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Zena Khaddage, Chris Hall, and Kevin Waldrop • Literally means after the modernist movement. • It refers to non-art history from the 1960’s. • The American Heritage Dictionary describes the meaning of the same term as "Of or relating to art, architecture, or literature that reacts against earlier modernist principles, as by reintroducing traditional or classical elements of style or by carrying modernist styles or practices to extremes” The modernist movement addressed aesthetic problems of literature Modernism also influenced radical individualism Post-modernism went against these ideals Began in the late 20th century and early 21st century. It was largely influence by Western Europe, after WWII. The Cold War dominated the history of this era. Rapid advancements in war devices were fueled by the war A lot of technology was aimed towards advancement in the social culture and ways to spread social media and communications Ex: Televisions, radios, etc… Technologies were also fueled by the Cold War. An arms and militarism race was created Parts of post-modernism art can be defined by formal purity, art for art’s sake, authenticity, universality, originality, and pushing the boundaries of the norm. Art for art’s sake refers to the philosophy that true art is derived from didactic or moral functions Assemblage Art: Robert Rauschenberg, assemblage of large physical objects Abstract Expressionism: Jackson Pollock, The late 1940s and early 1950s Pop Art: Lawrence Alloway, describe paintings that celebrated consumerism of the post World War II era. Metafiction: employed to undermine the authority of the author, for unexpected narrative shifts, to advance a story in a unique way, for emotional distance, or to comment on the act of storytelling. -Example: Tim O'Brien's The Things They Carried Poioumena: seems to be about one narrative, although it is really about something else -Example: Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children Irony, playfulness, black humor - Joseph Heller's Catch-22 Pastiche: To combine, or "paste" together, multiple elements - Robert Coover's The Public Burning Postmodernist architecture borrows elements and references from the past and reintroduces color and symbolism to architecture. One popular building style of postmodernist style architecture is the use of pent roofing in buildings, where roofs are slanted at an even angle from one wall to the other. One author has suggested that the emergence of postmodern music occurred in the late 1960s, influenced in part by psychedelic rock and one or more of the later Beatles albums -a youth movement that began in the United States during the early 1960s and spread around the world. - they created their own communities, listened to psychedelic rock, embraced the sexual revolution, and used drugs such as marijuana and LSD to explore alternative states of consciousness.
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