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Subjects Consciousness

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					   Intelligence is something that does, while
   consciousness is something that is.



Intentional Robot

           —Design of a goal-seeking
            environment-driven agent


                from Riccardo Manzotti
                LIRA-Lab, DIST,
                University of Genoa, Italy
       Subjects & Consciousness
• Intelligence:
1. Intelligence: capability of finding the
   procedure to obtain a certain goal given certain
   practical constraints
2. Not provide the goal, but
    help in achieving it
3. A different candidate needed
   to explain what goals are
   —consciousness
    Subjects & Consciousness
• Subjects:
1. Human beings are subjects
2. Capable of having experience, aware of
   what is happening—being conscious
3. Being a unity and being capable of
   representing—a unified set of
   representations
4. Definition of unities and representations
         Subjects & Consciousness
• Unity:
1.   Any experience constitutes a unity of something—
     relates to conscious experience
2.   Related to subject
3.   Not decomposable
         Subjects & Consciousness
• Representation:
1.   We perceive the world, we represent it
2.   Every representation is the result of an interpretation
3.   Something means something more than itself –a set
     of intentional relations
4.   Fundamental to our comprehension of the world

Unity: how a higher level can arise from a lower level
Representation: how can something autonomously refer to something
    else.
    Subjects & Consciousness

•   conscious subjects’ primary, original
    and real feature—Intentionality.
•   Conscious subjects (like us!) do
    possess intentionality and do represent
    the world
 Neural Network and Intentionality
•    NN and control system
1.   Behaviorism: goal of ANN was
     to control the behavior of agent
2.   Lacks goal and motivation of
                                        Input-output networks
     the control—at least one subject
     needed
3.   ANN learn to implement a
     particular function or
     behavior—not different from
     control theory
                    I, Robot
• Without conscious subjects
  there are no motivations, no
  goals, no values.
• Value system is important for
  a subject.
• A human subject is able to
  select new motivations, and                          Value System

                                                        Action


  has a conscious experience of        Reinforcement
                                       Signal
                                                        Planning




  the value with this                           Anticipated Response

                                                        Sensory


  motivations.
                                                                   Motor
                                                        Inputs     Outputs
                                  Sensors                                Actuators