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Modernism - Download Now PowerPoint

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									Modernism
          Historical Context
 World War I– The Great War: Technology of
  destruction
 Communism—Stalin’s industrialization of the
  Soviet Union: 20 million dead
  Social realism in the arts
 Fascism-Nationalism and racism: Hitler’s
  institutionalization of genocide
  Radio and film used for propaganda
         Mass Media in the U.S.
   Documentary arts:
    Commercial film
    Radio programs
    Posters
    Photography
                     Science
   Einstein’s Theory of Relativity
   Quantum mechanics
                    Picasso
   Mastered traditional techniques
    ―blue period‖
    ―rose period‖
   Abandoned Renaissance tradition: new rules
   Les Demoiselles D’Avignon
          Influences on Picasso
   Cézanne’s Bathers
   African and Polynesian masks
   Primitivism
                    Cubism
   Revolutionary departure from representational
    art. The area around painted objects became
    part of the abstract geometric forms.
   Presented the object from many angles
    simultaneously.
   Georges Braque
             Stages of Cubism
   Analytical phase: browns and grays. Colors
    should not distract from lines and planes
   Synthetic phase: collage
                  Abstraction
   Pure line, shape and color: non-objective
   Sculpture: Boccioni’s Unique Forms of Continuity
    in Space Brancusi’s Bird in Space
   Painting: Piet Mondrian’s Broadway Boogie Woogie
                   Anti-Art
   Dada: rejection of reason and order in art
   Marcel Duchamp’s ready-mades: L.H.O.O.Q.
    mobile sculpture, urinal
   Later influenced performance art, pop art
                Expressionism
   Henri Matisse: fauvism
   The Blue Window, Issy-les-Moulineaux
   German Expressionism: Die Brücke
   Emil Nolde’s Dance Around the Golden Calf
   Der Blaue Reiter
   Wassily Kandinsky’s Improvisation 28 (Second
    Version)
   Paul Klee’s All Around the Fish
                       Freud
   The Interpretation of Dreams influenced the
    humanities of the Twentieth Century
   Psychoanalysis: freeing unconscious desires
    repressed by parental and societal taboos
   Georgio de Chirico’s The Mystery and Melancholy of
    a Street
                   Surrealism
   André Breton: automatism
   Surrealist painters sought to release the images
    of the subconscious
   Joan Miró’s The Birth of the World
   Salvador Dalí’s The Persistence of Memory
        Modernism in Literature
   Poets discarded meter and rhyme: vers libre
   Prose: Virginia Woolf’s interior monologues or
    stream of consciousness reveal the characters’
    inner thoughts.
   Mrs. Dalloway: A single day
   James Joyce’s Ulysses: A single day
           Modernist Literature
   T.S. Eliot’s The Waste Land
   New hero: ironic, frustrating, disappointing,
    self-doubting, anxious.
   Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis
   Character becomes a giant insect
             Music/Stravinsky
   Le Sacré du Printemps shocked the music world
   Russian folk tradition
   Diaghilev: artistic director
   Nijinsky: dancer-choreographer
   Stravinsky’s music introduced multiple meters,
    or polyrhythm, and multiple simultaneous keys
    or polytonality
   Creates disturbing dissonance
             Music/Schoenberg
   Rejected the classical tradition of orchestral
    music
   Atonal music: not composed in a key:
    expressionistic
   Pierrot Lunaire
   Twelve-tone method: not popular with
    audiences
         Modernist Architecture
   Bauhaus School (German) Walter Gropius:
    Clean, functional design
   Le Corbusier (French) functional glass and metal
    designs
   Art deco: sleek, simple shapes with decorative
    forms, like the ―gargoyles‖ of the Chrysler
    Building
                 Bertolt Brecht
   Epic theater
   The Threepenny Opera
   The disparity between the ruling class in
    Germany and the working classes
             Political Paintings
   Orozco, Siqueiros and Rivera: murals on public
    buildings in Mexico
   Rivera’s The Enslavement of the Indians: criticism
    of Spain’s oppression of the indigenous people
   Kahlo’s The Broken Column
   Picasso’s Guernica: decimation of the town of
    Guernica by German bombs during Spanish
    Civil War
                      Cinema
   D.W. Griffith’s The Birth of a Nation
   Silent film: Charlie Chaplin
   Soviet film: Eisenstein’s Battleship Potemkin
   Montage technique: ―Odessa Steps‖
   Leni Riefenstahl’s The Triumph of the Will, Nazi
    propaganda
             The U.S.A./ N.Y.
   Photography: Alfred Stieglitz
   Painter: Georgia O’Keeffe
   The Harlem Renaissance:
    Countee Cullen
    Langston Hughes
    Zora Neale Hurston
            U.S.A/Other Artists
   Edward Hopper Nighthawks
   Willa Cather
   William Faulkner: Absalom, Absalom!
              American Dance
   Modern Dance: freedom from classical ballet
    Isadora Duncan
   Modern Ballet: classical training/freer
    expression
    George Ballanchine
    Martha Graham
               American Music
   Aaron Copland’s Appalachian Spring
   Charles Ives’ Three Pieces in New England
                 Architecture
   Frank Lloyd Wright: incorporate nature
   ―Fallingwater‖
                       Jazz!
   Improvised melodies, ―swing‖ rhythm
   African-American origins
   George Gershwin’s Porgy and Bess, Rhapsody in
    Blue: concert music
   Large dance bands
   Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Charlie
    ―Bird‖ Parker, John Coltrane, Miles Davis

								
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