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A picture is worth a thousand words - PowerPoint

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					      A Picture is worth a
        Thousand Words


The Persuasive Power
   of Photography
                          The Invention of
                            Photography
• The basic chemistry
  – Johanne Schultze -light-sensitive materials
  – Carl Scheele -”fixing” the image
• First Photographs
  – Joseph Niepce-permanent image using an emulsion
  – Louis Daugerre - direct-positive image on metal
  – William Henry Fox Talbot -paper negative,
    allowed multiple images
  – Fredrick Archer       -glass negative, multiple images
    with sharper detail
           Camera Obscuro




From Greek meaning “dark chamber”
                    Calotype Prints
William Henry Fox Talbot


     Calotype paper negative




              Paper print (positive) form calotype negative
            From Laboratory to Art




Joseph Neipce

         One of the earliest photographs using an emulsion.
          From Laboratory to Art

LouisDaguerre




                         “Daguerreotype”
       a direct-positive process using an emulsion on a metal plate
From Laboratory to Art

• Naturalists
   – Nature recorded
     without changing it
     (Realism)
• Pictorialists
   – Photographs should
     look like paintings
     (Emotionalism)
                          Naturalists




Phillip Henry Delamotte
                     Pictorialists




Oscar J. Rejlander
Bringing distant lands home
  • Carte d’visite - (postcards)
  • Photo Journalists
     – War Photographers
        • Matthew Brady           Timothy Sullivan
        • Robert Capa             Larry Burrows
        • Carl Mydans             W. Eugene Smith
     – Life Magazine Photographers
        • Margaret Bourke-White   Jacob Riis
        • Alfred Eisenstaedt      Lewis Hine
                               Carte d’visite

Carte d’visite - (postcards)
• souvenirs of visits to far
  away places
    From Laboratory to Art

•Artists Photographers
  •Alfred Stieglitz      Edward Weston
  •James Van Der Zee     Edward Steicen
  •Gordon Parks          Ansel Adams
  •Arnold Newman         Annie Liebowitz
  •Paul Strand           Dianne Arbus
  •Imogen Cunningham
             Memory Makers
• Timeline
  – Earliest photographs appeared
    around 1839
• Events throughout history
                  Photojournalism




Timothy O’Sullivan - 1864
                   Photojournalism




Matthew Brady - 1864
                              Photojournalism




Andrew J. Russell


                 The Golden Spike used to connect rail lines
             from East and West at Promontory Point, Utah, 1869
                         Photojournalism




Lewis Hine

             Immigrants at Ellis Island -1908
               Photojournalism




                        Margaret Bourke-White

First issue of Life Magazine - 1936
                 Photojournalism




Sam Shere

            Hindenburg Disaster
               May 6, 1937
                       Photojournalism




Walker Evans
               Federally-funded Work Program
                              Photojournalism




Margaret Bourke-White
                        The Liberation of Buchenwald - 1945
                              Photojournalism




Joe Rosenthal
                Raising the Flag at Mt. Suribachi - Iwo Jima
                             February 23, 1945
                    Photojournalism




Dorothea Lange

                 Migrant Mother - March, 1936
                      Photojournalism




Alfred Eisentstaedt
                      V-J Day in Time Square
                          August 14, 1945
                Photography as Art




Edward Weston
                Pepper - 1930
                    Photography as Art




Ansel Adams

              Moon and Halfdome - Yosemite Valley
                           Photography as Art




Georgia O’Keeffe - 1918

  Alfred Steiglitz
                          Sun Rays - Paula - Berlin 1889
                               Photography as Art




                                       Grapes on White Dish - Dark Rim - 1920
         Georgia O’Keeffe:
A Portrait - Hands and Grapes - 1921          Georgia O’Keeffe
        Alfred Steiglitz
                           Photography as Art




  Georgia O’Keeffe:
A Portrait - Neck - 1921      The Dark Iris No. II - 1926
 Alfred Steiglitz              Georgia O’Keeffe
               Photography as Art




Gordon Parks
                 American Gothic
                    Photography as Art




James Van Der Zee
                Photography as Art




Arnold Newman
                  Igor Stravinsky
                  Photography as Art




W. Eugene Smith
                    Into the Light
                          Innovations
• Tools & Techniques
  –   Kodak camera
  –   Leica 35 mm camera
  –   Leica and others 35 mm electronic camera
  –   Ektachrome color slide film
  –   Kodachrome color slide film
  –   Kodacolor color print film
        Kodak Brownie Camera




First mass produced camera available to
           the general public.
                        Leica
The first 35mm electronic camera




  • Small format film
    • Electronic Shutter
       • Quality Optical Lens
             First Color Slide Film




    Kodak
Ektachrome
                 Image Makers

• Famous faces
                       Image Makers




Matthew Zimmerman
                    Marilyn Monroe
                         1954
                   Image Makers




Arnold Newman

                Pablo Picasso
                 Image Makers




Edward Steicen
                 Gloria Swanson
                     Image Makers




The Kennedy Family
                             Image Makers




                    Woopie Goldberg   The Blues Brothers


Bruce Springsteen               Annie Liebowitz
Memories You Can’t Forget
                         Photojournalism




Robert Jackson

                 The Murder of Lee Harvey Oswald - 1963
                      Photojournalism




W. Eugene Smith
           A young woman deformed by Mercury Pollution
                         Japan - 1971
From Laboratory to Art




   Montgomery Civil Rights Demonstration
From Laboratory to Art




M.L. King’s “I Have A Dream” speech
    March on Washington - 1968
                       Photojournalism




Bill Eppridge



        The Assassination of Robert Kennedy - 1968
                             Photojournalism




Huynh Cong “Nick” Ut

              Children fleeing an American Napalm strike - 1972
                        Viewing Ourselves




William Anders - 1968
      Apollo 8
                              Photojournalism
                                        Age of Revolution

         Alexandra Avakian




                             Fall of The Berlin Wall -1989


Alfred

Farewell to Lenin - Bucharest, 1990
                         Photojournalism




Charles H. Porter IV

             Fireman and child in Oklahoma City - 1995
                        Photography
                              Today

• Where we stand now

   • How the past influenced the present
                 What’s Next ?


• New Technology and
  Photographic Processes
• Ethical issues
• What’s in the Future
                             Innovations




Edward Muybridge

Zoophraxiscope - showing horse galloping - 1881
                       Technology
Strobe Flash Photography - 1939




Harold Edgerton
                    Manipulated Images
         combining traditional images in the darkroom




Jerry Ulesman
                         Innovations




David Hockney


  Pearblossom Highway - Photocollage- 1986
                            Innovations




         Robert Silver

Photomosaic of Lincoln using Matthew Brady Images
                                     Image Makers

Photo Illustration by Matt Mahurin

         O.J. Simpson




     L.A. Police Mug shot             Time Magazine Cover
                 Image Makers




Who knows what some people might do!
To be continued...

				
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