Chapter 11 review pp 332-349 by nuhman10

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									Chapter 11 – Civil Liberties

Multiple Choice Questions

53. One limit on the freedom of assembly is that
    A. at the meeting, a person may only discuss the positive aspects of our government.
    B. the meeting must remain peaceful.
    C. people cannot discuss their religious beliefs with one another.
    D. meetings can only be held during daylight hours.
    E. None of the above is a limit.

54. While the government may not censor what can be said, it can regulate protests and parades. It can
    make regulations regarding
    A. the time of the parade or protest.
    B. the place of the parade or protest.
    C. the manner of the parade or protest.
    D. None of the above
    E. All of the above

55. An individual’s ability to own, use, rent, invest in, buy, and sell property is associated with
    A. eminent domain.
    B. regulatory taking.
    C. property rights.
    D. land rights.
    E. domain limitations.

56. A government creates landing and takeoff paths for airplanes over property adjacent to an airport,
    making the adjacent land unsuitable for its original use (say, raising chickens) and making
    compensation warranted. This is an example of what?
    A. Eminent domain
    B. Regulatory taking
    C. Property rights
    D. Land rights
    E. Domain limitations

57. The concept that private property cannot be taken for public use without just compensation is
    A. eminent domain.
    B. ex post facto law.
    C. habeas corpus.
    D. martial law.
    E. regulatory taking.

58. Eminent domain is defined as the right of government to
    A. prohibit the development of private property.
    B. legislate the way in which private property may be used.
    C. impose environmental regulations on private property owners.
    D. take private property for public use.
    E. All of the above
59. ___________ is a constitutional requirement that governments proceed by proper methods.
    A. Procedural due process
    B. Due process
    C. Substantive due process
    D. Miranda rights
    E. International due process

60. ___________ mainly limits the legislative branch because it enacts laws.
    A. Procedural due process
    B. Due process
    C. Substantive due process
    D. Miranda rights
    E. International due process

61. ___________ is a constitutional requirement that governments act reasonably and that the substance
    of the laws themselves be fair and reasonable.
    A. Procedural due process
    B. Due process
    C. Substantive due process
    D. Miranda rights
    E. International due process

62. ___________ established rules and regulations that restrain government officials.
    A. Procedural due process
    B. Due process
    C. Substantive due process
    D. Miranda rights
    E. International due process

63. The Griswold v. Connecticut ruling dealt with elements of the First, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth, and
    Fourteenth Amendments to recognize
    A. religious belief.
    B. abortion rights.
    C. privacy rights.
    D. speech rights.
    E. peaceful assembly rights.

64. Under Roe v. Wade, the Court held that a woman in her first three months of pregnancy had
    __________ right to an abortion.
    A. no
    B. a court-approved
    C. a limited
    D. an unrestricted
    E. None of the above

65. In 2003, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a ________ state law making homosexual sodomy a
    crime.
    A. Georgia
    B. California
    C. Massachusetts
    D. Texas
    E. Alabama

66. While the Supreme Court has upheld the right of women to have an abortion, it has held that there is
    no constitutional obligation for ____________________ to pay for abortions.
    A. government
    B. husbands
    C. boyfriends
    D. health insurance
    E. None of the above

67. Please indicate which of the following Supreme Court cases did NOT involve the issue of privacy.
    A. Griswold v. Connecticut
    B. Planned Parenthood of Pennsylvania v. Casey
    C. Lawrence v. Texas
    D. Mapp v. Ohio
    E. All of the above cases dealt with privacy.

68. Which of the following activities is covered under the right to privacy?
    A. Same-sex marriage
    B. Physician-assisted suicide
    C. Abortion
    D. None of the above
    E. All of the above

69. The right to privacy is specifically
    A. found in the Tenth Amendment.
    B. found in the Bill of Rights.
    C. found in the main body of the Constitution.
    D. not found in the main body of the Constitution or in its amendments.
    E. None of the above

70. In ____________, the Supreme Court pulled together elements of the First, Third, Fourth, Fifth,
    Ninth, and Fourteenth Amendments to recognize that personal privacy is one of the rights the
    Constitution protects.
    A. Lemon v. Kurtzman
    B. Gitlow v. New York
    C. Miller v. California
    D. Roe v. Wade
    E. Griswold v. Connecticut

