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VIEWS: 15 PAGES: 54

  • pg 1
									Unit 5 How to Celebrate Holidays
Text A Writing Three Thank-you Letters

• Pre-reading Questions
• Cultural Notes
• Text Structure
• Text Explanation
• Useful Expressions
• Review and Exercises
• Writing
       Pre-reading Questions
1. Can you name some Chinese & Western
   Festivals?
  C:  The Spring Festival, the Lantern Festival, the
   Dragon-boat Festival, the Mid-autumn Festival, the
   Double Ninth Festival etc.
  W:   St. Valentine’s Day, Easter, Mother’s Day,
   Father’s Day, Halloween, Thanksgiving, Christmas etc.
2. Can you say something about the
   Thanksgiving day? If you think you need to
   express your thanks, who would you like to
   thank? And For what?
Cultural Notes
   1. Thanksgiving: Thanksgiving is
      celebrated in the US on the
      fourth Thursday in November.
      For many Americans it is the
      most important holiday apart
      from Christmas. Schools,
      offices and most business close
      for Thanksgiving, and many
      people make the whole
      weekend a vacation. It is
      associated with the time when
      Europeans first came to North
      America. In 1620 the ship the
      Mayflower arrived, bringing
      about 150 people who today
      are usually called Pilgrims.
Mayflower Ⅱ
Cultural Notes: Thanksgiving
 Special Meal:
       Today people celebrate
 Thanksgiving to remember
 these early days. The most
 important part of celebration is
 a traditional dinner with foods
 that come from North America.
 The meal includes turkey,
 sweet potatoes and
 cranberries. The turkey is
 filled with stuffing or dressing,
 and many families have their
 own special recipe. Dessert is
 pumpkin made into a pie.
Celebrations:
        On Thanksgiving there are special television
programs and sports events. In New York there is the
Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade, when a long line of
people wearing fancy costumes march through the streets
with large balloons in the shape of imaginary characters.
Thanksgiving is considered the beginning of the Christmas
period, and the next day many people go out to shop for
Christmas presents.
Pilgrims
     The term is referred to the 102 English
  people who sailed to America on the Mayflower
  in 1620. Their group included 35 Puritans
  whose aim was to create a safe religious
  community in the New World. The Pilgrims
  landed at Plymouth Rock, and they established
  the Plymouth colony. They arrived at the
  beginning of the hard winter and could not find
  enough to eat, so many of them died. In the
  next summer Native Americans showed them
  what foods were safe to eat and so they could
  save food for the next winter. They held a big
  celebration to thank God and the Native
  Americans for the fact that they had survived.
Native Americans
    Native Americans were living in
North America for many of
hundreds of years before
Europeans reached the continent.
For a long time white people called
them Indians. Today many people
do not like this name since it is
based on a mistake: it was given to
the people living in the Americas by
Christopher Columbus who thought
he had landed in India when he
arrived in Americas. Instead,
people prefer to use the term
Native Americans.
          The United States Coast Guard




      The US military service that is controlled by the US
Department of Transportation but becomes part of the US
Navy during a war. It was established in 1915. The Coast
Guard stops ships suspected of carrying drugs and other
illegal goods, and can make arrests. It also keeps watch to
see that other laws of the sea are obeyed, rescues ships in
danger and has a weather service.
       Part Five: Text Structure
                  Part One
                 (Paras 1-9)




  Part Two        Letters of      Part Four
(Paras 10-16)   Giving-Thanks   (Paras 24-26)




