotics 4
              Element      Element   1st or                                                    Name                                                                                                                Optionali
              record       record    2nd tier                                                                                                                                                                      ty
              subset       subset
Identifiers /     2            2       1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL         g_classification_com    Classification /   GTAXCOM            Where applicable        Comments about classification/taxonomic criteria Null
Concept                                                                                          Taxonomy                             (known issues to         used to define the Element, or discussion of any
                                                                                                 Comments                             discuss, taxonomic       issues associated with the classification/taxonomy
                                                                                                                                      nonstandard, or Grank    (e.g., validity or taxonomic distinctness).
                                                                                                                                      containing “Q”)
Identifiers /      1           1       1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL         inactive_ind            Inactive           new in Biotics     Where applicable        The Element and its associated data are no longer Not Null
Concept                                                                                                                               (archived records).      a part of the active NatureServe Central
                                                                                                                                      Default value is "N".    Databases, but have been archived instead of
                                                                                                                                                               being deleted for ease of access and to facilitate
                                                                                                                                                               lineage tracking. The Tracking record for an
                                                                                                                                                               Element and associated data are typically
                                                                                                                                                               inactivated when the Element is no longer
                                                                                                                                                               recognized as a valid, distinct taxon. In the Central
                                                                                                                                                               Databases, after an Element is rejected by the
                                                                                                                                                               standard classification it may remain in the active
                                                                                                                                                               databases as a nonstandard Element (instead of
                                                                                                                                                               being inactivated) if another network or partner
                                                                                                                                                               organization accepts it as valid.

Standard /         2           2       1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL         relationship_to_standard Comments about    new in Biotics    Where applicable         Detailed description of the relationship of a       Null
Nonstandard                                                              _com                     Relationship to                     (taxonomic               nonstandard Element to standard Element(s); only
Relationships                                                                                     Standard                            nonstandards).           necessary when there are EOs for a nonstandard
                                                                                                                                                               element that is “broader” than the related standard
                                                                                                                                                               and need specific information about how EOs of
                                                                                                                                                               the nonstandard Element relate to Element(s) in
                                                                                                                                                               the standard classification.

Standard /         2           2       1st tier   ELEMENT_STD_NONSTD std_element_id              Standard Element   new in Biotics    Where applicable          Unique identifier(s) for standard Element(s) that   Null
Nonstandard                                       _REL                                           ID                                   (taxonomic                the standard classification utilized by NatureServe
Relationships                                                                                                                         nonstandards).            Central Sciences recognizes instead of this
                                                                                                                                                                nonstandard Element.
Common              2        None      1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL         g_primary_common_nam Global Common         GCOMNAME                                    Primary common name used for the Element at the Null
Names            3 and 5               2nd tier                          e                    Name                                                              global (range-wide) level.
Heritage            2          2       1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL         g_rank               Global Rank           GRANK             Global Rank not equal to Value that best characterizes the relative rarity or Not Null
Status           3 and 5               2nd tier                                                                                       GNR or TNR, unless the endangerment of the taxon at the global level.
                                                                                                                                      Element is exotic in both
                                                                                                                                      the U.S. and Canada.

Heritage            2          2       1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL         g_rank_change_date      Global Rank        GRANKDATE         Not required if the       Date on which the Heritage Conservation Status     Null
Status           3 and 5               2nd tier                                                  Change Date                          Element is exotic in both Rank at the global level was either entered or
                                                                                                                                      the U.S. and Canada.      changed in this Element Tracking record.

Heritage            2          2       1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL         g_rank_review_date      Global Rank        GREVDATE     Not required if the       Date on which the Heritage Conservation Status          Null
Status           3 and 5               2nd tier                                                  Review Date                     Element is exotic in both Rank at the global level was last reviewed (i.e.,
                                                                                                                                 the U.S. and Canada.      assigned, reaffirmed, or changed) by the lead
                                                                                                                                                           responsible office.
Heritage            2          2       1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL         rounded_g_rank          Global Rounded     ROUNDED.GRAN Calculated automatically Rank for the Element that is more easily                 Null
Status           3 and 5               2nd tier                                                  Rank               K            in Biotics.               interpreted than the g_rank (which frequently
                                                                                                                                                           includes qualifiers or ranges) from which it is
                                                                                                                                                           derived.




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Subject Area ANIMAL       PLANT      Fields:      Biotics 4 Table Name   Biotics 4 Column Name Biotics 4 Display BCD Field Name         Data Entry Comments        Definition (brief)                                   Biotics 4
             Element      Element    1st or                                                    Name                                                                                                                     Optionali
             record       record     2nd tier                                                                                                                                                                           ty
             subset       subset
Heritage         2           None      1st tier   TAXON_GLOBAL           d_juris_endem_id,        Jurisdictional       JURISENDEM                                  Present status of jurisdictional endemism of the     Null
Status          None          4        2nd tier                          juris_endem_cd,          Endemism                                                         Element.
                                                                         juris_endem_desc
Hybrid             1           1       1st tier   TAXON_GLOBAL           g_hybrid_ind             Hybrid Without       new in Biotics   Where applicable;        The Element is a hybrid that is not considered to    Not Null
Indicator                                                                                         Conservation                          default value is "N".    have conservation value. When this box is
                                                                                                  Value                                                          checked, the Heritage Conservation Status Rank
                                                                                                                                                                 assigned for the Element should be GNA, NNA, or
                                                                                                                                                                 SNA, indicating that a rank is not applicable at the
                                                                                                                                                                 specified geographic level.
Synonyms           2           2       1st tier   SYNONYM_GLOBAL         usesa_synonym_ind        USESA Synonym        new in Biotics   Where applicable;        The scientific name recognized as a synonym for Not Null
                                                                                                                                        default value is "N".    this Element (entered in the associated Synonym
                                                                                                                                                                 Name field) is used for the Element by the
                                                                                                                                                                 regulating agency (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
                                                                                                                                                                 or U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service) in
                                                                                                                                                                 publications concerning its status under the U.S.
                                                                                                                                                                 Endangered Species Act.
External           1           1       1st tier   TAXON_GLOBAL           d_usesa_id,              Global USESA         USESA            Where applicable. For    Current status of the taxon as designated or         Null
Status:                                                                  usesa_cd,                Status                                details please see "U.S. proposed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
USESA                                                                    usesa_desc                                                     Endangered Species Act (USFWS) or the U.S. National Marine Fisheries
                                                                                                                                        (USESA) Status: Data     Service, and as reported in the U.S. Federal
                                                                                                                                        Management               Register in accordance with the U.S. Endangered
                                                                                                                                        Guidelines".             Species Act of 1973, as amended. Statuses
                                                                                                                                                                 include candidates for listing as reported by either
                                                                                                                                                                 of these agencies in the U.S. Federal Register.

External           1           1       1st tier   TAXON_GLOBAL           usesa_date               USESA Status         USESADATE        Where applicable. For      Publication date of the Federal Register notice      Null
Status:                                                                                           Date                                  details please see "U.S.   containing the status of the taxon designated
USESA                                                                                                                                   Endangered Species Act     under the U.S. Endangered Species Act (USESA)
                                                                                                                                        (USESA) Status: Data       (entered in the associated USESA Status field).
                                                                                                                                        Management                 Dates are entered only for taxa and populations
                                                                                                                                        Guidelines".               that are specifically named in the Federal Register.

External           1           1       1st tier   TAXON_GLOBAL           interpreted_usesa        Global Interpreted   new in Biotics   Where applicable. For      Current status of the taxon under the U.S.           Null
Status:                                                                                           USESA Status                          details please see "U.S.   Endangered Species Act (USESA) as interpreted
USESA                                                                                                                                   Endangered Species Act     by NatureServe Central Sciences. This field does
                                                                                                                                        (USESA) Status: Data       not contain the official status assigned by the
                                                                                                                                        Management                 regulating agency if there is one; that status is
                                                                                                                                        Guidelines".               recorded in the USESA Status field.

External           1           1       1st tier   TAXON_GLOBAL           interpreted_usesa_date   Global Interpreted   new in Biotics   Where applicable. For      Date that the interpreted status of the taxon        Null
Status:                                                                                           USESA Status                          details please see "U.S.   designated under the U.S. Endangered Species
USESA                                                                                             Date                                  Endangered Species Act     Act (USESA) (entered in the associated
                                                                                                                                        (USESA) Status: Data       Interpreted USESA Status field) was determined.
                                                                                                                                        Management
                                                                                                                                        Guidelines".

External           1           1       2nd tier   TAXON_GLOBAL           d_cites_id,              CITES                CITES            Where applicable.          Appendix of the Convention on International Trade Null
Status:                                                                  cites_cd,                                                                                 in Endangered Species (CITES) of Wild Fauna
CITES                                                                    cites_desc                                                                                and Flora in which the Element appears.




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                                                                                                                                                                                                       October 1, 2004




Subject Area ANIMAL       PLANT      Fields:     Biotics 4 Table Name   Biotics 4 Column Name Biotics 4 Display BCD Field Name        Data Entry Comments        Definition (brief)                                    Biotics 4
             Element      Element    1st or                                                   Name                                                                                                                     Optionali
             record       record     2nd tier                                                                                                                                                                          ty
             subset       subset
External         1            1       2nd tier   TAXON_GLOBAL           d_iucn_id,               IUCN                IUCN             Where applicable.          Endangerment code published or provided by the Null
Status: IUCN                                                            iucn_cd,                                                                                 International Union for the Conservation of Nature
                                                                        iucn_desc                                                                                (IUCN) and Natural Resources for the Element.

