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Family Dynamik

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					    FAMILY DYNAMICS: 1


THE FAMILY LIFE CYCLE
       CONSIDER YOUR
  GRANDPARENT’S GENERATION
1. WHAT AGE DID YOUR     6. DID THEY RETIRE?
   GRANDPARENTS START    7. IF ALIVE, DO ANY
   WORK?                     ADULT CHILDREN
                             LIVE WITH THEM?
2. WHAT AGE DID THEY
                         8. IF DECEASED HOW
   MARRY?
                             OLD WERE THEY
3. WHAT AGE DID THEY         WHEN THEY DIED?
   HAVE THEIR FIRST      9. IS THERE ANY
   CHILD?                    GENDER DIFFERENCE
4. WHAT IS THE AGE GAP       IN YOUR ANSWERS?
   BETWEEN THE OLDEST    10. DID THEY LIVE
   AND YOUNGEST CHILD?       THROUGH WAR OR
                             ECONOMIC
5. WHO REARED THE
                             DEPRESSION?
   CHILDREN?
                        A FAMILY’S
                       DEVELOPMENT
                           TASK
“A GROWTH RESPONSIBILITY THAT ARISES IN THE
 LIFE OF A FAMILY:
 THE SUCCESSFUL ACHIEVEMENT OF WHICH
 LEADS TO PRESENT SATISFACTION, APPROVAL
 AND SUCCESS WITH LATER TASKS,
 WHEREAS FAILURE LEADS TO UNHAPPINESS IN
 THE FAMILY, DISAPPROVAL BY SOCIETY , AND
 DIFFICULTY WITH THE LATER FAMILY
 DEVELOPMENT TASKS.”          Evelyn Duvall & Brent Miller 1985
  Primary origin of        Influences on Theory
  tasks:
• Physical Maturation      • Adult development
                             Psychology

• Cultural pressures and   • Family development
  privileges                 processes by sociologists
                           • Ideas on how families
                             cope with change by
                             family therapists
PROBLEM:
Research in West – How universal is the cycle?
   DIFFERENT CULTURES:
     DIFFERENT TIMES
CULTURE NOT        DIMENSIONS OF TIME:
STATIC:             ‘Time is at least a 3
-LONGITUDINAL        dimensional phenomenon
STUDIES V.           in charting the course of
COMPARITIVE          the life-cycle , with
                     historical time, Life-time
STUDIES WITHIN A
                     (or chronological age) ,
SOCIETY              and social time all
                     intricately intertwined’
                     (Neugarten 1976)
TEMPOCENTRISM
  IS A TENDENCY TO:-
• ASSUME CONSCIOUSLY OR
  UNCONSCIOUSLY, THAT HOW ONE
  PERCEIVES TIME IS EITHER UNIVERSAL
  OR THE ONLY APPROPRIATE MODE OF
  THINKING AND/OR
• IGNORE THAT ONE’S PERCEPTION OF
  TIME CAN ALTER AND IS INFLUENCED BY
  CULTURE , AGE, LIFE EVENTS AND THE
  HISTORICAL ERAS WHICH HAVE BEEN
  PART OF ONE’S LIFE EXPERIENCE
                          Raja: 2000
                                   CHILDREN
INFANTS - INITIALLY INSTANT GRATIFICATION
          - LEARN DELAYED GRATIFICATION
CHALLENGE - TIMEFRAME IN WHICH TO CONTROL
FOR PARENTS IMPULSES UNDERSTANDABLE
AS THEY - COGNITIVE CONSTRUCTS DEVELOP. HOW
GROW      DO THEY AFFECT TIME PERCEPTIONS?
CHILD “Long term decisions must take into consideration
EXPERT the child’s perception of time.. The younger the
       child, the shorter the time-frame of decisions
       about permanency”                      Fahlberg.
TEENS  DO DIFFERENT TIME ORIENTATIONS AND
       PERCEPTIONS ADD TO THE REKNOWN
       GENERATION GAP?
      WHAT IS…..


THE FAMILY LIFE CYCLE
                   So…..
• What are the tasks for the different stages?
• What about the families which do not
  follow the traditional cycle eg. when there
  is a divorce?
• When in the family cycle is there likely to
  be extra pressure on resources?
8 STAGE MODEL OF FAMILY
       LIFE CYCLE
•   MARRIED COUPLES
•   CHILDBEARING FAMILIES
•   FAMILIES WITH PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN
•   FAMILIES WITH SCHOOL CHILDREN
•   FAMILIES WITH TEENAGERS
•   FAMILIES AS LAUNCHING CENTRES
•   MIDDLE- AGED PARENTS – EMPTY NEST
•   AGING FAMILY MEMBERS – POST-
    RETIREMENT
                       Based on work of Duvall 1957
                     $




DIFFERENT FAMILIES
STAGES REGARDING DIVORCE
    See readings for full description or emotional processes of
      transition/prerequisite attitudes & development issues


DIVORCE
1. The decision to
   divorce
                               POST DIVORCE
2. Planning the break-up       1. Single Parenting with custody
   of the system               2. Single parenting without
3. Separation
                               REMARRIAGE
4. The Divorce                 Issues of Overcoming loss and
                               forming blended families
Carter & McGoldrick
        TUTORIAL TASKS
1. Read article in reading pack
2. Consider to what extent families in
   Malaysia follow the classic cycle and the
   ways they are different.
3. Consider when in the life cycle there is
   likely to be extra financial pressure on
   families and say why.
REMEMBER

    FAMILIES NEED FAMILY-
    FRIENDY ENVIRONMENTS



         TO FULFIL THE MAJOR FUNCTIONS OF:
         •ECONOMIC PHYSICAL MAINTENANCE
         •CULTURAL SOCIALISATION OF CHILDREN
         •AFFECTIVE NURTURANCE
          THROUGHOUT THE FAMILY LIFE CYCLE

“Building the smallest democracy at the heart of society” - UN

				
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posted:5/2/2011
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