71. In ______________,the Supreme Court refused to extend constitutional protection to private relations
    between homosexuals.
    A. Bowers v. Hardwick
    B. Gitlow v. New York
    C. Miller v. California
    D. Romer v. Evans
    E. Griswold v. Connecticut

72. The Supreme Court also upheld, in_____________, a stop-and-frisk exception to the warrant
    requirement when officers have reason to believe someone is armed and dangerous or has committed
    or is about to commit a criminal offense.
    A. Terry v. Ohio
    B. Gitlow v. New York
    C. Miller v. California
    D. Romer v. Evans
    E. Griswold v. Connecticut

73. Which Amendment states the following: “The right of the people to be secure in their persons,
    houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no
    Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly
    describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized”?
    A. Fourteenth
    B. Fourth
    C. First
    D. Third
    E. Fifth

74. Which Amendment presents a complex area of the law that includes many possible exceptions to the
    warrant requirement?
    A. Fourteenth
    B. Fourth
    C. First
    D. Third
    E. Fifth

75. Requirements that evidence unconstitutionally or illegally obtained be excluded from a criminal trial
    refer to which of the following?
    A. Procedural due process
    B. Exclusionary rule
    C. Double jeopardy
    D. Miranda rights
    E. Due process

76. The Supreme Court, in Miranda v. Arizona (1966), announced that suspects need to be notified of all
    of the following EXCEPT
    A. the right to remain silent and that anything they say can and will be used against them.
    B. the right to a fair trial.
    C. the right to terminate questioning at any point.
    D. the right to have an attorney present during questioning by police.
    E. the right to have a lawyer appointed to represent them if they cannot afford to hire their own attorney.

77. A(n) ___________ is concerned not with a person’s guilt or innocence but merely with whether there
    is enough evidence to warrant a trial.
    A. petit jury
    B. impartial jury
    C. grand jury
    D. partial jury
    E. appeals jury

78. What Amendment also provides that no person shall be “subject for the same offense to be twice put
    in jeopardy of life or limb?”
    A.   Fourteenth
    B.   Fourth
    C.   Fifth
    D.   Third
    E.   Ninth

79. The __________Court made it easier to impose death sentences, cut back on appeals, and carry out
    executions.
    A. Warren
    B. Rehnquist
    C. Thomas
    D. Scalia
    E. O’Connor

80. A search limited to a quick pat-down to check for weapons that may be used to assault the arresting
    officer is known as what?
    A. Ohio search
    B. Lawrence search
    C. Terry search
    D. Warrantless search
    E. Frisk search

81. Protection against self-incrimination was originally developed to protect citizens against
    A. double jeopardy.
    B. eminent domain.
    C. habeas corpus.
    D. police brutality.
    E. martial law.

82. A true bill or indictment is associated with
    A. a petit jury.
    B. eminent domain.
    C. plea bargaining.
    D. a grand jury.
    E. habeas corpus.

83. An impartial jury must
    A. consist of persons who represent a fair cross-section of the community.
    B. be appointed by the prosecution.
    C. consist of people that have a high school education.
    D. be experts to consider testimony.
    E. None of the above

84. A jury of 6–12 persons that determines the guilt or innocence in a civil or criminal action is called a
    A. petit jury.
    B. small jury.
    C. grand jury.
    D. impartial jury.
    E. California jury.

85. If a majority of the grand jurors agree that a trial is justified, they return a true bill, or
    A.   plea bargain.
    B.   indictment.
    C.   trial procedure.
    D.   Bill of Attainder.
    E.   trial approval.

86. After indictment, prosecutors and the defense attorney usually discuss the possibility of a
    A. plea bargain.
    B. dismissal.
    C. trial procedure.
    D. mistrial.
    E. no-contest plea.

87. The USA PATRIOT Act of 2001 did all of the following EXCEPT
    A. expand the size of the court.
    B. lower the requirement to approve warrants in cases of terrorism.
    C. permit searches for foreign intelligence and evidence of terrorist activities.
    D. restrict the access of foreign nationals within United States.
    E. Both B and C are correct.

								
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