The 2011 Import and Export Market for Iron, Steel, or Copper Springs and Leaves for Springs in Hong Kong

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					 The 2011 Import and Export
  Market for Iron, Steel, or
Copper Springs and Leaves for
   Springs in Hong Kong




                                         By
                         Professor Philip M. Parker, Ph. D.
                      Chaired Professor of Management Science
                    INSEAD (Singapore & Fontainebleau, France)




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                                About the Author
Dr. Philip M. Parker is the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation, Business and Society at
INSEAD where he has taught courses on multivariate statistics and global competitive strategy
since 1988. He has also taught courses at MIT, Stanford University, Harvard University, UCLA,
UCSD, and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is the author of six books
on the economic convergence of nations. These books introduce the notion of “physioeconomics”
which foresees a lack of global convergence in economic behaviors due to physiological and
physiographic forces. His latest book is "Physioeconomics: The Basis for Long-Run Economic
Growth" (MIT Press 2000). He has also published numerous articles in academic journals,
including The Rand Journal of Economics, Marketing Science, the Journal of International
Business Studies, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, International Journal of
Forecasting, the European Management Journal, the European Journal of Operational
Research, Journal of Marketing, International Journal of Research in Marketing, and Journal of
Marketing Research. He is also on the editorial boards of several academic journals.

Dr. Parker received his Ph.D. in Business Economics from the Wharton School of the University
of Pennsylvania and has Masters degrees in Finance and Banking (University of Aix-Marseille)
and Managerial Economics (Wharton). His undergraduate degrees are in mathematics, biology
and economics (minor in aeronautical engineering). He has consulted and/or taught courses in
Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America, North America and Europe.



                                 About this Series
This series was created for international firms who rely on foreign export markets for a
substantial portion of their business or who might be threatened by foreign trade competition.
The estimates given in this report were created using a methodology developed by and under the
direct supervision of Professor Philip M. Parker, the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation,
Business and Society, at INSEAD. The methodology, relying on historical figures of economic
growth and trade flows, estimates the market shares of some 150 countries for over 500 industrial
or product categories. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are projected for the current year of trade.



                               Acknowledgements
Some of the methodologies and research approaches used in this report have benefited from the
R&D Committee at INSEAD, whose research support is gratefully acknowledged. Additional
editorial assistance from Tiffany LaRochelle, ICON Group International, Inc., is also
acknowledged.



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                                                    Contents        v


Table of Contents
1     INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY                              7
2     HONG KONG AND THE WORLD MARKET                            9
    2.1        Imports in Hong Kong in 2011                     9
    2.2        Exports from Hong Kong in 2011                  10
3     IMPORTS IN HONG KONG                                     11
    3.1        Asia                                            11
       3.1.1      China                                        11
       3.1.2      Indonesia                                    12
       3.1.3      Japan                                        13
       3.1.4      Malaysia                                     14
       3.1.5      Philippines                                  15
       3.1.6      Singapore                                    16
       3.1.7      South Korea                                  17
       3.1.8      Taiwan                                       18
    3.2        Europe                                          19
       3.2.1      Denmark                                      19
       3.2.2      Finland                                      20
       3.2.3      the Netherlands                              21
       3.2.4      the United Kingdom                           22
    3.3        North America & the Caribbean                   23
       3.3.1      the United States                            23
    3.4        Oceana                                          24
       3.4.1      Australia                                    24
    3.5        the Middle East                                 25
       3.5.1      the United Arab Emirates                     25
4     EXPORTS FROM HONG KONG                                   26
    4.1      Africa                                            26
       4.1.1   South Africa                                    26
    4.2      Asia                                              27
       4.2.1   China                                           27
       4.2.2   India                                           28
       4.2.3   Indonesia                                       29
       4.2.4   Japan                                           30
       4.2.5   Malaysia                                        31
       4.2.6   Philippines                                     32
       4.2.7   Singapore                                       33
       4.2.8   South Korea                                     34
       4.2.9   Taiwan                                          35
       4.2.10 Thailand                                         36
    4.3      Europe                                            37
       4.3.1   Denmark                                         37
       4.3.2   Finland                                         38
       4.3.3   Malta                                           39
       4.3.4   the Netherlands                                 40
    4.4      Latin America                                     41
       4.4.1   Brazil                                          41
       4.4.2   Costa Rica                                      42
       4.4.3   Mexico                                          43


