Grant Proposal Sample K99 by faw31042

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									Graduate School Grant
     Workshop Series
            Fall 2010
             Overview
  Introduction of Today’s Speaker
  Brief Review from Intro Workshop
  Goals for This Workshop
  Steps to Successful Grant Writing
  The “Writing” Part of Grant Writing
  Climate for Funding of Social Sciences
   Research
  Resources
  Tips
  Next Steps
                          Today’s	
  Instructor:	
  	
  
                            Lee	
  Carpenter	
  
    Project	
  Associate	
  and	
  Contracts	
  Coordinator,	
  Prevention	
  
     Research	
  Center,	
  College	
  of	
  Health	
  and	
  Human	
  Development	
  

    25+	
  Years	
  of	
  Grant	
  Writing/Editing/Funding	
  Assistance	
  in	
  
     Major,	
  Well-­‐funded	
  Research	
  Units	
  at	
  Penn	
  State	
  

    Have	
  Assisted	
  with	
  Major	
  Grant	
  Initiatives	
  for	
  National	
  Science	
  
     Foundation,	
  National	
  Institutes	
  of	
  Health,	
  and	
  others	
  

    Have	
  Taught	
  Seminars	
  on	
  Searching	
  for	
  Funding,	
  Developing	
  
     Grant	
  Proposals,	
  Etc.,	
  including	
  Graduate	
  Student	
  Funding	
  
     Focus	
  

    Working	
  Primarily	
  in	
  Health	
  and	
  Social	
  Sciences,	
  Environment	
  
     and	
  Energy,	
  and	
  Policy—Faculty,	
  Research	
  Associates,	
  and	
  
     Graduate	
  Students	
  
Review from First Workshop

  Why do I need grant money?
  Types of grant funding
  Sources of grant funds
  How do I get grant money?
  Grant terminology
  Common sections of a grant proposal
  Grant writing tips


www.gradsch.psu.edu/current/grantwriting.html
     Goals for This Workshop

  Learn where to look for funding
   opportunities
  Become familiar with the steps in the
   grant writing process
  Learn how to approach writing a grant
   proposal
  Know where to go for help in writing your
   grant
  Learn to seek help, and know where to
   get it
          Idea

Grant Award
              Grant Proposal


         Agency
                  Steps to
           Successful Grant Writing
1.    Generate a research idea

2.    Determine its fundability (outcome; theory; logical, specific
      executable goals)

3.    Find funding opportunities (funding databases, colleagues and
      mentors, research grant offices)

4.    Select a funding opportunity

5.    Read the guidelines

6.    Alert the appropriate grant office of your intention to submit a
      proposal and ask for help

7.    Determine your needs for the grant money (i.e., how much do
      you need and for what?)
                Steps to
         Successful Grant Writing
8.     Write the technical (i.e., scientific) part of the
       proposal
9.     Find colleagues/mentors to read your proposal
10.    Complete the required proposal forms/materials
11.    Submit the proposal (on time or early)
12.    When you receive feedback, read the reviews,
       discuss them with others, accept constructive
       criticism
13.    Respond to the reviewer comments in a revision
14.    Receive a grant!
15.    Conduct the research and begin planning for next
       stages/next funding
        Writing a Grant Proposal
    Things you have to do for yourself
       Know your science (theories, hypotheses)

       Understand the scope of your project idea

       Be enthusiastic about your project idea

       Know the required content for the proposal

       Understand what the reviewers will be looking for

       Sit down and do the writing

       Ask for comments from mentor(s) and colleagues
      and be responsive to their comments
         Writing a Grant Proposal
    Things to ask (or get from) of others
       Samples of successful grant proposals
          Mentor, colleagues, other PIs
          Grant support offices
          FOIA Requests - www.nsf.gov/policies/foia.jsp;
           www.nih.gov/icd/od/foia/coord.htm

       Boilerplate language
          Sample proposals
          Mentor, colleagues
          Grant support offices

