AP Art History Study Guide Questions 1. The Emperor Trajan commissioned the ____. column depicting his victories 2. Romans used the basilica for ____. civic administration 3. Christian churches were first constructed during the reign of which emperor? Constantine 4. The most pronounced influence of Greek Classical art could be seen in work done for which of the following emperors Augustus 5. Where would an oculus be found? at the center of a dome 6. The orientation of all mosques, no matter period or country, must be oriented toward which city? Mecca 7. Trajan's ____ Column was a possible model for the Bayeux Tapestry because it is in narrative format. 8. Early Medieval art frequently includes ____. interlace patterns and abstracted zoomorphic forms 9. Which of the following architectural devices was not used by Romanesque architects? flying buttresses 10. Which of the architectural elements was used for the exterior supports of Romanesque buildings? radiating chapels 11. C ycladic figurines were found in ____. graves 12. Fan vaulting was most common in which of the following? England 13. The Gothic style is said to have first appeared in ____. the Ile de France 14. Which of the following best describes Gothic architecture? Its interior is permeated with light 15. Many Gothic cathedrals were dedicated to ____. the Virgin Mary 16. Where will you find bar tracery in a church? rose window 17. Giotto's Enthroned Madonna appears naturalistic because ____. the Virgin is solid and has mass 18. Abbot Suger is credited with introducing Gothic forms at ____. Saint-Denis 19. Gothic manuscript production shifted to ____. secular shops 20. In Jan van Eyck's Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride, which of the following is an allusion to God? the mirror 21. Hieronymus Bosch's Garden of Earthly Delights is a/an ____. triptych 22. Which term best describes Minoan palaces? Labyrinthine 23. The so-called Archaic smile likely signified ____. life 24. Which sculpture employs the contrapposto? Kritios Boy 25. Unlike Classical sculptors, Hellenistic artists created a variety of physical types __ 26. Which work belongs to the Hellenistic period? Nike of Samothrace or The dying Gaul 27. Terracotta life-sized reclining figures are found on Etruscan ____. Sarcophagi 28. The painting in the Tomb of the Leopards celebrates the joy of life 29. The Etruscan temple differed from the Greek temple because it had which of the following? three cellas 30. A strongly realistic style with a preference for portraits of the elderly is most typical of the ____ period. Republican 31. Which of the following is a major difference between Romanesque and Gothic sculpture? the prominence of Mary in portal programs 32. The disguised symbolism in the Mérode Altarpiece includes the .Candles, lilies, towels, mouse trap 33. The classical principle of contrapposto, or weight shift, was reintroduced into Western art by the sculptor Donatello 34. Who won the 1401 competition to design the Baptistery doors for the Cathedral of Florence? Giberti 35. Why did the city fathers select the Sacrifice of Isaac as the theme for the competition panels in the 1401 competition? They were encouraging self-sacrifice in the face of the tense political situation 36. The development of linear perspective is generally credited to ____. Brunelleschi 37. Which of the following families once owned Donatello's David? Medici family 38. Leonardo da Vinci's paintings are characterized by ____. Sfumato 39. Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel ceiling fresco includes ____. prophets and sibyls 40. Which artist applied for a position by telling his prospective patron that he could "contrive various and endless means of offence and defense"? Leonardo da Vinci 41. Which of the following was NOT included in Grünewald's Isenheim Altarpiece? Presentation 42. What anamorphic element appears in Holbein's French Ambassadors? death's-head 43. Pieter Aertsen's Meat Still-Life is an allegory of ____. Salvation 44. Quinten Massys's Money-Changer and his Wife warns viewers to ____. balance worldly and spiritual concerns 45. Seventeeth-century Italian architecture was ____. sculptural 46. Bernini's piazza at Saint Peter's ____.symbolized the Counter Reformation 47. The Palace at Versailles symbolizes the ____. power of the absolute monarch 48. Las Meninas is a/an ____. declaration of the status of the court artist 49. Rubens' Arrival of Marie de' Medici at Marseilles is part of a series of paintings of the life of the French queen 50. What is a grand tour? the trip wealthy Europeans and Americans made to Italy 51. What type of Rococo painting depicted the outdoor amusements and entertainments of the upper classes fête galante 52. David's Death of Marat illustrates an episode from the ____. French Revolution 53. The artist whose work best spoke for the French Revolution was ____. David 54. William Hogarth's paintings ____. 55. Géricault's Raft of the Medusa represents ____. the aftermath of a nineteenth-century French shipwreck 56. Which of the following artists used lithographs to comment on political events and social customs? Daumier 57. Monet's Impression: Sunrise displays the Impressionist interest in vagrant effects of light 58. Vincent van Gogh attempted to communicate the/a ____ in his Starry Night. vastness of the universe 59. Cassatt's approach to the composition owes much to Japanese prints 60. Cassatt's paintings of _ reflected the limits French upper-class society placed on women domestic scenes 61. Who said: "Instead of trying to reproduce exactly what I have before my eyes, I use color more arbitrarily so as to express myself forcibly."? van Gogh 62. Georges Seurat differed from the Impressionist painters by his _. disciplined application of color theories 63. Which American artist went to Paris and joined the Impressionists. Cassatt 64. Edward Hopper's Nighthawks communicates ____. pervasive loneliness of modern humans 65. Which artist painted unflinching autobiographical self-portraits? Frida Kahlo Short response Questions ( Answer the following Questions) 66. Explain the significance of Japanese prints to nineteenth-century European and American art. 67. Explain pointillism. 68. Why did Gauguin travel to Tahiti? 69. To what event was Goya reacting when he painted Third of May, 1808? 70. What topics interested Fuseli? horror and the human subconscious. 71. List at least five symbols in Jan van Eyck's Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride. Explain their meanings. 72. Explain the advantages of oil paint over tempera. 73. How does Perugino's Christ Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to Saint Peter represent the power of the papacy? 74. Describe one-point linear perspective. 75. How do Etruscan sarcophagi reflect the attitude of Etruscan society? 76. What is concrete, and what effect did it have upon construction? 77. How does the equestrian portrait of Marcus Aurelius convey the power of the emperor? 78. Compare and contrast Minoan and Mycenaean architecture. 79. How does the Isenheim Altarpiece represent suffering and salvation? Choose one Essay 3 -5 Paragraphs 1. 1. How did the competition for the baptistery doors of the Cathedral of Florence herald the path of Renaissance art in fifteenth-century Italy? Use examples to support your essay. 2. 2. Compare Michelangelo's David with Donatello's David. Discuss the change, if any, in the representation of the image. How did these two images reflect the artists and their periods? 3. Discuss the influence the Counter Reformation may have had on the visual arts of sixteenth-century Italy. Use examples to support your essay.