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TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY AND POST CONCUSSION SYNDROME

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TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY AND POST CONCUSSION SYNDROME Powered By Docstoc
					Did you have any injury(ies) during your
deployment from any of the following?

   •   Fragment or bullet
   •   Vehicular (any type of vehicle)
   •   Fall
   •   Blast (IED, RPG, land mine,
       grenade, etc)
   •   Other

Did any injury received while you were
deployed result in any of the following?

   •   Being dazed, confused or “seeing
       stars”
   •   Not remembering the injury
   •   Being “knocked out” for 1-20
       minutes,
   •   Being “knocked out” for more


                                                                                  TRAUMATIC
       than 20 minutes
   •   Having any symptoms of
       concussion afterward (such as
       headache, dizziness, irritability,

   •
       etc)
       Head injury                                                               BRAIN INJURY
                                                                                  AND POST -
IF YOU ANSWERED YES TO EITHER
QUESTION AND HAVE SYMPTOMS OF MILD
TBI OR POST-CONCUSSION SYNDROME,
YOU SHOULD GET EVALUATED AT THE                 Minnesota Army National Guard

                                                                                 CONCUSSION
NEAREST VA FACILITY. J1 ARMY MEDICAL
CAN HELP WITH MAKING APPOINTMENTS.                    J1 Army Medical
                                                      600 Cedar Street
The Minneapolis VA is one of 9 lead sites for
                                                     St. Paul, MN 55101
the Defense and Veterans Brain Injury
Center (DVBIC). The Outpatient TBI Clinic
for evaluation and treatment of mild TBI
cases can be accessed through a referral
                                                POC: Hope Wagner, RN, MSN, CDE
                                                                                  SYNDROME:
from the Acute Care or Medical Clinic.               Phone (651) 268-8663         AN OFTEN OVERLOOKED
More information on combat-related TBI is             Fax (651) 282-4075         PROBLEM IN COMBAT AND
available through DVBIC’s headquarters at
Walter Reed AMC at 1-800-870-9244 or            hope.wagner@mn.ngb.army.mil          DEMOBILIZATION
www.DVBIC.org
                                                             10/06
What is       a   traumatic      brain     What are the signs of MTBI?              Common signs of mild brain
injury?                                                                             injury include:
                                           When the injury happens, a person
A traumatic brain injury (TBI), or         with a mild TBI may remain
                                                                                      •   Changes in sleeping pattern*
simply head injury, occurs when a          conscious or may experience a loss
                                           of consciousness for a few seconds         •   Problems with memory,
sudden trauma disrupts the function
                                           or minutes. Some people are simply             organizing daily tasks, solving
of the brain. Penetrating wounds,
                                           dazed or confused.                             problems*
impacts and jolts to the head are
                                                                                      •   Difficulty paying attention or
common causes of TBI. A blast from
                                           Because the brain is complex, every            concentrating*
an explosion can also cause a brain
                                           brain injury is different.      Some       •   Depression*
injury, even when there is no direct
                                           symptoms may appear right away,            •   Anxiety, mood changes
contact with an object. Blasts are a
                                           while others may not show up for               (feeling sad or angry for no
leading cause of TBI for active duty
                                           days or weeks after the injury.                reason)*
military personnel in war zones.
                                                                                      •   Easily Irritated*
                                           The signs of mild brain injury can be
                                                                                      •   Confusion, disorientation
                                           slight and may be missed by the
                                                                                          (getting lost)
                                           person, family, and the doctors.
                                           People may look fine even though           •   Headaches that won’t go away
                                           they’re acting or feeling differently.     •   Loss of energy and motivation
                                                                                          (feeling tired)
                                           TBI can cause a wide range of              •   Dizziness
                                           functional   changes       affecting       •   Neck pain
                                           thinking,  sensation,    movement,         •   Blurred vision
Not all trauma or jolts to the head will   language and/or emotion. Memory,           •   Ringing in the ears
result in a TBI. Those that do can         mood and attention are the top three       •   Noise/light intolerance
range from mild to severe. Mild            complaints of people with brain
brain injuries are also known as           injury.                                  * Also symptoms of Combat Stress/
“concussions” and are usually not                                                   Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
life threatening. The term mild            Course of post-concussion
traumatic brain injury (MTBI) refers                                                 IT IS IMPORTANT TO NOTE THAT THE
                                           symptoms in mild TBI                     SYMPTOMS OF MILD TBI AND COMBAT
to the relatively minor presenting
symptoms of the individual, and not                                                 STRESS OR POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS
                                           In post-concussion/MTBI, recovery is
to the long-term consequences,                                                      DISORDER (PTSD) CAN BE IDENTICAL,
                                           within weeks/month, but a small               AND PTSD IS OFTEN FOUND IN
which may be serious.                      percentage     of   people     have        PEOPLE WITH TBI AS A RESULT OF
                                           persistent symptoms.                     THE DISTRESSING EVENT. BUT THESE
This brochure will tell you about mild
traumatic brain injury (MTBI), how to                                               ARE TWO DIFFERENT PROBLEMS THAT
                                           Getting help soon after the injury by
recognize it and what you can do to                                                   REQUIRE DIFFERENT TREATMENTS.
                                           trained professionals may speed                EACH REQUIRES CARE.
have it evaluated and treated.             your recovery

				
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posted:5/4/2011
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