Classroom posters to help facilitate talk. (With a partner) (Yourself) (Whole class) Why? Tell me more! Give an example. Defend your reasoning against a different point of view. How did you arrive at your answer? Redirect a question back to the person. Make one’s thinking public and demonstrate expert forms of reasoning through talk. Restate and make public a person or group’s discussion and understanding. Ensure that everyone is heard and understands what a person says. Make explicit the relationship between a new contribution and what was said before. Revoice a person’s contributions. Hold everyone accountable for the accuracy, credibility, and clarity of their contributions. Tie a current contribution back to knowledge accumulated by a person or the class at a pervious time. Press for evidence and understanding of a person’s statements. Give extra time and space in the conversation to expand reasoning.