Role of IT in management by praveenanaswara

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									Role Of IT in Management

Praveen Anaswara
S1 MBA Department of Business Administration, CET

6/27/2009

Department Of Business Administration CET

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Manage : Word meaning and History
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Man.age /maenidz/ verb: “ to succeed in doing especially difficult ” manage comes from the Italian maneggiare (to handle — especially a horse), which in turn derives from the Latin manus (hand).

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Management can be defined as….
“…...the

optimum utilization of

scarce resources under ever changing conditions ”
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Information Technology is...
“ ......the use of technology to enhance the speed and the efficiency of the transfer of information. ”

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Information Technology is...
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“....the use of computers and software to manage information.” “....the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware.”
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IT deals with..........
“........the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect,

process, transmit and retrieve information,
securely.”
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Management : Classifications
Systems Management  Operations Management  Financial Management  Human Resource Management  Marketing Management  Knowledge Management  Strategic Management  Information Management
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IT in a nut shell...
Information technology umbrella is quite large, covering many fields
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Data management Computer networking Computer engineering Database systems design Software design Management information systems Systems management or System administration

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Management without IT....?

....is impossible to imagine as the
existence of modern managers is dependent on IT...

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computation and communication..

...information technology today

provides computational and communications capabilities that were inconceivable a decade ago....

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Information Systems...5 objects.
 Structure:  Repositories, which hold data permanent or temporarily, such as buffers, RAM, hard disks, cache, etc.  Interfaces, which exchange information with the non-digital world, such as keyboards, speakers, scanners, printers, etc.  Channels; which connect repositories, such as buses, cables, wireless links, etc. A Network is a set of logical or physical channels.  Behavior:  Services, which provide value to users or to other services via messages interchange.  Messages, which carries a meaning to users or services.
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Information Systems : Types ?
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Transaction Systems Decision Systems

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Communications systems

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Manager and IT.....

.......Combination of computers, databases and telecommunications especially the internet provides the manager with an incredible number of options for improving the way an organization functions......

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Information Technology....
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provides new ways to design organizations and new organizational structures Creates new relationships between customers and suppliers who electronically link themselves together provides opportunity for e-commerce enables tremendous efficiencies in production and service (JIT) Changes the competition and industry structure
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Information Technology....
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makes it possible for the organization to capture the knowledge of its employees contributes to the productivity and flexibility of knowledge workers provides manager with electronic alternatives to face -to-face communication and supervision provides developing countries with opportunities to compete with the industrialized nations
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IT helps manager in problem solving...
Data Collection

Store

Retrieve

problem solving

Apply knowledge

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SOFTWARES........

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revolutionized all areas of management i.e. Operations, Finance, Production, HR, Marketing etc a number of software's are available which can help a manager to manage the organization effectively

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Types of Networks
Network of Networks Public switched network Wide Area Network Metropolitan Area Network Local Area Network The Internet Voice Telephony The Phone System A Campus Network PC network within a building

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Management Information Systems

....... is an integrated, user-machine system for providing information to support managerial, operational, and decision making functions in an organization......

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Strategy and policy making

Information for tactical planning

Information for Operational Planning, Decision making and control

Transaction processing inquiry response

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Functions of MIS

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Data Collection
Data Storage and Processing Information Presentation

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Database Management System....

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A DBMS is a complex set of software programs that controls the organization, storage, management, and retrieval of data in a database.
Typical examples of DBMSs include Oracle, DB2, Microsoft Access, Microsoft SQL Server, PostgreSQL, MySQL and FileMaker
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Features and Abilities Of DBMS
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Query ability Backup and replication Rule enforcement Security Computation Change and access logging Automated optimization Meta-data repository History
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Functions of management

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Planning Organizing Leading Co-ordinating Controlling

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IT and Enterprise Resource Planning

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ERP is not for a small enterprise. ERP works around the core activities of the organization and facilitates flow of information across departmental barriers. ERP is a method of effective planning of all the resources in an organization.

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ERP defined more.....
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Computer and IT are integral parts of an ERP system It's an enterprise wide system which encompasses corporate mission, objectives, attitudes, beliefs, values, operating style and people who make the organisation ERP packages are integrated sotware packages that support ERP concepts.
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Strategic operation

Finance

Manufacruring

Human resources

Materials Management

ERP System

Logistic management

Quality management

Maintenance management

Sales & distribution
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Middleware...soft connections

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Middleware is the enabling technology of Enterprise application integration. It describes a piece of software that connects two or more software applications so that they can exchange data.

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Firmware........between Hard & Soft !
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Firmware is a computer program that is embedded in a hardware device, for example a microcontroller. Firmware is somewhere between hardware and software. Like software, it is a computer program which is executed by a computer. But it is also an intimate and vital part of a piece of hardware, and has little meaning outside of that particular hardware. Example:
1. 2.

The BIOS found in IBM-compatible Personal Computers. EPROM chips used in digital music processors

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