EO Specs           2        None      1st tier   ANIMAL_EO_SPECS        sep_dist_suitable_habitat Animal Suitable    new in Biotics   Animals only; applicable Distance (in kilometers) of intervening suitable     Null
                3 and 5               2nd tier                                                    Habitat Separation                  when not using the       habitat not known to be occupied that is great
                                                                                                  Distance                            alternate separation     enough to effectively separate EOs by limiting
                                                                                                                                      distance procedure       movement or dispersal of individuals between
                                                                                                                                                               them.
EO Specs           2        None      1st tier   ANIMAL_EO_SPECS        sep_dist_unsuitable_habi Animal Unsuitable new in Biotics     Animals only; applicable Distance (in kilometers) of intervening unsuitable Null
                3 and 5               2nd tier                          tat                      Habitat Separation                   when not using the       habitat that is great enough to effectively separate
                                                                                                 Distance                             alternate separation     EOs by restricting movement or dispersal of
                                                                                                                                      distance procedure       individuals between them.

EO Specs           2        None      1st tier   EO_SPECS_DETAIL        d_location_use_class_id, Location Use Class new in Biotics    Used where applicable      Descriptive label assigned to observed areas (i.e. Null
                3 and 5               2nd tier                          location_use_class_desc                                       for migratory animals      Source Features) of migratory animal species that
                                                                                                                                      only in EO SPECS and       utilize geographically and seasonally disjunct
                                                                                                                                      EO RANK SPECS.             locations.
EO Specs         None         4       1st tier   PLANT_EO_SPECS         sep_dist_suitable_habitat Plant Suitable     new in Biotics    Plants only; applicable   Distance (in kilometers) of intervening suitable     Null
                           5 and 3    2nd tier                                                    Habitat Separation                  when not using the         habitat not known to be occupied that is great
                                                                                                  Distance                            Habitat-based Plant EO     enough to effectively separate EOs by limiting
                                                                                                                                      Delimitation Guidance      movement or dispersal of individuals between
                                                                                                                                      (2004).                    them.
EO Specs         None         4       1st tier   PLANT_EO_SPECS         sep_dist_unsuitable_habi Plant Unsuitable   new in Biotics     Plants only; applicable   Distance (in kilometers) of intervening unsuitable Null
                           5 and 3    2nd tier                          tat                      Habitat Separation                   when not using the         habitat that is great enough to effectively separate
                                                                                                 Distance                             Habitat-based Plant EO     EOs by restricting movement or dispersal of
                                                                                                                                      Delimitation Guidance      individuals (including plant pollen and dispersible
                                                                                                                                      (2004).                    propagules) between them.

EO Specs           2          4       1st tier   EO_SPECS_DETAIL        alt_separation_procedur Alternate            new in Biotics   Where applicable, for all Description of the procedure to be used to              Null
                3 and 5    5 and 3    2nd tier                          e                       Separation                            Element record subsets separate EOs in cases when separation distances
                                                                                                Procedure                                                             cannot be specified.
                                                                                                                                      If separation distances
                                                                                                                                      can be specified                PLANTS: When relevant, indicate that no “custom”
                                                                                                                                      (sep_dist_suitable_habit specs are available (or needed) and the Habitat-
                                                                                                                                      at and                          based Plant EO Delimitation Guidance (2004) is to
                                                                                                                                      sep_dist_unsuitable_hab be used. For more information see "A General
                                                                                                                                      itat), this field will be null. Strategy for Delimiting Element Occurrences for
                                                                                                                                                                      Vascular Plants: Guidelines from the 2004
                                                                                                                                                                      Working Group"

EO Specs           2          4       1st tier   EO_SPECS_DETAIL        minimum_eo_criteria      Minimum EO          new in Biotics                              The minimum criteria that define precisely what       Null
                3 and 5    5 and 3    2nd tier                                                   Criteria                                                        constitutes a valid EO, derived from the known
                                                                                                                                                                 biology, ecology, phenology, and/or reproductive
                                                                                                                                                                 behaviors of the Element.
EO Specs           2          4       1st tier   EO_SPECS_DETAIL        separation_barriers      Separation Barriers new in Biotics                              Examples of typical barriers that would separate      Null
                3 and 5    5 and 3    2nd tier                                                                                                                   occurrences of the Element, regardless of the
                                                                                                                                                                 actual distance between them. For species,
                                                                                                                                                                 barriers almost completely prevent movement or
                                                                                                                                                                 dispersal of the Element, thereby obstructing or
                                                                                                                                                                 severely limiting gene flow.




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Subject Area ANIMAL       PLANT       Fields:     Biotics 4 Table Name     Biotics 4 Column Name Biotics 4 Display BCD Field Name       Data Entry Comments     Definition (brief)                                     Biotics 4
             Element      Element     1st or                                                     Name                                                                                                                  Optionali
             record       record      2nd tier                                                                                                                                                                         ty
             subset       subset
EO Specs          2            4       1st tier   EO_SPECS_DETAIL          separation_justification   Separation       new in Biotics                           Basis for the separation distances designated in       Null
               3 and 5      5 and 3    2nd tier                                                       Justification                                             the EO specs (e.g., home range, dispersal
                                                                                                                                                                distance, spatial patterns of occurrence, temporal
                                                                                                                                                                patterns of occurrence), including citations if
                                                                                                                                                                available.
EO Rank           4           4        1st tier   TAXON_EO_RANK_SPEC a_rank_specs                     A Rank           new in Biotics                           Description of what qualifies as an A-ranked           Null
Specs         2, 5, & 3    5 and 3     2nd tier   S                                                   Specifications                                            occurrence of the species Element, taking into
                                                                                                                                                                consideration all available knowledge, both
                                                                                                                                                                historical and current, of the Element as well as
                                                                                                                                                                any current constraints on restoration.
EO Rank           4           4        1st tier   TAXON_EO_RANK_SPEC b_rank_specs                     B Rank           new in Biotics                           Description of what qualifies as an B-ranked           Null
Specs         2, 5, & 3    5 and 3     2nd tier   S                                                   Specifications                                            occurrence of the species Element, taking into
                                                                                                                                                                consideration all available knowledge, both
                                                                                                                                                                historical and current, of the Element as well as
                                                                                                                                                                any current constraints on restoration.
EO Rank           4           4        1st tier   TAXON_EO_RANK_SPEC c_rank_specs                     C Rank           new in Biotics                           Description of what qualifies as an C-ranked           Null
Specs         2, 5, & 3    5 and 3     2nd tier   S                                                   Specifications                                            occurrence of the species Element, taking into
                                                                                                                                                                consideration all available knowledge, both
                                                                                                                                                                historical and current, of the Element as well as
                                                                                                                                                                any current constraints on restoration.
EO Rank           4           4        1st tier   TAXON_EO_RANK_SPEC d_rank_specs                     D Rank           new in Biotics                           Description of what qualifies as an D-ranked           Null
Specs         2, 5, & 3    5 and 3     2nd tier   S                                                   Specifications                                            occurrence of the species Element, taking into
                                                                                                                                                                consideration all available knowledge, both
                                                                                                                                                                historical and current, of the Element as well as
                                                                                                                                                                any current constraints on restoration.
EO Rank           4           4        1st tier   TAXON_EO_RANK_SPEC rank_specs_justification  Rank               new in Biotics                                Basis for the criteria designated in the A-rank, B-    Null
Specs         2, 5, & 3    5 and 3     2nd tier   S                                            Specifications                                                   rank, C-rank, and D Rank Specifications fields,
                                                                                               Justification                                                    including citations if available.
EO Rank           2         None       1st tier   EO_RANK_SPECS_DETAI d_location_use_class_id, Location Use Class new in Biotics        Used where applicable   Descriptive label assigned to observed areas (i.e.     Null
Specs          3 and 5                 2nd tier   L                   location_use_class_desc                                           for migratory animals   Source Features) of migratory animal species that
                                                                                                                                        only in EO SPECS and    utilize geographically and seasonally disjunct
                                                                                                                                        EO RANK SPECS.          locations.
Element          4            4        1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN d_threat_id,                     Global Threat    new in Biotics                           Overall degree to which the species is observed,       Null
Global           5            5        2nd tier   K                  threat_cd,                                                                                 inferred, or suspected to be directly or indirectly
Ranking                                                              threat_desc                                                                                threatened range-wide by the threat with the
                                                                                                                                                                greatest overall impact on the Element. Biotics will
                                                                                                                                                                automatically calculate the overall degree of threat
                                                                                                                                                                (ranging from A for most threatened to H for
                                                                                                                                                                unthreatened) to the species based on the values
                                                                                                                                                                entered in the Scope of Threat, Severity of Threat,
                                                                                                                                                                and Immediacy of Threat fields




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                                                                                                                                                                                              October 1, 2004




Subject Area ANIMAL     PLANT       Fields:     Biotics 4 Table Name   Biotics 4 Column Name Biotics 4 Display BCD Field Name      Data Entry Comments   Definition (brief)                                   Biotics 4
             Element    Element     1st or                                                   Name                                                                                                             Optionali
             record     record      2nd tier                                                                                                                                                                  ty
             subset     subset
Element          4          4        1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN g_threat_com              Global Threat        GTHREATCOM                             Comments on threats to the Element, including        Null
Global           5          5        2nd tier   K                                            Comments                                                    geographic variations. The threat used for values
Ranking                                                                                                                                                  assigned in the Scope of Threat, Severity of
                                                                                                                                                         Threat, and Immediacy of Threat fields should be
                                                                                                                                                         specified. Comments should include whether the
                                                                                                                                                         scope and severity of threat indicated for the
                                                                                                                                                         Element are observed, inferred, or suspected, or
                                                                                                                                                         result from qualitative observation. The extent and
                                                                                                                                                         effects of current or projected extrinsic influences
                                                                                                                                                         on the Element should be described, along with
                                                                                                                                                         any additional threats or interactions among
                                                                                                                                                         threats, including high-magnitude threats
                                                                                                                                                         considered insignificant in immediacy.

