Chapter 11 – Civil Liberties Multiple Choice Questions 53. One limit on the freedom of assembly is that A. at the meeting, a person may only discuss the positive aspects of our government. B. the meeting must remain peaceful. C. people cannot discuss their religious beliefs with one another. D. meetings can only be held during daylight hours. E. None of the above is a limit. 54. While the government may not censor what can be said, it can regulate protests and parades. It can make regulations regarding A. the time of the parade or protest. B. the place of the parade or protest. C. the manner of the parade or protest. D. None of the above E. All of the above 55. An individual’s ability to own, use, rent, invest in, buy, and sell property is associated with A. eminent domain. B. regulatory taking. C. property rights. D. land rights. E. domain limitations. 56. A government creates landing and takeoff paths for airplanes over property adjacent to an airport, making the adjacent land unsuitable for its original use (say, raising chickens) and making compensation warranted. This is an example of what? A. Eminent domain B. Regulatory taking C. Property rights D. Land rights E. Domain limitations 57. The concept that private property cannot be taken for public use without just compensation is A. eminent domain. B. ex post facto law. C. habeas corpus. D. martial law. E. regulatory taking. 58. Eminent domain is defined as the right of government to A. prohibit the development of private property. B. legislate the way in which private property may be used. C. impose environmental regulations on private property owners. D. take private property for public use. E. All of the above 59. ___________ is a constitutional requirement that governments proceed by proper methods. A. Procedural due process B. Due process C. Substantive due process D. Miranda rights E. International due process 60. ___________ mainly limits the legislative branch because it enacts laws. A. Procedural due process B. Due process C. Substantive due process D. Miranda rights E. International due process 61. ___________ is a constitutional requirement that governments act reasonably and that the substance of the laws themselves be fair and reasonable. A. Procedural due process B. Due process C. Substantive due process D. Miranda rights E. International due process 62. ___________ established rules and regulations that restrain government officials. A. Procedural due process B. Due process C. Substantive due process D. Miranda rights E. International due process 63. The Griswold v. Connecticut ruling dealt with elements of the First, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth, and Fourteenth Amendments to recognize A. religious belief. B. abortion rights. C. privacy rights. D. speech rights. E. peaceful assembly rights. 64. Under Roe v. Wade, the Court held that a woman in her first three months of pregnancy had __________ right to an abortion. A. no B. a court-approved C. a limited D. an unrestricted E. None of the above 65. In 2003, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a ________ state law making homosexual sodomy a crime. A. Georgia B. California C. Massachusetts D. Texas E. Alabama 66. While the Supreme Court has upheld the right of women to have an abortion, it has held that there is no constitutional obligation for ____________________ to pay for abortions. A. government B. husbands C. boyfriends D. health insurance E. None of the above 67. Please indicate which of the following Supreme Court cases did NOT involve the issue of privacy. A. Griswold v. Connecticut B. Planned Parenthood of Pennsylvania v. Casey C. Lawrence v. Texas D. Mapp v. Ohio E. All of the above cases dealt with privacy. 68. Which of the following activities is covered under the right to privacy? A. Same-sex marriage B. Physician-assisted suicide C. Abortion D. None of the above E. All of the above 69. The right to privacy is specifically A. found in the Tenth Amendment. B. found in the Bill of Rights. C. found in the main body of the Constitution. D. not found in the main body of the Constitution or in its amendments. E. None of the above 70. In ____________, the Supreme Court pulled together elements of the First, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth, and Fourteenth Amendments to recognize that personal privacy is one of the rights the Constitution protects. A. Lemon v. Kurtzman B. Gitlow v. New York C. Miller v. California D. Roe v. Wade E. Griswold v. Connecticut 71. In ______________,the Supreme Court refused to extend constitutional protection to private relations between homosexuals. A. Bowers v. Hardwick B. Gitlow v. New York C. Miller v. California D. Romer v. Evans E. Griswold v. Connecticut 72. The Supreme Court also upheld, in_____________, a stop-and-frisk exception to the warrant requirement when officers have reason to believe someone is armed and dangerous or has committed or is about to commit a criminal offense. A. Terry v. Ohio B. Gitlow v. New York C. Miller v. California D. Romer v. Evans E. Griswold v. Connecticut 73. Which Amendment states the following: “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized”? A. Fourteenth B. Fourth C. First D. Third E. Fifth 74. Which Amendment presents a complex area of the law that includes many possible exceptions to the warrant requirement? A. Fourteenth B. Fourth C. First D. Third E. Fifth 75. Requirements that evidence unconstitutionally or illegally obtained be excluded from a criminal trial refer to which of the following? A. Procedural due process B. Exclusionary rule C. Double jeopardy D. Miranda rights E. Due process 76. The Supreme Court, in Miranda v. Arizona (1966), announced that suspects need to be notified of all of the following EXCEPT A. the right to remain silent and that anything they say can and will be used against them. B. the right to a fair trial. C. the right to terminate questioning at any point. D. the right to have an attorney present during questioning by police. E. the right to have a lawyer appointed to represent them if they cannot afford to hire their own attorney. 77. A(n) ___________ is concerned not with a person’s guilt or innocence but merely with whether there is enough evidence to warrant a trial. A. petit jury B. impartial jury C. grand jury D. partial jury E. appeals jury 78. What Amendment also provides that no person shall be “subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb?” A. Fourteenth B. Fourth C. Fifth D. Third E. Ninth 79. The __________Court made it easier to impose death sentences, cut back on appeals, and carry out executions. A. Warren B. Rehnquist C. Thomas D. Scalia E. O’Connor 80. A search limited to a quick pat-down to check for weapons that may be used to assault the arresting officer is known as what? A. Ohio search B. Lawrence search C. Terry search D. Warrantless search E. Frisk search 81. Protection against self-incrimination was originally developed to protect citizens against A. double jeopardy. B. eminent domain. C. habeas corpus. D. police brutality. E. martial law. 82. A true bill or indictment is associated with A. a petit jury. B. eminent domain. C. plea bargaining. D. a grand jury. E. habeas corpus. 83. An impartial jury must A. consist of persons who represent a fair cross-section of the community. B. be appointed by the prosecution. C. consist of people that have a high school education. D. be experts to consider testimony. E. None of the above 84. A jury of 6–12 persons that determines the guilt or innocence in a civil or criminal action is called a A. petit jury. B. small jury. C. grand jury. D. impartial jury. E. California jury. 85. If a majority of the grand jurors agree that a trial is justified, they return a true bill, or A. plea bargain. B. indictment. C. trial procedure. D. Bill of Attainder. E. trial approval. 86. After indictment, prosecutors and the defense attorney usually discuss the possibility of a A. plea bargain. B. dismissal. C. trial procedure. D. mistrial. E. no-contest plea. 87. The USA PATRIOT Act of 2001 did all of the following EXCEPT A. expand the size of the court. B. lower the requirement to approve warrants in cases of terrorism. C. permit searches for foreign intelligence and evidence of terrorist activities. D. restrict the access of foreign nationals within United States. E. Both B and C are correct.
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