Green Technology in the Philippines by hdv14129

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									                                                                APFED Good Practices Database



  Green Charcoal Hydrogen Cooking System from Recycled Biodegradable
                     Cellulosic Waste (MAPECON)




                                      Summary of the Practice


Keywords: Organic cooking, enzymatic process, conversion of water into hydrogen
Country: Philippines
Province: Laguna
Area: Alaminos
Sectoral Issues: Waste management, Forest Conservation, Ecosystem and Biodiversity Conservation,
       Air Pollution, Urban environment
Cross-Sectoral Issues: Environmental Information
Implementation Level: Local level
Duration: Development of the technology started in 1989
Sponsors: In-house funding from MAPECON Philippines, Inc. Starting capital and profit of the
       business is plowed back for expansion into Green Charcoal (GC) Construction Boards, GC
       Hydrogen-Aero Stoves and GC Pelletized Seeds for air seeding of seeds of forest trees and
       important cover crops.
Actors Involved: Private Sector



                                       Description of the Practice


                                            Background:

In the Philippines poverty, unemployment, and environmental degradation are priority issues in
development. This program was conceptualized to address the disposal of forest waste and pruning and
convert them into biomass GC fuel and boards in order to minimize logging for fuels and construction;
to convert agricultural waste into GC Hydrogen Cooking System and GC Wall Boards and create jobs
in rural areas while reducing or eliminating agricultural waste that serve as breeding grounds of pests
and stopping the bad practice of burning rice straws or corn stalks that contributes to the emission of
carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas; to convert urban biodegradable waste into GC Hydrogen Cooking
System.

                                             Objectives:

   To recycle urban biodegradable garbage and forest and agricultural wastes into GC Hydrogen
     Cooking System and GC Construction Boards;
   To provide ecologically sound employment in rural and urban areas;
   To reduce costs of cooking and construction materials;
   To minimize environmental pollution and improve public health; and
   To encourage joint venture agreements with other developing countries.


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                                      Outline of Practices/Actions:

The following steps are involved in manufacturing and processing of GC:

      A. Collection of raw materials;
      B. Shredding;
      C. Enzyme treatment;
      D. Mixing;
      E. Compacting and extrusion;
      F. Air or oven drying; and
      G. Packaging.

Compared to other fuels, the GC solid fuel has 8763 BTU that easily converts steam into 46% hydrogen.
Its heating value is about 29,000 BTU.

The processing plant can be put up in nearby canals, cleaning them in the process. Unlike land-filling,
processing of waste into GC does not cause any leachate.

For a 5-ton per day or 125-ton per month GC production, the project cost is about eight million pesos
or USD 142,587.00 at the exchange rate of P 56: 1 USD. Its Return of Investment [ROI] is estimated to
be 2.5 years.


                                             Results/Impacts

With the GC Hydrogen Cooking System, the following positive impacts may be achieved:

   Avoidance of cancer incidence: People, housewives in particular, will be saved from many diseases
caused by nitrogen dioxide. It is estimated that even a 0.1 part per million cubic meters of LPG,
inhaled or eaten as part of food cooked by LPG, forms nitrosamines, a potent carcinogen.

Generation of Jobs: The GC Hydrogen Cooking System creates jobs even for small entrepreneurs that
will result in rural industrialization. Woodcutters, charcoal-makers and kaingeros (slash-and-burn
farmers) could find employment in the GC Hydrogen Cooking System.

Reduced Importation: Use of the GC Hydrogen Cooking System will minimize LPG importation, thus,
reducing the foreign currency outflow.

Adoption of an Environment-Friendly Technology: Hydrogen is the cleanest fuel in the world hence the
GC Hydrogen Cooking System satisfies the requirements of the Philippine Clean Air Act. Cutting of
wood to be converted into charcoal or used as fuel will be minimized. Reduced logging, in turn,
prevents drought and flooding. By converting biodegradable waste into fuel, pests and their disease-
transmitting potential are reduced.