Element          4           4       1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN d_threat_immediacy_id,    Global Immediacy     new in Biotics                         For the threat with the greatest overall impact on   Null
Global           5           5       2nd tier   K                  threat_immediacy_desc     of Threat                                                   the Element (see threats table), the imminence of
Ranking                                                                                                                                                  the threat to the Element range-wide.

Element          4           4       1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN d_threat_scope_id,        Global Scope of      new in Biotics                         For the threat with the greatest overall impact on Null
Global           5           5       2nd tier   K                  threat_scope_desc         Threat                                                      the Element (see threats table), the proportion of
Ranking                                                                                                                                                  the Element that is observed, inferred, or
                                                                                                                                                         suspected to be directly or indirectly affected by
                                                                                                                                                         this threat range-wide.
Element          4           4       1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN d_threat_severity_id,     Global Severity of   new in Biotics                         For the threat with the greatest overall impact on Null
Global           5           5       2nd tier   K                  threat_severity_desc      Threat                                                      the Element (see threats table), how badly and
Ranking                                                                                                                                                  irreversibly the Element is observed, inferred, or
                                                                                                                                                         suspected to be directly or indirectly affected by
                                                                                                                                                         the threat range-wide.
Element          4         None      1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN d_short_term_trend_id,    Global Short-Term GTREND                                    Code that best describes the observed, estimated, Null
Global           5        4 and 5    2nd tier   K                  short_term_trend_cd,      Trend                                                       inferred, suspected, or projected short-term trend
Ranking                                                            short_term_trend_desc                                                                 in population size, extent of occurrence, area of
                                                                                                                                                         occupancy, number of EOs, and/or
                                                                                                                                                         viability/ecological integrity of occurrences
                                                                                                                                                         (whichever most significantly affects the Heritage
                                                                                                                                                         Conservation Status Rank) range-wide. Short-term
                                                                                                                                                         trends may be recent, current, or projected, and a
                                                                                                                                                         trend may or may not be known to be continuing.

Element          4         None      1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN g_short_term_trend_com Global Short-Term GTRENDCOM                                    Comments on short-term trends of the Element         Null
Global           5        4 and 5    2nd tier   K                                         Trend Comments                                                 (including the trend quantified in the preceding
Ranking                                                                                                                                                  Short-Term Trend field) range-wide.
Element          4           4       2nd tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN d_long_term_trend_id,     Global Long-Term new in Biotics                             The observed, estimated, inferred, or suspected      Null
Global                                          K                  long_term_trend_cd,       Trend                                                       degree of change in population size, extent of
Ranking                                                            long_term_trend_desc                                                                  occurrence, area of occupancy, number of EOs,
                                                                                                                                                         and/or viability/ecological integrity of occurrences
                                                                                                                                                         over the long-term (ca. the past 200 years) range-
                                                                                                                                                         wide.
Element          4           4       2nd tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN g_long_term_trend_com Global Long-Term new in Biotics                                 Comments on long-term trends of the Element          Null
Global                                          K                                        Trend Comments                                                  (including the trend quantified in the preceding
Ranking                                                                                                                                                  Long-Term Trend field) range-wide.




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Subject Area ANIMAL     PLANT      Fields:      Biotics 4 Table Name     Biotics 4 Column Name Biotics 4 Display BCD Field Name     Data Entry Comments           Definition (brief)                                  Biotics 4
             Element    Element    1st or                                                      Name                                                                                                                   Optionali
             record     record     2nd tier                                                                                                                                                                           ty
             subset     subset
Element          4          4        1st tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN g_rank_reasons               Global Rank        GREASONS         NOTE: Elements ranked         Reasons that the global (i.e., range-wide) Heritage Null
Global           5          5        2nd tier   K                                               Reasons                             GX should be                  Conservation Status Rank for the Element was
Ranking                                                                                                                             considered part of            assigned, including key ranking variables and
                                                                                                                                    "Subset 4" for this field     other considerations used.
                                                                                                                                    and Elements ranked TX
                                                                                                                                    should be considered
                                                                                                                                    part of "Subset 5" for this
                                                                                                                                    field.
Element          4           4       2nd tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN d_area_of_occupancy_id Global Area of   new in Biotics                                         Estimated current area of occupancy of the          Null
Global                                          K                  ,                      Occupancy                                                               species range-wide.
Ranking                                                            area_of_occupancy_cd,
                                                                   area_of_occupancy_des
                                                                   c
Element          4           4       2nd tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN g_area_dist_of_occupan Global Occupancy new in Biotics                                         Comments on the area and/or linear distance of      Null
Global                                          K                  cy_com                 Comments                                                                occupancy of the Element at the global level.
Ranking
Element          4           4       2nd tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN d_enviro_specificity_id,     Global             new in Biotics                                 Observed, inferred, or suspected environmental      Null
Global                                          K                  enviro_specificity_cd,       Environmental                                                     specificity or generality range-wide.
Ranking                                                            enviro_specificity_desc      Specificity
Element          4           4       2nd tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN g_enviro_specificity_com     Global             new in Biotics                                 Comments on the environmental specificity of the Null
Global                                          K                                               Environmental                                                     Element resulting from habitat preferences or
Ranking                                                                                         Specificity                                                       restrictions, including the factors affecting the
                                                                                                Comments                                                          value entered in the Environmental Specificity field
                                                                                                                                                                  at the global level. The reasons why environmental
                                                                                                                                                                  specificity affects vulnerability of the Element
                                                                                                                                                                  should be described in this field, but any specific
                                                                                                                                                                  habitat requirements should be recorded for
                                                                                                                                                                  species Elements in the Habitat Comments field in
                                                                                                                                                                  the Characterization Abstracts files.

Element          4           4       2nd tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN d_intrin_vulnerability_id, Global Intrinsic     GFRAGIL                                        Observed, inferred, or suspected degree to which Null
Global                                          K                  intrin_vulnerability_cd,   Vulnerability                                                       intrinsic or inherent factors of the Element (such as
Ranking                                                            intrin_vulnerability_desc                                                                      life history or behavior characteristics of species)
                                                                                                                                                                  make it vulnerable or resilient to natural or
                                                                                                                                                                  anthropogenic stresses or catastrophes range-
                                                                                                                                                                  wide. The intrinsic vulnerability factors exist
                                                                                                                                                                  independent of human influence, but may make
                                                                                                                                                                  the species more susceptible to disturbance by
                                                                                                                                                                  human activities. The extent and effects of current
                                                                                                                                                                  or projected extrinsic influences themselves should
                                                                                                                                                                  be addressed in the Threat Comments field.

Element          4           4       2nd tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN g_intrinsic_vulnerability_ Global Intrinsic     GFRAGILCOM                                     Comments on the intrinsic vulnerability of the      Null
Global                                          K                  com                        Vulnerability                                                       Element, including the factors affecting the value
Ranking                                                                                       Comments                                                            entered in the Intrinsic Vulnerability field range-
                                                                                                                                                                  wide. This factor sometimes can be used to help
                                                                                                                                                                  infer an overall Heritage Conservation Status Rank
                                                                                                                                                                  when the threats to the Element are largely
                                                                                                                                                                  unknown.
Element          4           4       2nd tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN d_number_eos_id,             Global Number of   GESTEOS                                        Estimated, inferred, or suspected number of EOs Null
Global                                          K                  number_eos_cd,               Eos                                                               believed extant for the Element range-wide.
Ranking                                                            number_eos_desc




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Subject Area ANIMAL     PLANT      Fields:      Biotics 4 Table Name   Biotics 4 Column Name Biotics 4 Display BCD Field Name       Data Entry Comments      Definition (brief)                                     Biotics 4
             Element    Element    1st or                                                    Name                                                                                                                   Optionali
             record     record     2nd tier                                                                                                                                                                         ty
             subset     subset
Element          4          4        2nd tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN g_number_eos_com            Global Number of    GESTEOSCOM                                Comments on the estimated number of EOs at the Null
Global                                          K                                              EOs Comments                                                  global level. Also, discussion if the estimated
Ranking                                                                                                                                                      number is different from the known number of
                                                                                                                                                             EOs.
Element          4           4       2nd tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN d_number_good_eos_id, Global Number of          new in Biotics                            Estimated number of EOs that have excellent or      Null
Global                                          K                  number_good_eos_cd, EOs with Good                                                         good viability (species) range-wide. Good viability
Ranking                                                            number_good_eos_desc Viability                                                            or ecological integrity corresponds to EO ranks of
                                                                                                                                                             A or B. In the absence of EO ranks for some or all
                                                                                                                                                             EOs, the number of EO s with good viability can be
                                                                                                                                                             estimated.
Element          4           4       2nd tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN g_number_good_eos_co Global Number of new in Biotics                                      Comments on the number of EOs with good             Null
Global                                          K                  m                    EOs with Good                                                        viability.
Ranking                                                                                 Viability Comments