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5     DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS         44
    5.1   Disclaimers & Safe Harbor                                  44
    5.2   ICON Group Ltd. User Agreement Provisions                  45




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                           Iron, Steel, or Copper Springs and Leaves for Springs in Hong Kong     7


1      INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY
On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on iron, steel, or copper springs
and leaves for springs in Hong Kong face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying
iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs to Hong Kong? How important is Hong
Kong compared to others in terms of the entire global and regional market? How much do the
imports of iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs vary from one country of origin to
another in Hong Kong? On the supply side, Hong Kong also exports iron, steel, or copper
springs and leaves for springs. Which countries receive the most exports from Hong Kong? How
are these exports concentrated across buyers? What is the value of these exports and which
countries are the largest buyers?

This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and
import/export managers who are concerned with the market for iron, steel, or copper springs and
leaves for springs in Hong Kong. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer
be contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics which
appear several years after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic
and trade models, to estimate the market for iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs
for those countries serving Hong Kong via exports, or supplying from Hong Kong via imports. It
does so for the current year based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric
models.

In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where Hong Kong fits into the world market
for imported and exported iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs. The total level of
imports and exports on a worldwide basis, and those for Hong Kong in particular, is estimated
using a model which aggregates across over 150 key country markets and projects these to the
current year. From there, each country represents a percent of the world market. This market is
served from a number of competitive countries of origin. Based on both demand- and supply-
side dynamics, market shares by country of origin are then calculated across each country market
destination. These shares lead to a volume of import and export values for each country and are
aggregated to regional and world totals. In doing so, we are able to obtain maximum likelihood
estimates of both the value of each market and the share that Hong Kong is likely to receive this
year. From these figures, rankings are calculated to allow managers to prioritize Hong Kong
compared to other major country markets. In this way, all the figures provided in this report are
forecasts that can be combined with internal information sources for strategic planning purposes.

After the worldwide summary in Chapter 2 of both imports and exports of iron, steel, or copper
springs and leaves for springs, Chapter 3 goes into detail on imports, but for each major country
of origin serving Hong Kong. A “major” market is defined as a country where Hong Kong
represents a substantially large share of either imports or exports. For each major country
exporting to Hong Kong, one can thus observe how important Hong Kong is to that exporting
country compared to other countries of the world. Chapter 4 does the same, but for exports of
iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs originating from Hong Kong, for each major


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                            Iron, Steel, or Copper Springs and Leaves for Springs in Hong Kong      8

country of destination. In doing so, one can discover the share that Hong Kong has in each major
market; this share value is often used as a measure of competitiveness for Hong Kong. In all
cases, the total dollar volume and percentage share values by major trading partner are provided.
Combined, Chapters 3 and 4 present a the total picture for imports and exports of iron, steel, or
copper springs and leaves for springs to and from Hong Kong to and from all other major
countries in the world. "Iron, Steel, or Copper Springs and Leaves for Springs" as a category is
defined in this report following the definition given by the United Nations Statistics Division
Classification Registry using the Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC,
Rev. 3). The SITC code that defined "iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs" is 6994
. For more information on this definition, please refer to the following web site:
http://unstats.un.org/unsd/cr/registry/regcs.asp?Cl=14&Lg=1&Co=699 .

This report is updated on an annual basis. To ensure that you have the most current version,
please check the web site of ICON Group at www.icongrouponline.com.

Important Caveat. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are forecasted for the current year of trade. More importantly, in light of the fact
that unforeseeable factors might interrupt markets in achieving their reported levels, the figures
should be seen as estimates of potential. For example, "mad cow" disease, foot-and-mouth
disease, trade embargoes, military conflicts, acts of terrorism and other events will certainly
affect the actual trade flows recorded for a variety of industry or product categories. In such
cases, the difference between the numbers given in this report and the numbers actually observed
might be interpreted as the "net loss" or "net gain" due to these exogenous events affecting
regular trade flows that would have occurred had these events not have taken place.




