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					                     Intel 64-bit Server
                        Technology

                           Philip King
                          Solution Specialist



                        Intel Corporation
                           May 2, 2011
                                                Page 1

Intel Confidential
     Agenda
     •     Intel® Server Processors
     •     Intel® Xeon™ and Itanium™ Platforms
     •     Extended Memory 64 Technology
     •     Micro-architecture comparisons
     •     Performance and Scalability
     •     Dual and Multi-core plans
     •     64-bit Platform selection guidance

                                                 Page 2

Intel Confidential
    Performance , RAS, Scalability       Intel® Server Processor Roadmap
                                                                                                      • 90nm
                                                                                                      • 24MB iL3 cache
                                                                                                      •Dual-core
                                                                                                                          Future Direction:
                                                                                                         Montecito
                                                                                  • .13µ                   (Q3’05)
                                                                                  • 9MB iL3 cache
                                                                                    Itanium 2                             • Larger Caches
                                                                • .13µ              Processor
                                                                • 6MB iL3 cache   (Madison Refresh)                       • 65nm process

                                                                  Itanium 2                               Potomac
                                                                                                            (Q2’05)       • Multiple cores
                                                                  Processor
                                         •.18µ                      (Madison)
                                         • 3MB iL3 cache                             Nocona                               • Multi-threading
                                          Itanium® 2                                   (8/6/04)        • HT; EM64T
                                                                                                       • 4MB+ iL3 cache
                                           Processor
                                                            Xeon™                 • HT; EM64T          •> 3 Ghz; 90nm;    • Virtualization
                                                           Processor              • 1MB iL2 cache
                                                                                  •> 3.6 Ghz; 90nm;
                                                                                                                          • >1 billion trans.
                                                           • HT
                                                           • .13µ
                                                           •2MB iL3 cache


                                              2002                  2003              2004                 2005           2006-Beyond

                                     ®                                                                                                   Page 3

Intel Confidential
 Intel® Xeon™ Platform
   2003 & Prior
   Enhancements
  Hyper-Threading
   Technology                                                                              Future
  Intel® Netburst®                                                                        Enhancement
   micro-architecture                                                                        Virtualization
  SSE & SSE2                                                                                User defined power
   instructions                                                                               thresholds
                                                                                             Dual core CPUs
                                                                                             Fully buffered
                                                                                              DIMMs

                         2004 Enhancements
   New SSE3 instructions          Power management technology
   PCI Express*                       Demand Based Switching (DBS)
   800MHz FSB                     DDR2 memory
                                       Higher capacity & performance w/ lower power
   64-bit extension technology



                                               Intel, Netburst and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel
                                                                                                                           Page 4
                                               Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries.
Intel Confidential                           * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.
Intel® Itanium® Platform
                                                                         Future
   2004 & Prior                                                          Enhancements
   Enhancements
                                                                            Multi-core
   EPIC  architecture                                                      Virtualization
   Enhanced Machine                                                        I/O and memory
    Check Architecture                                                      Enhanced RAS
   FMAC for floating-point                                                 Cost parity with Xeon processor
    leadership                                                               based platforms (via common
   Largest on-die resources                                                 platform infrastructure)
    for demanding workloads                                                 Up to 2X higher performance than
                                                                             Xeon based platforms


                        2005 Planned Enhancements
       Dual-core                                             Foxton Technology (performance feature)
                        And lower power than today
       Multi-threading                                       Pellston Technology (cache reliability)
       Power management technology                           PCI Express*
             Demand  Based Switching (DBS)                   Fully-buffered DIMMS (FBD) , DDR2
             Automatic Control Power Consumption (ACPC)
         Enhanced system bus Bandwidth

                                                                                                       Page 5

Intel Confidential
What is Intel® Extended Memory 64 Technology?
                                 Features
                            Extended Memory                         Modes
                             Addressability
                         64-bit Pointers, 64-bit Registers        Legacy Mode
                                                                 32 OS / 32 Apps
                           Additional Registers


                     +   8-SSE & 8-Gen Purpose

                          64-bit Integer Support
                             (Double Length)
                                                             +   Compatibility Mode
                                                                  64 OS / 32 Apps
                                                                      64-bit
                                                                                      =
                                                                      64/64
                                                                    64-bit Mode           With Intel®
                                                                  64 OS / 64 Apps
                          Support for flat virtual                                         EM64T
                             Address space