Element          4           4       2nd tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN d_number_prot_eos_id,       Global Number of    GPROTEOS                                  Estimated, inferred, or suspected number of EOs        Null
Global                                          K                  number_prot_eos_cd,         Protected Eos                                                 that are appropriately protected and managed for
Ranking                                                            number_prot_eos_desc                                                                      the long-term persistence of the Element range-
                                                                                                                                                             wide.
Element          4           4       2nd tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN g_number_prot_eos_co        Global Number of    GPROTCOM                                  Comments on the number of protected and                Null
Global                                          K                  m                           Protected EOs                                                 appropriately managed EOs, such as the level of
Ranking                                                                                        Comments                                                      protection and the status of management
Element          4           4       2nd tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN d_pop_size_id,              Global Population   GABUND                                    Total estimated size of the current naturally-         Null
Global                                          K                  pop_size_cd,                Size                                                          occurring wild population (i.e., current total
Ranking                                                            pop_size_desc                                                                             population size) of the Element range-wide.
Element          4           4       2nd tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN g_pop_size_com              Global Population   GABUNDCOM                                 Comments on the estimated total population size,       Null
Global                                          K                                              Size Comments                                                 including information on how the value (indicated in
Ranking                                                                                                                                                      the Population Size field) was derived, variations,
                                                                                                                                                             and data for specific portions of the geographic
                                                                                                                                                             range.
Element          4           4       2nd tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN d_range_extent_id,          Global Range        GRANGE           NOTE: Elements           Estimated current range of the species range-wide.     Null
Global                                          K                  range_extent_cd,            Extent                               ranked GX should be      Range extent for taxa is described by the
Ranking                                                            range_extent_desc                                                included in "Subset 4"   International Union for the Conservation of Nature
                                                                                                                                    for this field.          (IUCN) (IUCN 2001).
Element          4           4       2nd tier   ELEMENT_GLOBAL_RAN g_range_com                 Global Range        GRANGECOM                                 Description of the current total range of the          Null
Global                                          K                                              Extent Comments                                               Element.
Ranking
Global           4         None      2nd tier   ANIMAL_CAG             g_animal_general_desc   General             GENDESC          Animals only.            Information, as appropriate, on the identification of Null
Characterizat                                                                                  Description                                                   adults, immatures, eggs, larvae, and pupae, and
ion Abstract:                                                                                                                                                obvious differences, if any, in size or coloration of
Description                                                                                                                                                  the sexes. In addition, citations (Author, year) for
                                                                                                                                                             the best available reference(s) for the identification
                                                                                                                                                             of the taxon and the reference(s) for a published
                                                                                                                                                             illustration and/or photograph should also be
                                                                                                                                                             included.
Global           4         None      2nd tier   ANIMAL_CAG             g_ecology_com           Ecology Comments GECOLCOM            Animals only.            Summary of the ecology of the Element range-           Null
Characterizat                                                                                                                                                wide.
ion Abstract:
Ecology




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Subject Area ANIMAL     PLANT      Fields:      Biotics 4 Table Name    Biotics 4 Column Name Biotics 4 Display BCD Field Name   Data Entry Comments   Definition (brief)                                      Biotics 4
              Element   Element    1st or                                                     Name                                                                                                             Optionali
              record    record     2nd tier                                                                                                                                                                    ty
              subset    subset
Global            2        None      1st tier   ANIMAL_CAG              d_major_habitat_id,     Major Habitat   new in Biotics   Animals only; Where   Habitat within which the taxon is primarily found       Null
Characterizat                                                           major_habitat_cd,                                        applicable.           range-wide.
ion Abstract:                                                           major_habitat_desc
Habitat

Global           2           4       1st tier   ANIMAL_CAG,             g_habitat_com           Habitat Comments GHABCOM                               Summary of the habitats and microhabitats               Null
Characterizat                5       2nd tier   PLANT_CAG                                                                                              commonly used range-wide including any daily,
ion Abstract:                                                                                                                                          seasonal, and geographic variation in habitat use.
Habitat

Global           2         None      1st tier   ANIMAL_CAG_ESTUARIN d_estuarine_habitat_id,     Estuarine       GESTUARINE       Animals only; Where   Estuarine habitat(s) that contribute significantly to   Null
Characterizat                                   E_HAB               estuarine_habitat_desc                                       applicable.           the survival or reproduction of the Element range-
ion Abstract:                                                                                                                                          wide.
Habitat

Global           2         None      1st tier   ANIMAL_CAG_LACUS_HA d_lacustrine_habitat_id,    Lacustrine      GLACUSTRINE      Animals only; Where   Lacustrine habitat(s) that contribute significantly to Null
Characterizat                                   B                   lacustrine_habitat_desc                                      applicable.           the survival or reproduction of the Element range-
ion Abstract:                                                                                                                                          wide.
Habitat

Global           2         None      1st tier   ANIMAL_CAG_MARINE_H d_marine_habitat_id,        Marine          GMARINE          Animals only; Where   Marine (salt-water) habitat(s) that contribute          Null
Characterizat                                   AB                  marine_habitat_desc                                          applicable.           significantly to the survival or reproduction of the
ion Abstract:                                                                                                                                          Element range-wide.
Habitat

Global           2         None      1st tier   ANIMAL_CAG_PALUS_HA d_palustrine_habitat_id,    Palustrine      GPALUSTRINE      Animals only; Where   Palustrine habitat(s) that contribute significantly to Null
Characterizat                                   B                   palustrine_habitat_desc                                      applicable.           the survival or reproduction of the Element range-
ion Abstract:                                                                                                                                          wide.
Habitat

Global           2         None      1st tier   ANIMAL_CAG_RIVERINE_ d_riverine_habitat_id,     Riverine        GRIVERINE        Animals only; Where   Riverine habitat(s) that contribute significantly to    Null
Characterizat                                   HAB                  riverine_habitat_desc                                       applicable.           the survival or reproduction of the Element range-
ion Abstract:                                                                                                                                          wide.
Habitat

Global           2         None      1st tier   ANIMAL_CAG_SPEC_FAC d_special_hab_factor_id, Special Habitat    GSPECFACTOR      Animals only; Where   Special habitat factor(s) that contribute significantly Null
Characterizat                                   TOR                 special_hab_factor_desc Factors                              applicable.           to the survival or reproduction of the Element
ion Abstract:                                                                                                                                          range-wide.
Habitat

Global           2         None      1st tier   ANIMAL_CAG_SUBTERR_ d_subterranean_habitat_ Subterranean        GSUBTERRAN       Animals only; Where   Subterranean habitat(s) that contribute significantly Null
Characterizat                                   HAB                 id,                                                          applicable.           to the survival or reproduction of the Element
ion Abstract:                                                       subterranean_habitat_de                                                            range-wide.
Habitat                                                             sc

Global           2         None      1st tier   ANIMAL_CAG_TERR_HAB d_terrestrial_habitat_id,   Terrestrial     GTERRESTRIAL     Animals only; Where   Terrestrial habitat(s) in which the Element is found Null
Characterizat                                                       terrestrial_habitat_desc                                     applicable.           range-wide.
ion Abstract:
Habitat




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                                                                                                                                                                                                October 1, 2004




Subject Area ANIMAL     PLANT      Fields:      Biotics 4 Table Name   Biotics 4 Column Name Biotics 4 Display BCD Field Name     Data Entry Comments      Definition (brief)                                   Biotics 4
              Element   Element    1st or                                                    Name                                                                                                               Optionali
              record    record     2nd tier                                                                                                                                                                     ty
              subset    subset
Global            4        None      2nd tier   ANIMAL_CAG_FOOD_HA     adult_ind               Adult             ADULT.FOODHAB Animals only; default       Indicates that the trophic type selected in the      Not Null
Characterizat                                   BITS                                                             ITS           value is "N".               associated Food Habits column is applicable to
ion Abstract:                                                                                                                                              adults of the taxon.
Food / Other
Ecology

Global           4         None      2nd tier   ANIMAL_CAG_FOOD_HA     immature_ind            Immature          IMMATURE.FOOD Animals only; default       Indicates that the trophic type selected in the      Not Null
Characterizat                                   BITS                                                             HABITS        value is "N".               associated Food Habits column is applicable to
ion Abstract:                                                                                                                                              immature individuals of the taxon.
Food / Other
Ecology

Global           4         None      2nd tier   ANIMAL_CAG_FOOD_HA     d_food_habits_id,       Food Habits       FOODHABITS       Animals only.            Trophic type(s) of the Element.                      Null
Characterizat                                   BITS                   food_habits_desc
ion Abstract:
Food / Other
Ecology

Global           4         None      2nd tier   ANIMAL_CAG             g_food_habits_com       Food Habits       GFOODCOM         Animals only.            Comments on food types, food location (e.g.,       Null
Characterizat                                                                                  Comments                                                    microhabitat), foraging methods/strategy, seasonal
ion Abstract:                                                                                                                                              and geographic variation in diet, and major
Food / Other                                                                                                                                               differences in diet among age classes (e.g., young
Ecology                                                                                                                                                    vs. adults) range-wide.

Global           4         None      2nd tier   ANIMAL_CAG             g_distant_migrant_ind   Distant Migrant   DISTMIGR          Animals only; default   Indicates that some populations of the taxon         Not Null
Characterizat                                                                                                                     value is "N".            annually migrate 200 km or more range-wide,
ion Abstract:
Migration /
Mobility

Global           4         None      2nd tier   ANIMAL_CAG             g_local_migrant_ind     Local Migrant     LOCALMIGR         Animals only; default   Indicates that the taxon, relative to daily movement Not Null
Characterizat                                                                                                                     value is "N".            patterns, makes local extended movements
ion Abstract:                                                                                                                                              (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of
Migration /                                                                                                                                                the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to
Mobility                                                                                                                                                   hibernation sites) range-wide.

