The 2011 Import and Export Market for Iron, Steel, or Copper Springs and Leaves for Springs in Greece

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					 The 2011 Import and Export
  Market for Iron, Steel, or
Copper Springs and Leaves for
      Springs in Greece




                                         By
                         Professor Philip M. Parker, Ph. D.
                      Chaired Professor of Management Science
                    INSEAD (Singapore & Fontainebleau, France)




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                                About the Author
Dr. Philip M. Parker is the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation, Business and Society at
INSEAD where he has taught courses on multivariate statistics and global competitive strategy
since 1988. He has also taught courses at MIT, Stanford University, Harvard University, UCLA,
UCSD, and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is the author of six books
on the economic convergence of nations. These books introduce the notion of “physioeconomics”
which foresees a lack of global convergence in economic behaviors due to physiological and
physiographic forces. His latest book is "Physioeconomics: The Basis for Long-Run Economic
Growth" (MIT Press 2000). He has also published numerous articles in academic journals,
including The Rand Journal of Economics, Marketing Science, the Journal of International
Business Studies, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, International Journal of
Forecasting, the European Management Journal, the European Journal of Operational
Research, Journal of Marketing, International Journal of Research in Marketing, and Journal of
Marketing Research. He is also on the editorial boards of several academic journals.

Dr. Parker received his Ph.D. in Business Economics from the Wharton School of the University
of Pennsylvania and has Masters degrees in Finance and Banking (University of Aix-Marseille)
and Managerial Economics (Wharton). His undergraduate degrees are in mathematics, biology
and economics (minor in aeronautical engineering). He has consulted and/or taught courses in
Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America, North America and Europe.



                                 About this Series
This series was created for international firms who rely on foreign export markets for a
substantial portion of their business or who might be threatened by foreign trade competition.
The estimates given in this report were created using a methodology developed by and under the
direct supervision of Professor Philip M. Parker, the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation,
Business and Society, at INSEAD. The methodology, relying on historical figures of economic
growth and trade flows, estimates the market shares of some 150 countries for over 500 industrial
or product categories. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are projected for the current year of trade.



                               Acknowledgements
Some of the methodologies and research approaches used in this report have benefited from the
R&D Committee at INSEAD, whose research support is gratefully acknowledged. Additional
editorial assistance from Tiffany LaRochelle, ICON Group International, Inc., is also
acknowledged.



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                                                            Contents        v


Table of Contents
1     INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY                                      6
2     GREECE AND THE WORLD MARKET                                       8
    2.1     Imports in Greece in 2011                                   8
    2.2     Exports from Greece in 2011                                 8
3     IMPORTS IN GREECE                                                 9
    3.1      Asia                                                       9
       3.1.1    India                                                   9
       3.1.2    Malaysia                                               10
    3.2      Europe                                                    11
       3.2.1    Austria                                                11
       3.2.2    Italy                                                  12
       3.2.3    Slovenia                                               13
       3.2.4    Spain                                                  14
    3.3      the Middle East                                           15
       3.3.1    Turkey                                                 15
4     EXPORTS FROM GREECE                                              16
    4.1      Africa                                                    16
       4.1.1   South Africa                                            16
    4.2      Europe                                                    17
       4.2.1   Bulgaria                                                17
       4.2.2   Cyprus                                                  17
       4.2.3   Macedonia                                               18
       4.2.4   Romania                                                 19
       4.2.5   Russia                                                  20
       4.2.6   the Netherlands                                         21
5     DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS           22
    5.1     Disclaimers & Safe Harbor                                  22
    5.2     ICON Group Ltd. User Agreement Provisions                  23




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                                Iron, Steel, or Copper Springs and Leaves for Springs in Greece    6


1      INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY
On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on iron, steel, or copper springs
and leaves for springs in Greece face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying iron,
steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs to Greece? How important is Greece compared to
others in terms of the entire global and regional market? How much do the imports of iron, steel,
or copper springs and leaves for springs vary from one country of origin to another in Greece?
On the supply side, Greece also exports iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs.
Which countries receive the most exports from Greece? How are these exports concentrated
across buyers? What is the value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers?

