Columbian Expo FINAL - Theodore Roosevelt High School by wanghonghx

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									The Columbian Exposition
May 1 – October 30, 1893
  A World’s Fair was expensive!
• Fairs were held in world-class cities
• The host city needed to construct a
  collection of buildings to house the
  exposition exhibits
• A fair tried to showcase the city hosting it
  as well as all the world’s advances in
  technology, the arts, and other cool things
• Before 1893, fairs were held in such
  places as…..
New York, 1853
London, 1862
Philadelphia, 1876
Paris,1889, where the Eiffel Tower
     was unveiled to the world
       After the US Centennial
              in 1876….
• Americans began
  brainstorming an
  exposition to
  commemorate the
  400th anniversary of
  Columbus’s discovery
  of this continent
• Columbus arrived in
  1492, so the fair was
  planned for 1892

• BUT WHICH CITY
  WOULD HOST IT?
The extremely cultured New York City
  seemed to be the logical choice
 But CHICAGO had other ideas.
OUR city wanted to host the fair.
New York City people laughed and said, “Don’t pay any
attention to the nonsensical claims of that Windy City.”
    And THAT is how we got our famous nickname.
  SO HOW DID CHICAGO GET
     TO HOST THE FAIR?

$$$$
The city raised $10 million to
finance the fair, and in 1890,
Congress granted Chicago the
right to host the World’s Fair
Daniel H. Burnham   Frederick Law Olmstead
Jackson Park

  Burnham
     and
   Olmstead
 Transformed
 a Lake Shore
   Swamp…
….into a World Class
 Fair                  …into
                         a
                       World
                       Class
                       Fair
Early Construction
 in Jackson Park
One of the construction workers
  was Walt Disney’s father
Manufactures Building Construction
When it was completed, the Manufactures
Building covered 44 acres and could hold
            150,000 visitors
The invention of spray paint helped
make all the plaster buildings white
The main part of the fair was even
     called the White City
There was a festive atmosphere in the
  streets of Chicago on the day the
      fair opened: May 1, 1893
The Opening Ceremony took place
   in the Manufactures Building
People could get to the fair by train
 And when they arrived,
they were amazed by the
     wonders of the
   WHITE CITY
         Interesting Statistics
• The fair covered over 600 acres
• Cost: $27,245,566 (over $534 million in today’s
  money)
• Admission: 50 cents for adults, 25 cents for
  children
• Electric Lighting: over 138,000 lights
• Bathrooms: 3000 (1500 of which charged a
  nickel)
• Two water plants, pumping out 64,000,000
  gallons of water a day
Electricity Building
Electricity on display
  More Interesting Statistics

• Total attendance: 27,529,400

• Best day: 716,881 people (Chicago Day)

• Clean up crew: 60 teams of 30 men
Crowd on Chicago Day,
   October 9, 1893
      Want to know even more
          about the fair?
• There were moveable sidewalks and a small
  train that also moved people around the fair
  (similar to the monorail at Disneyland)
• There were full-size reproductions of the Nina,
  Pinta, and Santa Maria as well as a Viking ship
• You could take gondola rides on the lagoons
• The Columbian Fountain cost $100 an hour to
  operate
Train at the Fair
Transportation Building
The interior of a Pullman Palace
          Railroad Car
     Most states had their own
     buildings. For example….
• Illinois Building
• Michigan Building
• New York Building
So did many countries, such as Great
Britain, Brazil, France, and Germany
    World’s Fair Food Firsts…
        …mmm, yummy!
• Aunt Jemima syrup
• Cracker Jacks
• Cream of Wheat &
  Shredded Wheat
• Diet Carbonated
  Soda
• Juicy Fruit gum
• Hamburger
      And there was plenty of
         weird stuff, too!
• A 1500 pound Venus
  de Milo statue made
  out of…..chocolate!
• An eleven ton hunk
  of cheese
• Butter sculptures
• A map of the US
  made out
  of pickles
 YOU COULD SEE A
LOT OF COOL THINGS
 AT THE WHITE CITY!
AND if you wanted
   even MORE
  excitement….
YOU COULD VISIT THE MIDWAY!
The Midway stretched west
   from the White City
On the Midway, you could ride
the world’s first Ferris Wheel
The Ferris Wheel had 36 wooden
 cars that each held 60 people.
      There were cultures
 represented from all over the
world…but they were arranged
   according to their level of
“civilization,” which was often
            RACIST.
The world was there, but stereotypes
       were often reinforced
Egyptian dancers on the Midway
Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show
“Civilization” on the Midway was shown to progress to
      the ultimate utopia: the modern WHITE CITY
The perfect world, or utopia, was to be found for the
  first time in a CITY, and not in the countryside
But the fair could not last forever.
            It ended on
        October 30, 1893.
Only one building from the actual fair grounds
  remains today…can you guess what it is
              from this picture?
The other building still standing that was constructed
 to hold administrative offices for the fair is located
                downtown, and it is…
SO WHAT HAPPENED TO
   THE REST OF THE
     BUILDINGS?
• The plaster buildings
  were never meant to be
  permanent.
• Then, a depression
  broke out in 1893,
  followed by the
  Pullman Strike of 1894.
• Railroad workers
  clashed with police on
  the former fairgrounds.
Eventually, all that was left of the
    fair was burnt wreckage
Here are Jackson Park and the
   Midway Plaisance today
HOMEWORK

   1) Pretend you are visiting the World’s Fair
    in 1893. What did you see and do there?
    What did you eat? Describe your
    experiences in a 2-page letter or journal.
   EXTRA CREDIT—illustrate your letter or
    journal, and/or draw the cartoon which
    made fun of Chicago that is described in
    your textbook on p. 114.

								
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