Global           4         None      2nd tier   ANIMAL_CAG             g_non_migrant_ind       Nonmigrant        NONMIGR           Animals only; default   Indicates that at least some populations of the      Not Null
Characterizat                                                                                                                     value is "N".            taxon do not make significant seasonal
ion Abstract:                                                                                                                                              movements range-wide.
Migration /
Mobility

Global           4         None      2nd tier   ANIMAL_CAG             g_mobility_migration_co Mobility / Migration GMIGRCOM      Animals only.            Discussion of the seasonality, direction, distances, Null
Characterizat                                                          m                       Comments                                                    major routes, sociality/dispersion, daily timing, and
ion Abstract:                                                                                                                                              variability (e.g., between populations) in
Migration /                                                                                                                                                movement/migration patterns range-wide.
Mobility




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Subject Area ANIMAL     PLANT      Fields:      Biotics 4 Table Name   Biotics 4 Column Name Biotics 4 Display BCD Field Name   Data Entry Comments   Definition (brief)                                   Biotics 4
              Element   Element    1st or                                                    Name                                                                                                          Optionali
              record    record     2nd tier                                                                                                                                                                ty
              subset    subset
Global            4        None      2nd tier   ANIMAL_CAG_PHENOLO adult_ind                 Adult            ADULT.PHENOLO Animals only; default     Indicates that the type selected in the associated   Not Null
Characterizat                                   GY                                                            GY            value is "N".             Phenology column is applicable to adults of the
ion Abstract:                                                                                                                                         taxon.
Phenology

Global           4         None      2nd tier   ANIMAL_CAG_PHENOLO immature_ind              Immature         IMMATURE.PHEN Animals only; default     Indicates that the type selected in the associated   Not Null
Characterizat                                   GY                                                            OLOGY         value is "N".             Phenology column is applicable to immature
ion Abstract:                                                                                                                                         individuals of the taxon.
Phenology

Global           4         None      2nd tier   ANIMAL_CAG_PHENOLO d_animal_phenology_id, Phenology           PHENOLOGY         Animals only.         Phenology type(s) of the animal.                     Null
Characterizat                                   GY                 animal_phenology_desc
ion Abstract:
Phenology

Global           4         None      2nd tier   ANIMAL_CAG             g_phenology_com       Phenology        GPHENCOM          Animals only.         Summary of the seasonal variations of the Element Null
Characterizat                                                                                Comments                                                 as they occur range-wide.
ion Abstract:
Phenology

Global           4         None      2nd tier   ANIMAL_CAG             g_reproduction_com    Reproduction     GREPROCOM         Animals only.         Comments on the reproduction of the Element          Null
Characterizat                                                                                Comments                                                 range-wide.
ion Abstract:
Reproduction




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Benchmark Data Content Standards: Element National Fields (Lead Responsibility: NatureServe, or national entity as relevant)
Subject           ANIMAL       PLANT           Fields:    Biotics 4 Table      Biotics 4 Column     Biotics 4 Display     BCD Field Name    Data Entry Comments Definition (brief)                                                  Biotics 4
Area              Element      Element         1st or 2nd Name                 Name                 Name                                                                                                                            Optionality
                  record       record          tier
                  subset       subset
Record Key            1            1            1st tier   ELEMENT_NATIONA element_national_id      Element National ID   new in Biotics    Automatically generated Unique identifier for the ELEMENT NATIONAL record in the Not Null
                                                           L                                                                                in Biotics 4.           Biotics database system; used as the primary key.
Identifiers /            2            2         1st tier   NATION          iso_short_name           Nation                NATION            U.S. and Canada ONLY Nation where the Element is located.                        Not Null
Concept            5 (all other 4 (all other    2nd tier
                     nations      nations
                      where        where
                     native)      native)
Heritage              none            4         1st tier   ELEMENT_NATIONA n_rank                   National Rank         NRANK             U.S. and Canada ONLY; Relative rarity or endangerment of the taxon at the national      Not Null
Status                   2         None         2nd tier   L                                                                                National Rank not NNR level.

Heritage              none          4           1st tier   ELEMENT_NATIONA n_rank_change_date National Rank               NRANKDATE         U.S. and Canada ONLY Date on which the NRANK was either entered or changed in Null
Status                  2          None         2nd tier   L                                  Change Date                                                        this Element Tracking record.
Heritage              none          4           1st tier   ELEMENT_NATIONA n_rank_review_date National Rank               NREVDATE          U.S. and Canada ONLY Date on which the NRANK was last reviewed (i.e., assigned, Null
Status                  2          None         2nd tier   L                                  Review Date                                                        reaffirmed, or changed) by the lead responsible office.

Heritage              none          4           1st tier   ELEMENT_NATIONA rounded_n_rank           National Rounded      ROUNDED.NRAN U.S. and Canada ONLY; Rank for the Element that is more easily interpreted than the Null
Status                  2          None         2nd tier   L                                        Rank                  K            Calculated automatically NRANK from which it is derived.
                                                                                                                                       in Biotics.

Heritage                2             2         1st tier   TAXON_NATL_DIST d_origin_id,             National Origin       new in Biotics    U.S. and Canada ONLY Indicates whether the plant taxon is native or exotic in a         Not Null
Status                  5       4 (all other    2nd tier                   origin_desc                                                                           particular region.
                                  nations
                                   where
                                  native)
Heritage                2             2         1st tier   TAXON_NATL_DIST d_regularity_id,         National Regularity   new in Biotics    U.S. and Canada ONLY Indicates the regularity of occurrence of the species Element Not Null
Status                  5       4 (all other    2nd tier                   regularity_desc                                                                       in the nation.
                                  nations
                                   where
                                  native)
Heritage                2             2         1st tier   TAXON_NATL_DIST d_dist_confidence_id, National Distribution    new in Biotics    U.S. and Canada ONLY Indicates the confidence that the Element was ever (either         Not Null
Status                  5       4 (all other    2nd tier                   dist_confidence_cd    Confidence                                                      currently or in the past) present in the nation.
                                  nations
                                   where
                                  native)
Heritage                2             2         1st tier   TAXON_NATL_DIST d_curr_presence_abs National Current           new in Biotics    U.S. and Canada ONLY Indicates the current presence of the Element in the nation.       Not Null
Status                  5       4 (all other    2nd tier                   ence_id,            Presence/Absence
                                  nations                                  curr_presence_absen
                                   where                                   ce_desc
                                  native)
Heritage                2          None         1st tier   TAXON_NATL_DIST d_population_id,         National Population   new in Biotics    Animals only             Indicates the type of residency that characterizes populations Null
Status                  5          None         2nd tier                   population_desc                                                                           of the animal Element to which distribution information
                                                                                                                                                                     (entered in the associated Origin, Regularity, Distribution
                                                                                                                                                                     Confidence, Current Presence/Absence columns) pertains.

National                1            1          1st tier   TAXON_NATIONAL      d_cosewic_id,        COSEWIC               NPROT             Canada (where            The at-risk category, developed by the Committee on the        Null
Status                                                                         cosewic_cd                                                   applicable)              Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC),
                                                                                                                                                                     appropriate for the Element.




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                                                                                                                                                                                                          October 1, 2004




Subject      ANIMAL     PLANT       Fields:    Biotics 4 Table      Biotics 4 Column      Biotics 4 Display      BCD Field Name   Data Entry Comments Definition (brief)                                            Biotics 4
Area         Element    Element     1st or 2nd Name                 Name                  Name                                                                                                                      Optionality
             record     record      tier
             subset     subset
National         1          1         1st tier   TAXON_NATIONAL     cosewic_date          COSEWIC Status         new in Biotics   Canada (where         Date that the Element was assigned its most current at-risk Null
Status                                                                                    Date                                    applicable)           status according to the Committee on the Status of
                                                                                                                                                        Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) (recorded in the
                                                                                                                                                        associated COSEWIC Status field). Dates are entered only
                                                                                                                                                        for taxa and populations that are specifically named in the
                                                                                                                                                        Canadian Species At Risk list.
National          1          1        1st tier   TAXON_NATIONAL     general_status_com    National General       new in Biotics   Canada (where         Comments that describe the legal protection afforded the    Null
Status                                                                                    Status Comments                         applicable)           Element at the national level.
National          1          1        1st tier   TAXON_NATIONAL     interpreted_cosewic   National Interpreted   new in Biotics   Canada (where         Current status of the taxon according to the at-risk        Null
Status                                                                                    COSEWIC Status                          applicable)           categories developed by the Committee on the Status of
                                                                                                                                                        Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) as interpreted
                                                                                                                                                        by NatureServe Central Sciences at the subnational level.
                                                                                                                                                        COSEWIC status can be interpreted across the Canadian
                                                                                                                                                        range of the taxon or within each province of occurrence.

National          1          1        1st tier   TAXON_NATIONAL     interpreted_cosewic_ National Interpreted    new in Biotics   Canada (where         Date that the interpreted at-risk status of the Element     Null
Status                                                              date                 COSEWIC Status                           applicable)           according to the Committee on the Status of Endangered
                                                                                         Date                                                           Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC)




           f243c402-9e4f-40ca-aba8-c63492abea04.xls - element_national                                                                                                                                      Page 13 of 22
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              October 1, 2004




Benchmark Data Content Standards: Element Subnational Fields
(Lead Responsibility Member Programs; each member program is only responsible for records tracked by their subnation)
Subject Area        ANIMAL       PLANT        Fields: 1st Biotics 4 Table Name   Biotics 4 Column Name    Biotics 4 Display Name    BCD Field Name Data Entry Comments            Definition (brief)                                        Biotics 4
                    Element      Element      or 2nd tier                                                                                                                                                                                   Optionality
                    record       record
                    subset       subset
Record Key               2          6 and 3    1st tier    ELEMENT_SUBNATIO      element_subnational_id   Element Subnational ID    new in Biotics    Automatically generated in Unique identifier for the ELEMENT SUBNATIONAL Not Null
                         5                     2nd tier    NAL                                                                                        Biotics 4.                 record in the Biotics database system; used as the
Identifiers /            1            1        1st tier    SCIENTIFIC_NAME       scientific_name          Subnational Scientific    SNAME                                        Scientific name of the Element at the subnational level. Not Null
Concept                                                                                                   Name
Identifiers /            2         6 and 3     1st tier    SUBNATION             subnation_name           Subnation                 STATE             U.S. and Canada ONLY        The state, province, or other subnational jurisdiction to Not Null
Concept                  5                     2nd tier                                                                                                                           which the data in this Element Tracking record applies.