                 Part Three
                (Paras 17-23)
Scan para. 1 & 2 and tell:
   Where did the writer spend that thanksgiving?
   Where was he going?
   How come he is so busy that day?
under way: in motion or operation, having started
     and making progress 航行中,工作中
• The nationwide medical reform is now under
     way.
• 2008奥运会的准备工作正在进行中.
• Preparations for the 2008 Olympic Games are
     now well under way.
All the way自始至终           any way 无论如何
By way of 经由,通过…的方法 by virtue of 依靠,借助于
 I was one of the Murizm(“军市一“号)’s several
 cooks and, quite the same as for folk ashore, this
 Thanksgiving morning had seen us busily
 preparing a traditional dinner featuring roast
 turkey.
Paraphrase:
  I was one of the Murizm’s cooks at that time. On
 the morning of Thanksgiving Day, we, just like
 people ashore, were busy with preparing a
 traditional dinner that features roast turkey.
put away: 把…放好, 收好;
 她有个习惯就是, 看完书后就把书收好.
She has a habit of putting away her books
 after reading them.
 You wash the dishes and I’ll put them away
 in the cupboard.
      储蓄,存钱
The old couple has put away a considerable
 sum of money for their future life.
I made my way out there, breathing in
 great, deep draughts while walking slowly
 about, still wearing my white cook’s hat.
译:
 我信步走去,一边深深呼吸着空气,一边慢慢
 地踱着步, 头上还戴着那顶白色的厨师帽.
get to sth./doing sth.: 开始考虑, 做…事
• Recently I’ve got to wondering why I am doing
  the part-time job.
• I’ll get to the accounts as soon as possible.
• 经历了这次事件之后, 他开始对他周围的人好了.
• Having gone through the accident, he got to
  treating people around him kindly.
and the rest: and so on 等等
• The patient can have apples, apple sauce, and
  the rest.
• The citizens are interested in the government’s
  policies on such important issues as health,
  education, tax, and the rest.
in quest of: seeking 寻求,探求
• Tony went to the school library in quest of Mark Twin’s
  novels.
• 他们去加州寻找金子.
• They went to California in quest of gold.
reverse: v. 扭转,反转; adj. 相反的,反面的
         n. 背面, 反面; n. 失败,挫折
• They have made it clear that they will not reverse
  the decision to increase prices.
• Why don’t you reverse the order so that I play first
  and she plays second?
• The financial reverses won’t discourage him.
turn over: think about 思考;
• Even when she didn’t say anything you could see
  her turning things over in her mind.
• 他静静地坐在那里, 思考着那个问题.
• He sat quietly, turning over the problem.
   移交(控制权/所有权等)
• The old lady turned the shop over to her
  granddaughter when she retired.
repay: pay back, reward 偿还
• She repaid me the money.
• 我该如何报答你对我的好呢?
• How can I ever repay you for your kindness?
  Not one time had I ever bothered to express to any
   of them so much as a simple, sincere “Thank
   you”.
Paraphrase:
  I had never expressed my thanks to them, even a
   simple, sincere “thank you.”
So much as “甚至”
• He doesn’t so much as invite his best friends.
• 他甚至连他最好的朋友都没邀请.
• Mike left all of a sudden, without so much as a
  simple “bye-bye”.
Summary for Part One(para1-9):
The writer came up with the who had
expressing his gratitude to peopleidea of helped him before.
______________________________________________.
 I realized, swallowing hard, that half of them
  had since died----so they were forever
  beyond any possible expression of gratitude
  from me.
Paraphrase:
 I feel terribly sorry since about half of them
  had died, so that they could never receive
  any expression of appreciation from me.
gratitude: 感激 (…to sb./for sth.)
• It is my great pleasure to be here to express my
  sincere gratitude to my fellow members for
  electing me as your president.
• 她对我们的帮忙表示感激.
• She expressed her gratitude for our help.
Sincere ~/ show ~/ feel ~/ deep ~
statement: Sth.that is said, esp. formally and
  officially 陈述, 声明
• The trade union issued a statement opposing
  racial discrimination.
• In his newly-published book, Williams made a
  number of statements about modern life.
specific: 具体的
        specific description/purpose/details/facts
• The new system made it easier for employers to recruit
  workers based on specific needs.
• 你有没有一些对你要申请的工作有用的具体技能?
• Do you have any specific skills that will be of use to you in
  the job you are applying for?
on one’s behalf/ on the behalf of sb.: 代表…, 为了…的
  利益.
• He delivered a speech on the behalf of all the graduates
  on Graduation Day.
• 律师代表当事人说话.
• The lawyer spoke on behalf of his client.
impress: 使重视, 给予强烈影响; 使…印象深刻
• The teacher tried to impress on his students the
   necessity of being honest.
• 我父亲使我明白了努力工作的价值.
• My father impressed on me the value of hard work.
• Mr. Smith often impresses his students with
   humor in his speeches.
• I was deeply impressed by/with his performance.
 impressive 动人的, 使人印象深刻的
 impression n. 印象
diminish: make or become smaller or less
 vt/i. (使)减少, 变小
• Her patience with the children diminished as the
  hours went by.
• Time will not diminish our friendship.
• 沉重的工作负担并没有降低他对户外运动的热情.
• The heavy workload does not diminish his
  enthusiasm for outdoor sports.
 So many times I have felt a sadness when
  exposed to modern children so immersed in
  the electronic media that they have little or no
  awareness of the marvelous world to be
  discovered in books.
Paraphrase:
 Ihave felt sorry for many times when I saw
  modern children immersed themselves in the
  electronic media to such an extent that it almost
  remained unknown to them that there is a
  marvelous world in books.
expose: leave uncovered; make accessible 使暴
  露, 使接触
Be exposed to 暴露于; 与…接触
• It is feared that people living near the power
  station may have been exposed to radiation.
• The immigrants’ children exposed to American
  pop culture often rebel when their parents try to
  impose the values they brought with them.
• 这种植物不能暴露在强光下.
• This plant can’t be exposed to strong sunshine.
immerse: over completely in a liquid; absorb
  deeply 使沉浸(在水中); 专心于
• I held my breath and immersed myself in water,
  trying to stay under water for as long as possible.
• 约翰完全沉浸在电脑游戏中, 没有意识到周围发生的事情.
• John was so immersed in playing the computer
  games that he was unaware of things happening
  around him.
assemble
a) bring or call together in a group集合,集会
• Delegates were assembling in Geneva for the
  conference.
b) fit together the parts or pieces of 组装
• It took me less than an hour to assemble the
  bookcase.
             B
Everyone ____ in the hall where they were
  welcomed by the secretary.[00-06, CET-6]
A. Piled B. assembled C. joined D. accumulate
Considerate of 对…无微不至, 考虑周到
Considerable相当的, 非常的
sprinkle 洒, 喷洒
Sprinkle sth. on/over sth.
  Sprinkle water on the grass
Sprinkle sth. with sth.
  Sprinkle the dish with pepper.

