3-D Initials Objectives: (After completing this lesson what will students know and be able to do?) • Design a tribute to themselves, a friend, or family member using initials • Develop various solutions through thumbnail sketches for combining initials into one cohesive unit • Create a 3-D sculpture implementing the techniques demonstrated by teacher for working with poster board, tape, and paper mache • Illustrate character traits using non-objective decoration in paint • Evaluate their own thoughts and craftsmanship through critique Materials: poster board scissors pencils newsprint masking tape dixie cups or index cards flour water mixing cups paint brushes Initiation: PowerPoint presentation on Robert Indiana sculptures. Discussion on likes and dislikes about this kind of art. How is this different than what we typically think of when we hear "sculpture"? Procedures: • Ask students to decide who they want to pay tribute to with this project. What is that person like? What sort of personality do they have? What can you convey about that person simply by the way their initials look? • Hand out newsprint and pencils. Fold the paper in 4. Come up with 4 different ways of connecting the initials to create one solid piece. (Warn students that very tiny, skinny openings or parts of letters are ok but will be more difficult to contend with when constructing the piece and applying paper mache.) Choose the design that best represents the person. • Give student a full piece of poster board. Fold in half (the short way). Enlarge your design to take up as much of the space as possible. • Cut out initials, cutting both pieces at once, creating the front and back of your sculpture (we put a few staples to keep everything nice and straight...they were then pulled out...no need to worry about the holes). • Using dixie cups and masking tape, create the infrastructure of your sculpture. (If you have no money to buy dixie cups, ask your secretary for index cards. You can curl them into circles and tape them. Slightly more time consuming, but worked just as well if not better.) Tape cups first to one set of initials, covering as much area as possible. (The more support the sculpture has, the better it will hold up if you have a student who loves to pile on the paper mache.) • Line up the second set of initials to create the second face, and tape the cups down on the inside. • Measure the width of your sculpture (the height of the cups) and cut strips of poster board to the same size. Using sections of the strips, cover all of the sides of your sculpture. Straight sections are easier than curved ones to start with, but just work your way around the entire piece. Don't forget the insides of letters with openings, like "O" or "B". • Tear newsprint into small pieces and paper mache the entire sculpture. (You can use newspaper or any other thin paper, however we had no money in our budget for gesso, and using newsprint eliminated the problem of the lettering on the newspaper showing through our paints). • Once paper mache is dry, paint away! Decide what symbols or patterns will help emphasize your person's character. Closure: Have students view their peers sculptures. What do they say about each individual being portrayed? Can you learn something about the person based on this tribute to them? Evaluation: Ask students to complete the student portion of the attached rubric. Teacher then completes rubric.