                     Evolutionary IA-32 architectural enhancements to support
                                    extended memory past 4 GB
                                                                                                  Page 6

Intel Confidential
Intel Itanium architecture built from the ground up to meet
the needs of the most demanding applications
                                                                           Intel®
                                                                         Itanium®   Next Enterprise Architecture
                                                            EPIC        Processor •  Largest, most demanding
                                                                          Age : 2+           workloads requires new
                                                                                             approach
                                                      IBM PowerPC*
                                  Superscalar               Age : 9+
                                                                                       •     Benefits from the experience
                                                                                             of past architectures
Performance




                                  Sun SPARC, MIPS R4000*                               •     A convergence of the best
                        RISC                 Age : 10-15+                                    minds in the industry

                      IBM 370, VAX 11*
              CISC         Age : 20+                                       * Source: Computer Organization and Architecture, 1999 W. Stallings
Time
             Performance                              Massive on-chip
          through parallelism                           resources                                          Scalable
          •   Maximizes instructions            •    Large and fast on-die cache                  •     Modular
              executed in parallel              •    128 general registers, 128 floating          •     Able to seamlessly add
          •   Multiple execution units and           point registers, 8 branch                          execution resources,
              issue ports                       •    Efficient management engine                        issue ports
                                                      –     Register stack engine
                                                      –     4 GB page size
                                                                                                                                      Page 7

Intel Confidential
Characteristics of High-end Processors
High-end Processors Require Significant Resources, Capabilities

                                                                          Itanium® 2
                                                                          processor
                                                                            6 MB  9 MB
                                                                            on-die cache

          IBM
        Power* 4                        Sun
                                                                       264
                                    UltraSPARC                       Registers
                                         IIIi*                                             AMD Opteron*
                      Up to                160
                     1.5 MB              Registers              4 GB
                     on-die                           1 MB    page size                                         1 MB
                     cache                           on-die                                                    on-die
           72                                                                                         72
                                                     cache                                                     cache
        Registers                  4 MB                                                            Registers
 16 MB                           page size                                              2 / 4 MB
page size                                                                              page size


Source: IBM.com               Source: sun.com                                          Source: AMD.com,




                                                                                                                  Page 8

Intel Confidential
Intel Enterprise Micro-Architectures
         Xeon™ EM64T                                                    Itanium® 2 Processor 6M
              1TB 40 bit                     Memory Addressing                           1024 TB
                6.4 GB/s                     System Bus Bandwidth                         6.4 GB/s

                     1 MB                        On-die Cache                              6 MB
    Hyper-Threading
      Technology
                           Hyper-Threading
                             Technology         On-die multi-thread
                                                                                             8
                      20                        Pipeline Stages
                                                  Issue Ports                1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
               1 2 3 4                                                        264 Application Registers
                                             On-die Registers
            24 Registers                                                      + 64 Predicate Registers*

     2 2x Integer              2
                            Floating            Execution Units             6 Integer,      2 FP,     2 Load and
     1 1x Integer,                                                                         1 SIMD
    1 MMx & SSE              Point                                          3 Branch                    2 Store
               ~3.6 GHz                         Core Frequency                           1.5 GHz
     3 Instructions / Cycle                    Instructions / Clk                6 Instructions / Cycle
        Performance via                                                     Performance via Parallelism
            Megahertz                         * Intel’s EPIC technology includes 64 single-bit predicate registers
                                              to accelerate loop unrolling and branch intensive code execution.
                                                                                                                Page 9

Intel Confidential
Intel® Server Processor Platforms
                     Performance 1                                                              Platform Cost 2
On track to deliver 1.5-2X better performance                                        While achieving platform cost parity
       than Intel® Xeon™ processor                                                   via common platform infrastructure

                                                 +50%-100%
                                                 in ’07+


                         +30%-50%                                                                   +30%-60% or
                         in ‘04                                                                     higher in ’04



