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expressionism

VIEWS: 37 PAGES: 42

									EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART                                             Modernism



   MODERNISM
   Modernism allowed artists to assert their freedom to create in a new
   style and provide them with a mission to define the meaning of their
   times..

   Early 20th Century Art was influenced by…
   • the beginning of the atomic age
   • existentialism (Nietzsche)- “God is Dead”
   • the invention of psychoanalysis
   • Freud-inner drives control human behavior
   • Jung-collective unconscious
   • The Russian Revolution
   • The Great War (humanity’s inhumanity)
   • The Great Global Depression
   • the rise of the “Avant Garde”
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART                                     Modernism


                         Mr. Curless sums up the early 1900s with
                         these three types:

                         THE EXPRESSIVE (color)




                         THE ABSTRACT (shape)




                         THE WEIRD (form & fantasy)
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART                                      Expressionism



 Expressionism
 The use of uncharacteristic colors chosen by the artist…
  to release of the artist’s inner vision
  to evoke feelings from the viewer



 Fauvism
 German Expressionism
 Der Blaue Reiter
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART                                              Fauvism


 Fauvism
      very short-lived (1904-1908)
      influenced from the work of Post-Impressionists like
     Gauguin & Cezanne
      full of violent, ARBITRARY color and bold distortion, brutal
     brushstrokes
      Shocking to the critics and the public
      “Fauves”- French for ‘Wild Beasts’ - Artists wore the label with
     pride
      Color’s structural, expressive, and aesthetic capabilities
     MATISSE, DERAIN, VLAMINCK
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART   Henri Matisse, The Joy of Life, 1905-06. FAUVISM
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART   Henri Matisse, The Joy of Life, 1905-06. FAUVISM


                                              Flat planes of color, bold
                                              outlines come from
                                              Gauguin - also humanity
                                              in a state of nature -
                                              pagan scene like a
                                              bacchanal

                                              “genius of omission”-
                                              radical simplification

                                              The act of painting was
                                              joyous for him and his
                                              paintings show this
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART

                                                           Henri Matisse
                                                           The Red Studio,
                                                           1911.




 Believed that color was the formal element most responsible for pictorial
 coherence… Color was not meant to imitate nature, but to express inner
 emotions
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART   Henri Matisse, The Dance, 1909. FAUVISM
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART




           Henri Matisse,
       Green Stripe, 1905.

                    FAUVISM
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART




                         Henri Matisse,
                         La Musique,
                         1939.

                         FAUVISM
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART   Andre Derain, Charing Cross Bridge, 1906. FAUVISM
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART   Andre Derain, Bathers, 1907. FAUVISM
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART
    Maurice de Vlaminck, The River Seine at Chatou, 1906 . FAUVISM
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART




        Georges Rouault

  Fauvism with political connotations

        Reminiscent of stained glass
           because Rouault was an
             apprentice of the trade

       A figure of merciless authority
                    clutching flowers



                 Georges Rouault
             The Old King, 1916-37.
                         FAUVISM
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART




          Georges Rouault, The Three Clowns, 1928. FAUVISM
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART



                         German Expressionism
                         “Die Brucke” (The Bridge)

                         Color is important, but equal to that of
                         distortion of images and violent
                         brushstrokes
                         Movement centered in Dresden,
                         Germany and led by Ernst Kirschner
                         Thought of themselves as bridging the
                         old age of art with the new
                         Influenced by medieval craft guilds-
                         lived and worked together equally
                         Focused on the detrimental effects of
                         industrialization



                         Ernst Kirschner,
                         Self Portrait as a Soldier, 1915.
                         GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART




           Ernst Kirschner,
    Two Women in the Street,
                      1914.

 GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART




                         Ernst Kirschner,
                         Street, Berlin,
                         1913.

                         GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART




                  Ernst Kirschner, Brandenburg Gate, 1915.
                        GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART




      The Brandenburg Gate is a former city gate and one of the main symbols
      of Berlin, Germany. It is the only remaining gate of a series through which
                              one formerly entered Berlin.
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART                             Kathe Kollwitz

                                        Worked almost exclusively
                                        in printmaking and
                                        drawing

                                        Themes of inhumanity and
                                        injustice

                                        The plight of workers and
                                        war victims

                                        Son died during first week
                                        of WWI




 Kathe Kollwitz, The Survivors, 1923.
 GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART

Kathe Kollwitz, Woman With Dead Child, 1903 etching. GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART




            Kathe Kollwitz, Memorial for Karl Liebnecht, 1919.
                      GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART

  Kathe Kollwitz, The Grieving Parents, 1932. GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART



                                           Der Blaue Reiter
                                           (The Blue Rider)

                                           Another German Expressionist
                                           movement that produced feeling
                                           as visual FORM – not just color


 Vassily Kandinsky, Composition VII, 1913.

 Complete abstraction- non-objective work - elimination of representation

 Knew about music, literature, science (the atomic theory) - material
 objects have no structure or purpose

 Orchestration of color, form, line, and space- blueprints for an enlightened
 and liberated society, emphasizing spirituality
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART   Vassily Kandinsky, Composition VII, 1913. DER BLAUE REITER
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART   Vassily Kandinsky, Composition VI, 1913. DER BLAUE REITER
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART




                         Vassily Kandinsky,
                         Contrasting Sounds, 1924.

                         DER BLAUE REITER
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART

       Franz Marc, Dog Lying In the Snow, 1910-11. DER BLAUE REITER
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART   Franz Marc, Yellow Cow, 1911. DER BLAUE REITER
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART




                         Franz Marc,
                         Foxes, 1913.
                         DER BLAUE REITER
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART

          Franz Marc, The Lamb, 1913-14. DER BLAUE REITER
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART

                Franz Marc, Fighting Forms, 1914. DER BLAUE REITER
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART                     1913 Armory Show


                         1913
                         Armory Show
                         New York City
                         First American show to exhibit works
                         by Impressionist, Post-
                         Impressionist, Cubist, Fauvist and
                         Early 20th Century Europeans
                         Over 1250 works by 300 artists
                         Started in New York, then traveled
                         to Chicago and Boston
                         The NY Times called it
                         “pathological”…
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART   1913 Armory Show
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART                          1913 Armory Show


        It was good show, but don’ t do it again… - critic
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART


                         Marsden Hartley was an American living
                         in Munich and was directly influenced by
                         these European movements




                          Marsden Hartley,
                          Portrait of a German Officer
                          1914.
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART                  Gustav Klimt




                         Gustav Klimt
                         The Kiss
                         1907-08.
                         VIENNA SUCCESSION
                         (Austrian Art Nouveau)
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART       Gustav Klimt




            Gustav Klimt
       Adele Bloch-Bauer I
                    1907.
   VIENNA SUCCESSION
    (Austrian Art Nouveau)
EARLY 20th-CENTURY ART                                     Gustav Klimt




                         Gustav Klimt
                         Judith with Head of Holofernes,
                         1901.
                         VIENNA SUCCESSION
                         (Austrian Art Nouveau)

								
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