       Comments/suggestions about your proposal

       Assistance with your proposal budget

       Assistance with proposal forms
        Writing a Grant Proposal
Common Sections/Questions: Practice writing . . .
  Goals
     Describe your current project and expected
        outcome(s)
       Describe your short-term research goals
       Describe your long-term career goals
    Previous Research/Preliminary Studies
       Describe your prior research experience
       Describe preliminary studies and findings
       relevant to the proposed research
    Methodology
    Impact/Significance
            The “Writing” Part of
               Grant Writing
Goal Statement for Dissertation Fellowship:
  During this fellowship training, I plan to pursue several goals
   related to my long-term ambition of researching marital and
   family functioning, with an emphasis on marital conflict process
   and family-wide correlates. I will conduct a dissertation study to
   investigate associations…I plan to prepare this research for
   conferences and journal publication. I will continue to collaborate
   with my graduate advisor and others on related investigations of
   the links between family processes and children’s problematic and
   healthy development. I will take advanced quantitative and
   developmental psychology courses at University of X, including
   Advanced Structural Equation Modeling, Exploratory and Graphical
   Data Analysis and Social Development. The fellowship support will
   enhance my productivity and the contributions I make as a
   graduate student, refine my research interests, and foster a
   research program that will endure well beyond my graduate
   training. The fellowship support will promote an environment in
   which I can accomplish these specific goals related to my ambition
   of conducting research on the developmental impact of the family
   context, with an emphasis on marital conflict process, on
   children’s problematic and healthy adjustment.
            The “Writing” Part of
               Grant Writing
    Preliminary Studies
       Details about methods and findings
       Relate back to the proposed research
       Logical order to presenting prior research (lead
       the reader to a certain conclusion)
    Prior Research Experience
       Be selective
       Think (and write) about how the experience
        was meaningful to your development as a
        scientist
       Include relevant details
       Offer reviewers evidence that you are on the
        track to becoming an independent scientist
       The “Writing” Part of
          Grant Writing
  Methodology
    Similar to what you would write post-
     hoc (in a journal article)
    Reviewers are looking for detail
     because that indicates that you have
     been planful and have considered the
     work involved
    Make sure to include a detailed plan
     for analysis and these tests should
     match up 1 to 1 with your hypotheses
              The “Writing” Part to
                 Grant Writing
    IMPACT!!!!

       Usually ignored or not included explicitly

       Some sponsors require an explicit statement of
       significance and/or impact (NSF Broader Impacts:
       http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/gpg/broaderimpacts.pdf)

       Some sponsors will only fund projects that go
       beyond basic research

       “Why you/why this idea/why Penn State”: You need
       to be able to address why this sponsor should fund
       you, your project, and this project at Penn State
             Sample Proposals
    Mentor and fellow graduate students
    College grant office
    Internet
    Links to Sample Proposals:
       http://www.airweb.org/images/wolff.pdf
       http://www.ulm.edu/gradschool/
        Girls_ROC.pdf
       http://www.niaid.nih.gov/ncn/grants/app/
        default.htm#rpindex – excellent NIH
        example grant (although not social
        science in content)
          Climate of Funding –
             Social Sciences
     Obtaining Funding will be a
                       Challenge
  State	
  and	
  Federal	
  Government	
  	
  
  Military	
  
  Corporations	
  
  Foundations	
  
  Organizations	
  
  Internal	
  Funds	
  (available	
  at	
  the	
  
   University)	
  
             Climate of Funding –
                Social Sciences
    Corporations – Typically seek a deliverable or product
     outcome; funds are more probable if you collaborate with
     engineers and investigators in the physical or biological
     sciences

    Foundations – Foundation funds are highly sought;
     competition is increasing but resources are not
       Foundation support is about the Foundation


    Internal Funds – depends on the financial condition of
     the institution. State and state-related institutions may have
     fewer funds/funding opportunities than private institutions
          Climate of Funding –
             Social Sciences
    What can you do?
       Become a savvy negotiator when taking
        jobs
       Find out who has money and get to know
        them
       Become well known and respected in your
        field
       Seek help in learning to become a
        successful grant writer
                                  Resources
                      Finding External Funding
    1: Search Funding Opportunity Databases and Consult College
     Research Offices, Other Research Units, and colleagues at Penn
     State; do a search of funded projects via NIH or NSF Award
     Search

    2: Set up Funding Alerts
         Funding alerts are email notifications of new funding opportunities in specific
          fields or from individual sponsors. Many alerts can be customized. E.g., NSF,
          NIH, COS.

