Elements and Principles of Art - PowerPoint

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Essential Question: What are the elements of art?
Class work:
Day 1 Elements
Opener: 15 minutes
Grab your folders
Lecture: 25 minutes
Terms: art, subject, context medium, and elements

Individual Work:10-15 minutes
Answer questions from the student handbook and trade/grade.

Assessment: 30 minutes
Element Activity/Workbook.

Closure: 10 minutes
5 question aural quiz
                 Opener Part 1
• When some people hear the terms “visual
  art” or “fine art,” they have already made
  assumptions about what they are going to
  see. When you hear the terms “visual art” or
  “fine art,” what assumptions do you make
  about what you’re going to see?
• Define:
  – Fine Art
  – Visual Art
                       Opener Part 2
              Compare the two images below.
 Are both images art? Why or Why not? Defend your answer.

Fine Art                      Graffiti
• Made by humans and appeals to the senses
                  Visual Art Terms
• Subject
  What a work of art is about, obvious or implied.
• Medium (plural = media)
  Things that are used to construct or create a work
  of art
• Context
  How a work of art is understood, this refers to time,
  events, people, places, and things
•   Dorthea Lange
•   Migrant Mother, California
•   1936
•   Photography
•   Great Depression
•   Georges Seurat
•   A Sunday on La Grande Jatte
•   1884-1886
•   Art Institute of Chicago
•   Pointillism
• a way of showing space in an art work
• uses a vanishing point on the horizon
• creates a sense of deep space by showing
  objects that get smaller and smaller.
• Example: Last Supper
     The 7 Elements of Visual Art
1.   Line
2.   Shape
3.   Form
4.   Texture
5.   Color
6.   Space
7.   Value
1. Line
A path that a point makes through space. Lines
  can convey emotions.
• Vertical
inspirational, reaching towards the sky, tall
  trees, church steeples.
              Types of Lines
• Horizontal
restful, horizon where the sky meets the land.

• Diagonal
disturbing/unsettling. Suggest decay or chaos,
  like lightening and falling trees
• Parallel
suggest order, harmony, or unity
• The Parthenon
• Greek Architecture
• 400 B.C.E
2. Shape
-a line that is connected and encloses space
-outline of something
-two dimensional
-two basic shapes
• Geometric – smooth, even edges, measurable,
   usually man-made.
• Organic – have complicated edges, found in nature:
   leaves and flowers.
3. Form
- 3D
- shows depth
• Draw examples:
  – circle=sphere
  – triangle= pyramid/cone
  – square=cube
4. Texture
Two Types
1. Real Texture
      -the way the surface of an object actually
            -Sandpaper, cotton balls, tree bark
2. Visual Texture
      -the way the surface of an object looks like it
      feels, such as paintings and drawings
      – challenged the artist
5. Space
• 3 parts: foreground, middle ground, and
Positive (filled)
  -object within the picture
Negative (empty)
  -area in and around the object
  -usually referred to as the background
6. Value
      -Lightness or Darkness of a Color
      -recognize what we see/more important
      than color
      Low Value = DARK
      High Value = LIGHT
7. Color
  -adds interest/reality to art
  -reflected light
       Pencils Down and Discuss
• When you see a color the object you are
  actually seeing is all other colors but the one
  you see! How can that be?

• The color you see is being reflected back at
  you. The object reflecting the color is
  absorbing all other colors of light so you only
  see the reflected color.
Properties of Color

 -the color wheel name of the color: red, green,
 blue, etc.

  -how intense or strong a color appears to be
•   Primary
•   -red, yellow and blue
•   -cannot be created by mixing
•   -mixed to create other colors
• Secondary
   -green, violet/purple, orange
  -created by mixing two primary colors
• Intermediate/Tertiary
  -created by mixing a primary color with a
  secondary color
• -primary name always comes first
      ex. - Red + Orange = Red-Orange
• Warm Colors – contain             • Cool Colors – contain
  red, yellow and orange              blue, green and violet

•   Massacre at Chios – Delacroix   •   Starry Night Over the Rhone – Van Gogh
              Student Handbook Page 186-192
1. Name the seven elements of art.
2. Name the three types of color.
3. Colors that are next to each other on the color wheel are called
4. The Parthenon in Athens has been described as not having a
   _________________line anywhere.
5. What is the main difference between Shape and Form?
6. What describes lightness and darkness of color in an artwork?
7. _____________is the actual feel or touch of the surface.
8. _____________is the perception of depth or dimension.
9. What does linear perspective create?
10. _____________ uses color contrasts to suggest a perspective of
1.    Line, Shape, Form, Texture, Color, Space and Value
2.    Primary, secondary and intermediate/tertiary
3.    Analogous
4.    Straight
5.    Shape=2D, Form=3D
6.    Value
7.    Texture
8.    Space
9.    Depth on a flat surface
10.   Aerial or Atmospheric
               Individual Activity
              Element Workbook
Count off as a class and this number will be the activity
  that you do from the Element Workbook – 40 points