                                                                                                                                                                                  NatureServe Central will maintain complete
                                                                                                                                                                                  subnational distribution (element_subnational records)
                                                                                                                                                                                  for all subnations in the U.S. and Canada; each
                                                                                                                                                                                  member program is expected to maintain
                                                                                                                                                                                  element_subnational records for their subnation in each
                                                                                                                                                                                  indicated subset of records.

Heritage Status          2            4        1st tier    ELEMENT_SUBNATIO      s_rank                   Subnational Rank          SRANK             Subnational Rank not  Relative rarity or endangerment of the taxon at the             Not Null
                         5            5        2nd tier    NAL                                                                                        SNR.                  subnational level.
Heritage Status          2            4        1st tier    ELEMENT_SUBNATIO      s_rank_change_date       Subnational Rank Change SRANKDATE                                 Date on which the Heritage Conservation Status Rank             Null
                         5            5        2nd tier    NAL                                            Date                                                              at the subnational level was either entered or changed
Heritage Status          2            4        1st tier    ELEMENT_SUBNATIO      s_rank_review_date       Subnational Rank Review SREVDATE                                  Date on which the Heritage Conservation Status Rank             Null
                         5            5        2nd tier    NAL                                            Date                                                              at the subnational level was last reviewed (i.e.,
Heritage Status          2            4        1st tier    ELEMENT_SUBNATIO      rounded_s_rank           Subnational Rounded      ROUNDED.SRA Calculated automatically in Rank for the Element that is more easily interpreted             Null
                         5            5        2nd tier    NAL                                            Rank                     NK             Biotics.                  than the s_rank (which frequently includes qualifiers or
Heritage Status          1            1        1st tier    ELEMENT_SUBNATIO      s_data_sensitive_ind     Data Sensitive Element   new in Biotics Where applicable. Default Indicates that information on the Element in this               Not Null
                                                           NAL                                                                                    value is "N".             occurrence is sensitive and should be restricted from
                                                                                                                                                                            unsecured use.
Heritage Status          1            1         1st tier   ELEMENT_SUBNATIO      d_eo_track_status_id,    Element Occurrence       SEOTRACK                                 Indicates whether occurrences (i.e., EOs) of the                Null
                                                           NAL                   eo_track_status_cd       Tracking                                                          Element are tracked by the subnation.
Heritage Status        2 and 3     6 and 3     1st tier    TAXON_SUBNATL_DIS     d_origin_id,             Subnational Origin       new in Biotics                           Indicates whether the plant taxon is native or exotic in        Not Null
                          5                    2nd tier    T                     origin_desc                                                                                a particular subnation.
Heritage Status        2 and 3     6 and 3     1st tier    TAXON_SUBNATL_DIS     d_regularity_id,         Subnational Regularity   new in Biotics                           Indicates the regularity of occurrence of the species           Not Null
                          5                    2nd tier    T                     regularity_desc                                                                            Element in the subnation.
Heritage Status        2 and 3     6 and 3     1st tier    TAXON_SUBNATL_DIS     d_dist_confidence_id,    Subnational Distribution new in Biotics                           Indicates the confidence that the Element was ever              Not Null
                          5                    2nd tier    T                     dist_confidence_cd       Confidence                                                        (either currently or in the past) present in the
Heritage Status           2        6 and 3     1st tier    TAXON_SUBNATL_DIS     d_curr_presence_absence Subnational Current       new in Biotics U.S. and Canada ONLY      Indicates the current presence of the Element in the            Not Null
                          5                    2nd tier    T                     _id,                     Presence/Absence                                                  subnation.
                                                                                 curr_presence_absence_de
                                                                                 sc
Heritage Status        2 and 3      None       1st tier    TAXON_SUBNATL_DIS     d_population_id,         Subnational Population   new in Biotics                           Indicates the type of residency that characterizes              Null
                          5                    2nd tier    T                     population_desc          (animals only)                                                    populations of the animal Element to which
Heritage Status        2 and 3     6 and 3     1st tier    ELEMENT_SUBNATIO      d_endemism_id,           Subnational Endemic      new in Biotics                           Indicates whether the Element is endemic to the                 Null
                          5                    2nd tier    NAL                   endemism_cd                                                                                subnation.
Subnational               1           1        1st tier    TAXON_SUBNATIONA      prov_interpreted_cosewic Subnational Interpreted  new in Biotics CANADA: Where             Current status of the taxon according to the at-risk            Null
Status:                                                    L                                              COSEWIC Status                          applicable.               categories developed by the Committee on the Status
COSEWIC                                                                                                                                                                     of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) as
                                                                                                                                                                            interpreted at the subnational level. COSEWIC status
                                                                                                                                                                            can be interpreted across the Canadian range of the
                                                                                                                                                                            taxon or within each province of occurrence.




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Subject Area        ANIMAL    PLANT       Fields: 1st Biotics 4 Table Name    Biotics 4 Column Name      Biotics 4 Display Name    BCD Field Name Data Entry Comments              Definition (brief)                                       Biotics 4
                    Element   Element     or 2nd tier                                                                                                                                                                                       Optionality
                    record    record
                    subset    subset
Subnational              1         1        1st tier   TAXON_SUBNATIONA prov_interpreted_cosewic Subnational Interpreted           new in Biotics   CANADA: Where                Date that the interpreted at-risk status of the Element   Null
Status:                                                L                _date                    COSEWIC Status Date                                applicable.                  according to the Committee on the Status of
COSEWIC                                                                                                                                                                          Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) (entered
                                                                                                                                                                                 in the associated Interpreted COSEWIC Status field)
                                                                                                                                                                                 was determined.
Subnational            1           1        1st tier   TAXON_SUBNATIONA state_interpreted_usesa          Subnational Interpreted   new in Biotics   UNITED STATES: Where Current status of the taxon under the U.S. Endangered Null
Status: USESA                                          L                                                 USESA Status                               applicable.                  Species Act (USESA) as interpreted at the subnational
                                                                                                                                                    For details please see "U.S. level. USESA status can be interpreted for a taxon
                                                                                                                                                    Endangered Species Act       across its entire range (i.e., globally) or in a specific
                                                                                                                                                    (USESA) Status: Data         nation or state.
                                                                                                                                                    Management Guidelines".
                                                                                                                                                                                 USESA status for Elements that have different statuses
                                                                                                                                                                                 within a state and/or have experimental non-essential
                                                                                                                                                                                 populations entered in the EO field
                                                                                                                                                                                 “eo_interpreted_usesa_status”
Subnational            1           1        1st tier   TAXON_SUBNATIONA state_interpreted_usesa_d Subnational Interpreted          new in Biotics   UNITED STATES: Where Date that the interpreted status of the taxon designated Null
Status: USESA                                          L                ate                       USESA Status Date                                 applicable.                  under the U.S. Endangered Species Act (USESA)
                                                                                                                                                    For details please see "U.S. (entered in the associated Interpreted USESA Status
                                                                                                                                                    Endangered Species Act       field) was determined.
                                                                                                                                                    (USESA) Status: Data
                                                                                                                                                    Management Guidelines".


Subnational            1           1        1st tier   TAXON_SUBNATIONA state_usesa_com                  Subnational USESA         new in Biotics   UNITED STATES: Where           Any comments necessary to explain the designated or      Null
Status: USESA                                          L                                                 Comments                                   applicable.                    interpreted status of the taxon under the U.S.
                                                                                                                                                    For details please see "U.S.   Endangered Species Act (USESA) (entered in the
                                                                                                                                                    Endangered Species Act         associated USESA Status and Interpreted USESA
                                                                                                                                                    (USESA) Status: Data           Status fields, respectively).
                                                                                                                                                    Management Guidelines".


Subnational            1           1        1st tier   ELEMENT_SUBNATIO       s_protection_status        Subnational Protection    SPROT            Where applicable.              Status for taxa on official state, provincial, or tribal  Null
Status:                                                NAL                                               Status                                                                    threatened or endangered lists, or taxa with comparable
Protection Status                                                                                                                                   When possible, all other       legal status at the subnational level that may afford the
                                                                                                                                                    statuses should be entered     taxon some protection or special consideration.
                                                                                                                                                    in the "Other Status" grid
                                                                                                                                                    (EL_SUBNATL_AGENC
                                                                                                                                                    Y_STATUS table)
Subnational            1           1        1st tier   ELEMENT_SUBNATIO       s_protection_status_date   Subnational Protection    new in Biotics   Where applicable.              Date the protection status (entered in the associated    Null
Status:                                                NAL                                               Status Date                                                               Protection Status field) for the Element became
Protection Status                                                                                                                                                                  effective.




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Benchmark Data Content Standards: Element Occurrence Fields (Lead Responsibility: Member Programs)
Subject       Fields: 1st or Biotics 4 Table   Biotics 4 Column    Biotics 4 Display   BCD Field Name Data Entry Comments                Definition (brief)                              Biotics 4
Area          2nd tier       Name              Name                Name                                                                                                                  Optionality
EO:           2nd tier       EO                eo_type_bcd         EO Type BCD         EOTYPE         Should be phased out for EOs       Previous Heritage methodology: type name        Null
Description                                                                                           created in the new                 used in the Biological and Conservation Data
                                                                                                      methodology, therefore will        system (BCD) that describes this EO for
                                                                                                      increasingly be “null”.            species (typically migratory animals).

