English 3 College Prep by qingyunliuliu

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									English 3 College Prep

    SAT “Hot Words”
       Lesson 1
          ABERRATION
– We were convinced that Ed’s poor test marks
  were an aberration, and that he would do better
  next time.
– The scientists looked for a possible aberration
  in the laboratory animal’s behavior after
  administering the experimental drug.
– Sandra’s father’s forgetfulness was not an
  aberration but the onset of Alzheimer’s disease.
      ABERRATION
              noun
A deviating from the right path or
unusual course of action; a mental
disorder, especially of a minor or
        temporary nature
             ABSTINENCE
• After years of indulgence, it was difficult
  for Eric to follow his doctor’s directive of
  complete abstinence from liquor.
• Myra’s abstinence from cake, candy, and
  ice cream led to a dramatic weight loss.
• I believed the alcoholic would soon forget
  his pledge of abstinence.
      ABSTINENCE

              Noun
The giving up of certain pleasures
      such as food or drink.
               ABSTRACT
• I prefer realistic art to abstract paintings,
  which are totally confusing to me.
• To him, hunger was an abstract concept,
  having never missed a meal himself.
• The original document was 60 pages long,
  so I appreciated Sid’s concise abstract.
         ABSTRACT
              Adjective
Theoretical, not applied or practical;
not concrete; hard to understand (as a
  noun, abstract means summary)
               ACCLAIM
• Jonas Salk won great acclaim for his
  medical discoveries.
• With acclaim ringing in their ears, the
  winners left the court.
• The minister intended to acclaim the
  philanthropist at her funeral.
         ACCLAIM
                 Noun
Loud applause; approval (When used
  as a verb it means to applaud; to
                praise)
             ACQUIESCE
• The president said that we will never
  acquiesce to the demands of terrorists.
• Although many members were critical
  about the issue, when it came to a vote they
  acquiesced.
• When the merchant saw that we were ready
  to acquiesce, he rubbed his hands with great
  glee.
         AQUIESCE
                Verb
    To accept the conclusions or
arrangements of others; to accede; to
   give consent by keeping silent.
              ADMONISH
• This is the last time I plan to admonish you
  about coming late to work.
• Aunt Sue never failed to admonish my
  cousins about their poor table manners.
• The Holocaust survivor admonished the
  audience with his closing words, “Never
  again!”
         ADMONISH

                Verb
To advise against something; to warn;
  to scold gently; to urge strongly.
               ADVOCATE
• He advocates higher salaries for teachers, hoping
  competitive pay scales will make the teaching
  profession more attractive to college students.
• Because the candidate plans to advocate many
  new social programs, he is being called a big
  spender.
• The foreign minister, who until recently supported
  military stockpiling, has now become an advocate
  of total disarmament.
        ADVOCATE
                 Verb
 To support; to be in favor of (Noun
form refers to someone who supports
         a particular cause)
              AESTHETIC
• Kyra’s aesthetic qualities were apparent in
  her early art work.
• The so-called Ashcan School of artists
  found aesthetic merit in ordinary city
  scenes.
• My aesthetic sense was revolted by
  Harriette’s choice of wallpaper.
         AESTHETIC

            Adjective
Showing an appreciation of beauty in
       nature or art; artistic
               AFFINITY
• Harvey’s affinity for math led him to excel
  in our computer class.
• In Prof. Carlson’s oil painting class I
  developed an affinity for aesthetic values.
• The couple’s affinity was attested to by 50
  happy years together.
           AFFINITY

                  Noun
    Natural attraction to a person or
liking for a thing; relation; connection
       AGGRANDIZEMENT
• I attributed Paul’s aggressiveness to his
  need for aggrandizement.
• The United Nations refused to acquiesce to
  the dictator’s desire for self-
  aggrandizement.
• Wall Street raiders sometimes get burned in
  their quest for aggrandizement.
  AGGRANDIZEMENT

                Noun
An increase in rank or wealth; growth
              in power.

								
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