VIEWS: 129 PAGES: 24 POSTED ON: 5/1/2011
Standards: MM1D1b. Calculate and use simple permutations and combinations. Permutations and Combinations Lunch Ice Cream Sundae Chocolate Strawberry Pineapple Caramel How many different lunches could you order if there were 4 different sandwiches, 3 different side orders and 4 different drinks? How many different ice cream sundaes could you order if there were 3 different flavors of ice cream, 4 different sauces, and 2 different toppings? Lunch Ice Cream Sundae Chocolate Strawberry Pineapple Caramel Suppose you wanted lunch and an ice cream sundae. What would you do? Suppose you wanted either lunch or an ice cream sundae. What would you do? When using the When using the counting principle, counting principle, the word “and” the word “or” means to multiply. means to add. x + N factorial For any positive integer n, the product of integers from 1 to n is called n factorial and is written as n!. The value of 0! Is defined to be 1. Examples: 1. 5! 5·4·3·2·1= 2. 9! 9·8·7·6·5·4·3·2·1= Permutations A permutation is an arrangement of objects in which order is important. The number of permutations of n objects is given by nPn = n!. The number of permutations of n objects taken r at a time, where r ≤ n, is given by nPr = n! (n – r)! Example 1 You Try!! Example 2 You Try!! Example 3 You Try!! Guided Practice Guided Practice Evaluate the expression. 8. 4P3 9. 6P2 10. 7P4 Homework Math 1 Textbook: pg 344: 1 – 18 ALL write problems and show all work!! Combinations A combination is a selection of objects in which order is NOT important. The number of combinations of n objects taken r at a time, where r ≤ n, is given by nC r = n! (n – r)! · r! Example 1 Example 2 You Try! Example 3 Example 3 cont… You Try! Homework pg 349: 1 – 20 ALL write problems and show all work!!
Pages to are hidden for
"Permutations-and-Combinations"Please download to view full document