Vocabulary list

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Abstract (adj.) – conceptual, theoretical, or symbolic; suggested,
inferred, or implied (antonyms: concrete, practical, or tangible)

Agrarian (adj.) – relating to land use, such as agriculture or farming;
(see also, rural)

Appalachia (n.) – a mountain range extending from Quebec to the
Gulf of Mexico, including an area from Pennsylvania to Georgia whose
economic roots lie heavily in the coal mining industry

Anthropology (n.) – the study of either a particular group of people
or all races of humans, including their social and ecological
relationships, cultures, physiologies, behaviors, origins, and

Archaeology (n.) – a type of anthropology involving the excavation
and scientific study of human remains and artifacts (i.e., tools,
pottery, graves, or buildings) in order to deduce information about a
person or a group of people, including their social and ecological
relationships, cultures, physiologies, behaviors, origins, and

Blue Ridge (n.) - the rugged, mountainous region of northwestern
South Carolina. Sometimes referred to as the “Upcountry”

Burl (n., v.) – a knobby, rounded, outgrowth on a tree, often
harvested from tree trunks and branches for woodcarving due to its
decorative quality when cut

Celtic (n.) – a people dating back to the pre-Christian era whose
language is derivative of Indo-European speech

Chisel (n.) – a flat, metal tool that resembles a screwdriver with a
handle and a cutting edge, used for shaping or cutting wood, stone,
and metal, usually together with a hammer

Coastal Plain (n.) - a large, relatively flat region of southern South
characterized by meandering rivers, swamps, agriculture, and pine
forests; the area between the Coastal Zone and the Sandhills

Coastal Zone (n.) - the coastal region of South Carolina
characterized by beaches,
dunes, marshes, seaports and heavy tourism; sometimes referred to
as the

Conservation (n., v.) – the perpetuation and protection of natural
resources from loss, damage, or neglect through management,
preservation, or restoration

Culture (n.) – the predominating attitudes, behavior, beliefs, or
traditions that are shared by or expressed through a specific
community or group

Cultural geography (n.) – the study of the relationship between
human culture and the landscape

Decorative (adj.) – (see also, ornamental) something added as an
aesthetic embellishment that serves no utilitarian or practical

Environmental art (n.) – art that is created from natural materials
and which exists in the natural world, where it is often inspired from or
tied to the environment in which it is created

Ephemeral art (n.) – art that is not meant to be permanent, and is
thus susceptible to decay and the elements

Excavate (v.) – a method used to unearth, uncover, remove or
exhume, usually by digging and often in archaeology

Experiential art (n.) – art that requires a viewer to enter its space
and to become an active participant in its purpose or meaning, which

is determined by that viewer’s perception and understanding of his or
her experience

Fall line (n.) - sudden drop in elevation extending from New Jersey
to Alabama. In South Carolina, it marks a transition from the hilly
Piedmont to the flat Coastal

Folk art (n.) – any form of art created among a particular people,
shaped by and expressing the character of their community, life, and

Folklore (n.; variations: Folklife, Folk traditions, Folk ways) –
behaviors, traditions, beliefs, myths and practices shared by a group;
both a process (singing, cooking, quilting) and a product (song, meal,
quilt) inseparable from the group context

Indigenous (adj.) – (see also, native) plants or animals that
originate and occur naturally in an area or environment

Industrial (adj.) – relating to factories or the manufacturing of
products; having to do with the economy

Inorganic (adj.) – made of substances not containing plant or animal

Installation art (n.) - art that is meant to surround a viewer,
creating an experience, atmosphere, and environment that may
incorporate physical characteristics or materials of the original location

Invasive species (n.) – a non-indigenous plant or animal
introduced into an ecosystem, where, often due to lack of predators, it
will likely cause instability by taking over and thus preventing

Lathe (n.) – a wood-shaping tool used by fastening wood to a
horizontal axis that rapidly spins while applying another fixed tool for
cutting or grinding down

Medium (n.) – an art form or method of communication; an artistic
technique, or the materials use in creating a piece of art

Metropolitan (adj.) – characteristic of a city, its suburban areas,
and its adjacent towns

Native (adj.) – (see also, indigenous) plants or animals that
originate and occur naturally in an area or environment

Natural (adj.) – all that is not man-made

Nature-based art (n.) – art that is created from natural materials

Non-indigenous (adj.) - plants or animals that are introduced to an
area or environment where they would not otherwise originate or
occur naturally

Organic (adj.) - made of substances containing plant or animal

Ornamental (adj.) – (see also, decorative) something added as an
aesthetic embellishment that serves no utilitarian or practical

Piedmont (n.) - the northern half of South Carolina where rolling hills
mark the
transition of the Blue Ridge Mountains to the flatter Coastal Plain;
by industry, agriculture, and forestry; sometimes referred to as the

Physical geography (n.) – the study of the earth and its natural
features or physical characteristics such as topography, land
formation, climate, currents, and distribution of life forms

Pollinate (v.) – to fertilize a plant through delivery of pollen from the
anther to the stigma of a flower

Preservation (n., v.) – to keep, maintain, or protect something (i.e.,
natural resources or ways of life) from loss, damage, or neglect
through education, management, conservation, documentation,
archiving, or restoration

Pulp (n.) – pressed plant matter, often used in making paper

Pyrography (n.) – the art of drawing or design with heated tools or
a precise flame, often on wood or leather

Regions (n.) - conceptual constructs used by geographers and
others, to bring order to the complexity of the landscape and its
communities (i.e., landform regions, vernacular regions, and tourism

Rural (adj.) – a farming or agricultural area, or its people; the

Sandhills (n.) - the hilly, central area of South Carolina that was a
beachfront (55-100 million years ago) and is marked by deposits of
sand and
sedimentary rock

Sense of place (n.) - those things adding up to a feeling that a
community is a special place, distinct from anywhere else

Site –specific art (n.) – art created to exist at a certain site, inspired
by that place and by the artist’s impression of that place

Suburban (adj.) – areas on the outskirts of a city, often residential,
and often having a distinctive culture in the ways of customs and

Striated (adj.) – designed with ridges, stripes, or grooves

Urban (adj.) – a city; a metropolitan area excluding its suburbs and
adjacent towns

Utilitarian (adj.) – a thing that is practical, useful, or functional;
someone who values something with regard to its purpose (antonyms:
decorative or ornamental)