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Post-Modern Era

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									Zena Khaddage, Chris Hall, and Kevin Waldrop
•   Literally means after the modernist

•   It refers to non-art history from the
•   The American Heritage Dictionary
    describes the meaning of the same
    term as "Of or relating to art,
    architecture, or literature that reacts
    against earlier modernist principles,
    as by reintroducing traditional or
    classical elements of style or by
    carrying modernist styles or practices
    to extremes”
   The modernist movement addressed
    aesthetic problems of literature

   Modernism also influenced radical

     Post-modernism went against these ideals
 Began in the late
  20th century and
  early 21st century.
 It was largely
  influence by
  Western Europe,
  after WWII.
   The Cold War
    dominated the
    history of this

   Rapid
    advancements in
    war devices were
    fueled by the war
   A lot of technology was
    aimed towards
    advancement in the social
    culture and ways to
    spread social media and

     Ex: Televisions, radios, etc…
Technologies were
also fueled by the
Cold War.

                     An arms and
                     militarism race was
   Parts of post-modernism art can be
    defined by formal purity, art for art’s sake,
    authenticity, universality, originality, and
    pushing the boundaries of the norm.

   Art for art’s sake refers to the philosophy
    that true art is derived from didactic or
    moral functions
  Assemblage Art:

Robert Rauschenberg,
 assemblage of large
   physical objects
Jackson Pollock, The
late 1940s and early
  Pop Art:
paintings that
 of the post
World War II
Metafiction: employed to undermine the
 authority of the author, for unexpected
 narrative shifts, to advance a story in a unique
 way, for emotional distance, or to comment
 on the act of storytelling.

-Example: Tim O'Brien's The Things They Carried
Poioumena: seems to be about one narrative,
 although it is really about something else

  Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children
Irony, playfulness, black humor
- Joseph Heller's Catch-22

Pastiche: To combine, or "paste"
  together, multiple elements
- Robert Coover's The Public Burning
  Postmodernist architecture borrows
 elements and references from the past
and reintroduces color and symbolism to
 One popular building
style of postmodernist
  style architecture is
the use of pent roofing
  in buildings, where
roofs are slanted at an
 even angle from one
    wall to the other.
One author has
suggested that the
emergence of
postmodern music
occurred in the late
1960s, influenced in
part by psychedelic rock
and one or more of the
later Beatles albums
-a youth movement that
began in the United
States during the early
1960s and spread
around the world.

- they created their own
communities, listened to
psychedelic rock,
embraced the sexual
revolution, and used
drugs such as marijuana
and LSD to explore
alternative states of

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