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                             Iron, Steel, or Copper Springs and Leaves for Springs in Hong Kong         9


2       HONG KONG AND THE WORLD MARKET
2.1         IMPORTS IN HONG KONG IN 2011
Imported Iron, Steel, or Copper Springs and Leaves for Springs in Hong Kong, 2011
                              (Structure of Foreign Import Competition)

Country of Origin             Rank         Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
China                             1                    20,935               34.30                  34.30
Japan                             2                    19,334               31.67                  65.97
the United States                 3                     4,558                7.47                  73.44
Taiwan                            4                     3,515                5.76                  79.19
the United Kingdom                5                     2,427                3.98                  83.17
Singapore                         6                     2,371                3.88                  87.05
South Korea                       7                     2,164                3.55                  90.60
Germany                           8                     2,108                3.45                  94.05
Philippines                       9                       698                1.14                  95.20
Malaysia                         10                       662                1.08                  96.28
Italy                            11                       583                0.96                  97.23
the Netherlands                  12                       494                0.81                  98.04
France                           13                       360                0.59                  98.63
the United Arab Emirates         14                       246                0.40                  99.04
Denmark                          15                       192                0.31                  99.35
Australia                        16                       159                0.26                  99.61
Indonesia                        17                        95                0.16                  99.77
Canada                           18                        51                0.08                  99.85
Belgium                          19                        36                0.06                  99.91
Austria                          20                        36                0.06                  99.97
Switzerland                      21                        11                0.02                  99.99
Finland                          22                         8                0.01                 100.00
Total                                                  61,043              100.00                 100.00
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    Source: Philip M. PARKER, Professor, INSEAD, copyright 2011, www.icongrouponline.com




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                             Iron, Steel, or Copper Springs and Leaves for Springs in Hong Kong       10


2.2         EXPORTS FROM HONG KONG IN 2011
  Iron, Steel, or Copper Springs and Leaves for Springs Exports from Hong Kong,
                                         2011
Country of Destination        Rank         Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
China                             1                    12,941               74.36                  74.36
Malaysia                          2                     2,028               11.65                  86.01
Mexico                            3                       315                1.81                  87.82
South Korea                       4                       289                1.66                  89.48
Singapore                         5                       254                1.46                  90.94
the United States                 6                       230                1.32                  92.26
Thailand                          7                       213                1.22                  93.48
South Africa                      8                       192                1.10                  94.59
India                             9                       126                0.72                  95.31
Taiwan                           10                       121                0.70                  96.01
Brazil                           11                       110                0.63                  96.64
Denmark                          12                       102                0.59                  97.22
the Netherlands                  13                       102                0.59                  97.81
Germany                          14                        92                0.53                  98.34
Japan                            15                        90                0.52                  98.86
Philippines                      16                        64                0.37                  99.22
Malta                            17                        31                0.18                  99.40
Costa Rica                       18                        31                0.18                  99.58
Indonesia                        19                        30            
				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs in Hong Kong face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs to Hong Kong? How important is Hong Kong compared to others in terms of the entire global and regional market? How much do the imports of iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs vary from one country of origin to another in Hong Kong? On the supply side, Hong Kong also exports iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs. Which countries receive the most exports from Hong Kong? How are these exports concentrated across buyers? What is the value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers? This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and import/export managers who are concerned with the market for iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs in Hong Kong. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer be contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics which appear several years after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to estimate the market for iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs for those countries serving Hong Kong via exports, or supplying from Hong Kong via imports. It does so for the current year based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric models. In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where Hong Kong fits into the world market for imported and exported iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs. The total level of imports and exports on a worldwide basis, and those for Hong Kong in particular, is estimated using a model which aggregates across over 150 key country markets and projects these to the current year. From there, each country represents a percent of t
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