    3: Search Funding Guides
         Other online resources, such as web sites, pathfinders, and publications, are
          specialized by type of researcher or field of study. Look for additional information
          specific to faculty, staff, postdoctoral scholars or graduate students.

    4: Use Print Resources
         Reference books on funding opportunities, grantmaking organizations, and
          proposal writing as well as a collection of successful graduate fellowship
          proposals are available.
                                   Resources	
  
  Community	
  of	
  Science	
  -­‐	
  
   http://fundingopps.cos.com/cgi-­‐bin/fo2/search	
  	
  
  Grants.gov	
  -­‐	
  Find	
  -­‐	
  
   http://www.grants.gov/applicants/find_grant_opportunities.jsp	
  	
  
  Grants	
  Net	
  -­‐	
  AAAS	
  -­‐	
  
   http://sciencecareers.sciencemag.org/funding?
   CFID=18956&CFTOKEN=20417659	
  	
  
  Graduate	
  Grant	
  and	
  Fellowship	
  Database	
  -­‐	
  maintained	
  by	
  the	
  
   University	
  of	
  Notre	
  Dame	
  -­‐	
  www.grad.nd.edu/gfd/	
  and	
  another	
  at	
  Cornell	
  
   -­‐	
  www.gradschool.cornell.edu/?p=132	
  	
  
  Foundation	
  Finder	
  (from	
  the	
  Foundation	
  Center)	
  -­‐	
  
   http://foundationcenter.org/findfunders/foundfinder/	
  	
  
  Funding	
  Alerts	
  from	
  specific	
  sponsors	
  (NIH,	
  NSF,	
  USDA,	
  etc.)	
  –	
  
   examples:	
  http://www.nsf.gov/funding/;	
  
   http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/;	
  
   http://www.csrees.usda.gov/fo/funding.cfm	
  	
  	
  	
  
                           Resources
                    Funding Opportunities for
                 Graduate Students and Postdocs
                           Graduate Students
  First- and second-year students
     NSF Graduate Research Fellowships (www.nsfgrfp.org and
      www.nsf.gov/pubs/2009/nsf09603/nsf09603.htm
  Post-comps, pre-dissertation

     NIH National Research Service Awards – Predoctoral (F31)
          grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-09-208.html - Individual (general)
          grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-09-209.html - Diversity based
          grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-09-207.html - MD/PhD students (F30)
          grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-09-227.html - for graduate students
           in nursing
     NSF Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grants
      http://www.nsf.gov/funding/pgm_summ.jsp?pims_id=13453&org=SBE (SBE
      serves as an example)
     Several others depending on disciplines -
      www.gradschools.com/Article/Graduate-Fellowships/1676.html#federally
  Check with your discipline’s professional society for other possibilities (APA; SPSSI;
   IEEE; etc.)
                             Resources
                    Postdoctoral Fellows/Trainees
  NIH	
  NRSA	
  Postdoctoral	
  Fellowship	
  (F32)	
  -­‐	
  grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/
     pa-­‐Biles/PA-­‐09-­‐210.html	
  
    NIH	
  Pathway	
  to	
  Independence	
  (PI)	
  Award	
  (K99/R00)	
  -­‐	
  grants.nih.gov/
     grants/guide/pa-­‐Biles/PA-­‐09-­‐036.html	
  