Summary for part two (paras. 10-16)
                                         his father
The writer wrote 3 thank-you letters to _________,
                   his grandmother
Rev. Nelson and _____________.
__________,
accord: a) grant给予, 赠与
• The headmaster accorded me permission to attend the
   seminar.
• 我们对他给予了热烈的欢迎.
• We accorded a warm welcome to him.
           b) be in agreement (… with) (使)符合, 一致
• His behavior does not accord with his principles.
• 我们应该言行一致.
• What we say should accord with what we do.
 accord with 与…相一致              accord sth. to sb. 赠给…
 in accord with 与…一致, 融洽 of one’s own accord 主动,自愿
 with one accord 全体一致地           in accordance with 根据
 accordance. n. 符合, 一致, 和谐
 accordingly. 相应地, 因此, 所以.
successive: following one after the other连续的,
  不断的
• The Brazilian men’s soccer team has won three
  successive games so far.
• 接二连三的恐怖袭击已经引起了所有人的关注.
• The successive terrorism attacks have aroused
  the attention from all humanity.
  succession n. 连续, 连续不断的事物
 in succession 接连的
 a succession of victories 连续的胜利
 successor 后继者, 继承者
 succeed. 继承, 继任.
 One “mail call” brought me responses from
 Grandma, Dad, and the Reverend Nelson and
 my reading of their letters left me not only
 astonished but more humbled than before.
Paraphrase:
Then came the time when the loudspeaker called
 there was mail for us, I received three replies
 from Grandma, Dad and the Reverend Nelson.
 After reading them, I felt astonished, but more
 humbled than ever.
Undergo v. to go through, endure 经历, 遭
 受
    Undergo great hardship/suffering
    遭受巨大的艰难, 困苦
    Undergo repair/surgery接受检修, 进行手术.
• She has undergone a lot of sufferings during
  the last 20 years.
• After the craft returned safely to Earth, Yang
  Liwei underwent immediate physical exam.
 A glance at Grandma’s familiar handwriting,
 brought back in a flash memories of
 standing alongside her white rocking chair,
 watching her “settin, down” some letter to
 relatives.
Paraphrase:
 As I saw Grandma’s familiar handwriting,
 what instantly came to mind was the time
 when I stood beside her white rocking
 chair and watched her writing to relatives.
Bring back 使记起, 使回想起
• The smell of autumn always brings back
  memories of new terms at school.
• The whole scene brought back the days of
  my childhood.
   Bring forward 把…提前(~ the party);
                  提出( ~ a plan)
   Bring about 导致, 使发生
   Bring out 生产; 揭示
   Bring through 拯救 , 救活
In a flash: 立刻, 一瞬间