                                                                                                      Replaced by the Location Use
                                                                                                      Class and Source Feature
                                                                                                      Descriptor fields.
EO:           1st tier       EO                gen_desc            General             GENDESC        Only if relevant; will be “null”   General description of the area where the EO Null
Description                                                        Description                        for many EO records                is located (i.e., the physical setting/context
                                                                                                      (particularly historical EOs).     surrounding the EO).
EO:           2nd tier       EO                obs_area_acres      EO Observed Area                   Only if known and relevant.        The total area of the Element Occurrence       Null
Description                                    obs_area_hectares                                                                         (EO), which is measured or estimated during
                                                                                                                                         field work.

                                                                                                                                         For an EO representation (EO rep)
                                                                                                                                         comprised of a single Source Feature, the
                                                                                                                                         EO observed area is equivalent to the entry
                                                                                                                                         in the Observed Feature Area field for that
                                                                                                                                         Source Feature. However, for an EO rep
                                                                                                                                         comprised of multiple Source Features, the
                                                                                                                                         EO observed area equals the sum of
                                                                                                                                         observed feature areas for all component
                                                                                                                                         Source Features. Note that, in most cases,
                                                                                                                                         the EO observed area is not equivalent to
                                                                                                                                         that of the EO rep since the representation
                                                                                                                                         feature incorporates any locational
                                                                                                                                         uncertainty associated with the data.

EO:         2nd tier         EO_SPECIMEN       specimen_desc       Specimen            SPECIMENS      Only if known and relevant.        Citation(s) for old specimens or other          Null
Documentati                                                                                                                              vouchers for this EO.
on




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Subject       Fields: 1st or Biotics 4 Table   Biotics 4 Column    Biotics 4 Display   BCD Field Name Data Entry Comments                  Definition (brief)                           Biotics 4
Area          2nd tier       Name              Name                Name                                                                                                                 Optionality
EO: EO        1st tier: High EO                d_basic_eo_rank_id, Basic EO Rank       EORANK           Used to exclude historical /     Relative value of the EO with respect to other Null
Rank          priority to                      basic_eo_rank_cd,                                        extirpated / failed to find EOs occurrences of the Element, based on an
              indicate X, H                    basic_eo_rank_desc                                       from certain projects; therefore assessment of estimated viability.
              or F.                                                                                     of particular concern for
                                                                                                        Elements with srank “SH” or
              2nd tier: If EO                                                                           “SX” and eorank not “H” or “X”.
              is extant and
              information is
              available,
              assign A-D
              ranks
              (including
              range ranks)
              rather than E.
EO: EO        1st tier          EO             d_origin_subrank_id, Origin Subrank     new in Biotics   Only if relevant; will be “null”   Whether the EO is not (or is possibly not)        Null
Rank                                           origin_subrank_cd,                                       for most EO records.               native to that location or natural in origin.
                                               origin_subrank_desc


EO:           1st tier          EO             d_id_confirmed_id,   Identification     IDENT            Only if relevant; Used to          Taxonomic identification of this EO has been Null
Identifiers                                    id_confirmed_cd,     Confirmed                           exclude records known to be        confirmed by a reliable individual.
                                               id_confirmed_desc                                        incorrectly identified from
                                                                                                        projects.                          “Null” value indicates that the identification of
                                                                                                                                           the Element has not been checked.
EO:           1st tier          EO             data_sensitive_eo_in Data Sensitive EO DATASENS          Only if relevant; Used to          Locational information on this EO is sensitive Not Null
Identifiers                                    d                                                        exclude records from some          and should be restricted from unsecured use.
                                                                                                        projects.

                                                                                                        Default value is “N” for “not
                                                                                                        sensitive”.
EO:           2nd tier          EO             data_sensitive_reas Reason EO Data      DATASENS         Only if relevant                   Explanation of why locational information on      Null
Identifiers                                    ons                 Sensitive                            (eo.data_sensitive_eo_ind =        this EO is sensitive and restricted.
                                                                                                        „Y‟);

                                                                                                        will be “null” for most EO
                                                                                                        records.
EO:           1st tier          EO             Eo_id                EO ID              new in Biotics   Automatically generated in         Unique identifier for the ELEMENT                 Not Null
Identifiers                                                                                             Biotics 4.                         OCCURRENCE record in the Biotics
                                                                                                                                           database system; used as the primary key.

EO:           1st tier          EO             eo_num               EO Number          EONUM                                               Number that identifies this particular            Null
Identifiers                                                                                                                                occurrence of the Element.




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Subject       Fields: 1st or Biotics 4 Table    Biotics 4 Column    Biotics 4 Display   BCD Field Name Data Entry Comments                   Definition (brief)                                  Biotics 4
Area          2nd tier       Name               Name                Name                                                                                                                         Optionality
EO:           1st tier       EO                 precision_bcd       Precision_BCD       PRECISION        Legacy field for EOs that were Single-letter code for the precision used to             Null
Identifiers                                                                                              created in the previous        map the EO on a topo map, based on the
                                                                                                         methodology (as represented previous Heritage methodology.
                                                                                                         by BCD).

                                                                                                         Does not need to be entered
                                                                                                         for EOs created or edited to
                                                                                                         follow the new EO
                                                                                                         methodology, therefore will
                                                                                                         increasingly be “null”.
EO:           2nd tier       EO                 principal_eo_shape_ Principal EO ID     new in Biotics   Only if relevant; will be “null”    When this EO is a sub-EO, the unique                Null
Identifiers                                     id                                                       for most EO records.                identifier (i.e., EO ID) for the parent principal
                                                                                                                                             EO that contains it.
EO:           1st tier       EO_COUNTY          d_county_id,         County Name        COUNTYNAME                                           County(ies) within which the EO is located.         Null
Locators                                        county_name
EO:           1st tier       EO_COUNTY          d_county_id,         State and County   new in Biotics    Populated automatically in         U.S. FIPS codes that represent the counties         Null
Locators                                        state_county_fips_cd FIPS Code                           Biotics from County domain          where the EO is located.
                                                                                                         table.
EO:           1st tier       EO_MAPSHEET        d_mapsheet_id,      Mapsheet Code       QUADCODE                                             Code for U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)     Null
Locators                                        mapsheet_cd                                                                                  topographic quadrangle maps or Canadian
                                                                                                                                             National Topographic System (NTS) maps on
                                                                                                                                             which the EO is located.
EO:           1st tier       EO_MAPSHEET        d_mapsheet_id,      Mapsheet Name       QUADNAME          Populated automatically in         Name of topographic map on which the EO is Null
Locators                                        mapsheet_name                                            Biotics from Mampsheet              located.
                                                                                                         domain table.
EO:           1st tier       EO_WATERSHED d_watershed_id,           Watershed Code      WATERSHED        U.S. ONLY: USGS Hydrologic Code for the watershed(s) within which the                   Null
Locators                                  watershed_cd                                                   Unit Map 8-digit code; if       EO is located.
                                                                                                         hydrologic subunits are tracked
                                                                                                         by the agency, the expanded
                                                                                                         11-digit code(s) can be used
                                                                                                         instead.

                                                                                                         OTHER NATIONS: local
                                                                                                         national standard (as
                                                                                                         available)
EO:           1st tier       EO_WATERSHED d_watershed_id,           Watershed Name      new in Biotics    Populated automatically in         Name of the watershed(s) within which the           Null
Locators                                  watershed_desc                                                 Biotics from Watershed              EO is located.
                                                                                                         domain table.
EO:           1st tier       EO                 latitude            Latitude            LAT              7 characters in Degrees /           Latitude of the centrum of the EO.                  Null
Locators                                                                                                 Minutes / Seconds

                                                                                                         With: (a) leading zeros if
                                                                                                         relevant, (b) the correct final N
                                                                                                         / S character




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Subject       Fields: 1st or Biotics 4 Table    Biotics 4 Column     Biotics 4 Display    BCD Field Name Data Entry Comments                   Definition (brief)                              Biotics 4
Area          2nd tier       Name               Name                 Name                                                                                                                      Optionality
EO:           1st tier       EO                 longitude            Longitude            LONG             8 characters in Degrees /           Longitude of the centrum of the EO.             Null
Locators                                                                                                   Minutes / Seconds

                                                                                                           With: (a) leading zeros if
                                                                                                           relevant, (b) the correct final E
                                                                                                           / W character
EO:           2nd tier       EO_TRS             meridian             Meridian             MERIDIAN         Only for subnations where         United States rectangular land survey (Public     Null
Locators                                                                                                   rectangular land surveys apply. Land Survey System) meridian used to
                                                                                                                                             reference the location of the EO.
EO:           2nd tier       EO_TRS             section              Section              SECTION          Only for subnations where         United States rectangular land survey (Public     Null
Locators                                                                                                   rectangular land surveys apply. Land Survey System) legal section
                                                                                                                                             division(s).
EO:           2nd tier       EO_TRS             town_range           Town Range           TOWNRANGE        Only for subnations where         United States rectangular land survey (Public     Null
Locators                                                                                                   rectangular land surveys apply. Land Survey System) legal township and
                                                                                                                                             range descriptions.
EO: MA /      2nd tier       EO_OWNER           d_owner_type_id,    Owner Type            OWNERCODE         Only if known and relevant.      Code for the type of owner (federal,              Null
Ownership                                       owner_type_cd,                                                                               subnational, local, etc.)
                                                owner_type_desc
EO:           1st tier       EO                 eo_interpreted_uses EO Interpreted        new in Biotics   U.S. ONLY: Develop and              The status designated under the U.S.            Null
Protection                                      a_status            USESA Status                           maintain interpreted USESA          Endangered Species Act (USESA) as it
                                                                                                           status for Elements that have       applies to the specific EO; if the USESA
                                                                                                           different statuses within a state   status is the same within the entire subnation,
                                                                                                           and/or have experimental non-       then the appropriate status is entered in the
                                                                                                           essential populations. For          Element_Subnationl level field
                                                                                                           details please see "U.S.            Subnational_Interpreted_USESA and this EO-
                                                                                                           Endangered Species Act              level USESA field is left blank (null).
                                                                                                           (USESA) Status: Data
                                                                                                           Management Guidelines".