1. Create a Line Sampler
2. Mondrian Shape Collage
3. Using Value to Create Form
4. Texture Rubbing Activity
5. Positive/Negative Space Design
6. Creating a Value Scale
• Check for understanding, 5 aural review
  questions on elements
Guidelines for Element Projects:
45 points
1. Define in your own words
2. Create an illustration of your term
3. Find Examples in the textbook or from the posters around
   the room
   Include the following:
   -Artist’s name – 5 points
   -Page # from book or Poster Title – 5 points
   -Explain on your paper WHY this is an example of your term
   – 5 points
   -illustration of your term – 20 points
4. Briefly explain your term, visual aid, and example to the
   class – 10 points
5. Make sure your name is on the back and turn in.
Essential Question: What are the principles of art?
Class work:
Day 2 Principles
Opener: 15 minutes
Grab your folder, a student handbook, and a piece of paper.
   Number to 10.
Lecture: 15 minutes
Principles of Art
Assessment: 25 minutes
Complete Element Activity
Closure: 10 minutes
• Principle Sheet
What is the most important
element for this artwork?
           Opener - Student Handbook pages 193-199
1. Every art work will use how many principles in it’s design?
2. Why is it important to know these principles of design; to help you do
3. What additional principles are listed in this book but not listed on the
    back wall?
4. Identify the three types of balance.
5. Pattern is described as planned what?
6. Contrast is the ________________ of opposing elements in specific
    areas of an artwork.
7. What is the most accessible principle of design?
8. Emphasis can also be called the________________ of an artwork.
9. Movement is meant to show activity and is created through the use of
    repeated ____________ and gradual increases/decreases in
    _______________ and __________________.
10. Unity is achieved when the _______________ work together to
    produce harmony or completeness and a sense of order.
1. More than one
2. Analyzing and/or describing
3. Repetition, proportion, variety
4. Formal(symmetrical), informal (asymmetrical), and radial
5. Repetition
6. Positioning
7. Rhythm
8. Focal point
9. Lines, color, and shading
10. elements
          Due Wednesday 8/26
                B Day
• Three Ring Binder
• 15 Tab dividers
• 40 points if you got it; 0 if you don’t
       8 Principles of Visual Art
1.   Balance
2.   Variety
3.   Unity
4.   Contrast
5.   Pattern
6.   Movement
7.   Rhythm
8.   Emphasis
1. Balance
• Arrange elements to create a sense of equality and
  stability in art.
            Balance: three types:
– asymmetrical: balance isn’t the same on both

– Symmetrical: balance is the same
   on both sides

– Radial: elements radiate out
  evenly from a central axis
• Notre Dame
  Rose Window
• Over 500 years
2. Variety: use of several different
3. Unity
  – when the elements of art and principles of design
    function together
  – visual unity
4. Contrast
  – Using elements that are the opposite: rough/smooth,
    complementary colors, lights/darks, and large/small.
5. Pattern
    of lines,
    and colors,
    in an
6. Movement
  – Arrangement elements in a way that makes the
    eye follow a path through the composition.
    Achieved by use of repetition and patterning.
• The Hunters in the Snow
• Pieter Brueghel the Elder
• 1565
7. Rhythm
  – Planned movement within a composition. Uses
    pattern and/or repetition.
8. Emphasis
  – focal point of the piece
  – dominate the viewer’s attention
  – What the artist wants you to see first
•   Diego Velazquez
•   Las Meninas (Maids of Honor)
•   1656
•   Madrid, Spain
Today you will learn about the infamous…
                     How to Do an…
Find in

                                                   Physical: where it is,
                                                   surrounding (more important
Draw image              List what is               for sculpture)
                        in the picture             Cultural Context: story
                                                   behind the work, purpose,
Identify: tell what you’re talking about and where it is
Describe: tell how it is used
Explain: tell what affect that has on the viewer or why you think the artist did it
that way        Do “Identify, Describe, Explain” for each element or

Choose ONE thing to talk about on each element or principle, but
go into detail using “Identify, Describe, Explain” technique.

                WHEN YOU ARE DONE.
• The Arnolfini
• Jan Van Eyck
• 1434
• Shows skill of new
   oil paint medium
• Check for understanding, 5 aural review
  questions on principles
Guidelines for Principle Projects:
45 points
1. Define in your own words
2. Create a Visual Aid of your term
3. Find Examples in the textbook or from the posters around
   the room
   Include the following:
   -Artist’s name – 5 points
   -Page # from book or Poster Title – 5 points
   -Explain on your paper WHY this is an example of your term
   – 5 points
   -illustration of your term – 20 points
4. Briefly explain your term, visual aid, and example to the
   class – 10 points
5. Make sure your name is on the back and turn in.
   Additional Terms for Visual Art
• modes of expression
   – Visual, performing, and literary arts
• modes of reflection
   – Philosophy, religion, and history
• Sculpture – shaping material into a 3D artwork
   – Full-round
       • Work stands freely, seen from all sides
   – Relief-sculpture
       • Attached to a wall or panel, used to decorate a building, flat on one
   – Subtractive
       • Created by chipping away excess material
   – Additive
       • Created by building up layers of material