                                          Critical Instruments


                                                 Awarenes
The MGCPI promotes the GC strategy through direct product demonstrations to prospective consumers
in both the local and international markets. It uses current customers or users of GC as models to attract
more customers.

                                         Partnerships
The MGCPI involves various non-governmental organizations, such as, the Recycling Movement of
the Philippines Foundation, the Filipino Inventors Solidarity thru Christian Brotherhood, and

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government agencies, such as, the DOST-TAPI [Department of Science & Technology – Technology
Application & Promotion Institute], the DENR [Department of Environment & Natural Resources] and
the Department of the Interior & Local Government [DILG], and other agencies in the promotion of the
use of GC as an alternative source of fuel.

In promoting this strategy, it is desirable to form partnerships with venture capitalists or financial
institutions and foundations that give importance to environmental and livelihood projects.

                                             Technology
The MGCPI-developed equipment and processes for producing the GC products continue to undergo
improvement in order to reduce risk, enhance cost effectiveness and improve processing efficiency.

                               Design, Planning and Management
The MGCPI continues to improve the design for the purpose of upgrading its GC processing to ensure
production success.   It does so through a well-planned and managed approach.



                                         Lessons Learned

The project has demonstrated that the GC Hydrogen Cooking System can replace LPG cooking in both
the rural and urban areas.



                                            Applicability

The GC Hydrogen Cooking System can be used anywhere in the Philippines. The project also has a big
charcoal export potential in other countries. The GC Hydrogen Cooking System can also be
manufactured in these countries.


                                          Information date

December 28, 2004



                                              References


Stop Cooking With Gas!, The Green Magazine, No. 53. December 1997
Republic Act 9003, The Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2001
NHK [Produced by Japanese TV Networks in Japan], a 20-minute Documentary CD on Green Charcoal
and other MAPECON products
Bantay Kalikasan [Produced By Channel 7], a 7-minute Documentary CD on Green Charcoal




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                                        Contact

MR. GONZALO O. CATAN, JR.
  Executive Vice President
  MAPECON Philippines, Inc./
  MAPECON Green Charcoal Philippines, Inc.
  MAPECON Building
  2459 Arellano Avenue, Malate, Manila, Philippines
  Tel. No. (632) 525-0434
  Facsimile No. (632) 521-5645
  E-Mail Address: mapecon@i-manila.com.ph
  URL: www.mapecon.com

MR. CRISANTO M. ELPEDES, JR.
  Operations Manager
  MAPECON Green Charcoal Philippines, Inc.
  Alaminos, Laguna, Philippines
  Tel. No. (632) 525-0434
  Facsimile No. (632) 521-5645
  E-Mail Address: mapecon@i-manila.com.ph
  URL: www.mapecon.com

MR. TEODORICO CATARATA
  Manufacturing Manager
  MAPECON Philippines, Inc.
  MAPECON Building
  2459 Arellano Avenue, Malate, Manila, Philippines
  Tel. No. (632) 525-0434
  Facsimile No. (632) 521-5645
  E-Mail Address: mapecon@i-manila.com.ph
  URL: www.mapecon.com



                               Provider of this information

   Dr. Corazon PB. Claudio
            Chair, MAP Environment & Urban Development Committee and
            Project Director, MAP-IGES Recycling Project
            Ramon V. del Rosario Sr. Center for Management Excellence
            Unit 608, Sixth Floor, Tower One, Ayala Triangle, Ayala Avenue
            1226 Makati City, Philippines
            Tel: (632) 751-1149-52; Fax: (632) 751-1154
            E-Mail: mapsec@globenet.com.ph or map@globenet.com.ph
            MAP Website: www.map.com.ph

            or No. 30 Macapuno St., Valle Verde I, Pasig City, Philippines
            Tel: 632-671-3266
            Email: cpbclaudio2005@yahoo.com , earthinstituteasia@gmail.com




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