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					           REALISM
   Began in the mid-1800s
   Real people-workers, peasants, family
    members
   Muted tones to represent real life
   Influenced by earlier artists
   Pieter Bruegel the Elder-scenes
    depicting peasant life
   Louis Le Nain--depicted peasant
    families
   Chardin-peaceful scenes of middle-
    class life
               Gustave Courbet




Author of the Realist Manifesto
Proclaimed: "Show me an angel, and I will paint one."
Held a one-man art show called the Pavilion of Realism
                 Burial at Omans
Funeral of common people set in Courbet's hometown
Real people are important and worthy of grand art
                  Stonebreakers
Even lowly workers are worthy of being depicted in art
Muted colors help convey the seriousness of real life
                     Daumier




Famous for political lithographs that satirized
French society
Grouped with Realists because of his interest in
common people
              Rue Transnonain
Tragic scene of a family executed by the police
in their apartment
 MARIE-ROSALIE (ROSA) BONHEUR, The Horse Fair,
                  1853–1855
•Famous for her realistic paintings of animals
•Horse Fair-realistic depiction of horses, buyers and sellers
             Edouard Manet




•Early paintings have realistic qualities but later
paintings include Impressionistic qualities
•Challenged French conventions, inspired
Impressionists
                  Luncheon on the Grass
Revolutionary because it depicts a nude woman sitting with
two clothed men in a picnic setting
Traditional elements-Composition based on Giorgione's Pastoral
Symphony; references to Raphael's Judgment of Paris
Revolutionary elements-Central figure is naked and looking at the
viewer Rejected by the Salon and displayed at the Salon des Refuses
of 1863
                          Olympia
Recumbent nude female
Olympia is in front of the picture plane; not a goddess
Critics lambaste Manet's technique and subject matter
        Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

Group of English Realist painters from the mid-19th
century
Rejected the subject matter of the French Realists

Subject matter based on literature, famous fictional
stories

Realistic paintings but scenes resemble a fantasy
world
JOHN EVERETT MILLAIS, Ophelia, 1852
           Photography
Early photographs were called daguerreotypes
A new medium to rival painting
Ingres and Degas used photography as an aid
Most painters felt threatened
LOUIS-JACQUES-MANDÉ DAGUERRE, Still Life in
Studio, 1837. Daguerreotype.
             Nadar
Famous French portrait
  photographer
Pioneer in aerial photography
  Eadweard Muybridge Horse Galloping, 1878
Pioneer in sequential motion photography
Technique influenced later artists such as Duchamp
             Winslow Homer




•American painter who popularized the use
of watercolors
•Famous for seascapes and Civil War
scenes

				
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