Tribes and Climate Change - Jose Aguto (PDF) by d8772697b3413897

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									Understanding Climate Change

Jose Aguto National Congress of American Indians

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CO2 – Temperature correlation

Atmospheric concentrations of CO2 in 2005 has far exceeded the natural range over the last 650,000 years.

www.epa.gov/climatechange
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Climate Change Science
Warming of the climate system is unequivocal
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Most of the observed increase in globally-averaged temperatures since the mid-20th century is very likely due to the observed increase in anthropogenic GHG concentrations. Global GHG emissions due to human activities have grown since preindustrial times, with an increase of 70% between 1970 and 2004 Increased temperatures and atmospheric CO2 concentrations  It is likely to be in the range of 2 to 4.5ºC with a best estimate of about 3ºC, and it is very unlikely to be less than 1.5ºC. Changes in precipitation  Increases in amount of precipitation are very likely in high-latitudes, while decreases are likely in most subtropical regions. Sea level rise  Likely to rise .18 - .59m by 2100 (does not include increases ice discharge from ice sheets that could add .1 or .2m).
IPPC WG1 SPM 2007
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http://ipcc-wg1.ucar.edu/wg1/wg1-report.html

Projected Future Scenarios

Under all future scenarios, anthropogenic warming will continue for centuries due to

timescales associated with climate processes and feedbacks.
http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/syr/ar4_syr_spm.pdf
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Changes in physical and biological systems and surface temps 1970 - 2004

www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/syr/ar4_syr_spm.pdf

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Geographic patterns of Surface Warming Late 21st Century

www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/syr/ar4_syr_spm.pdf
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Climate Change Impacts

http://ipcc-wg1.ucar.edu/wg1/wg1-report.html

IPPC WG1 SPM 2007

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Impacts

http://www.ipcc-wg2.org/

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Tribal Impacts

Kuskokwim River near the Village of Kwethluk
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Selected Impacts Relevant to Tribes

The most vulnerable industries, settlements and societies are: • • in coastal and river flood plains with economies are closely linked with climate sensitive resources in areas prone to extreme weather events. **
IPCC WG2 SPM, 2007 http://www.ipcc-wg2.org/

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 Threats to traditional knowledge and culture due to shifts and

disruptions to the habitat of culturally important species.

Climate Change and Pacific Rim Indigenous Nations from the Northwest Indian Applied Research Institute

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Selected Impacts Relevant to Tribes

Ecosystem structure and function, species’ ecological interactions, and species’ geographic ranges will experience major changes. The resilience of many ecosystems is likely to be exceeded. ** Biodiversity and ecosystem goods and services (e.g., water and food supply) likely will be negatively impacted. ** Warming of lakes and rivers in many regions will have effects on their thermal structure and water quality.**
*** Very high confidence: at least 9 out of 10 ** High confidence: about 8 out of 10 IPCC WG2 SPM 2007

http://www.ipcc-wg2.org/

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Selected Impacts Relevant to Tribes

 Despite the resilience shown historically by Arctic indigenous

communities, some traditional ways of life are being threatened and substantial investments are needed to adapt or re-locate physical structures and communities. *** snowpack, more winter flooding, and reduced summer flows, exacerbating competition for over-allocated water resources. ***

 Warming in western mountains is projected to cause decreased

 The health status of millions of people . . . will be affected due to

Extreme events, higher concentrations of ground level ozone, and altered spatial distribution of some infectious disease vectors. **
http://www.ipcc-wg2.org/
IPCC WG2 SPM 2007
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Newtok – May 2007

13 http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/27/us/27newtok.html?_r=1&adxnnl=1&oref=slogin&adxnnlx=1195481305-r7K6rK/Ux7LVut9A3UybaQ

Newtok Shoreline Erosion

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Tribal Impacts

 In August 2007, the Bad River Band of Lake Superior

Chippewa canceled its wild rice harvest for the first time in history because low water levels in Lake Superior had dramatically reduced the rice crop.
 People on the Navajo Nation are witnessing shifts

and scarcities regarding traditional and medicinal plants

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Addressing Climate Change: Mitigation and Adaptation