• The 100-meter dash was over in a flash.
      A flash in the pan 昙花一现
      A flash of lightning 闪电
      A flash of hope 一线希望
Summary for part three ( paras. 17-23)
  The writer got 3 letters in reply.
Go about 四处走动; 开始, 从事, 着手做
• How shall we go about the job?
• 你怎样着手修理这台机器?
• How do you go about repairing this telex
  machine?
Go about with sb. 和…常联系, 走动
• Nowadays it’s quite common to see
  freshmen go about with their girlfriends.
In the end we are mightily(在很大程度上, 非常)
  and merely people, each with similar
  needs.
译:
其实,我们都是十分相象的凡人, 有着相似的需求.
Summary for Part Four(para 24.~26)
The writer wishes everyone to
  _______________________.
 find the good and praise it.
认真思考        give serious thought to
真挚的文字       genuine statements
由衷的感激       heartfelt appreciation
渐渐地变成一种习惯   graduate into a habit of
电子媒体
            electronic media
很少了解
            have little awareness of
给…撒下美妙遐想
            sprinkle … with stardust
按常规          in the routine
个人经历        personal experience
最重要的事        topmost priority
围聚在…周围    cluster about
一把把       fistful of
发生迅猛的变化   undergo swift changes
摇椅        a rocking chair
实现世界和平    achieve world peace
靠当…为生     make a living as
使某人意识到    give sb. an insight into