EO:          1st tier        EO                 d_est_rep_accuracy Estimated              new in Biotics   Not required to back-populate       Approximate percentage of the EO           Null
Representati                                    _id                Representation                          EOs that were converted in          Representation (EO Rep) that was observed
on Detail                                                          Accuracy                                bulk during Biotics installation,   to be occupied by the Element (versus area
                                                                                                           unless member programs              added for locational uncertainty).
                                                                                                           chooses to

EO:          1st tier        EO                 rep_accuracy_com     Representation       new in Biotics    Only if relevant; will be “null”   Comments related to the value in the          Null
Representati                                                         Accuracy                              for many EO records.                Estimated Representation Accuracy field for
on Detail                                                            Comments                                                                  the EO rep.
EO:          2nd tier        EO                 separation_com       Separation           new in Biotics    Only if relevant; will be “null”   Explanation of methods used to separate this Null
Representati                                                         Comments                              for many EO records                 EO from another, particularly when the
on Detail                                                                                                                                      separation distances provided in the EO
                                                                                                                                               Specifications record for the Element are not
                                                                                                                                               used.
EO:          2nd tier        EO                 d_mj_spatial_rep_id, Multi-Jurisdictional new in Biotics   Only if relevant; will be “null”    For multi-jurisdictional EOs, indicates       Null
Representati                                    mj_spatial_rep_desc Spatial                                for most EO records.                whether the EO rep depicts the full extent of
on Extent                                                            Representation                                                            the occurrence (i.e., extends across one or
                                                                                                                                               more jurisdictional boundaries).




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Subject      Fields: 1st or Biotics 4 Table   Biotics 4 Column         Biotics 4 Display BCD Field Name Data Entry Comments                      Definition (brief)                        Biotics 4
Area         2nd tier       Name              Name                     Name                                                                                                                Optionality
EO:          2nd tier       EO                d_multi_jurisdictional   Multi-Jurisdictional new in Biotics Only if relevant; will be “null”      Whether the EO extends across one or more Null
Representati                                  _id,                                                         for most EO records.                  jurisdictional boundaries.
on Extent                                     multi_jurisdictional_d
                                              esc
EO:          1st tier       EO                d_confidence_extent      Confidence Extent new in Biotics       For all pre-Biotics EOs that       Whether the full extent of the Element is       Null
Representati                                  _id                                                             currently are blank for this       known at that location.
on Extent                                     confidence_extent_d                                             field, can potentially do a bulk
                                              esc                                                             replace to update these nulls
                                                                                                              to „Unknown‟.
EO:          2nd tier       EO                multi_juris_collab_co Multi-Jurisdiction     new in Biotics     Only if relevant; will be “null”   Describe collaboration between jurisdictions Null
Representati                                  m                     Collaboration                             for most EO records.               that share a multi-jurisdictional EO, including
on Extent                                                           Comments                                                                     which agency has taken responsibility for
                                                                                                                                                 maintaining the principal EO record for the
                                                                                                                                                 occurrence.
EO: Site /    1st tier      EO_SURVEY_SIT survey_site_name             Survey Site         SURVEYSITE          Only if relevant.                 Name of the survey site where the EO is         Null
Directions                  E                                                                                                                    located, in cases when a formal Conservation
                                                                                                                                                 Site design has not been completed.

EO: Sources 2nd tier        SOURCE_FEATU      d_location_use_clas location use class       new in Biotics     Used where applicable for        Descriptive label assigned to observed areas      Null
                            RE                s_id,                                                           migratory animals only.          (i.e. Source Features) of migratory animal
                                              location_use_class_                                                                              species that utilize geographically and
                                              desc                                                                                             seasonally disjunct locations.
EO: Sources 1st tier        SOURCE_FEATU      d_loc_uncertainty_ty Locational              new in Biotics                                      Indicates the type of inaccuracy in the           Not Null
                            RE                pe                   Uncertainty Type                                                            mapped location of an observation (i.e.,
                                                                                                                                               Source Feature) compared with its actual on-
                                                                                                                                               the-ground location. This is determined on
                                                                                                                                               the basis of the underlying observation data
                                                                                                                                               (specifically its size as compared with the
                                                                                                                                               minimum mapping unit (mmu), indicated as
                                                                                                                                               the conceptual feature type), and the amount
                                                                                                                                               and direction of the variability between the
                                                                                                                                               recorded and actual locations. Values are:
                                                                                                                                               Negligible, Linear, Areal Delimited, or Areal
                                                                                                                                               Estimated
EO: Sources 1st tier        SOURCE_FEATU      loc_uncertainty_dista Locational             new in Biotics     Only if relevant; will be "null" Estimated distance to be applied as a buffer      Null
                            RE                nce                   Uncertainty                               for locational uncertainty types representing the locational uncertainty
                                                                    Distance                                  other than areal-estimated       associated with a feature having areal
                                                                                                                                               estimated uncertainty.
EO: Survey    1st tier      EO                eo_data                  EO data             EODATA                                              Data collected on the biology of this EO,         Null
Information                                                                                                                                    including the number of individuals, vigor,
                                                                                                                                               habitat, soils, associated species, peculiar
                                                                                                                                               characteristics.




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Subject       Fields: 1st or Biotics 4 Table   Biotics 4 Column     Biotics 4 Display   BCD Field Name Data Entry Comments              Definition (brief)                              Biotics 4
Area          2nd tier       Name              Name                 Name                                                                                                                Optionality
EO: Survey    2nd tier       EO                first_obs_date       First Observation   FIRSTOBS        Where possible, dates should Date that the EO was first reported at the         Null
Information                                                         Date                                be entered in YYYY-MM-DD       site, where known. The first observation date
                                                                                                        format; text is allowed, but   may not be available for many EO records.
                                                                                                        entering the first four
                                                                                                        characters as a numerical year
                                                                                                        facilitates search and
                                                                                                        analyses. If the date is not
                                                                                                        known, the recommended
                                                                                                        entry is "No Date"

EO: Survey    1st tier       EO                last_obs_date        Last Observation    LASTOBS         Where possible, dates should Date that the EO was last observed to be           Null
Information                                                         Date                                be entered in YYYY-MM-DD       extant at the site, where known.
                                                                                                        format; text is allowed, but
                                                                                                        entering the first four
                                                                                                        characters as a numerical year
                                                                                                        facilitates search and
                                                                                                        analyses. If the date is not
                                                                                                        known, the recommended
                                                                                                        entry is "No Date"

EO: Survey    1st tier       EO                survey_date          Survey Date         SURVEYDATE      Where possible, dates should Date of the last (i.e., the most recent) field     Null
Information                                                                                             be entered in YYYY-MM-DD       survey for the EO, regardless of whether it
                                                                                                        format; text is allowed, but   was found during the visit.
                                                                                                        entering the first four
                                                                                                        characters as a numerical year
                                                                                                        facilitates search and
                                                                                                        analyses. If the date is not
                                                                                                        known, the recommended
                                                                                                        entry is "No Date"

EO: Version 2nd tier         EO                d_data_qc_status_id Data QC Status      QC                                               Quality Control (QC) status of the tabular  Null
/ QC                                           ,                                                                                        data associated with the Element Occurrence
                                               data_qc_status_des                                                                       (EO).
                                               c
EO: Version 2nd tier         SHAPE             d_map_qc_status_id Map QC Status        new in Biotics                                   Quality Control (QC) status of the              Null
/ QC                                           ,                                                                                        mapped/digitized Element Occurrence
                                               map_qc_status_des                                                                        Representation (EO Rep).
                                               c
EO: Version 2nd tier         EO                lead_resp           Lead Responsibility LEADRESP                                         Office or agency that is responsible for        Null
/ QC                                                                                                                                    keeping the data in this EO record current.
EO: Version 2nd tier         EO                version_date         Version Date        EDITION                                         Date of the current version of this Element     Null
/ QC                                                                                                                                    Occurrence (EO) record (i.e., the date that
                                                                                                                                        this record was first completed, or since then,
                                                                                                                                        comprehensively revised).
Managed       2nd tier       MA                managed_area_nam Managed Area            MANAME           Only if relevant (EO is on a   Unique, official full name assigned for a       Null
Area:                                          e                Name                                    managed area); will be “null”   Managed Area.
Identifiers                                                                                             for many EO records.




          f243c402-9e4f-40ca-aba8-c63492abea04.xls - element_occurrence                                                                                                        Page 21 of 22
                                                                                                                                                                         October 1, 2004



Subject       Fields: 1st or Biotics 4 Table   Biotics 4 Column  Biotics 4 Display   BCD Field Name Data Entry Comments             Definition (brief)                              Biotics 4
Area          2nd tier       Name              Name              Name                                                                                                               Optionality
Managed       2nd tier       MA                managed_area_type Managed Area        MATYPE          Only if relevant (EO is on a   Code for the type of manager.                   Null
Area:                                                            Type                               managed area); will be “null”
Identifiers                                                                                         for many EO records.
Site:         2nd tier       CONSERVATION_ site_name               Site Name         SITENAME        Only if relevant.              Unique, official full name assigned for a Site. Null
Identifiers                  SITE                                                                                                   Generally, local place names should be
                                                                                                                                    utilized in naming Sites when available, and
                                                                                                                                    names of features on topographic maps
                                                                                                                                    should be used when they are not.




          f243c402-9e4f-40ca-aba8-c63492abea04.xls - element_occurrence                                                                                                    Page 22 of 22

				
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