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Concept of Family

VIEWS: 54 PAGES: 15

									DEFINING FAMILIES

       HOW WOULD YOU DEFINE “FAMILY”?
       WHOSE INCLUDED? WHOSE EXCLUDED?
       WHAT TYPES OF FAMILIES DO YOU FIND IN
        MALAYSIA?
       WITHIN THIS RANGE WHAT ARE THE
        SIMILARITIES? THE DIFFERENCES?
What do you think is the
 function of a family?
DIFFERENT DEFINITIONS

   A KINSHIP-STRUCTURED GROUP OF PERSONS
    RELATED BY BLOOD, MARRIAGE OR ADOPTION,
    USUALLY RELATED TO THE MARITAL UNIT AND
    INCLUDES THE RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF PARENTHOOD.
                                        Eshleman, 1991
   A SMALL KINSHIP-STRUCTURED GROUP WITH THE KEY
    FUNTION OF NURTURANCE AND SOCIALISATION OF
    THE NEW BORN
                                           Reise and Lee
          UN DEFINITION OF FAMILY

A FAMILY IS ANY COMBINATION OF ADULTS
BOUND BY TIES OF CONSENT, BIRTH, ADOPTION
OR PLACE, WHO ASSUME RESPONSIBILITIES
FOR THE THREE FUNCTIONS OF:


    ECONOMIC PHYSICAL MAINTENANCE,
    CULTURAL SOCIALISATION OF ANY
    CHILDREN AND
    AFFECTIVE NURTURANCE.
                                  Cited in Porter, 1995:12
MALAYSIAN CHILD ACT (2001)
“guardian”, in relation to a child, includes any person
who, in the opinion of the Court for Children having
cognizance of any case in relation to the child or in which
the child is concerned, has for the time being the charge of
or control over the child;

“extended family”, in relation to a person, means
persons related by consanguinity, affinity or
adoption to the person;
    ISSUES IN DEFINING FAMILIES


                      Culture

    Diversity                              Change
                    Main Focus?
Tasks/Functions     -intimate rel? Reflection of Societal
                    -Childrearing? Values & Expectations
                    -Economic?


           Public Definitions versus Reality
 Family is socially
   constructed ?
(What does it mean?)
 A SPECTRUM HAS MANY
 WAVELENGTHS



        DIVERSITY OF: CULTURE AND FORM

        EXTENDED - NUCLEAR- SINGLE-HEADED

    LIFE-CYCLE STAGE: AGE-RANGE OF CHILDREN

       BLENDED: ADOPTED: CROSS-CULTURAL

SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS - TRADITIONAL POOR GROUPS

   RAISED BY GRANDPARENTS: MISSING PARENT(S)
TRADITIONAL V NON-TRADITIONAL ALTERNATIVES
    Legally Married                    Single- never married/ cohabitation
    Married Once                       Remarriage/ multiple-marriage
    Heterosexual marriage              Same-sex marriage
    Endogamous marriage                Interfaith/ interracial/ interclass
    2-adult household                  Multi-adult/communal/affiliated
    Children                           Voluntary childless
    2 parents live together            Single/ joint custody/step-parenting
    Parents as key source of:          Tasks fulfilled by schools, churches,
                                         government, clubs, sport
    Education/religion/protection/
                                         bodies.
    recreation
                                        Until divorce or separation
    Until death
                                        Female/ dual careers/ commuter
    Male as provider/ head
                                         marriages/ androgynous relations.
    Self-supporting, independent
                                        Welfare/ social –security
    Premarital chastity/Marital
                                        Pre/non-marital intercourse/affairs
     sexual exclusivity.
      KEY TERMS

   Nuclear                  Family Organisation:
   Extended                  - orderly replacement
                              - Universal permanent
   Joint
                                 availability (Faber 1964)
   Traditional
                             Ideal types constructs
   Household                 (Weber)
   Family of Orientation    - matriarchal/patriarchal
    (Origin)                 - free choice/arranged
   Family of Procreation    - homogamy/ heterogamy
                             - individualism/ familism
                                (N.B.sociological use of ideal)
FAMILY FUNCTIONS

 Economic
 Prestige & Status        How many solely the
                            families function?
 Education

 Protection of Members

 Religious                 How effective is the
                          family in its functions?
 Recreation

 Affection

William Ogburn 1938
    DIFFERENT EMPHASIS

Parsons & Bales            Porter
 Primary                   Economic (west changing

   socialisation of          from unit of production to
   children – so they        unit of consumption)
                            Cultural context
   can belong to
   society into which       Relational – a set of

   they were born.           relationships which
                             represents a unique way
 Stabilization of adult
                             of living. Families aim to
   personalities of the      meet emotional needs
   society.                  ..intimacy, security and
                             sense of belonging.
Normal and Different
(depends on people,
context and objective-
 socially constructed)
 FAMILIES NEED FAMILY-FRIENDY
 ENVIRONMENTS
                        C   I    E
                   O                       T
               S                               Y



                   c                       y
                       o m             t
                           m u    ni


      TO FULFIL THE MAJOR FUNCTIONS OF:
      • ECONOMIC PHYSICAL MAINTENANCE
      • CULTURAL SOCIALISATION OF CHILDREN
      • AFFECTIVE NURTURANCE
“Building the smallest democracy at the heart of society” – UN
       Strengthening communities – strengthens families

								
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