                                                                                                                              +0% in ’07+




                    ‘04                              ’07+                                        ‘04                          ’07+
                1Data based on Intel projections.
                2‘04 Price based on comparable OEM systems, HW only for enterprise and technical computing applications.
               Source : www.ioncomputers.com, www.dell.com
               ION SR4004, (4) Xeon processors 2.8 GHz, 2MB cache, 24 GB system memory, 36 GB HDD, no OS - $34,616
               ION I2X4, (4) Itanium 2 processors 1.5 GHz, 6 MB cache, 24 GB system memory, 36 GB HDD, no OS - $44, 950
               Dell PowerEdge 2650, (2) Xeon processors 3.2 GHz, 1 MB cache, 4 GB system memory, 36 GB HDD, no OS - $6,143
               Dell PowerEdge 3250, (2) Itanium 2 processors 1.4 GHz, 1.5 MB cache, 4 GB system memory, 36 GB HDD, no OS - $9,499            Page   10
                                                                                                All products, dates and information are
Intel   Confidential                                                                            preliminary and subject to change without notice.
        Multi-Core Technology
             2004                      2005                                          2007
             Single Core               Dual Core                                     Multi-Core
                     Cache                                                             4 or more cores

                                                     + Cache
              Core                                                                                       + Cache

                                                                                        2 or more cores
                        Cache                    +
                 Core                          Cache
                                                                                                         + Cache


  • Intel™ manufacturing leadership (90nm, 65nm) enables leading multi-core
  • Itanium™ architecture has smaller core size – enabling up to 2x more
    cores per die than IA-32 for higher performance at same cost

                      Itanium® architecture expected to enable up to 2x more
                        cores per processor than Xeon processors by 2007
                                                                                                                            Page 11
                                               All products, dates and features are preliminary and subject to change without notice
Intel Confidential
            Which is the right Architecture?
                     Intel® Xeon™ Processor*                             Intel® Itanium® 2 Processor Family

                              64 bit                                              64 bit
                           Addressability                                      Addressability



                                  don’t need                 need
            Legacy Apps              64bit                   64bit                             High Compute
                                 addressability          addressability                           Servers

          Leave applications as 32Bit                      Port to EM64T or Port to IPF

             Intel Xeon Processor                                       Intel Itanium 2 Processor
             • Best Price/performance                                   • Performance leadership now and
             • High availability                                          getting greater in the future
             • Scalable                                                 • Mainframe class reliability features
             • Broadest 32bit S/W availability                          • Best scalability
             • Large install base, but all 32bit                        • Over 1600 Applications ported
             • 64bit addressability only                                • End to end 64 bit computing

                                                                                                              Page 12

Intel Confidential                  *By 2005 all Xeon processors will have memory extensions
        Platform Feature / Benefit Comparison
Attribute            Intel® Xeon™ processor family                  Intel® Itanium® processor family
Performance          Best for workgroup, workstation, web           Best for large database and technical
                     server and IA-32 legacy applications           computing workloads
                     • Out of order execution                       • EPIC architecture
                     • Netburst uArchitecture                       • Large integrated L3 cache
                     • High frequency (3GHz+)                       • FMACs / FP engine

Physical             Expanded memory for legacy solutions           Memory capacity for largest SMP
Addressing           • 40 bits (1 TB)                               • 50 bits (1024 TB or 1 PB)

Ecosystem            Best choice of legacy IA-32 solutions          Systems & solutions for largest scalability and
                     • Mature ecosystem of 32-bit apps, tools, OS   highest reliability solutions
                     • Nascent 64-bit extension ecosystem:          • Production 64-bit applications, tools & OS
                                                                    • Range of large SMP platforms
RAS                  Reliable data integrity                        Data integrity & high availability to replace
                     • ECC & parity coverage on major data arrays   RISC / mainframe at a fraction of cost
                                                                    • ECC & parity on most data arrays & FSB ECC
                                                                    • Enhanced machine check architecture
                                                                    • Fault-tolerant, error-hardened OEM platforms
Architecture         Enhanced architecture support                  Architected for enterprise & future headroom
                     • 16 general purpose & 16 SSE registers        •EPIC architecture w/ predication & speculation
                     • 64-bit system MSRs                           •264 application registers
                     • 64-bit pointers                              •64-bit pointers

Platform             Leading edge technologies for high             End user investment protection
                     performance & balanced platform                • Stable platform (2-3 years+)
                     • DDR2, Faster buses                           • Same bus / socket through Montecito
                     • PCI Express*                                 • High bandwidth bus; future DDR2 & PCI-Express*