    NSF	
  Minority	
  Postdoctoral	
  Research	
  Fellowships	
  and	
  Supporting	
  Activities	
  
     -­‐	
  
     http://www.nsf.gov/funding/pgm_summ.jsp?
     pims_id=13454&org=NSF&from=fund	
  and	
  
     www.nsf.gov/funding/pgm_summ.jsp?
     pims_id=503424&org=BCS&from=home	
  	
  
    Minority	
  Fellowship	
  Program	
  (APA)	
  -­‐	
  http://www.apa.org/mfp/	
  
    National	
  Institutes	
  of	
  Health	
  Loan	
  Repayment	
  Program	
  -­‐	
  http://
     www.lrp.nih.gov/about/extramural/index.htm	
  
    NIH	
  Post-­‐Doctoral	
  Visiting	
  Fellow	
  Program	
  -­‐	
  http://www.training.nih.gov/
     postdoctoral/vf.asp	
  
    NIH	
  Postdoctoral	
  Research	
  &	
  Training	
  Opportunities	
  (Intramural	
  or	
  at	
  NIH	
  
     campuses)	
  -­‐	
  http://www.training.nih.gov/postdoctoral/pdopps.asp	
  
    There	
  are	
  other	
  opportunities	
  that	
  may	
  be	
  discipline-­‐	
  or	
  population-­‐	
  
     speciBic	
  (Ford	
  Foundation	
  Minority	
  Postdoc)	
  
                        Resources
    Internal Funding Opportunities
       Office of Graduate Fellowships and Awards
       www.gradsch.psu.edu/current/funding/programs.html
         Alumni Association Dissertation Award -
          www.gradsch.psu.edu/current/funding/programs/
          aada.html
       Institute for the Arts and Humanities - iah.psu.edu/
        grants/dissFell.shtml
       Smeal College of Business Dissertation Summer
        Stipend Award - phdstudents.smeal.psu.edu/
        academic-resources/dissertation-summer-stipend-
        award
    International Students, non-US citizens
       international.uiowa.edu/grants/non-citizens.asp
       Exclude U.S. Citizenship in a COS search (over
       4,000 results)
 Tips for Successful Grant Writing
1.     Understand how time, money, and project scope of work all
       work together
2.     Be flexible - If you want grant money, you need to figure out
       how to tweak your research ideas/approach to get it
3.     Market your project to the appropriate agency/agencies
4.     Know current priorities for funding agencies
5.     Read the guidelines and find help to understand them
6.     Don’t assume that you know everything, even after you have
       20 years of continuous funding (rules change fast)
7.     Spend your money wisely, guided by what you proposed
8.     Go for grants rather than contracts (contracts have more
       restrictions)
9.     Revisions – respect reviewer comments and address them
10.    Start small and build
  Tips for Successful Grant Writing
11.    Start early on grants/proposals – VERY EARLY
12.    Make friends with a good research/ grants administrator
13.    Develop collaborative relationships among colleagues
14.    Develop a sequential plan for funding that includes
       independent and collaborative research
15.    Publish and otherwise become well-known in your field
16.    Expect (and do what is necessary) to obtain a strong
       record of funding OVER TIME
17.    Seek internal funding to get projects started or to start
       new lines of research
18.    Get to know program officers who manage the programs
       to which you will apply
19.    Get feedback whenever and wherever you can on your
       grant proposals
20.    Be persistent and don’t give up; persistence pays off
College Research Offices:
  Information About Funding Agencies
  College Support
  Budget and Management Planning
  Final Proposal Preparation & Associated Technical Assistance
  Proposal Submission and Grants Management

College-based Research Centers:
  Programmatic Research Development in Theme Areas
  Interdisciplinary Partnerships & Resources
  Information about Funding Opportunities within Theme Areas

Social Science Research Institute:
  Cross-College Partner and Information Clearinghouse
  Consortia (CYFC and SSRI) Support for Proposal Development
  Research Services available to all PSU social & behavioral scientists

Office of Sponsored Programs

								
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