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									Hand-Scapes Pencil Drawing

Click images for larger views.

Objectives Students Will:                                      Materials

      draw hands from life - careful observation              anatomy books
      combine realistic hand drawing in fantasy "scape"       white drawing paper
      utilize elements of design - show good composition      Tracing paper (optional)
       skills/principles of design - value shading             pencils, collared pencils


   1. Optional: Introduce students to hands in art - look at expressive qualities.
   2. Demonstrate careful drawing from observation.
   3. Introduce Surreal/Fantasy art (through PowerPoint, slides, Internet or books).
      Note: Cecilia had them look into Dali, Rene Magritte, Brad Holland, (blatant fantasy
      imagery) and then the Pre-Raphaelites etc. like John William Waterhouse, Rossetti,
      Mucha (atmospheric subtle fantasy). They used books in the classroom, and then
      researched on the Internet as one of their home assignments.


       The Persistence of Memory, by Salvador Dali
       The Temptation of St. Anthony by Salvador Dali
       Swans Reflecting Elephants by Salvador Dali
       Intermission by Rene Magritte
       Midnight Marriage by Rene Magritte


1) @ 1- 2 Days

The projects began with students drawing their own hands. After, drawings were reviewed in
class critique. Group discussion concluded the main challenges were:
A) majority of hands seemed made of rubber or paper, lacking sense of structure/ support
like their own appendages

B) Had not seen correlation- thus did not apply- basics learned when drawing subjects prior
to anatomy. For example: when drawing, say, the knuckle of a thumb from the side, or the
finger bent and foreshortened - they didn’t see overlapping in practice… nor the use of line
emphasis and contrast to pull shapes out of the page…

2) @ 2 days

Next we researched anatomical reference from various art and anatomy books. Students
were to use materials to build the hand up in 3 sequential drawings… NOT be from life. I
wanted them to reconstruct an existing anatomical study in three steps, same ‘pose’. I keep
a library in the art room chock full of great life study books and more for reference:

    - First they drew the skeleton of the hand,

    - Then the skeleton with muscles and sinew,

    - Third drawing was to be the hand as we see it.

Instruction during this phase concentrated on facilitating students ability to see how
principles and elements learned thus far, applied to creating any illusion: (record shapes first,
then break shapes down (receding or projecting out of page) using overlapping, emphasis of
line, size disparity, etc.)

Note: For students struggling with above correlation, I had them put down the hand
assignment. Then I addressed and applied the same concepts, while I drew just their nose.
After this demo, that incorporates all of the above and more, they drew mine. An epiphany
every time!

3) @ 2- 3 days

Next, they again drew their own hands equipped with all the above criteria. So now, each
student has:

        -1st attempt drawing,

        -anatomical studies, and

        - 2nd drawing of their hands after anatomy studies. See examples below.
4) @ 3 days

They have max of 3 days to come up with ideas for an environment in which to place
drawing of their hands that:

Must portray the hand as a prominent, totally unusual & unexpected ‘character’ in its
environment. Show hands interacting w/that environment… passively, or actively.

5) @ 4-5 days

They execute the finish… This phase from sketch to final includes lessons in how to transfer
a drawing with light box, or graphite sheet, how to selectively keep or discard elements of a
sketch, how to size up or down for a final…etc …

6) Final critique

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