Ode-to-the-West-Wind

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					“Ode to the West Wind”

             By
    Percy Bysshe Shelley


          Geschke/British Literature
       Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind"
                       Ode
• A complex, generally long lyric poem on a
  serious subject
• Common form used by the Romantics




                 Geschke/British Literature
              Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind"
      Structure of the Ode
• 5 parts
  • Each part is a sonnet
     – Rhyme Scheme of each sonnet
        » aba bcb cdc ded ee




                Geschke/British Literature
             Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind"
   Significant Poetic Devices
• Apostrophe
  – An address to an imaginary person or
    entity
• Personification
  – The wind is personified in this poem




                 Geschke/British Literature
              Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind"
                     Part I
• Imagery
   – “thou breath of Autumn’s being”
      • Fall
         • Symbolizes death




                 Geschke/British Literature
              Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind"
    Effect of the Wind in Part I
• Makes the leaves of autumn fly
• Distributes the seeds
  • Life is beginning, even in death




                  Geschke/British Literature
               Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind"
                 Couplet
• “Wild Spirit, which art moving
  everywhere; / Destroyer and preserver;
  hear, O, hear!”
   • Asks the wind to hear his request
     • What is his request?
        • Answered in Part V



                 Geschke/British Literature
              Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind"
                 Couplet
• “Destroyer and preserver”
   • Paradox
     • The wind can both be destructive
       and life-giving




                 Geschke/British Literature
              Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind"
                     Part II
• Effect of the wind in Part II
   – Pushes the clouds
• Imagery
• “…Thou dirge, / Of the dying year, to
  which this closing night / Will be the
  dome of a vast sepulcher”
   • Death Imagery

                  Geschke/British Literature
               Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind"
                     Part II
• Couplet
  – Repeats request of the couplet in Part I
  • “O, hear!”




                  Geschke/British Literature
               Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind"
                     Part III
• Effect of the wind in Part III
  – Influences the sea
  – Causes great waves




                   Geschke/British Literature
                Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind"
                    Couplet
• “Thy voice, and suddenly grow gray with fear, /
  And tremble and despoil themselves: O, hear!”
   • Repeats the request for the wind to hear him
• Diction
   • Gray
   • Fear
   • Tremble
• Tone
   • The wind is intimidating and powerful
                   Geschke/British Literature
                Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind"
                    Part IV
• The first part of the sonnet functions as a
  summary
  • The poet asks to be a “comrade of thy
    wanderings”




                  Geschke/British Literature
               Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind"
     Reason for the Request
• “Oh, lift me as a wave, a leaf, a cloud! / I
  fall upon the thorns of life! I bleed!”
   • The “thorns of life”
      • William, Shelley’s three-year-old son,
        has just recently died




                  Geschke/British Literature
               Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind"
                    Part V
• “Make me thy lyre”
   – The speaker wants to be the instrument
     of the wind
   – The speaker wants the wind to help
     spread his thoughts across the world
      • Relationship with nature



                 Geschke/British Literature
              Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind"
                   Couplet
• “The trumpet of a prophecy! O, Wind, / If
  Winter comes, can Spring be far behind?”
   • Tone
     • Hopeful
     • The wind does bring winter
       (destroyer), but winter will always be
       followed by spring (preserver)

                  Geschke/British Literature
               Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind"

				
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posted:5/1/2011
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