This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and
import/export managers who are concerned with the market for iron, steel, or copper springs and
leaves for springs in Greece. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer be
contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics which
appear several years after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic
and trade models, to estimate the market for iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs
for those countries serving Greece via exports, or supplying from Greece via imports. It does so
for the current year based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric models.

In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where Greece fits into the world market for
imported and exported iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs. The total level of
imports and exports on a worldwide basis, and those for Greece in particular, is estimated using a
model which aggregates across over 150 key country markets and projects these to the current
year. From there, each country represents a percent of the world market. This market is served
from a number of competitive countries of origin. Based on both demand- and supply-side
dynamics, market shares by country of origin are then calculated across each country market
destination. These shares lead to a volume of import and export values for each country and are
aggregated to regional and world totals. In doing so, we are able to obtain maximum likelihood
estimates of both the value of each market and the share that Greece is likely to receive this year.
From these figures, rankings are calculated to allow managers to prioritize Greece compared to
other major country markets. In this way, all the figures provided in this report are forecasts that
can be combined with internal information sources for strategic planning purposes.

After the worldwide summary in Chapter 2 of both imports and exports of iron, steel, or copper
springs and leaves for springs, Chapter 3 goes into detail on imports, but for each major country
of origin serving Greece. A “major” market is defined as a country where Greece represents a
substantially large share of either imports or exports. For each major country exporting to
Greece, one can thus observe how important Greece is to that exporting country compared to
other countries of the world. Chapter 4 does the same, but for exports of iron, steel, or copper
springs and leaves for springs originating from Greece, for each major country of destination. In
doing so, one can discover the share that Greece has in each major market; this share value is
often used as a measure of competitiveness for Greece. In all cases, the total dollar volume and


www.icongrouponline.com                                                         ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                Iron, Steel, or Copper Springs and Leaves for Springs in Greece     7

percentage share values by major trading partner are provided. Combined, Chapters 3 and 4
present a the total picture for imports and exports of iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for
springs to and from Greece to and from all other major countries in the world. "Iron, Steel, or
Copper Springs and Leaves for Springs" as a category is defined in this report following the
definition given by the United Nations Statistics Division Classification Registry using the
Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC, Rev. 3). The SITC code that
defined "iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs" is 6994 . For more information on
this definition, please refer to the following web site:
http://unstats.un.org/unsd/cr/registry/regcs.asp?Cl=14&Lg=1&Co=699 .

This report is updated on an annual basis. To ensure that you have the most current version,
please check the web site of ICON Group at www.icongrouponline.com.

Important Caveat. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are forecasted for the current year of trade. More importantly, in light of the fact
that unforeseeable factors might interrupt markets in achieving their reported levels, the figures
should be seen as estimates of potential. For example, "mad cow" disease, foot-and-mouth
disease, trade embargoes, military conflicts, acts of terrorism and other events will certainly
affect the actual trade flows recorded for a variety of industry or product categories. In such
cases, the difference between the numbers given in this report and the numbers actually observed
might be interpreted as the "net loss" or "net gain" due to these exogenous events affecting
regular trade flows that would have occurred had these events not have taken place.




www.icongrouponline.com                                                         ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                  Iron, Steel, or Copper Springs and Leaves for Springs in Greece        8


2       GREECE AND THE WORLD MARKET
2.1         IMPORTS IN GREECE IN 2011
    Imported Iron, Steel, or Copper Springs and Leaves for Springs in Greece, 2011
                              (Structure of Foreign Import Competition)

