Melissa Maneval Art LESSON PLAN GRADE: __5__ Duration: _4 class periods (40 minute periods)_______________ LESSON: _Scrimshaw___________________________________________________________ Lesson Rationale This lesson is designed to focus on an American Folk Art known as scrimshaw. Students will be introduced to the history of whale hunting and the art created by the sailors sent on these expeditions. By studying this nontraditional art form, students will examine and understand how this art came to evolve and the lifestyles of the people who originally created it. Furthermore, students will actively and creatively apply this knowledge by generating an original piece of artwork that exhibits similar characteristics used in scrimshaw. National Art Goals and Standards: 1) Students will understand and apply media, techniques, and processes. 2) Students will select and use subject matter, symbols, and ideas to communicate meaning. 3) Students will demonstrate awareness of that the visual arts have both a history and specific relationship to various cultures. Learner Outcomes: 1) Students will demonstrate an understanding of why scrimshaw exists. 2) Students will understand and apply the techniques and process used to create scrimshaw. 3) Students will explore, understand, and generate prospective themes and content of scrimshaw. Materials need for the lesson A. Teacher Materials Class 1 1) Power point presentation - Scrimshaw 2) Scanned pictures of scrimshaw teeth Whale Hunt with border Whale Hunt without border Eagle Whale Hunt Ships Sperm Whale 3) Laminated pre-sketch of whale hunt 4) 3 Clay whale teeth (before, scratch, after) Class 2 5) Movie – Moby Dick * Laminated pre-sketch of whale hunt * Scanned pictures of scrimshaw teeth * 2 Clay whale teeth (scratch & after) Class 3 6) Scrimshaw pin 7) Kiln Melissa Maneval Art * Laminated pre-sketch of whale hunt * Scanned pictures of scrimshaw teeth *Clay teeth (scratch & after) B. Student Materials Class 1 – Paper, pencil, clay, cones, roller, cloth, trays Class 2 & 3 – Clay tooth (made in previous class), scratching tools Class 4 – Paint brushes, India ink, and clear glaze (polyurethane) (Scanned scrimshaw pictures to be placed on tables for students to share with each other.) Lesson Procedures: A. Starting the Lesson (Description of Transition / Motivation) “Today we are going to learn about a specific type of folk art known as scrimshaw.” Ask students what they think scrimshaw is. Have class answer whale man multiple choice question: A whale man is…. a) a person who looks like a whale b) a person who hunts whales c) a person who swims like a whale B. Behavioral Expectations (What are students expected to do?) Class 1 1) Make a clay whale tooth 2) Pre-sketch on a piece of paper a thematic scrimshaw scene ex…boats, ships, whales, whale hunts, harpoons Class 2 & 3 3) Draw and scratch sketch on clay whale tooth. Class 4 4) Paint & glaze clay whale tooth. C. Organizer (How will students be informed of the goals and major activities of this lesson?) I will write instructions on the chalkboard and verbally review expectations with the students. In addition, I will hand out expectation sheet for the students to keep. D. Lesson Sequence Class 1 Teacher Actions: Student Actions: 1) Introduce (total 10 min.) 1) Students will volunteer answers to - explanation of project questions asked by teacher - history of scrimshaw Melissa Maneval Art 2) Show Scrimshaw examples 2) Students will look at presentation and - Power point presentation examples - Pictures 3) Go over assignment and expectations 3) Students will listen carefully and (assign sketches as homework) possibly ask questions 4) Demonstration – How to make clay tooth 4) Student will watch demo 5) Distribute clay & materials and let students 5) Students will get materials and make clay begin assignments; walk around to offer tooth individual assistance (20 min.) 6) Clean up and closure of lesson: 6) Students will put away materials quickly Review key concepts: (5 min.) and will answer questions during review. - What is scrimshaw? - Who made it? - Why? Class 2 Teacher Actions: Student Actions: 1) Introduction (10 min.) 1) Students will answer questions and listen - review what is scrimshaw to directions. - review steps and expectations 2) Students will watch movie clip - show movie clip of Moby Dick 2) Remind and review students of expectations 3) Students will listen carefully and ask questions if needed. 3) Hand out materials and let students continue 4) Students will get materials and continue to work on clay teeth; walk around to offer to work on their clay teeth and ask questions individual assistance. (25 min.) when needed. 4) Clean up and closure of lesson: (5 min.) 5) Students will put away materials and Ask students to show designs they created answer questions during review. Class 3 Teacher Actions: Student Actions: 1) Introduction 1) Students will listen and ask questions - quick review of expectations 2) Hand out materials and let students continue 2) Students will get materials and continue To work on clay teeth: walk around to offer to work on their clay teeth and ask questions individual assistance. when needed. 3) Clean up and closure of lesson: (5 min.) 3) Students will put away materials. ask students to share something new that they learned about scrimshaw. Melissa Maneval Art Class 4 Teacher Actions: Student Actions: 1) Introduction 1) Students will listen and ask questions - quick review of expectations - discuss written letter assignment 2) Hand out materials and let students paint 2) Students will get materials and work on and glaze teeth. painting and glazing teeth. 3) As students finish, they will write creative 3) Students will put away materials and letters home to family, friends, or a loved one. write individual letters. 3) Clean up and closure of lesson: (5 min.) 3) Students will respond to teacher’s Ask students what were likes and dislikes questions with opinions about project. Assessment: _x_ Artwork __ Rubric __ Learning Log _x_ Oral Questioning _x_ Worksheet __ Test _x_ Observations _x_ Student Writing __ Class Critique __ Checklist __ Self – Assessment __ Portfolio Do the student’s answer the review questions correctly? - Do they understand who made scrimshaw and why it was made? - Do they understand the historical context under which it was made? - Do they know the techniques and process used to make scrimshaw? Do the student’s clay teeth follow the expectations I set forth? - Do the student’s clay teeth exhibit the common themes used in scrimshaw? - Is the ink placed neatly and carefully in the carved cracks? Evaluation: Students loved this project. They came out learning a lot about the life and history of sailing. Plus, they learned that not all art has to be made by official artist. Just common every day people made these important artifacts. This would be a great lesson to use in a public school in the New England Sates. There is an educational program at the Whaling Museum, which offers great hands on activities for students. I could see collaborative teaching with the classroom and art room teacher to make this experience more in depth. A class field trip or optional weekend trip to visit the Whaling Museum would be a possibility to explore if there were interest, funds, and support by parents and administration.