The 2011 Import and Export Market for Unwrought Tungsten (Wolfram), Molybdenum, Tantalum, and Magnesium in the Netherlands by ICONGroup


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									 The 2011 Import and Export
   Market for Unwrought
    Tungsten (Wolfram),
 Molybdenum, Tantalum, and
 Magnesium in the Netherlands

                         Professor Philip M. Parker, Ph. D.
                      Chaired Professor of Management Science
                    INSEAD (Singapore & Fontainebleau, France)                                      ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.

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                                About the Author
Dr. Philip M. Parker is the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation, Business and Society at
INSEAD where he has taught courses on multivariate statistics and global competitive strategy
since 1988. He has also taught courses at MIT, Stanford University, Harvard University, UCLA,
UCSD, and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is the author of six books
on the economic convergence of nations. These books introduce the notion of “physioeconomics”
which foresees a lack of global convergence in economic behaviors due to physiological and
physiographic forces. His latest book is "Physioeconomics: The Basis for Long-Run Economic
Growth" (MIT Press 2000). He has also published numerous articles in academic journals,
including The Rand Journal of Economics, Marketing Science, the Journal of International
Business Studies, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, International Journal of
Forecasting, the European Management Journal, the European Journal of Operational
Research, Journal of Marketing, International Journal of Research in Marketing, and Journal of
Marketing Research. He is also on the editorial boards of several academic journals.

Dr. Parker received his Ph.D. in Business Economics from the Wharton School of the University
of Pennsylvania and has Masters degrees in Finance and Banking (University of Aix-Marseille)
and Managerial Economics (Wharton). His undergraduate degrees are in mathematics, biology
and economics (minor in aeronautical engineering). He has consulted and/or taught courses in
Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America, North America and Europe.

                                 About this Series
This series was created for international firms who rely on foreign export markets for a
substantial portion of their business or who might be threatened by foreign trade competition.
The estimates given in this report were created using a methodology developed by and under the
direct supervision of Professor Philip M. Parker, the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation,
Business and Society, at INSEAD. The methodology, relying on historical figures of economic
growth and trade flows, estimates the market shares of some 150 countries for over 500 industrial
or product categories. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are projected for the current year of trade.

Some of the methodologies and research approaches used in this report have benefited from the
R&D Committee at INSEAD, whose research support is gratefully acknowledged. Additional
editorial assistance from Tiffany LaRochelle, ICON Group International, Inc., is also
acknowledged.                                                    ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.

                           About ICON Group Ltd.
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                                                       Contents        v

Table of Contents
1     INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY                                 7
2     THE NETHERLANDS AND THE WORLD MARKET                         9
    2.1     Imports in the Netherlands in 2011                     9
    2.2     Exports from the Netherlands in 2011                  10
3     IMPORTS IN THE NETHERLANDS                                  11
    3.1      Africa                                               11
       3.1.1    South Africa                                      11
    3.2      Asia                                                 12
       3.2.1    China                                             12
       3.2.2    India                                             13
       3.2.3    Japan                                             14
       3.2.4    Thailand                                          15
    3.3      Europe                                               16
       3.3.1    Austria                                           16
       3.3.2    Belgium                                           17
       3.3.3    Czech Republic                                    17
       3.3.4    Estonia                                           18
       3.3.5    France                                            18
       3.3.6    Germany                                           19
       3.3.7    Ireland                                           20
       3.3.8    Italy                                             20
       3.3.9    Luxembourg                                        21
       3.3.10 Norway                                              22
       3.3.11 Russia                                              23
       3.3.12 Slovakia                                            23
       3.3.13 Sweden                                              24
       3.3.14 the United Kingdom                                  25
    3.4      North America & the Caribbean                        26
       3.4.1    Canada                                            26
       3.4.2    the United States                                 27
    3.5      Oceana                                               28
       3.5.1    Australia                                         28
    3.6      the Middle East                                      28
       3.6.1    Armenia                                           28
       3.6.2    Israel                                            29
4     EXPORTS FROM THE NETHERLANDS                                30
    4.1      Africa                                               30
       4.1.1   South Africa                                       30
    4.2      Asia                                                 31
       4.2.1   China                                              31
       4.2.2   Hong Kong                                          32
       4.2.3   India                                              33
       4.2.4   Indonesia                                          34
       4.2.5   Japan                                              35
    4.3      Europe                                               36
       4.3.1   Austria                                            36
       4.3.2   Belgium                                            37
       4.3.3   Denmark                                            37                            ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                                           Contents        vi

       4.3.4    France                                                38
       4.3.5    Germany                                               39
       4.3.6    Greece                                                40
       4.3.7    Hungary                                               40
       4.3.8    Ireland                                               41
       4.3.9    Italy                                                 41
       4.3.10 Luxembourg                                              42
       4.3.11 Norway                                                  42
       4.3.12 Poland                                                  43
       4.3.13 Slovenia                                                44
       4.3.14 Spain                                                   45
       4.3.15 Sweden                                                  45
       4.3.16 Switzerland                                             46
       4.3.17 the United Kingdom                                      47
       4.3.18 Ukraine                                                 48
    4.4      Latin America                                            48
       4.4.1    Argentina                                             48
       4.4.2    Brazil                                                49
       4.4.3    Colombia                                              50
    4.5      North America & the Caribbean                            50
       4.5.1    Canada                                                50
       4.5.2    the United States                                     51
    4.6      the Middle East                                          52
       4.6.1    Israel                                                52
    5.1    Disclaimers & Safe Harbor                                  53
    5.2    ICON Group Ltd. User Agreement Provisions                  54                                ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
    Unwrought Tungsten (Wolfram), Molybdenum, Tantalum, and Magnesium in the Netherlands        7