Country of Origin             Rank          Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Germany                           1                      3,847               47.27                   47.27
Italy                             2                      1,992               24.48                   71.75
Malaysia                          3                        440                5.41                   77.16
India                             4                        437                5.37                   82.53
Sweden                            5                        314                3.86                   86.38
Turkey                            6                        202                2.48                   88.87
France                            7                        182                2.24                   91.10
Austria                           8                        176                2.16                   93.27
Belgium                           9                        140                1.72                   94.99
the Netherlands                  10                        130                1.60                   96.58
Spain                            11                        110                1.35                   97.94
Slovenia                         12                        107                1.31                   99.25
the United States                13                         54                0.66                   99.91
Switzerland                      14                          7                0.09                  100.00
Total                                                    8,138              100.00                  100.00
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
     Source: Philip M. PARKER, Professor, INSEAD, copyright 2011, www.icongrouponline.com



2.2         EXPORTS FROM GREECE IN 2011
    Iron, Steel, or Copper Springs and Leaves for Springs Exports from Greece, 2011
Country of Destination        Rank          Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Bulgaria                           1                       601               37.38                   37.38
Cyprus                             2                       312               19.40                   56.78
South Africa                       3                       213               13.25                   70.02
Russia                             4                       199               12.38                   82.40
Romania                            5                       136                8.46                   90.86
the Netherlands                    6                        87                5.41                   96.27
Macedonia                          7                        51                3.17                   99.44
Brazil                             8                         7                0.44                   99.88
Italy                              9                         2                0.12                  100.00
Total                                                    1,608              100.00                  100.00
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
     Source: Philip M. PARKER, Professor, INSEAD, copyright 2011, www.icongrouponline.com




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                                  Iron, Steel, or Copper Springs and Leaves for Springs in Greece        9


3       IMPORTS IN GREECE
3.1         ASIA
3.1.1          India
    Iron, Steel, or Copper Springs and Leaves for Springs Exports from India, 2011
Country of Destination        Rank          Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
the United States                 1                    26,062                41.12                   41.12
Australia                         2                     6,997                11.04                   52.15
Germany                           3                     4,387                 6.92                   59.07
the United Kingdom                4                     3,495                 5.51                   64.59
France                            5                     3,297                 5.20                   69.79
South Africa                      6                     2,824                 4.46                   74.24
Sudan                             7                     2,348                 3.70                   77.95
Canada                            8                     2,225                 3.51                   81.46
Belgium                           9                     1,914                 3.02                   84.48
Saudi Arabia                     10                     1,458                 2.30                   86.78
Italy                            11                     1,195                 1.89                   88.66
New Zealand                      12                       576                 0.91                   89.57
Denmark                          13                       563                 0.89                   90.46
Austria                          14                       534                 0.84                   91.30
Turkey                           15                       520                 0.82                   92.12
Greece                           16                       437                 0.69                   92.81
Spain                            17                       425                 0.67                   93.48
Japan                            18                       414                 0.65                   94.14
Jordan                           19                       387                 0.61                   94.75
China                            20                       383                 0.60                   95.35
Yemen                            21                       381                 0.60                   95.95
Taiwan                           22                       296                 0.47                   96.42
Poland                           23                       291                 0.46                   96.88
Ireland                          24                       212                 0.33                   97.21
Thailand                         25                       182                 0.29                   97.50
Indonesia                        26                       158                 0.25                   97.75
Morocco                          27                       140                 0.22                   97.97
Fiji                             28                       130                 0.21                   98.17
Philippines                      29                       130                 0.21                   98.38
Singapore                        30                       128                 0.20                   98.58
Other                            31                       899                 1.42                  100.00
Total                   
				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs in Greece face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs to Greece? How important is Greece compared to others in terms of the entire global and regional market? How much do the imports of iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs vary from one country of origin to another in Greece? On the supply side, Greece also exports iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs. Which countries receive the most exports from Greece? How are these exports concentrated across buyers? What is the value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers? This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and import/export managers who are concerned with the market for iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs in Greece. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer be contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics which appear several years after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to estimate the market for iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs for those countries serving Greece via exports, or supplying from Greece via imports. It does so for the current year based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric models. In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where Greece fits into the world market for imported and exported iron, steel, or copper springs and leaves for springs. The total level of imports and exports on a worldwide basis, and those for Greece in particular, is estimated using a model which aggregates across over 150 key country markets and projects these to the current year. From there, each country represents a percent of the world market. This market is
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