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					Mosaics
                Mosaics are…
   the art of creating images with small pieces of
    colored glass, stone or other material. It may be
    a technique of decorative art, an aspect of
    interior decoration or of cultural and spiritual
    significance as in a cathedral. Small tiles or
    fragments of pottery (known as tesserae,
    diminutive tessellae) or of colored glass or clear
    glass backed with metal foils are used to create
    a pattern or picture.
                History of Mosaics
   Mosaics of the 4th century BC are found in the Macedonian palace-
    city of Aegae, and they enriched the floors of Hellenistic villas, and
    Roman dwellings from Britain to Dura-Europos. Splendid mosaic
    floors are found in Roman villas across north Africa. In Rome, Nero
    and his architects used mosaics to cover the surfaces of walls and
    ceilings in the Domus Aurea, built AD 64.
   Mosaic art also flourished in Rome, gradually declining as conditions
    became more difficult in the Early Middle Ages. Fifth-century
    mosaics can be found over the triumphal arch and in the nave of the
    basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore. The 27 surviving panels of the
    nave are the most important mosaic cycle in Rome of this period.
    Two other important 5th-century mosaics are lost but we know them
    from 17th-century drawings. I
         Mosaics influenced…
   Islamic art
   Jewish Faith
   The Christian East
   Renaissance and Baroque
   Byzantine Culture
   Rome in the High Middle Ages
Historical Mosaics
               Modern Mosaics
   A modern example of mosaic is the Museum of
    Natural History station of the New York Subway.
    Some modern mosaics are the work of
    modernisme style architects Antoni Gaudí and
    Josep Maria Jujol, for example the mosaics in
    the Park Güell in Barcelona. Today, among of
    the leading figures of the world in mosaic art is
    Saimir Strati. His process is similar to traditional
    oil painting wherein the artist first sketches a
    design onto a canvas before creating the layers
    of the artwork. Among his credits are two
    Guinness World Records for largest 'Nail' and
    'Toothpick' mosaics.
Modern Mosaics
Toothpick and Nail Mosaics
              Mosaic Terminology
   Mosaic is an art form which uses small pieces of materials placed
    together to create a unified whole. The materials commonly used
    are glass, ceramic, marble, pebble, mirror, shells and china.
   The term for each piece of material is Tessera (plural: tesserae).
    The term for the spaces in between where the grout goes is the
    Interstices. Andamento is the word used to describe the movement
    and flow of Tesserae. The 'opus', the Latin for ‘work’, is the way in
    which the pieces are cut and placed varies and is known.
   Opus Tessellatum: Tesserae laid in regular straight lines like bricks.
   Opus Regulatum: Vertical and horizontal lines in regular grid.
   Opus Vermiculatum: Flowing lines of tesserae wriggling over the
    surface.
   Opus Musivum: Vermiculatum used totally over image and
    background.
   Opus Palladianum: Irregular fitting shapes like crazy paving.
      Steps to creating a Mosaic
   Create a good design, but no words or cutesie
    cartoons!
   Take broken tiles to layout your design on a
    piece of wood or cardboard, taking color and
    shapes into account (you can paint the broken
    tiles with acrylic before you glue them down to
    give them a better look).
   Glue them down with hot glue/ Wood glue, etc.
   Carefully put grout in between the tiles to seal
    your design… try to be neat so the grout doesn’t
    get all over your tiles!
   Allow to dry.
          Your assignment
 To create a picture or design using the
  mosaic tiles provided.
 Use a method learned in the presentation.
 You must glaze or paint the tiles to
  enhance your design.
 You will use grout to fill in between the
  tiles.
 Make it cool, not LAME!!!!!!!

				
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posted:5/4/2011
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