有着相似的需求   with similar needs

简单的常识     simple common sense

对…至关重要    be paramount for

向…表达充满    express one’s loving
爱意的谢意     gratefulness to…
Correspon-       Letters sent          Letters received
dents             (paras13-15)            (paras 21-23)
             Thank him for teaching    Tell his son how he,
Father       the writer from           as a teacher and
             boyhood to love books     father, felt content
             and reading.              with him.
                                      About his retirement
              Thank him for his       with self-doubt, and
The Rev.      morning school
Nelson                                the reassurance the
              prayers                 letter brought to him.
             Thank him for teaching
Grand-       the writer how to tell the Expresses her
             truth, to share, to be     loving gratefulness
mother
             forgiving…                 for her grandson
               Word Web
                            hold
                            cabin
  Put to sea
                          afterdeck
Be under way                 deck
                ship
                       coastguardsman
   Be at sea
                          sailor
                       seaman
                       shipmate
Key Points Review重点回顾
  I was one of the Murzim’s several cooks and,
  quite the same as folks ashore, his Thanksgiving
  morning had seen us busily preparing a
  traditional dinner, featuring roast turkey. (现在分
  词作定语).
例: As early as 1647, Ohio made a decision that
 free, tax supported schools must be established
                 A
 in every t/wn _____ 1,000 households or more.
 (1998-01, CET-4)
        A. having         B. to have
        C. to have had    D. having had
分词作补语
例: After the Arab states won independence,
   great emphasis was laid on expanding
   education, with girls as well as boys ______ to
                                           C
   go to school.(97-01, CET-4)
A. to be encouraged B. been encouraged
C. being encouraged D. be encouraged
    介词with引出分词独立结构,表示一种陪衬性动
   作或补充说明.
                  分词作状语
 I made my way out there, breathing in great, deep
  draughts while walking slowly about, still wearing
  my white cook’s hat.
(现在分词作状语)
      B
例: _______ the earth to be flat, many feared that
  Columbus would fall off the edge of the earth. (96-
  06, CET-4)
  A. Having believed B. Believing
  C. Believed          D. Being believed
                   真题回放
1. As I’ll be away for at least a year, I’d appreciate
    A
   ______from you now and then telling me how
   everyone is getting along. (2000研)
   A. hearing            B. to hear
    C. to be hearing     D. having heard
                                         C
2. The words of his old teacher left a ______
impression on his mind. He is still influenced
by them. (00-01, CET-4)
 A. long     B. lively   C. lasting   D. liberal
                     真题回放
3. Everything we eat and drink contains some salt;
   we can meet the body’s need for it from natural
                               B
   resources without turning ______ the salt
   bottle(盐灌) [01-01, CET4]
  A. up      B. to      C. on      D. over
4. The younger person’s attraction to stereos can’t
                          C
   be explained only _________ familiarity with
   technology. [99-06, CET-6]
  A. in quest of     B. by means of
  C. in terms of     D. by virtue of
                  真题回放
5. In Britain people _______ four million tons of
                       C
   potatoes every year.[00-01, CET-4]
  A. swallow          B. dispose
  C. consume          D. exhaust

6. Several international events at the beginning of
                                    B
   the 21st century are likely to ______ the trends
   emerging in the late 1990s.
  A. revert (恢复,回到原状)              B. reverse
  C. revolve (旋转)                  D. review
                  真题回放
                                       C
7. Thomas was late for school for our _____ days.
  A. successor        B. succession
  C. successive        D. successful


8. The evidence her father produced does not
    B
   ____ with that of his sister.
A. compromise            B. accord
C. accuse                D. accustom
                  真题回放
9. It’s high time we _____ the pressing situation.
                       B
  A. dealt out         B. coped with
  C. cope with         D. deal with


                                 B
10. My brother was hoping for a _______
  response after he got through the interview for a
  new job.
  A. switch               B. swift
  C. sweep                D. slip
                  真题回放
11. The conference ______ will accelerate(加速)
                     D
  the development in the region.
  A. held         B. having held
  C. is held       D. to be held

12. They were ______ in their scientific research,
               C
  not knowing what happened just outside their
  lab.[01-06,CET-6).
  A. submerged(淹没)           B. drowned
  C. immersed                D.dipped
        如何写感谢信
• Heading(信头): 发信人的姓名,地址,日期
  (通常左/右上角)
• Inside address(信内地址): 信头日期下方,
  左边, 要求同上(一般社交信中, 该项常省略),
  但公务信函不能省.
• Salutation(称呼): 对收信人的称呼语.
• Body(正文)
• Complimentary Close(信尾客套话)
• Signature(签名)
                                                          Orient University
                                                        111 Dongfang Road
                                                          Shanghai 200083
                                                                P. R. China.
                                                              Nov. 18, 2003

University of Buckingham
Hunter Street, Buckingham, MK18 1EG
United Kingdom

Dear Vice Chancellor ,
       I’m writing to you to thank you for your welcome hospitality you’ve
  accorded to our delegation when visiting your beautiful campus last week.
  The informative and useful discussion between our two sides virtually helps
  promote the development of the two universities.
       I’m looking forward to your early visit to China so that I can repay some
  of your hospitality and warmth which I received during our wonderful stay in
  your lovely campus.
                                                         Sincerely Yours
                                                              Zhang Wei

								
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