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Quantum Numbers and Electron Configurations Worksheet

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					                                                                                                     CHEM 31 SI
                                                                                            Wednesday November 4

Quantum Numbers and Electron Configurations Worksheet
                                                        (review)
(#70 from text) An electron in a hydrogen atom relaxes to the n = 4 level, emitting light of 114 THz. What is the
value of n for the level in which the electron originated? (Tera = 1012)




                                                   Answer: n = 6
(# 78 from text) The energy required to ionize sodium is 496 kJ / mol. What minimum frequency of light is required
to ionize sodium?




                                             Answer = 1.24 x 1015 Hz
                                                     c=λ ∙ ν
                                  c = 2.99792458 x 108 meters/second
                               h = 6.626 x 10-34 Joules ∙ Second = Planck’
                                                                                      hc
                           ∆Eatom = E emitted (or absorbed) radiation = hν = Ephoton = /λ

              ∆E = Efinal – Einitial = hv = hc/λ = -2.18 x 10-18 J
                            φ = energy of a photon when threshold is achieved
                                                      hv = φ
                                                                                                      CHEM 31 SI
                                                                                             Wednesday November 4

What are the possible values of n, l, ml, and ms? What does each of these determine?




19. List all of the possible values of l (angular momentum), ml (magnetic), and ms (spin) quantum numbers for the
following values of n (the principal quantum number):
          B) n = 2




         D) n = 4




20. Based on the above question, the total number of electrons possible for a given n-value is equal to:
        A. 2n
        B. 2n2
        C. 2 (n-1)
        D. 2(2n + 1)
18. Which of the following accurately describes l (the angular momentum quantum number)?
        A. The value of l can be both positive and negative
        B. The value of l specifies the orientation of the orbital
        C. The value of l specifies the energy level of the orbital.
        D. The number of possible l values equals the value of n.
                                                                                    CHEM 31 SI
                                                                           Wednesday November 4

21. Supply the missing quantum numbers and sublevel names:
                                       n       l       ml     Name

                                   __      __      0        4p

                                   2       1       0        __

                                   3       2       -2       __

                                   __      __      __       2s

Are the following sets of quantum numbers allowed (Yes or No)? If not, change the value of
only one of the quantum numbers to make the set allowed.


                                        Allowed?            Changed Quantum Number if No:

n = 3, l = 0, ml = 0, ms = 1            Y/N                 ____________________________


n = 1, l = 1, ml = 0, ms = 1/2          Y/N                 ____________________________


n = 8, l = 7, ml = -6, ms = -1/2        Y/N                 ____________________________


n = 2, l = -1, ml = 1, ms = 1/2         Y/N                 ____________________________



What is the maximum number of electrons in an atom that can have these quantum numbers?


n = 2, l = 0, ml = 0    _______________


n = 3, l = 1, ms = ½    _______________


n = 5, ml = 1           _______________


n=4                     _______________
                                                                                      CHEM 31 SI
                                                                             Wednesday November 4

Write out the mnemonic for remembering the order to assigning electron configurations to
elements in their ground state orbitals:




What two transition metals do we need to know that are exceptions to the rules when writing
ground state electron configurations?

Write the Ground State Electron Configuration and orbital diagram for the following atoms,
using the noble gas abbreviation:

N



Cu



Nd



Sr



I



Use a phrase to describe why the 2s orbital is more stable (lower energy) versus 2p.



Explain briefly why the atomic radii increase moving down the periodic table, and decrease
moving to the right on the periodic table.

				
Jun Wang Jun Wang Dr
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