On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on unwrought tungsten (wolfram),
molybdenum, tantalum, and magnesium in the Netherlands face a number of questions. Which
countries are supplying unwrought tungsten (wolfram), molybdenum, tantalum, and magnesium
to the Netherlands? How important is the Netherlands compared to others in terms of the entire
global and regional market? How much do the imports of unwrought tungsten (wolfram),
molybdenum, tantalum, and magnesium vary from one country of origin to another in the
Netherlands? On the supply side, the Netherlands also exports unwrought tungsten (wolfram),
molybdenum, tantalum, and magnesium. Which countries receive the most exports from the
Netherlands? How are these exports concentrated across buyers? What is the value of these
exports and which countries are the largest buyers?

This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and
import/export managers who are concerned with the market for unwrought tungsten (wolfram),
molybdenum, tantalum, and magnesium in the Netherlands. With the globalization of this
market, managers can no longer be contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented
with out-of-date statistics which appear several years after the fact. I have developed a
methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to estimate the market for unwrought
tungsten (wolfram), molybdenum, tantalum, and magnesium for those countries serving the
Netherlands via exports, or supplying from the Netherlands via imports. It does so for the current
year based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric models.

In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where the Netherlands fits into the world
market for imported and exported unwrought tungsten (wolfram), molybdenum, tantalum, and
magnesium. The total level of imports and exports on a worldwide basis, and those for the
Netherlands in particular, is estimated using a model which aggregates across over 150 key
country markets and projects these to the current year. From there, each country represents a
percent of the world market. This market is served from a number of competitive countries of
origin. Based on both demand- and supply-side dynamics, market shares by country of origin are
then calculated across each country market destination. These shares lead to a volume of import
and export values for each country and are aggregated to regional and world totals. In doing so,
we are able to obtain maximum likelihood estimates of both the value of each market and the
share that the Netherlands is likely to receive this year. From these figures, rankings are
calculated to allow managers to prioritize the Netherlands compared to other major country
markets. In this way, all the figures provided in this report are forecasts that can be combined
with internal information sources for strategic planning purposes.

After the worldwide summary in Chapter 2 of both imports and exports of unwrought tungsten
(wolfram), molybdenum, tantalum, and magnesium, Chapter 3 goes into detail on imports, but for
each major country of origin serving the Netherlands. A “major” market is defined as a country
where the Netherlands represents a substantially large share of either imports or exports. For
each major country exporting to the Netherlands, one can thus observe how important the                                                    ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
    Unwrought Tungsten (Wolfram), Molybdenum, Tantalum, and Magnesium in the Netherlands            8

Netherlands is to that exporting country compared to other countries of the world. Chapter 4 does
the same, but for exports of unwrought tungsten (wolfram), molybdenum, tantalum, and
magnesium originating from the Netherlands, for each major country of destination. In doing so,
one can discover the share that the Netherlands has in each major market; this share value is often
used as a measure of competitiveness for the Netherlands. In all cases, the total dollar volume
and percentage share values by major trading partner are provided. Combined, Chapters 3 and 4
present a the total picture for imports and exports of unwrought tungsten (wolfram),
molybdenum, tantalum, and magnesium to and from the Netherlands to and from all other major
countries in the world. "Unwrought Tungsten (Wolfram), Molybdenum, Tantalum, and
Magnesium" as a category is defined in this report following the definition given by the United
Nations Statistics Division Classification Registry using the Standard International Trade
Classification, Revision 3 (SITC, Rev. 3). The SITC code that defined "unwrought tungsten
(wolfram), molybdenum, tantalum, and magnesium" is 6891 . For more information on this
definition, please refer to the following web site: .

This report is updated on an annual basis. To ensure that you have the most current version,
please check the web site of ICON Group at

Important Caveat. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are forecasted for the current year of trade. More importantly, in light of the fact
that unforeseeable factors might interrupt markets in achieving their reported levels, the figures
should be seen as estimates of potential. For example, "mad cow" disease, foot-and-mouth
disease, trade embargoes, military conflicts, acts of terrorism and other events will certainly
affect the actual trade flows recorded for a variety of industry or product categories. In such
cases, the difference between the numbers given in this report and the numbers actually observed
might be interpreted as the "net loss" or "net gain" due to these exogenous events affecting
regular trade flows that would have occurred had these events not have taken place.                                                       ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
      Unwrought Tungsten (Wolfram), Molybdenum, Tantalum, and Magnesium in the Netherlands              9

        Imported Unwrought Tungsten (Wolfram), Molybdenum, Tantalum, and
                         Magnesium in the Netherlands, 2011
                              (Structure of Foreign Import Competition)

Country of Origin             Rank         Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
China                             1                    51,872               63.45                 63.45
Armenia                           2                     7,198                8.80                 72.26
Germany                           3                     6,340                7.76                 80.01
Israel                            4                     5,163                6.32                 86.33
the United Kingdom                5                     2,725                3.33                 89.66
the United States                 6                     2,004                2.45                 92.11
Russia                            7                     1,747                2.14                 94.25
Luxembourg                        8                     1,180                1.44                 95.69
Canada                            9                       916                1.12                 96.81
Belgium                          10                       675                0.83                 97.64
Austria                          11                       437                0.53                 98.17
Sweden                           12                       318                0.39           
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