American Science and Invention A Pictorial History

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					                 American Science and Invention A Pictorial History
                                 By Mitchell Wilson
                           Bulleted points by Nikhil Singh

   The book describes the story of American changes, which were influenced by the
    varying political and economical demands.
   After the declaration of independence, the American Science and Technology was
    way behind the English and the book leads us by the help of pictures through the step-
    by-step changes, which helped the nation to become a leader in Science and
    It discusses the contributions made by Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Thomson to
    the American science. Thomson, though not a very patriotic person, helped a lot in
    revolutionizing the ballistic science.
   It gives us insight into what led to the discoveries and how they were done. The
    Priestley’s discovery of Oxygen and the Lewis and Clark expeditions, are described
   It talks about James Watt, Oliver Evans, John Stevens, Livingston and Robert Fulton.
    The book describes the events that led to the making of the Erie Canal.
   Eli Whitney and the cotton avalanche are well discussed in the book. The Whitney
    factory was the first to use mass-production. It describes Samuel Slater and his first
    successful factory, where even young boys could operate the machines.
   The Naturalists are discussed in the book, which include John Audubon, Louis
    Agassiz, John Fremont and William Beaumont. The book describes the legal battles
    involved in the discovery of Ether.
   Then there is Henry and his electromagnetic theory. He helped a lot of young
    scientists such as Bell and Morse to go ahead with there inventions.
   By 1830, the Americans had grown used to the concept of Inventors and were
    beginning to enshrine them.
   The book describes the difficulties faced by Samuel Morse in developing the
    Telegraph, as he was a painter, how Goodyear had to apply all the possible options to
    come up with vulcanized rubber. There is the story about the sewing machines
    discovery and the fighting over the patents.
   The book mentions about Cyrus McCormick and his Reaper. It talks about Abraham
    Lincoln and M. Stanton. The industries for the manufacture of Carriage and Coaches
    are discussed at length, such as Pullman cars and the refrigerator Cars and how they
    affected the trade and travel.
   The book discusses the Atlantic cable and the Balloonists. How Galting discovered
    the Machine Gun. Merrimac the first iron ship has been described beautifully, along
    with the Monitor, which was made to counter it.
   The discovery of Photography was very interesting to read. The book describes how
    Eastman Kodak became a very successful businessman.
   The telephone and Bell are discussed and then there is mention of Thomas Edison and
    his inventions. Life of Gibbs is also discussed who created the science of physical
   It discusses the discovery of radioactivity and the photoelectric effect, the revolution
    in light and Robert Millikan and his contributions to Science.
   The story of discovery of flying machine by Wright brothers has been discussed at
    length. George Ellery Hale and his Telescope and discoveries also find a place in the
   The Audion was patented by De Forest in 190, and was one of the century’s most
    important inventions.
   Then the book discusses the discoveries made in Chemistry and Physics, the
    electronics age and the Atomic bomb.
   The book is unique in its superb collection of pictures and data, which I believe was
    not easy to do. It gives us knowledge of many details which not many people will be
    aware of.

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