Fluency Rubric Use the following subscales to rate reader fluency on the four aspects of accuracy, phrasing, smoothness, and pace. Scores will range from 4-16. Scores of 9 and above indicate that fluency has been achieved for the grade level of the passage read. Scores below 8 indicate that fluency is a concern. 4 3 2 1 Accuracy Word recognition accuracy Word recognition accuracy Word recognition accuracy Word recognition accuracy is excellent: 96%. Self- is good: 91-95%. Self is marginal: 86-90%. is poor: generally below corrections are few but corrects successfully. Reader struggles on many 85%. Reader clearly successful as nearly all words. Many unsuccessful struggles in decoding words are read correctly on attempts of self-correction. words. Makes multiple initial attempt. decoding attempts for many words, usually without success. Phrasing Generally well-phrased; Mixture of run-ons, mid- Frequent two and three- Monotonic, with little (prosody) mostly in phrase, clause, sentence pauses for breath, word phrases giving the sense of phrase boundaries, and sentence units; with and possible some impression of choppy frequent work-by-word adequate attention to choppiness; reasonable reading; lacks appropriate reading; usually exhibits expression. stress and intonation. stress and intonation that improper stress and mark ends of sentences intonation that fail to mark and clauses. ends of sentences and clauses. Smoothness Generally smooth reading Occasional breaks in Several “rough spots” in Frequent extended pauses, (prosody) with minimal breaks, but smoothness caused by text where extended hesitations, false starts, work and structure difficulties with specific pauses, hesitations, etc. are sound-outs, repetitions, difficulties are resolved words and/or structures. more frequent and and /or multiple attempts. quickly, usually through disruptive. self-corrections. Pace (automaticity) Consistently Uneven and mixture of fast Moderately slow or overly Slow and laborious. conversational and and slow reading. and inappropriately fast). appropriate.