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English 3 College Prep SAT “Hot Words” Lesson 1 ABERRATION – We were convinced that Ed’s poor test marks were an aberration, and that he would do better next time. – The scientists looked for a possible aberration in the laboratory animal’s behavior after administering the experimental drug. – Sandra’s father’s forgetfulness was not an aberration but the onset of Alzheimer’s disease. ABERRATION noun A deviating from the right path or unusual course of action; a mental disorder, especially of a minor or temporary nature ABSTINENCE • After years of indulgence, it was difficult for Eric to follow his doctor’s directive of complete abstinence from liquor. • Myra’s abstinence from cake, candy, and ice cream led to a dramatic weight loss. • I believed the alcoholic would soon forget his pledge of abstinence. ABSTINENCE Noun The giving up of certain pleasures such as food or drink. ABSTRACT • I prefer realistic art to abstract paintings, which are totally confusing to me. • To him, hunger was an abstract concept, having never missed a meal himself. • The original document was 60 pages long, so I appreciated Sid’s concise abstract. ABSTRACT Adjective Theoretical, not applied or practical; not concrete; hard to understand (as a noun, abstract means summary) ACCLAIM • Jonas Salk won great acclaim for his medical discoveries. • With acclaim ringing in their ears, the winners left the court. • The minister intended to acclaim the philanthropist at her funeral. ACCLAIM Noun Loud applause; approval (When used as a verb it means to applaud; to praise) ACQUIESCE • The president said that we will never acquiesce to the demands of terrorists. • Although many members were critical about the issue, when it came to a vote they acquiesced. • When the merchant saw that we were ready to acquiesce, he rubbed his hands with great glee. AQUIESCE Verb To accept the conclusions or arrangements of others; to accede; to give consent by keeping silent. ADMONISH • This is the last time I plan to admonish you about coming late to work. • Aunt Sue never failed to admonish my cousins about their poor table manners. • The Holocaust survivor admonished the audience with his closing words, “Never again!” ADMONISH Verb To advise against something; to warn; to scold gently; to urge strongly. ADVOCATE • He advocates higher salaries for teachers, hoping competitive pay scales will make the teaching profession more attractive to college students. • Because the candidate plans to advocate many new social programs, he is being called a big spender. • The foreign minister, who until recently supported military stockpiling, has now become an advocate of total disarmament. ADVOCATE Verb To support; to be in favor of (Noun form refers to someone who supports a particular cause) AESTHETIC • Kyra’s aesthetic qualities were apparent in her early art work. • The so-called Ashcan School of artists found aesthetic merit in ordinary city scenes. • My aesthetic sense was revolted by Harriette’s choice of wallpaper. AESTHETIC Adjective Showing an appreciation of beauty in nature or art; artistic AFFINITY • Harvey’s affinity for math led him to excel in our computer class. • In Prof. Carlson’s oil painting class I developed an affinity for aesthetic values. • The couple’s affinity was attested to by 50 happy years together. AFFINITY Noun Natural attraction to a person or liking for a thing; relation; connection AGGRANDIZEMENT • I attributed Paul’s aggressiveness to his need for aggrandizement. • The United Nations refused to acquiesce to the dictator’s desire for self- aggrandizement. • Wall Street raiders sometimes get burned in their quest for aggrandizement. AGGRANDIZEMENT Noun An increase in rank or wealth; growth in power.
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