IPCC TAR WG2 2001

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Adaptation

 Develop relationships with other tribes and neighboring

governments regarding  agricultural production capabilities  land use planning  emergency planning for weather related disasters  renewable energy policies  carbon emission reduction and control measures
Climate Change and Pacific Rim Indigenous Nations from the Northwest Indian Applied Research Institute (Dec 06) Next Steps from participants at the National Wildlife Federation’s Tribal Climate Conference (Oct 06)
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Adaptation

 Secure sources of water for drought-impacted regions

 Secure sources of food stocks for emergency conditions
 Determine how culturally important plant and animal species

can adapt
Climate Change and Pacific Rim Indigenous Nations from the Northwest Indian Applied Research Institute (Dec 06) Next Steps from participants at the National Wildlife Federation’s Tribal Climate Conference (Oct 06)
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Water Rights and Adaptation Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe
 Purchasing water rights and dedicate ‘them’ for in-stream flows

to protect biological integrity, riparian habitat, improve water quality, and allow for spawning of fish and aquatic life.

 Working with upstream stakeholders to develop a watershed

plan for the Truckee River watershed basin.

 Removing non-native plant species that compete with native

plants for water, soil nutrients, and space, and replacing them with Native ‘drought tolerant’ plants

Dan Mosley: dmosley@plpt.nsn.us

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Water Security - Hualapai Tribe

* Capturing rainwater with construction of water catchments * Removing invasive species which consume precious groundwater * Bringing back endangered fish in the Colorado River
Alex Cabillo: acabillo@hotmail.com
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Water Security - Hualapai Tribe

Deep well at Grand Canyon West

Water storage tank at Grand Canyon West

 Installation of new wells, pipelines and storage tanks for future

water consumption by the tribe and wildlife
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Mud Tank well drilled in 2004 Construction of a new water pipeline to Westwater Replacement of the Thornton Tower water pipeline Feasibility study for filtering radioactive well water
Alex Cabillo: acabillo@hotmail.com
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Tribal Mitigation Efforts

 Intertribal COUP installed the first utility-scale tribal

wind turbine on the Rosebud Sioux Indian Reservation. (Feb 2003)
www.nativeenergy.org

 Port Graham Village (Alaskan) is assessing

construction of a biomass facility using forestry waste to power their cannery.
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Tribal Mitigation Efforts

 Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs

Reservation
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began a feasibility study to analyze the viability of a 3050 MW commercial geothermal power plant on the eastern slope of the Mt. Jefferson stratovolcano.

 NativSUN Solar  Native American majority-owned organization that has installed over three hundred solar systems on the Hopi and Navajo reservations, and provides installation, maintenance, and technical support for photovoltaic systems. www.nativesun.biz
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Preserving and Promoting Indigenous Knowledge
 Indigenous knowledge can become part of a shared learning

effort to address climate-change impacts and adaptation, and its links with sustainability. of environment, natural resources and culture, and assists conventional science understanding of climate change

 Arctic indigenous knowledge provides a holistic understanding

 Weather Forecasting - Local communities and farmers in Africa

have developed intricate systems of gathering, predicting, interpreting and decision-making in relation to weather.

http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/wg2/ar4-wg2-xccc.pdf
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Water Security – Indigenous Peoples in Latin America

Water security - In the highlands of Latin America, indigenous peoples have been adapting since time immemorial to the irregular distribution of water. Engineering solutions include rainwater cropping, filtration and storage, and the construction of surface and underground irrigation channels.
http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/wg2/ar4-wg2-xccc.pdf
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NCAI

 Transition Strategy for the Next Administration  Developing a National Tribal Climate Change Strategy

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1. 2. 3.

Subject Areas
Adaptation Mitigation Preserving and Advancing Traditional Lifeways

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1. 2. 3.

Cross cutting Themes
Protecting and advancing tribal rights Government to government partnership Equity in funding
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NCAI’s National Tribal Climate Change Strategy

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