The Ancient Aztecs An Original Production by Class 5-12, 2010 Aztec Games By: John , Isha , Tyler and Dan Aztec Games The most important game the Aztecs played was Tlachli. The Aztecs used beans and kernels to make dice. The game that was similar was Pok-a- Tok Mayans The city of Chichen Itza had seven ball courts. The losers were sacrificed to the gods. Players hit the ball into a ring. The Aztecs decorated the rings as a snake. It was 35 feet of the ground and was only put up on religious ceremonies. The shape of the game court was a rectangle. The largest ever was 545 feet long and 225 feet wide. Aztec Games • The game the Aztecs played was soccer. The field was rectangular. You would have to hit the ball with your hip. The object of this game is to get the ball in the ring without the ball touching the ground. • If you don’t win, you may have to sacrifice yourself to the gods. In this game, the winner chooses who gets sacrificed. • They used beans painted with dots as dice. They used beans or kernels of maize as markers. The object of the game is to move around the board and return to the end of the maze. • Tlachtilis ball was made of hard rubber. The rubber was about six inches diameter. • The players could not touch their ball with their hands. The ball could only be moved by the players hips, knees, legs and elbows. • The name of the popular Aztec board game was pattoli. It was similar to parchesi or backgammon two other board games. However, they didn’t have any exact rules of pattoli. Aztec Art by Thomas, Nicholas, and Tamara • The Aztec had a coatlicue that meant goddess of earth. It had a necklace made of human hearts and hands. • The Aztecs art was architecture and sculpture. It was this because there sculpture was beautiful. • The Aztec’s most magnificent structure was a temple. The temple was the most cherished thing in the city. Most of the sculpture came from decorations of the temples The favorite subjects of Aztec sculptures were animals and spiders Stone was used to make Aztec sculptures Aztec Art • Aztec art is very unique. In Aztec history the Spanish took the Aztec’s gold and artwork to Europe. • In Aztec art they made a lot of art with feathers. To get the feathers, the woman would keep exotic birds in cages for there colorful feathers. • I bet people would love to see Aztec art now, but sadly the only feather weaving art piece left from the Aztecs is in a museum in Vienna. Aztec Medicine By: Lainey ,Nick ,Joe ,and Gurby • The Aztecs believed that black magic caused sickness. It made people ill. • Aztecs wore amulets. They believed that they were good luck charms. • The ancient Aztec medicines were in combinations. They were in combinations of Religion, beliefs, plants, and magical powers. The Aztec priests cured people who were sick with something not as big. But Shamans were called in if it was serious. It was a ticitl. The medicine was made out of plants, roots, herbs, and bark. They rub the plants on there patients to sooth the aches and pains. • The Aztecs used a lot of different medicine. But there most common medicine that they would use was medicine called Yauhtli and Iztauhyatl. They are plants they would use as medicine. They were used for stopping fevers, and especially stiffness. They used sap to heal battle wounds. • Doctors used knives made of volcanic glass for surgery • Doctors were skilled, after they would cut out a tumor they would cover it with crushed plants so the cut would heal faster Aztec Calendar By: Joey, Erika, and Emily Lunar Calendar • The Aztecs had two calendars. One was the lunar calendar, which was based on the phases of the moon • The Aztecs had a lunar calendar, which had 13 months • The Aztecs lunar calendars months had 20 days in each • The way the Aztec priest figured out when to plant crops was by using the Lunar calendar • The second Aztec calendar was the Solar calendar. It was based on the movement of the sun • The Solar calendar had 365 days on the calendar just like us • The Aztec had 2 calendars. There was a calendar called the solar calendar. The calendar had 18 months and 20 days. • There was five extra days in the solar calendar. When the calendar was finished it ended with extra days, so the Aztec said it was five extra days of “nothing”. • The Aztec had important artifacts in calendars. One of these important artifacts from the Aztecs is the famous calendar stone, discovered in 1790. The City of Tenochtitlan By Megan, Michael, and Steven Facts on Tenochtitlan In the center on the city was The Great Plaza. The Great Plaza had The Great Temple. The Great temple was 520 by 600 feet. When the Spanish arrived the population was 200,000 to 300,000 people it was bigger than they have seen in Europe. The clans had their own section in the city that contain the house witch they would live in and the Gardens. • Lake Texcoco was the village that later became Tenochtitlan. They chose the island since the lake protected them against attacks. • The cause way linked Tenochtitlan to the main land. These cause ways became the major entrances into the city. • One of the Spanish conquerors thought that Tenochtitlan was a dream when they saw it. • A twin island Tlaltelolco was on another island to the north. The natives soon built a bridge between the two villages, but the two villages then became rivals. After a short battle, Tenochtitlan defeated and absorbed Tlaltelolco. • Tenochtitlan’s had major streets. One of the major streets was The Great Plaza. • The Great Plaza was in the center of the city. The most impressive structure in the plaza was the pyramid and double temple to the god. It measured 520 by 600feet and had more then 60 buildings. Aztec Agriculture By: Christian Martinez, Sophia Gambale, and Ally Vellecca Aztec Agriculture • The Aztecs used a plant stick to plant crops. They did not use plows. • They burned trees to use the ashes for fertilizer. • Chinampas were on lakes and swamp they were floating gardens on the water. The Market Place • Aztec farmers from distant places used dug out canoes to move crops over rivers and canals to different markets throughout the Aztec civilization. • Also, farmers carried crops on their backs (they carried the crops to their local market place.) • The market place was always very crowded, Spaniard Cortés wrote that over 60,000 people visited the market each day. • The chinampas were sometimes called “floating gardens”. They were the most interesting development of Aztec agriculture. Chinampas were very small islands in lake or swampy areas. The Aztec used the chinampas to plant crops and gardens. • The main crop the farmers grew was maize (corn). The Aztec farmers also grew tomatoes, sweet potatoes, avocados, beans, and squash. Different crops came from the lowlands. Major lowland crops include cotton, rubber, and papayas. • Chocolate was made from the cacao beans which is one of the lowland crops. Aztec Religion Mary, Anthony, Matthew -Tlazolteotl was an earth god who was highly honored god. -The festival of the eleventh month was called Ochpaniztli. There was dancing, processions and human sacrifices. -Each Aztec had his or her own patron god. • During the ceremony of the eleventh month included a human sacrifice. The Priest would cut open a young maiden’s chest and rip out her hart and place it of the goddess's statue if she imprisoned the corn on the altar. • A maiden would bring corn to the altar very early before the possession. • After the possession the Aztecs played games, met with friends and had a huge feast. • The names of the Aztec warrior groups are the knights of the eagle and the knights of the jaguar. • Warrior groups were distinguished by wearing animal skins to represent their mascots they battled each other for fun and entertainment of the crowds • The game Aztecs played at their festivals was a similar game we play today called basketball. Where the players run around a court moving a rubber ball around and try to shoot it in the hoop.