                                                                                                                   Page 13

Intel Confidential
                     THANK YOU



                                 Page 14

Intel Confidential
                     BACKUP



                              Page 15

Intel Confidential
Other 64-bit platform considerations

  Xeon Processor with EM64T                 Itanium 2 Processor
 • Some tools available and will grow      • Mature Tools and large selection
   over time
                                           • Porting effort is about the same as
 • Effort needed to porting to 64 bit is     on EM64T
   the same regardless of
   architecture
                                           • Eco-system in place and still
 • Strong 32-bit eco-systems in              growing
   place, but needs to expand to
   EM64T                                   • OEMs shipping in volume
 • OEMs are ramping volume quickly         • Processor price delta between
                                             Xeon and IPF (top speed) is
 • Best price point for servers              <$400 per CPU

 • Native 32 bit environment (drivers      • IA32-EL provides 32-bit execution
   still need be ported to 64bit             environment – perf. 50% of Xeon
   environment)                              top speed
                                                                                   Page 16

Intel Confidential
  Server Architecture Reliability Comparisons
                                                             Intel®     Sun       Intel®
                                     Itanium® 2    IBM     Xeon™ MP              Xeon™
   Characteristic                                                      Ultra-               Opteron
                                     Processor    Power*   Processor            Processor
                                                                       Sparc*
   Error recovery on data bus
   (ECC or retry)                                          2005       
   Internal soft error logic check     2005       2004
   Lockstep support                                          
   Bad/poisoned data
   containment                                    
   Cache Reliability (Pellston)        2005        
   Memory SDEC, retry on
   double-bit                                                                            
   Memory spares                                                               
   Partitioning                          node  core        node  node
   Electrical isolated partitions        node               node  node


                                                                                              Page 17

Intel Confidential
 IA Scalability Performance Comparison:
 Transaction Processing (TPC-C)
                                                 700                                   +100%
                                                 600

                                                 500
                             tpmC in thousands

                                                                                                                                Xeon™ Processor MP
                                                                                                                                3GHz 4MB L3
                                                 400

                                                 300
                                                                                                                                Itanium® 2 Processor
                                                       +33%                                                                     1.5GHz 6MB L3
                                                 200

                                                 100

                                                   0

                                                       4P                                32P

       Itanium® 2 processor 6M scales better than Xeon™ processor MP 3GHz

   1     4P: Source www.tpc.org: IBM x365 102,667.42 tpmC, $3.52/tpmC, available: 3/31/2004, with 4 Intel® Xeon processors MP at 3GHz, each with 4MB iL3 cache,
         running, Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Server, Microsoft SQL Server 2000 EE SP3, 32GB memory. Itanium® 2 processor results of 136,111 tpmC at
         $4.09/tpmC on HP Integrity Server rx5670 with 4 Itanium® 2 processors 6M at 1.5GHz, each with 6MB L3 cache, 96GB memory, Red Hat Enterprise Linux
         Advanced Server 3 and Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition; TPC-C availability date 3/5/04.
   2     32P: Source www.tpc.org: Unisys ES7000 Orion 540 Enterprise Server 304,148.50 tpmC @ $6.18/tpmC, availability 4/28/04 with 32 Intel® Xeon™ processors MP
         at 3GHz, each with 4MB iL3 cache, running Microsoft* Windows* Server 2003 Datacenter Edition, Microsoft* SQL Server 2000 Enterprise Edition. Itanium® 2
         processor 6M results on NEC Express5800/1320Xd C/S w/Express5800/120Rf-2, 609,467tpmC, $6.78/tpmC, with thirty two (32) Intel Itanium® 2 processors 6M at
         1.5 GHz, running SUSE LINUX Enterprise Server 9 and Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition, with 512 GB RAM; Available: 9/1/2004.
         Results as of 4/29/04.
         Performance tests and ratings are measured using specific computer systems and/or components and reflect the approximate performance of Intel products as
         measured by those tests. Any difference in system hardware or software design or configuration may affect actual performance. Buyers should consult other
         sources of information to evaluate the performance of systems or components they are considering purchasing. For more information on performance tests and on
         the performance of Intel products, reference www.intel.com/procs/perf/limits.htm or call (U.S.) 1-800-628-8686 or 1-916-356-3104                     Page 18
                                                                                             *Other names and brands may be claimed as property of others
Intel Confidential

				
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